Chapter 15 Assessment Amendments

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Chapter 15 Assessment Amendments - Quiz

Http://www. Annenbergclassroom. Org/page/a-guide-to-the-united-states-con stitution


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The Bill of Rights protects the rights and ________________________ of American citizens such as freedom of speech and freedom of religion.

    Explanation
    The Bill of Rights safeguards the rights and liberties of American citizens, including freedom of speech and freedom of religion. These rights and liberties ensure that individuals have the ability to express their opinions and beliefs without fear of government interference or persecution. The use of both "liberties" and "freedoms" in the answer options emphasizes the broad range of rights protected by the Bill of Rights.

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  • 2. 

    The first ten amendments to the Constitution are known as the :

    Explanation
    The first ten amendments to the Constitution are collectively known as the Bill of Rights. The term "Bill of Rights" refers to a list of fundamental rights and freedoms that are guaranteed to individuals and protected from government infringement. These amendments were added to the Constitution to address concerns about individual liberties and to ensure that the government would not become too powerful or oppressive. The correct answer is Bill of Rights, as both options refer to the same set of amendments.

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  • 3. 

    This amendment protects the citizens against cruel and unusual punishment or excessive bails.

    • A.

      First Amendment

    • B.

      Eighth Amendment

    • C.

      Second Amendment

    Correct Answer
    B. Eighth Amendment
    Explanation
    The Eighth Amendment protects citizens from being subjected to cruel and unusual punishment or excessive bails. This means that the government cannot impose punishments that are considered to be inhumane or excessively harsh. It also ensures that individuals are not required to pay excessive amounts of money as bail, which would unfairly burden them. This amendment is an important safeguard to protect the rights and dignity of citizens.

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  • 4. 

    This amendment protects people's rights to own certain kinds of guns. 

    • A.

      First Amendment

    • B.

      Third Amendment

    • C.

      Second Amendment

    Correct Answer
    C. Second Amendment
    Explanation
    The Second Amendment of the United States Constitution protects the right of people to own certain kinds of guns. This amendment was included to ensure that individuals have the ability to defend themselves and their property. It has been a topic of debate and interpretation over the years, with discussions surrounding the extent of gun ownership rights and the need for regulations to ensure public safety. Nonetheless, the Second Amendment remains an important aspect of American constitutional law and guarantees the right to bear arms.

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  • 5. 

    This amendment protects people from being tried twice for the same crime. ( double jeopardy)

    • A.

      Fifth Amendment

    • B.

      First Amendmemt

    • C.

      Tenth Amendment

    Correct Answer
    A. Fifth Amendment
    Explanation
    The Fifth Amendment protects individuals from being tried twice for the same crime, which is known as double jeopardy. This means that once a person has been acquitted or convicted of a crime, they cannot be prosecuted again for the same offense. This protection ensures that individuals are not subjected to multiple trials and potential punishment for the same act, which would violate their rights and principles of fairness and justice.

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  • 6. 

    This amendment protects the freedoms of speech, religion, press, petition, and assembly.

    • A.

      Second Amendment

    • B.

      First Amendment

    • C.

      Fifth Amendment

    Correct Answer
    B. First Amendment
    Explanation
    The given correct answer is First Amendment. The First Amendment of the United States Constitution protects the fundamental freedoms of speech, religion, press, petition, and assembly. It ensures that individuals have the right to express their opinions, practice their religion, publish information, address grievances, and gather peacefully. This amendment is crucial for preserving democratic values and allowing citizens to freely express themselves and participate in the democratic process.

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  • 7. 

    This amendment protects the right to a fair ,speedy and public trial. It also protects the right of the people accused of a crime to have a lawyer.

    • A.

      Sixth Amendment

    • B.

      Third Amendment

    • C.

      Fourth Amendment

    Correct Answer
    A. Sixth Amendment
    Explanation
    The given correct answer is the Sixth Amendment. This amendment guarantees the right to a fair, speedy, and public trial. It also ensures that individuals accused of a crime have the right to legal representation. This means that anyone facing criminal charges has the right to a trial that is conducted fairly and without unnecessary delay, and they have the right to have a lawyer present to defend them.

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  • 8. 

    This amendment protects citizens against unreasonable search and seizures.

    • A.

      Fourth Amendment

    • B.

      Second Amendment

    • C.

      Ninth Amendment

    Correct Answer
    A. Fourth Amendment
    Explanation
    The Fourth Amendment protects citizens against unreasonable search and seizures. This means that law enforcement officials cannot search a person's property or seize their belongings without a valid reason or a warrant. The amendment ensures that individuals have the right to privacy and that their personal property is protected from arbitrary government intrusion. It is an important safeguard against potential abuse of power by authorities and upholds the principles of individual liberty and due process.

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  • 9. 

    A judge puts a person in jail for six years for not stopping at a red light. What amendment protects this citizen from this government action?

    • A.

      Second Amendment

    • B.

      Eighth Amendment

    • C.

      First Amendment

    Correct Answer
    B. Eighth Amendment
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the Eighth Amendment. The Eighth Amendment protects citizens from cruel and unusual punishment. In this scenario, putting a person in jail for six years for not stopping at a red light could be considered excessive and disproportionate punishment, violating the protection provided by the Eighth Amendment.

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  • 10. 

    Police enter a citizen's house without good reason or permission from a judge. The police search for evidence to try to solve a crime. What amendment protects this citizen from this government action?

    • A.

      Sixth Amendment

    • B.

      Fifth Amendment

    • C.

      Fourth Amendment

    Correct Answer
    C. Fourth Amendment
    Explanation
    The Fourth Amendment protects citizens from unreasonable searches and seizures by the government. It requires that law enforcement officials obtain a warrant based on probable cause before conducting a search. In this scenario, the police entering the citizen's house without a good reason or permission from a judge would be considered an unreasonable search, thus violating the Fourth Amendment.

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  • 11. 

    The government closes a newspaper for printing articles that criticize the president. What amendment protects this government action?

    • A.

      Second Amendment

    • B.

      First Amendment

    • C.

      Fourth Amendment

    Correct Answer
    B. First Amendment
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the First Amendment. The First Amendment protects the freedom of speech and the press. However, in this scenario, the government is closing a newspaper for printing articles that criticize the president, which is a violation of the First Amendment. The government should not censor or punish the media for expressing their opinions or criticizing public officials.

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  • 12. 

    The government confiscates (takes away) all guns from citizens? What amendment protects this government action?

    • A.

      Second Amendment

    • B.

      EIght Amendment

    • C.

      First Amendment

    Correct Answer
    A. Second Amendment
    Explanation
    The Second Amendment protects the government's action of confiscating guns from citizens. This amendment, included in the Bill of Rights, states that "the right of the people to keep and bear Arms, shall not be infringed." This means that individuals have the right to own guns, but it also implies that the government can regulate or restrict this right if necessary. Therefore, the government can legally confiscate guns from citizens under certain circumstances, as long as it does not completely infringe on their right to bear arms.

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  • 13. 

    A person accused of a crime cannot afford a lawyer. She is forced to defend herself in court. What amendment protects this government action?

    • A.

      Sixth Amendment

    • B.

      Fifth Amendment

    • C.

      Fourth Amendment

    Correct Answer
    A. Sixth Amendment
    Explanation
    The Sixth Amendment protects the right of a person accused of a crime to have legal representation. It ensures that individuals who cannot afford a lawyer are provided with one to defend themselves in court. This amendment guarantees the right to a fair trial and helps to balance the power dynamics between the accused and the government.

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  • 14. 

    A person accused of a crime is found "not guilty" at his first trial. The government decided to put him on trial again. At the second trial, he is found "guilty" and is put in jail. What amendment protects this government action?

    • A.

      Sixth Amendment

    • B.

      Fifth Amendment

    • C.

      First Amendment

    Correct Answer
    B. Fifth Amendment
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the Fifth Amendment. The Fifth Amendment protects individuals from being tried twice for the same offense, also known as double jeopardy. In this case, the person was found "not guilty" at their first trial, but the government decided to put them on trial again. The Fifth Amendment ensures that the government cannot subject someone to multiple trials for the same crime, protecting their right to not be tried twice for the same offense.

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  • 15. 

    Changes to the U.S. Constitution are known as the amendments.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The U.S. Constitution can be modified through amendments, which are changes made to its original text. These amendments can add, modify, or repeal existing provisions of the Constitution. Therefore, it is correct to say that changes to the U.S. Constitution are known as amendments.

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