Chapter 13 And 14 Test

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Chapter 13 And 14 Test - Quiz

Chapter 13 + 14 Test


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    “How horrible, fantastic, incredible it is that we should be digging trenches and trying on gas masks here because of a quarrel in a faraway country.” —Neville Chamberlain, 1938 This statement by the prime minister of Great Britain about German efforts to gain control of a portion of Czechoslovakia prior to World War II hints at the prime minister’s support for what type of foreign policy?
    • A. 

      Fascism

    • B. 

      Lend-lease

    • C. 

      Isolationism

    • D. 

      Interventionism

  • 2. 
    Which man established a totalitarian regime in the Soviet Union?
    • A. 

      Stalin

    • B. 

      Franco

    • C. 

      Hitler

    • D. 

      Mussolini

  • 3. 
    “While billions of the taxpayers' money are being spent for war weapons, Negro workers are finally being turned away from the gates of factories, mines and mills—being flatly told, ‘NOTHING DOING.’ Some employers refuse to give Negroes jobs when they are without ‘union cards,’ and some unions refuse Negro workers union cards when they are ‘without jobs.’   “What shall we do? . . .   “With faith and confidence of the Negro people in their own power for self-liberation, Negroes can break down that barriers of discrimination against employment in National Defense. Negroes can kill the deadly serpent of race hatred in the Army, Navy, Air and Marine Corps, and smash through and blast the Government, business and labor-union red tape to win the right to equal opportunity in vocational training and re-training in defense employment.   “Most important and vital of all, Negroes, by the mobilization and coordination of their mass power, can cause PRESIDENT ROOSEVELT TO ISSUE AN EXECUTIVE ORDER ABOLISHING DISCRIMINATIONS IN ALL GOVERNMENT DEPARTMENT, ARMY, NAVY, AIR CORPS AND NATIONAL DEFENSE JOBS.”   —A. Philip Randolph, “Call to Negro America to March on Washington for Jobs and Equal Participation in National Defense,” May 1941 What problem did A. Philip Randolph identify?
    • A. 

      The government was spending millions of dollars on weapons

    • B. 

      Unions did not accept Black Americans as members.

    • C. 

      President Roosevelt was racist

    • D. 

      Black Americans were being denied employment in factories, mines, and mills

  • 4. 
    Why did Hitler attack Denmark and Norway?
    • A. 

      Because both countries had sent troops to fight the Germans in Poland

    • B. 

      To improve Germany’s access to the Atlantic Ocean

    • C. 

      Because many Jews lived in Scandinavian countries

    • D. 

      To provide a route to attack the Soviet Union

  • 5. 
    Which of the following was an essential component of fascism?
    • A. 

      Liberty and justice

    • B. 

      Anarchy

    • C. 

      Individualism

    • D. 

      Nationalism

  • 6. 
    Which of the following policies did isolationists favor?
    • A. 

      Appeasement

    • B. 

      Combat roles for women

    • C. 

      Isolating Japan in Manchuria

    • D. 

      Isolating Hitler in the Sudetenland

  • 7. 
    Why was the decision to allow Hitler to annex the Sudetenland popular in many parts of the world?
    • A. 

      Many people thought it would avoid another destructive war.

    • B. 

      The Sudetenland was unpopulated.

    • C. 

      Most people believed all German-speaking people should be united in one country.

    • D. 

      The Sudetenland government had invaded Czechoslovakia.

  • 8. 
    Why was the United States unwilling to let Japan expand into Southeast Asia?
    • A. 

      Democracies flourished there.

    • B. 

      The area contained valuable natural resources.

    • C. 

      Japan was considered too popular in that part of the world.

    • D. 

      Japan was a racist nation.

  • 9. 
    Japan, Germany, and Italy formed an alliance called
    • A. 

      Allies

    • B. 

      Fascist Nexus

    • C. 

      Final Solution

    • D. 

      Axis

  • 10. 
    Which event led to Germany’s control over France?
    • A. 

      The French were overwhelmed by the German Maginot Line.

    • B. 

      France had stationed too many of its forces in Poland

    • C. 

      French forces did not expect the Germans to attack through the Ardennes

    • D. 

      For nearly a year Germany bombed Paris from the air

  • 11. 
    What was one difference between Benito Mussolini and Adolph Hitler?
    • A. 

      Hitler became a dictator; Mussolini did not

    • B. 

      Hitler was a powerful public speaker; Mussolini was not

    • C. 

      Hitler stressed the superiority of the Aryan race; Mussolini did not

    • D. 

      Hitler glorified the individual; Mussolini did not

  • 12. 
    By 1933 the Nazis became the most powerful party in Germany because
    • A. 

      They convinced most Germans that communism was the only cure for Germany’s economic problems

    • B. 

      They effectively played on public discontent and promised to revive German greatness.

    • C. 

      They were the only group that argued that the Versailles Treaty was what Germany deserved.

    • D. 

      Most Germans thought the Weimar Republic was helplessly corrupt.

  • 13. 
    Use the image to answer the question. Why do you think this poster was produced?
    • A. 

      To encourage Americans to support the war effort

    • B. 

      To convince Americans to support isolationism

    • C. 

      To demonstrate the strength of America’s defenses before the attack on Pearl Harbor

    • D. 

      To convince Congress to approve a draft

  • 14. 
    Although American officials were convinced that war with Japan was inevitable, they refused to fire the first shot. One reason was probably that
    • A. 

      Most Americans were pacifists and would never support any war

    • B. 

      President Roosevelt was a strict isolationist

    • C. 

      Many Americans were isolationists and would not support a first

    • D. 

      Japan had the atomic bomb

  • 15. 
    The removal of people to internment camps during World War II was based solely on
    • A. 

      A person’s citizenship status

    • B. 

      A person’s racial background

    • C. 

      A person’s criminal record

    • D. 

      Evidence of sabotage and espionage

  • 16. 
    Which of the following divided Germany into four sectors?
    • A. 

      Yalta

    • B. 

      D-Day

    • C. 

      Potsdam

    • D. 

      Final Solution

  • 17. 
    Which of the following brought an end to World War II?
    • A. 

      The bombing of Hiroshima

    • B. 

      Germany’s surrender

    • C. 

      The bombing of Nagasaki

    • D. 

      Hirohito’s announcement in a radio broadcast

  • 18. 
    Which of the following best describes why few Jews were able to emigrate from Germany to the United States?
    • A. 

      Jews did not think that German citizens would support Hitler’s efforts to exterminate them

    • B. 

      Germany closed its borders and would not allow Jews to leave

    • C. 

      The United States limited immigration because of its weak economy and its misunderstanding of German atrocities.

    • D. 

      U.S. citizens viewed all Germans with suspicion, and the government was concerned that German Jews would be mistreated if they immigrated.

  • 19. 
    Hollywood’s role during World War II can best be described as
    • A. 

      Supporting the war effort

    • B. 

      Minimal because many actors, writers, and directors had joined the Army and were unable to make films.

    • C. 

      Opposing the war effort

    • D. 

      Exposing the Holocaust

  • 20. 
    Use the image to answer the following question. The sacrifice these women were being asked to make most likely involved
    • A. 

      Not cooking once a week to make more food available for the troops

    • B. 

      Giving up cooking and taking a full-time factory

    • C. 

      Donating metal pots and pans to scrap drives

    • D. 

      Not buying any pots and pans until the war ended

  • 21. 
    After World War II, the United States worked
    • A. 

      To rebuild relations with the Soviet Union

    • B. 

      To prevent a nuclear arms race

    • C. 

      To rebuild Europe and Japan

    • D. 

      To create the European Union

  • 22. 
    During the Bataan Death March
    • A. 

      Japanese and Filipino soldiers were forced to march for miles or be beaten and shot by American forces

    • B. 

      American and British soldiers were forced to march for miles or be beaten and shot by German troops

    • C. 

      American and Filipino soldiers were forced to march for miles or be beaten and shot by Japanese troops

    • D. 

      Japanese people fled the cities for fear of another atomic bomb

  • 23. 
    Which of the following best describes the reason that the Navajo code talkers were so effective?
    • A. 

      The Japanese could not break code sent in the complex, unwritten Navajo language.

    • B. 

      The Axis forces were misled by inaccurate information signaled by the code talkers.

    • C. 

      The Navajo had perfected a way of signaling information over long distances without being detected by sonar or radar

    • D. 

      The similarities between Japanese and Navajo allowed false messages to be sent by the Allies, which confused Japanese forces

  • 24. 
    An important difference between government spending during the Depression and during World War II was that
    • A. 

      The spending shifted from war preparedness during the Depression to domestic programs during the war

    • B. 

      Government spending decreased during the hard economic times of the Depression and increased during the war.

    • C. 

      Government spending had increased so much during the Depression that the government had few resources available to prepare for the war

    • D. 

      Much of the spending that focused on domestic programs during the Depression was shifted to focus on the war effort

  • 25. 
    Charles de Gaulle viewed the French officials of Vichy France as traitors to France
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

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