The government was spending millions of dollars on weapons
Unions did not accept Black Americans as members.
President Roosevelt was racist
Black Americans were being denied employment in factories, mines, and mills
Because both countries had sent troops to fight the Germans in Poland
To improve Germany’s access to the Atlantic Ocean
Because many Jews lived in Scandinavian countries
To provide a route to attack the Soviet Union
Liberty and justice
Combat roles for women
Isolating Japan in Manchuria
Isolating Hitler in the Sudetenland
Many people thought it would avoid another destructive war.
The Sudetenland was unpopulated.
Most people believed all German-speaking people should be united in one country.
The Sudetenland government had invaded Czechoslovakia.
Democracies flourished there.
The area contained valuable natural resources.
Japan was considered too popular in that part of the world.
Japan was a racist nation.
The French were overwhelmed by the German Maginot Line.
France had stationed too many of its forces in Poland
French forces did not expect the Germans to attack through the Ardennes
For nearly a year Germany bombed Paris from the air
Hitler became a dictator; Mussolini did not
Hitler was a powerful public speaker; Mussolini was not
Hitler stressed the superiority of the Aryan race; Mussolini did not
Hitler glorified the individual; Mussolini did not
They convinced most Germans that communism was the only cure for Germany’s economic problems
They effectively played on public discontent and promised to revive German greatness.
They were the only group that argued that the Versailles Treaty was what Germany deserved.
Most Germans thought the Weimar Republic was helplessly corrupt.
To encourage Americans to support the war effort
To convince Americans to support isolationism
To demonstrate the strength of America’s defenses before the attack on Pearl Harbor
To convince Congress to approve a draft
Most Americans were pacifists and would never support any war
President Roosevelt was a strict isolationist
Many Americans were isolationists and would not support a first
Japan had the atomic bomb
A person’s citizenship status
A person’s racial background
A person’s criminal record
Evidence of sabotage and espionage
The bombing of Hiroshima
The bombing of Nagasaki
Hirohito’s announcement in a radio broadcast
Jews did not think that German citizens would support Hitler’s efforts to exterminate them
Germany closed its borders and would not allow Jews to leave
The United States limited immigration because of its weak economy and its misunderstanding of German atrocities.
U.S. citizens viewed all Germans with suspicion, and the government was concerned that German Jews would be mistreated if they immigrated.
Supporting the war effort
Minimal because many actors, writers, and directors had joined the Army and were unable to make films.
Opposing the war effort
Exposing the Holocaust
Not cooking once a week to make more food available for the troops
Giving up cooking and taking a full-time factory
Donating metal pots and pans to scrap drives
Not buying any pots and pans until the war ended
To rebuild relations with the Soviet Union
To prevent a nuclear arms race
To rebuild Europe and Japan
To create the European Union
Japanese and Filipino soldiers were forced to march for miles or be beaten and shot by American forces
American and British soldiers were forced to march for miles or be beaten and shot by German troops
American and Filipino soldiers were forced to march for miles or be beaten and shot by Japanese troops
Japanese people fled the cities for fear of another atomic bomb
The Japanese could not break code sent in the complex, unwritten Navajo language.
The Axis forces were misled by inaccurate information signaled by the code talkers.
The Navajo had perfected a way of signaling information over long distances without being detected by sonar or radar
The similarities between Japanese and Navajo allowed false messages to be sent by the Allies, which confused Japanese forces
The spending shifted from war preparedness during the Depression to domestic programs during the war
Government spending decreased during the hard economic times of the Depression and increased during the war.
Government spending had increased so much during the Depression that the government had few resources available to prepare for the war
Much of the spending that focused on domestic programs during the Depression was shifted to focus on the war effort