Chapter 18 - The Endocrine System

Approved & Edited by ProProfs Editorial Team
The editorial team at ProProfs Quizzes consists of a select group of subject experts, trivia writers, and quiz masters who have authored over 10,000 quizzes taken by more than 100 million users. This team includes our in-house seasoned quiz moderators and subject matter experts. Our editorial experts, spread across the world, are rigorously trained using our comprehensive guidelines to ensure that you receive the highest quality quizzes.
Learn about Our Editorial Process
| By Larainahailey
L
Larainahailey
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 11 | Total Attempts: 4,470
Questions: 35 | Attempts: 374

SettingsSettingsSettings
Endocrine System Quizzes & Trivia

In the study of medicine, you’ll learn that the endocrine system is that which produces hormones for the use in regulating the metabolism, growth and development, sexual function, reproduction etc. Let's examine your knowledge of such topic in this chapter.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The three stages of the stress response or general adaptation syndrome, in order of occurence are _________, ____________, and ___________.(1) fright; (2) startle; (3) fight-or-flight response; (4) refrain; (5) resistance reaction; (6) completion; (7) exhaustion

    • A.

      2, 3, 6

    • B.

      1, 5, 7

    • C.

      2, 1, 5

    • D.

      3, 5, 7

    • E.

      3, 4, 6

    Correct Answer
    D. 3, 5, 7
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 3, 5, 7. The stress response or general adaptation syndrome occurs in three stages. The first stage is the fight-or-flight response, which is the initial physiological reaction to stress. The second stage is the resistance reaction, where the body tries to adapt and cope with the ongoing stressor. The third and final stage is exhaustion, which occurs when the body's resources are depleted and it can no longer sustain the stress response.

    Rate this question:

  • 2. 

    The ___________ is the major integrating link between the nervous and endocrine systems, acts as an endocrine gland itself, and helps control the stress response.

    • A.

      Thalamus

    • B.

      Pineal gland

    • C.

      Hypothalamus

    • D.

      Brain

    Correct Answer
    C. Hypothalamus
    Explanation
    The hypothalamus is the major integrating link between the nervous and endocrine systems because it controls the release of hormones from the pituitary gland, which in turn regulates many other endocrine glands in the body. It also acts as an endocrine gland itself by producing and releasing hormones. Additionally, the hypothalamus plays a crucial role in controlling the stress response by activating the release of stress hormones like cortisol.

    Rate this question:

  • 3. 

    Down-regulation makes a target cell ________ sensitive to a hormone while up-regulation makes a target cell _________ sensitive to a hormone.

    • A.

      More, less

    • B.

      Less, more

    • C.

      Downward, upward

    • D.

      Semi, totally

    Correct Answer
    B. Less, more
    Explanation
    Down-regulation refers to the decrease in the number or sensitivity of hormone receptors on the target cell. This decrease makes the target cell less sensitive to the hormone. On the other hand, up-regulation refers to the increase in the number or sensitivity of hormone receptors on the target cell, making it more sensitive to the hormone. Therefore, down-regulation makes a target cell less sensitive to a hormone, while up-regulation makes a target cell more sensitive to a hormone.

    Rate this question:

  • 4. 

    If the effect of two or more hormones acting together is greater than the sum of each acting alone, then the two hormones are said to have a permissive effect.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement is false because if the effect of two or more hormones acting together is greater than the sum of each acting alone, then the two hormones are said to have a synergistic effect, not a permissive effect. A permissive effect occurs when one hormone enhances the response of another hormone, but the combined effect is not necessarily greater than the sum of each acting alone.

    Rate this question:

  • 5. 

    In the direct gene activation method of hormone action, the hormone enters the target cell and binds to an intracellular receptor.  The activated receptor-hormone complex then alters gene expression to produce the protein that causes the physiological responses that are characteristic of the hormone.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    In the direct gene activation method of hormone action, the hormone enters the target cell and binds to an intracellular receptor. This activated receptor-hormone complex then interacts with specific DNA sequences, leading to changes in gene expression. These changes result in the production of proteins that are responsible for the physiological responses associated with the hormone. Therefore, the statement is true.

    Rate this question:

  • 6. 

    Which of the following comparisons are true?  (1) Nerve impulses produce their effects quickly; hormonal responses generally are slower.  (2) Nervous system effects are brief; endocrine system effects are longer lasting.  (3) The nervous system controls homeostasis through mediator molecules called neurotransmitters; the endocrine system works through mediator molecules called hormones.  (4) The nervous system can stimulate or inhibit the release of hormones; some hormones are released by neurons as neurotransmitters.  (5) Neurotransmitters transmit impulses directly; hormones must bind to receptors on or in target cells in order to exert their effects.

    • A.

      1, 2, 3, 4, 5

    • B.

      1, 2, 3, 4

    • C.

      2, 3, 4, 5

    • D.

      1, 4, 5

    • E.

      1, 4, 5

    Correct Answer
    B. 1, 2, 3, 4
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 1, 2, 3, 4. This is because all the statements are true. Statement 1 states that nerve impulses produce their effects quickly, while hormonal responses are generally slower. Statement 2 states that nervous system effects are brief, while endocrine system effects are longer lasting. Statement 3 states that the nervous system controls homeostasis through neurotransmitters, while the endocrine system works through hormones. Statement 4 states that the nervous system can stimulate or inhibit the release of hormones, and some hormones are released by neurons as neurotransmitters.

    Rate this question:

  • 7. 

    Insulin and thyroxine arrive at an organ at the same time.  Thyroxine causes an effect on the organ but insulin does not.  Why?

    • A.

      Thyroxine is a lipid-soluble hormone and insulin is not.

    • B.

      The target cells in the organ have up-regulated for thyroxine.

    • C.

      Thyroxine is a local hormone and insulin is a circulating hormone.

    • D.

      Thyroxine inhibits the action of insulin.

    • E.

      The organ's cells have receptors for thyroxine but not for insulin.

    Correct Answer
    E. The organ's cells have receptors for thyroxine but not for insulin.
    Explanation
    Insulin and thyroxine arrive at the organ at the same time, but only thyroxine causes an effect on the organ. This is because the organ's cells have receptors for thyroxine but not for insulin. Receptors are proteins on the surface of cells that bind to specific hormones or molecules, triggering a response inside the cell. In this case, the organ's cells have receptors that specifically recognize and bind to thyroxine, allowing it to exert its effect on the organ. On the other hand, insulin does not have receptors on the organ's cells, so it is unable to cause any effect on the organ.

    Rate this question:

  • 8. 

    Which of the following is not a category of water-soluble hormones?

    • A.

      Peptides

    • B.

      Amines

    • C.

      Eicosanoids

    • D.

      Steroids

    • E.

      Proteins

    Correct Answer
    D. Steroids
    Explanation
    Steroids are not a category of water-soluble hormones. Water-soluble hormones, such as peptides, amines, eicosanoids, and proteins, are able to dissolve in water and travel freely in the bloodstream. Steroids, on the other hand, are lipid-soluble hormones and require carrier proteins to be transported in the bloodstream. This is because steroids are derived from cholesterol and have a structure that is not easily dissolved in water. Therefore, steroids are not considered water-soluble hormones.

    Rate this question:

  • 9. 

    Place in correct order the action of a water-soluble hormone on its target cell.  (1) Adenylate cyclase is activated, catalyzing the conversion of ATP to cAMP.  (2) Enzymes catalyze reactions that produce a physiological response attributed to the hormone.  (3) The hormone binds to a membrane receptor.  (4) Activated protein kinases phosphorylate cellular proteins.  (5) The hormone-receptor complex activates G proteins.  (6) Cyclic AMP activates protein kinases.

    • A.

      3, 5, 1, 6, 4, 2

    • B.

      3, 1, 5, 6, 4, 2

    • C.

      5, 1, 4, 2, 3, 6

    • D.

      3, 4, 5, 1, 6, 2

    • E.

      6, 3, 5, 1, 4, 2

    Correct Answer
    A. 3, 5, 1, 6, 4, 2
    Explanation
    The correct order of actions for a water-soluble hormone on its target cell is as follows: (3) The hormone binds to a membrane receptor, (5) The hormone-receptor complex activates G proteins, (1) Adenylate cyclase is activated, catalyzing the conversion of ATP to cAMP, (6) Cyclic AMP activates protein kinases, (4) Activated protein kinases phosphorylate cellular proteins, and (2) Enzymes catalyze reactions that produce a physiological response attributed to the hormone. This sequence of events allows the hormone to signal and elicit a response in the target cell.

    Rate this question:

  • 10. 

    Hormones (1) generally utilize negative feedback mechanisms to regulate their secretion; (2) will only affect target cells far removed from the hormone-producing secretory cells; (3) must bind to transport proteins in order to circulate in the blood; (4) may be released in low concentrations but can produce large effects in the target cells because of amplification; (5) can regulate the responsiveness of the target issue by controlling the number of receptor sites for the hormone.

    • A.

      1, 2, 3

    • B.

      1, 2, 4, 5

    • C.

      2, 3, 4

    • D.

      2, 3, 4, 5

    • E.

      1, 4, 5

    Correct Answer
    E. 1, 4, 5
    Explanation
    Hormones generally utilize negative feedback mechanisms to regulate their secretion, which is explained in statement (1). Statement (4) states that hormones may be released in low concentrations but can produce large effects in the target cells because of amplification. This means that even a small amount of hormone can have a significant impact on the target cells. Statement (5) states that hormones can regulate the responsiveness of the target tissue by controlling the number of receptor sites for the hormone. This means that the hormone can adjust the sensitivity of the target tissue to its effects by increasing or decreasing the number of receptor sites available. Therefore, the correct answer is 1, 4, 5.

    Rate this question:

  • 11. 

    The pituitary gland (1) is located in the cribform plate of the ethmoid bone; (2) is linked to the hypothalamus by the infundibulum; (3) has a posterior portion that contains axon terminals from hypothalamic neurosecretory cells; (4) produces releasing and inhibiting hormones; (5) has a vascular connection with the hypothalamus known as the hypophyseal portal system.

    • A.

      1, 2, 4

    • B.

      2, 3, 4, 5

    • C.

      2, 3, 5

    • D.

      1, 2, 3, 4, 5

    • E.

      2, 4, 5

    Correct Answer
    C. 2, 3, 5
    Explanation
    The pituitary gland is connected to the hypothalamus by the infundibulum (2) and has a posterior portion that contains axon terminals from hypothalamic neurosecretory cells (3). It also has a vascular connection with the hypothalamus known as the hypophyseal portal system (5). Therefore, the correct answer is 2, 3, 5.

    Rate this question:

  • 12. 

    The class of adrenal gland hormones that provides resistance to stress, produces anti-inflammatory effects, and promotes normal metabolism to ensure adequate quantities of ATP is:

    • A.

      Glucocorticoids

    • B.

      Mineralocorticoids

    • C.

      Androgens

    • D.

      Catecholamines

    • E.

      Gonadocorticoids

    Correct Answer
    A. Glucocorticoids
    Explanation
    Glucocorticoids are a class of adrenal gland hormones that play a key role in providing resistance to stress, producing anti-inflammatory effects, and promoting normal metabolism to ensure adequate quantities of ATP. These hormones are involved in regulating various physiological processes and help the body cope with stressors. They are also involved in suppressing the immune response and reducing inflammation. Overall, glucocorticoids play a crucial role in maintaining homeostasis and ensuring the body's proper functioning during times of stress.

    Rate this question:

  • 13. 

    Match:  hyperthyroidism, an autoimmune disease

    • A.

      Graves disease

    • B.

      Cushings syndrome

    • C.

      Addison's disease

    • D.

      Gigantism

    Correct Answer
    A. Graves disease
    Explanation
    Graves disease is an autoimmune disease that causes hyperthyroidism. It is characterized by the overproduction of thyroid hormones, leading to symptoms such as weight loss, rapid heartbeat, and bulging eyes. This condition occurs when the immune system mistakenly attacks the thyroid gland, causing it to produce excessive amounts of hormones. Unlike the other conditions listed, Graves disease specifically involves an autoimmune response targeting the thyroid gland, resulting in hyperthyroidism.

    Rate this question:

  • 14. 

    Increases blood Ca2+ level.  Enter 1-22 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) insulin; (2) glucagon; (3) inhibin; (4) follicle-stimulating hormone FSH; (5) luteinizing hormone LH; (6) thyroxine T4 & triiodothyronine T3; (7) calcitonin; (8) parathormone PTH; (9) melanocyte-stimulating hormone MSH; (10) oxytocin; (11) antidiuretic hormone ADH; (12) prolactin; (13) human growth hormone hGH; (14) hypothalamic regulating hormone; (15) aldosterone; (16) thyroid stimulating hormone TSH; (17) androgens; (18) epinephrine & norepinephrine; (19) prostagandins; (20) melatonin; (21) thymosin; (22) cortisol

    Correct Answer
    8
    Explanation
    Parathormone (PTH) is the hormone that increases blood Ca2+ levels.

    Rate this question:

  • 15. 

    Increases blood glucose level.  Enter 1-22 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) insulin; (2) glucagon; (3) inhibin; (4) follicle-stimulating hormone FSH; (5) luteinizing hormone LH; (6) thyroxine T4 & triiodothyronine T3; (7) calcitonin; (8) parathormone PTH; (9) melanocyte-stimulating hormone MSH; (10) oxytocin; (11) antidiuretic hormone ADH; (12) prolactin; (13) human growth hormone hGH; (14) hypothalamic regulating hormone; (15) aldosterone; (16) thyroid stimulating hormone TSH; (17) androgens; (18) epinephrine & norepinephrine; (19) prostagandins; (20) melatonin; (21) thymosin; (22) cortisol

    Correct Answer
    2
    Explanation
    Glucagon is the hormone that increases blood glucose levels. It is released by the pancreas when blood sugar levels are low. Glucagon stimulates the liver to convert stored glycogen into glucose, which is then released into the bloodstream. This helps to raise blood sugar levels and provide energy to the body.

    Rate this question:

  • 16. 

    Decreases blood Ca2+ level.  Enter 1-22 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) insulin; (2) glucagon; (3) inhibin; (4) follicle-stimulating hormone FSH; (5) luteinizing hormone LH; (6) thyroxine T4 & triiodothyronine T3; (7) calcitonin; (8) parathormone PTH; (9) melanocyte-stimulating hormone MSH; (10) oxytocin; (11) antidiuretic hormone ADH; (12) prolactin; (13) human growth hormone hGH; (14) hypothalamic regulating hormone; (15) aldosterone; (16) thyroid stimulating hormone TSH; (17) androgens; (18) epinephrine & norepinephrine; (19) prostagandins; (20) melatonin; (21) thymosin; (22) cortisol

    Correct Answer
    7
    Explanation
    Calcitonin is the hormone that decreases blood Ca2+ level.

    Rate this question:

  • 17. 

    Decreases blood glucose level.  Enter 1-22 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) insulin; (2) glucagon; (3) inhibin; (4) follicle-stimulating hormone FSH; (5) luteinizing hormone LH; (6) thyroxine T4 & triiodothyronine T3; (7) calcitonin; (8) parathormone PTH; (9) melanocyte-stimulating hormone MSH; (10) oxytocin; (11) antidiuretic hormone ADH; (12) prolactin; (13) human growth hormone hGH; (14) hypothalamic regulating hormone; (15) aldosterone; (16) thyroid stimulating hormone TSH; (17) androgens; (18) epinephrine & norepinephrine; (19) prostagandins; (20) melatonin; (21) thymosin; (22) cortisol

    Correct Answer
    1
    Explanation
    Insulin is the hormone that decreases blood glucose levels. It is produced by the pancreas and helps to regulate the amount of glucose in the bloodstream. Insulin allows cells to take in glucose from the blood and use it for energy or store it for later use. When blood glucose levels are high, insulin is released to lower them back to normal levels. This is important for maintaining stable blood sugar levels and preventing complications associated with high blood sugar, such as diabetes.

    Rate this question:

  • 18. 

    Initiates & maintains milk secretion by the mammary glands.Enter 1-22 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) insulin; (2) glucagon; (3) inhibin; (4) follicle-stimulating hormone FSH; (5) luteinizing hormone LH; (6) thyroxine T4 & triiodothyronine T3; (7) calcitonin; (8) parathormone PTH; (9) melanocyte-stimulating hormone MSH; (10) oxytocin; (11) antidiuretic hormone ADH; (12) prolactin; (13) human growth hormone hGH; (14) hypothalamic regulating hormone; (15) aldosterone; (16) thyroid stimulating hormone TSH; (17) androgens; (18) epinephrine & norepinephrine; (19) prostagandins; (20) melatonin; (21) thymosin; (22) cortisol

    Correct Answer
    12
    Explanation
    Prolactin is the hormone that initiates and maintains milk secretion by the mammary glands.

    Rate this question:

  • 19. 

    Regulates the body's biological clock.Enter 1-22 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) insulin; (2) glucagon; (3) inhibin; (4) follicle-stimulating hormone FSH; (5) luteinizing hormone LH; (6) thyroxine T4 & triiodothyronine T3; (7) calcitonin; (8) parathormone PTH; (9) melanocyte-stimulating hormone MSH; (10) oxytocin; (11) antidiuretic hormone ADH; (12) prolactin; (13) human growth hormone hGH; (14) hypothalamic regulating hormone; (15) aldosterone; (16) thyroid stimulating hormone TSH; (17) androgens; (18) epinephrine & norepinephrine; (19) prostagandins; (20) melatonin; (21) thymosin; (22) cortisol

    Correct Answer
    20
    Explanation
    Melatonin is a hormone that is produced by the pineal gland in the brain and is responsible for regulating the body's biological clock. It helps to control the sleep-wake cycle and is released in response to darkness, signaling to the body that it is time to sleep. Therefore, option 20, melatonin, is the correct answer as it directly relates to the regulation of the body's biological clock.

    Rate this question:

  • 20. 

    Stimulates sex hormone production; triggers ovulation.Enter 1-22 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) insulin; (2) glucagon; (3) inhibin; (4) follicle-stimulating hormone FSH; (5) luteinizing hormone LH; (6) thyroxine T4 & triiodothyronine T3; (7) calcitonin; (8) parathormone PTH; (9) melanocyte-stimulating hormone MSH; (10) oxytocin; (11) antidiuretic hormone ADH; (12) prolactin; (13) human growth hormone hGH; (14) hypothalamic regulating hormone; (15) aldosterone; (16) thyroid stimulating hormone TSH; (17) androgens; (18) epinephrine & norepinephrine; (19) prostagandins; (20) melatonin; (21) thymosin; (22) cortisol

    Correct Answer
    5
    Explanation
    Luteinizing hormone (LH) stimulates sex hormone production and triggers ovulation. LH is produced by the pituitary gland and plays a crucial role in the reproductive system. It stimulates the production of estrogen and progesterone in females, which are necessary for the menstrual cycle and ovulation. In males, LH stimulates the production of testosterone, which is responsible for the development and maintenance of male reproductive organs and secondary sexual characteristics. Therefore, the correct answer is 5.

    Rate this question:

  • 21. 

    Augments fight-or-flight responses.Enter 1-22 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) insulin; (2) glucagon; (3) inhibin; (4) follicle-stimulating hormone FSH; (5) luteinizing hormone LH; (6) thyroxine T4 & triiodothyronine T3; (7) calcitonin; (8) parathormone PTH; (9) melanocyte-stimulating hormone MSH; (10) oxytocin; (11) antidiuretic hormone ADH; (12) prolactin; (13) human growth hormone hGH; (14) hypothalamic regulating hormone; (15) aldosterone; (16) thyroid stimulating hormone TSH; (17) androgens; (18) epinephrine & norepinephrine; (19) prostagandins; (20) melatonin; (21) thymosin; (22) cortisol

    Correct Answer
    18
    Explanation
    Epinephrine and norepinephrine, also known as adrenaline and noradrenaline, are hormones that are released during the fight-or-flight response. These hormones increase heart rate, blood pressure, and blood sugar levels, preparing the body to respond to a perceived threat or danger. Therefore, the correct answer, 18, aligns with the given statement that epinephrine and norepinephrine augment fight-or-flight responses.

    Rate this question:

  • 22. 

    Regulates metabolism & resistance to stress.Enter 1-22 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) insulin; (2) glucagon; (3) inhibin; (4) follicle-stimulating hormone FSH; (5) luteinizing hormone LH; (6) thyroxine T4 & triiodothyronine T3; (7) calcitonin; (8) parathormone PTH; (9) melanocyte-stimulating hormone MSH; (10) oxytocin; (11) antidiuretic hormone ADH; (12) prolactin; (13) human growth hormone hGH; (14) hypothalamic regulating hormone; (15) aldosterone; (16) thyroid stimulating hormone TSH; (17) androgens; (18) epinephrine & norepinephrine; (19) prostagandins; (20) melatonin; (21) thymosin; (22) cortisol

    Correct Answer
    22
    Explanation
    Cortisol is the correct answer because it is a hormone that regulates metabolism and helps the body respond to stress. It is produced by the adrenal glands and plays a role in controlling blood sugar levels, reducing inflammation, and regulating the immune system.

    Rate this question:

  • 23. 

    Helps control water & electrolyte homeostasis.Enter 1-22 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) insulin; (2) glucagon; (3) inhibin; (4) follicle-stimulating hormone FSH; (5) luteinizing hormone LH; (6) thyroxine T4 & triiodothyronine T3; (7) calcitonin; (8) parathormone PTH; (9) melanocyte-stimulating hormone MSH; (10) oxytocin; (11) antidiuretic hormone ADH; (12) prolactin; (13) human growth hormone hGH; (14) hypothalamic regulating hormone; (15) aldosterone; (16) thyroid stimulating hormone TSH; (17) androgens; (18) epinephrine & norepinephrine; (19) prostagandins; (20) melatonin; (21) thymosin; (22) cortisol

    Correct Answer
    15
    Explanation
    Aldosterone is the correct answer because it is a hormone that helps control water and electrolyte homeostasis. It is produced by the adrenal glands and acts on the kidneys to increase the reabsorption of sodium and water while promoting the excretion of potassium. This helps regulate blood pressure and maintain the balance of electrolytes in the body.

    Rate this question:

  • 24. 

    Suppresses release of FSHEnter 1-22 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) insulin; (2) glucagon; (3) inhibin; (4) follicle-stimulating hormone FSH; (5) luteinizing hormone LH; (6) thyroxine T4 & triiodothyronine T3; (7) calcitonin; (8) parathormone PTH; (9) melanocyte-stimulating hormone MSH; (10) oxytocin; (11) antidiuretic hormone ADH; (12) prolactin; (13) human growth hormone hGH; (14) hypothalamic regulating hormone; (15) aldosterone; (16) thyroid stimulating hormone TSH; (17) androgens; (18) epinephrine & norepinephrine; (19) prostagandins; (20) melatonin; (21) thymosin; (22) cortisol

    Correct Answer
    3
    Explanation
    Inhibin is a hormone that is released by the gonads (testes in males and ovaries in females). It functions to inhibit the release of follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH) from the anterior pituitary gland. FSH is responsible for stimulating the growth and development of ovarian follicles in females and the production of sperm in males. Therefore, the release of inhibin suppresses the release of FSH, regulating the reproductive system.

    Rate this question:

  • 25. 

    Stimulates growth of axillary & pubic hair.Enter 1-22 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) insulin; (2) glucagon; (3) inhibin; (4) follicle-stimulating hormone FSH; (5) luteinizing hormone LH; (6) thyroxine T4 & triiodothyronine T3; (7) calcitonin; (8) parathormone PTH; (9) melanocyte-stimulating hormone MSH; (10) oxytocin; (11) antidiuretic hormone ADH; (12) prolactin; (13) human growth hormone hGH; (14) hypothalamic regulating hormone; (15) aldosterone; (16) thyroid stimulating hormone TSH; (17) androgens; (18) epinephrine & norepinephrine; (19) prostagandins; (20) melatonin; (21) thymosin; (22) cortisol

    Correct Answer
    17
    Explanation
    Androgens are responsible for stimulating the growth of axillary and pubic hair. These hormones are produced primarily in the testes in males and in the adrenal glands in both males and females. Androgens play a crucial role in the development of secondary sexual characteristics, including the growth of hair in specific areas of the body.

    Rate this question:

  • 26. 

    Promotes T cell maturation.Enter 1-22 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) insulin; (2) glucagon; (3) inhibin; (4) follicle-stimulating hormone FSH; (5) luteinizing hormone LH; (6) thyroxine T4 & triiodothyronine T3; (7) calcitonin; (8) parathormone PTH; (9) melanocyte-stimulating hormone MSH; (10) oxytocin; (11) antidiuretic hormone ADH; (12) prolactin; (13) human growth hormone hGH; (14) hypothalamic regulating hormone; (15) aldosterone; (16) thyroid stimulating hormone TSH; (17) androgens; (18) epinephrine & norepinephrine; (19) prostagandins; (20) melatonin; (21) thymosin; (22) cortisol

    Correct Answer
    21
    Explanation
    Thymosin is the hormone that promotes T cell maturation.

    Rate this question:

  • 27. 

    Regulates oxygen use, basal metabolic rate, cellular metabolism, growth & development.Enter 1-22 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) insulin; (2) glucagon; (3) inhibin; (4) follicle-stimulating hormone FSH; (5) luteinizing hormone LH; (6) thyroxine T4 & triiodothyronine T3; (7) calcitonin; (8) parathormone PTH; (9) melanocyte-stimulating hormone MSH; (10) oxytocin; (11) antidiuretic hormone ADH; (12) prolactin; (13) human growth hormone hGH; (14) hypothalamic regulating hormone; (15) aldosterone; (16) thyroid stimulating hormone TSH; (17) androgens; (18) epinephrine & norepinephrine; (19) prostagandins; (20) melatonin; (21) thymosin; (22) cortisol

    Correct Answer
    6
    Explanation
    Thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3) are hormones produced by the thyroid gland. They play a crucial role in regulating oxygen use, basal metabolic rate, cellular metabolism, growth, and development. These hormones are responsible for controlling the rate at which cells utilize energy and affect various bodily functions. Therefore, option 6, which is thyroxine (T4) and triiodothyronine (T3), is the correct answer.

    Rate this question:

  • 28. 

    Stimulates protein synthesis, inhibits protein breakdown, stimulates lipolysis, & retards use of glucose for ATP production.Enter 1-22 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) insulin; (2) glucagon; (3) inhibin; (4) follicle-stimulating hormone FSH; (5) luteinizing hormone LH; (6) thyroxine T4 & triiodothyronine T3; (7) calcitonin; (8) parathormone PTH; (9) melanocyte-stimulating hormone MSH; (10) oxytocin; (11) antidiuretic hormone ADH; (12) prolactin; (13) human growth hormone hGH; (14) hypothalamic regulating hormone; (15) aldosterone; (16) thyroid stimulating hormone TSH; (17) androgens; (18) epinephrine & norepinephrine; (19) prostagandins; (20) melatonin; (21) thymosin; (22) cortisol

    Correct Answer
    13
    Explanation
    Human growth hormone (hGH) stimulates protein synthesis, inhibits protein breakdown, stimulates lipolysis (the breakdown of fats), and retards the use of glucose for ATP production.

    Rate this question:

  • 29. 

    Inhibits water loss through the kidneys.Enter 1-22 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) insulin; (2) glucagon; (3) inhibin; (4) follicle-stimulating hormone FSH; (5) luteinizing hormone LH; (6) thyroxine T4 & triiodothyronine T3; (7) calcitonin; (8) parathormone PTH; (9) melanocyte-stimulating hormone MSH; (10) oxytocin; (11) antidiuretic hormone ADH; (12) prolactin; (13) human growth hormone hGH; (14) hypothalamic regulating hormone; (15) aldosterone; (16) thyroid stimulating hormone TSH; (17) androgens; (18) epinephrine & norepinephrine; (19) prostagandins; (20) melatonin; (21) thymosin; (22) cortisol

    Correct Answer
    11
    Explanation
    ADH, also known as antidiuretic hormone, is released by the posterior pituitary gland and plays a role in regulating water balance in the body. One of its main functions is to inhibit water loss through the kidneys by increasing the reabsorption of water in the renal tubules. This helps to concentrate urine and conserve water in the body. Therefore, the statement "Inhibits water loss through the kidneys" accurately describes the function of ADH.

    Rate this question:

  • 30. 

    Stimulates egg and sperm formation.Enter 1-22 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) insulin; (2) glucagon; (3) inhibin; (4) follicle-stimulating hormone FSH; (5) luteinizing hormone LH; (6) thyroxine T4 & triiodothyronine T3; (7) calcitonin; (8) parathormone PTH; (9) melanocyte-stimulating hormone MSH; (10) oxytocin; (11) antidiuretic hormone ADH; (12) prolactin; (13) human growth hormone hGH; (14) hypothalamic regulating hormone; (15) aldosterone; (16) thyroid stimulating hormone TSH; (17) androgens; (18) epinephrine & norepinephrine; (19) prostagandins; (20) melatonin; (21) thymosin; (22) cortisol

    Correct Answer
    4
    Explanation
    FSH (follicle-stimulating hormone) stimulates egg and sperm formation.

    Rate this question:

  • 31. 

    Enhances uterine contractions during labor; stimulates milk ejection.Enter 1-22 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) insulin; (2) glucagon; (3) inhibin; (4) follicle-stimulating hormone FSH; (5) luteinizing hormone LH; (6) thyroxine T4 & triiodothyronine T3; (7) calcitonin; (8) parathormone PTH; (9) melanocyte-stimulating hormone MSH; (10) oxytocin; (11) antidiuretic hormone ADH; (12) prolactin; (13) human growth hormone hGH; (14) hypothalamic regulating hormone; (15) aldosterone; (16) thyroid stimulating hormone TSH; (17) androgens; (18) epinephrine & norepinephrine; (19) prostagandins; (20) melatonin; (21) thymosin; (22) cortisol

    Correct Answer
    10
    Explanation
    Oxytocin enhances uterine contractions during labor and stimulates milk ejection. It is released by the posterior pituitary gland and plays a crucial role in childbirth and breastfeeding. Oxytocin helps to stimulate the muscles of the uterus to contract, which aids in the progression of labor. It also triggers the release of milk from the mammary glands during breastfeeding, allowing for the proper feeding of the newborn.

    Rate this question:

  • 32. 

    Stimulates & inhibits secretion of anterior pituitary hormones.Enter 1-22 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) insulin; (2) glucagon; (3) inhibin; (4) follicle-stimulating hormone FSH; (5) luteinizing hormone LH; (6) thyroxine T4 & triiodothyronine T3; (7) calcitonin; (8) parathormone PTH; (9) melanocyte-stimulating hormone MSH; (10) oxytocin; (11) antidiuretic hormone ADH; (12) prolactin; (13) human growth hormone hGH; (14) hypothalamic regulating hormone; (15) aldosterone; (16) thyroid stimulating hormone TSH; (17) androgens; (18) epinephrine & norepinephrine; (19) prostagandins; (20) melatonin; (21) thymosin; (22) cortisol

    Correct Answer
    14
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 14. Hypothalamic regulating hormones stimulate and inhibit the secretion of anterior pituitary hormones. These hormones are released by the hypothalamus and act on the anterior pituitary gland to control the release of other hormones such as thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH), follicle-stimulating hormone (FSH), luteinizing hormone (LH), and growth hormone (GH). Therefore, the hypothalamic regulating hormones play a crucial role in regulating the secretion of anterior pituitary hormones.

    Rate this question:

  • 33. 

    Increases skin pigmentation when present in excess.Enter 1-22 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) insulin; (2) glucagon; (3) inhibin; (4) follicle-stimulating hormone FSH; (5) luteinizing hormone LH; (6) thyroxine T4 & triiodothyronine T3; (7) calcitonin; (8) parathormone PTH; (9) melanocyte-stimulating hormone MSH; (10) oxytocin; (11) antidiuretic hormone ADH; (12) prolactin; (13) human growth hormone hGH; (14) hypothalamic regulating hormone; (15) aldosterone; (16) thyroid stimulating hormone TSH; (17) androgens; (18) epinephrine & norepinephrine; (19) prostagandins; (20) melatonin; (21) thymosin; (22) cortisol

    Correct Answer
    9
    Explanation
    Melanocyte-stimulating hormone (MSH) is responsible for increasing skin pigmentation when present in excess.

    Rate this question:

  • 34. 

    Stimulates synthesis and release of T4 and T3.  Enter 1-22 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) insulin; (2) glucagon; (3) inhibin; (4) follicle-stimulating hormone FSH; (5) luteinizing hormone LH; (6) thyroxine T4 & triiodothyronine T3; (7) calcitonin; (8) parathormone PTH; (9) melanocyte-stimulating hormone MSH; (10) oxytocin; (11) antidiuretic hormone ADH; (12) prolactin; (13) human growth hormone hGH; (14) hypothalamic regulating hormone; (15) aldosterone; (16) thyroid stimulating hormone TSH; (17) androgens; (18) epinephrine & norepinephrine; (19) prostagandins; (20) melatonin; (21) thymosin; (22) cortisol

    Correct Answer
    16
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 16. Thyroid stimulating hormone (TSH) stimulates the synthesis and release of T4 (thyroxine) and T3 (triiodothyronine) from the thyroid gland. TSH is produced and released by the pituitary gland in response to thyrotropin-releasing hormone (TRH) from the hypothalamus. T4 and T3 are important hormones for regulating metabolism, growth, and development in the body.

    Rate this question:

  • 35. 

    Local hormones involved in inflammation, smooth muscle contraction, & blood flow.Enter 1-22 (no spaces/parenthesis).  (1) insulin; (2) glucagon; (3) inhibin; (4) follicle-stimulating hormone FSH; (5) luteinizing hormone LH; (6) thyroxine T4 & triiodothyronine T3; (7) calcitonin; (8) parathormone PTH; (9) melanocyte-stimulating hormone MSH; (10) oxytocin; (11) antidiuretic hormone ADH; (12) prolactin; (13) human growth hormone hGH; (14) hypothalamic regulating hormone; (15) aldosterone; (16) thyroid stimulating hormone TSH; (17) androgens; (18) epinephrine & norepinephrine; (19) prostagandins; (20) melatonin; (21) thymosin; (22) cortisol

    Correct Answer
    19
    Explanation
    Prostaglandins are local hormones involved in inflammation, smooth muscle contraction, and blood flow. They are produced by cells in response to various stimuli, such as injury or infection, and play a role in the inflammatory response. Prostaglandins can cause blood vessels to dilate, increase blood flow to the affected area, and promote the migration of immune cells to the site of inflammation. They can also cause smooth muscle contraction, which can contribute to pain and discomfort. Therefore, prostaglandins are directly related to the processes mentioned in the question.

    Rate this question:

Back to Top Back to top
Advertisement
×

Wait!
Here's an interesting quiz for you.

We have other quizzes matching your interest.