Ch. 36 Test 2011-05-27

25 Questions | Total Attempts: 75

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World War Quizzes & Trivia

America in World War II, 1941-1945


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    As World War II began for the United States in 1941, President Roosevelt
    • A. 

      Led a seriously divided nation into the conflict

    • B. 

      Endorsed the same king of government persecution of German-Americans as Wilson had in World War I

    • C. 

      Called the American people to the same kind of idealistic crusade with the same rehtoric that Wilson had used in World War I

    • D. 

      Decided to concenetrate first on war in Europe and to place the Pacific war on hold

  • 2. 
      Once at war, America’s first great challenge was to
    • A. 

      Pass a conscription law

    • B. 

      Raise an army and navy

    • C. 

      Extend aid to the Soviet Union

    • D. 

      Develop atomic weapons

    • E. 

      Retool its industry for all-out war productions

  • 3. 
    Japanese-Americans were placed in concentration camps during World War II
    • A. 

      Due to numerous acts of sabotage

    • B. 

      In retaliation for the placement of Americans in concentration camps by the Japanese

    • C. 

      As a result of anti-Japanese prejudice and fear

    • D. 

      Because many were loyal to Japan

    • E. 

      All of the above

  • 4. 
    The minority group most adversely affected by Washington’s wartime policies was
    • A. 

      German-Americans

    • B. 

      Blacks

    • C. 

      Japanese-Americans

    • D. 

      American communists

    • E. 

      Italian-Americans

  • 5. 
    When the United States entered World War II in December 1941
    • A. 

      It took nearly two years for the country to unite

    • B. 

      The conflict soon became an idealistic crusade for democracy

    • C. 

      The government repudiated the Atlantic Charter

    • D. 

      A majority of Americans had no clear idea of what the war was about.

  • 6. 
    The employment of more than six million women in American industry during World War II led to
    • A. 

      Equal pay for men and women

    • B. 

      A greater percentage of American women in war industries than anywhere else in the world

    • C. 

      The establishment of day-care centers by the government

    • D. 

      A reduction in employment for black males

  • 7. 
    Checkbox question: Check all that apply:  African-Americans did all of the following during World War II:
    • A. 

      Fight in integrated combat units

    • B. 

      Rally behind the slogan "Double V" (victory over dictators abroad and racism at home

    • C. 

      Move north and west in large numbers

    • D. 

      Form a militant organization called the Congress of Racial Equality (CORE)

    • E. 

      Serve in the Army Air Corps

  • 8. 
    Big-government intervention received its greatest boost from
    • A. 

      The New Deal

    • B. 

      World War II

    • C. 

      The Depression

    • D. 

      World War I

    • E. 

      The Cold War

  • 9. 
    The northward migration of African-Americans accelerated after World War II because
    • A. 

      The southern system of sharecropping was declared illegal

    • B. 

      Latinos had replaced blacks in the work force

    • C. 

      Mechanical cotton pickers came into use

    • D. 

      The South made it clear that they were not wanted

  • 10. 
    During World War II, American Indians
    • A. 

      Demanded that President Roosevelt end discrimination in defense industries

    • B. 

      Rarely enlisted in the armed forces

    • C. 

      Moved south to replace African-American laborers

    • D. 

      Moved off reservations in large numbers

  • 11. 
    By the end of World War II, the heart of the United States’ African-American community had shifted to
    • A. 

      Florida and the Carolinas

    • B. 

      Southern cities

    • C. 

      The Pacific Northwest

    • D. 

      Midwestern small towns

    • E. 

      Northern cities

  • 12. 
    The national debt increased most during
    • A. 

      Franklin Roosevelt’s New Deal

    • B. 

      Herbert Hoover’s administration

    • C. 

      World War II.

    • D. 

      World War I.

    • E. 

      The 1920s

  • 13. 
    Most of the money raised to finance World War II came through
    • A. 

      Tariff collections

    • B. 

      Excise taxes on luxury goods

    • C. 

      Raising income taxes

    • D. 

      Voluntary contributions

    • E. 

      Government borrowing

  • 14. 
    The first naval battle in history in which all the fighting was done by carrier-based aircraft was the Battle of
    • A. 

      Leyte Gulf

    • B. 

      The Java Sea

    • C. 

      The Coral Sea

    • D. 

      Iwo Jima

  • 15. 
    The tide of Japanese conquest in the Pacific was turned following the Battle of
    • A. 

      Leyte Gulf

    • B. 

      Bataan and Corregidor

    • C. 

      Midway

    • D. 

      Tehran

  • 16. 
    In waging war against Japan, the United States relied mainly on a strategy of
    • A. 

      Heavy bombing from Chinese air bases

    • B. 

      Invading Japanese strongholds in Southeast Asia

    • C. 

      Fortifying China by transporting supplies from India over the Himalayan “hump.”

    • D. 

      “leapfrogging” across the South Pacific while bypassing Japanese strongholds.

    • E. 

      Turning the Japanese flanks in New Guinea and Alaska

  • 17. 
    The conquest of________________was especially important, because from there Americans could conduct round-trip bombing raids on the Japanese home islands.
    • A. 

      Guadalcanal

    • B. 

      Wake Island

    • C. 

      New Guinea

    • D. 

      Okinawa

    • E. 

      Marianas Islands, including Guam

  • 18. 
    Hitler’s advance in the European theater of war crested in late 1942 at the Battle of ________________, after which his fortunes gradually declined.
    • A. 

      The Bulge

    • B. 

      Stalingrad

    • C. 

      Monte Cassino

    • D. 

      Britain

    • E. 

      El Alamein

  • 19. 
    Checkbox: Check ALL that apply:    The Allies won the Battle of the Atlantic by doing all of the following: 
    • A. 

      Escorting convoys of merchants' vessels

    • B. 

      Organizing Allied "wolf packs" to chase down German U-boats

    • C. 

      Dropping depth charges from destroyers

    • D. 

      Bombing submarine bases

    • E. 

      Deploying the new technology of radar

  • 20. 
    The Allies postponed opening a second front in Europe until 1944 because
    • A. 

      They hoped that Germany and the Soviet Union would cripple each other

    • B. 

      Men and material were needed more urgently in the Pacific

    • C. 

      The Soviet Union requested a delay until it could join the campaign

    • D. 

      They believed that North Africa was more strategically vital

    • E. 

      Of British reluctance and lack of adequate shipping

  • 21. 
    The Allied demand for unconditional surrender was criticized by those who believed that such surrender would encourage the enemy to resist as long as possible
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 22. 
    President Roosevelt and Prime Minister Churchill announced at their wartime conference in Casablanca that their principal war aim was to
    • A. 

      Destroy the last remnants of European imperialism

    • B. 

      Promote the national independence of all European nations

    • C. 

      Contain the postwar power of the Soviet Union

    • D. 

      Force the unconditional surrender of both Germany and Japan.

  • 23. 
    Arrange these wartime conferences in chronological order: A) Potsdam   B) Casablanca   C) Teheran
    • A. 

      Potsdam, Casablanca, Teheran

    • B. 

      Teheran, Casablanca, Potsdam

    • C. 

      Casablanca, Teheran, Potsdam

    • D. 

      Casablanca, Potsdam, Teheran

  • 24. 
    Arrange these events in chronological order: (A) V-J Day, (B) V-E Day, (C) D Day, (D) Invasion of Italy
    • A. 

      Invasion of Italy, D Day, V-E Day, V-J Day

    • B. 

      V-J Day, D Day, V-E Day, Invasion of Italy

    • C. 

      V-E Day, Invasion of Italy, V-J Day, D Day

    • D. 

      V-J Day, Invasion of Italy, V-E Day, D Day

  • 25. 
    The major consequence of the Allied conquest of Sicily in August 1943 was
    • A. 

      A modification of the demand for unconditional surrender of Italy.

    • B. 

      The overthrow of Mussolini and Italy’s unconditional surrender.

    • C. 

      The swift Allied conquest of the Italian peninsula.

    • D. 

      A conflict between Churchill and General Eisenhower over the invasion of the Italian mainland.