Ch 1 Honors Exam

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Ch 1 Honors Exam - Quiz

This Exam will cover units 1-5 in Chapter 1. GOOD LUCK!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The inner core is made of a solid metal. Why is this?

    • A.

      No reason, that

    • B.

      Because of the intense pressure of the other layers beating down on the core.

    • C.

      Because the core is so hot the core turns from solid to liquid.

    • D.

      Because the weight of the crust is beating down on the core.

    • E.

      None of the above.

    Correct Answer
    B. Because of the intense pressure of the other layers beating down on the core.
    Explanation
    The intense pressure of the other layers beating down on the core causes it to be solid.

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  • 2. 

    The life-forms of the biosphere are located in the ____.

    • A.

      Geosphere only

    • B.

      Hydrosphere and atmosphere only

    • C.

      Atmosphere, hydrosphere, and geosphere

    • D.

      Hydrosphere only

    Correct Answer
    C. Atmosphere, hydrosphere, and geosphere
    Explanation
    The correct answer is atmosphere, hydrosphere, and geosphere. This means that life-forms in the biosphere can be found in the air (atmosphere), bodies of water (hydrosphere), and on land (geosphere). The biosphere refers to the zone on Earth where life exists, and it encompasses all of these interconnected spheres.

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  • 3. 

    Which sequence shows increasing ecological levels of organization?

    • A.

      Organism, population, community, ecosystem

    • B.

      Ecosystem, population, organism, community

    • C.

      Community, ecosystem, population, organism

    • D.

      Population, organism, ecosystem, community

    Correct Answer
    A. Organism, population, community, ecosystem
    Explanation
    The correct sequence of increasing ecological levels of organization starts with individual organisms, then progresses to populations of the same species, then to communities of different species interacting in a specific area, and finally to ecosystems which include both living organisms and their physical environment. This sequence follows the hierarchical order of how different levels of organization are nested within each other in ecological systems.

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  • 4. 

    A  ________________________ is a scientists who studies fossils.

    • A.

      Paleontologist

    • B.

      Oceanographer

    • C.

      Meteorologist

    Correct Answer
    A. Paleontologist
    Explanation
    A paleontologist is a scientist who studies fossils. They analyze and interpret the remains of ancient organisms to understand Earth's history and the evolution of life. They may excavate fossils, conduct laboratory analysis, and contribute to the understanding of past ecosystems and species. Their work helps to uncover important information about the Earth's past and how life has evolved over time.

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  • 5. 

    Describe what a Meteorologist does.  Why are they often criticized?

  • 6. 

    What type of map is this? (Type political, physical, or thematic. SPELLING COUNTS!)

    Correct Answer
    political
    political map
    Political
    Explanation
    Political maps show human-made features like state and country borders, capital cities and cities.

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  • 7. 

    What are three driving sources of energy behind all life on earth ?

    • A.

      Storage, transfer, conversion

    • B.

      Convection,transfer,energy

    • C.

      Nuclear, coal, storage

    Correct Answer
    A. Storage, transfer, conversion
    Explanation
    The driving sources of energy behind all life on earth are storage, transfer, and conversion. Storage refers to the ability of organisms to store energy in various forms such as chemical bonds or as potential energy. Transfer refers to the movement of energy from one organism to another or from one part of an organism to another. Conversion refers to the process of converting one form of energy into another, such as the conversion of sunlight into chemical energy through photosynthesis. These three processes are essential for sustaining life on earth.

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  • 8. 

    Which region of Mexico has the MOST volcanoes?

    • A.

      Northern Mexico

    • B.

      Southern Mexico

    • C.

      The eastern coast

    Correct Answer
    B. Southern Mexico
    Explanation
    Southern Mexico has the most volcanoes compared to other regions of Mexico. This is because it is located in the Trans-Mexican Volcanic Belt, which is a major volcanic belt that runs across the country. The belt is characterized by a high concentration of active and dormant volcanoes, making Southern Mexico the region with the highest number of volcanoes.

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  • 9. 

    What types of climate does Iceland have?

    • A.

      Tundra and marine west coast

    • B.

      Marine west coast and humid continental

    • C.

      Tundra and subarctic

    • D.

      Marine west coast and subarctic

    Correct Answer
    A. Tundra and marine west coast
    Explanation
    It's very important to look at the KEY of a thematic map!

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  • 10. 

    What type of map is this? (Type political, physical, or thematic. SPELLING COUNTS!)

    Correct Answer
    physical map
    physical
    physical
    Explanation
    A physical map shows mostly natural features like mountains, rivers and plains. It usually uses colors like brown and red to show altitude.

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  • 11. 

    In toxicology, the amount of a toxic agent which enters the body is the:

    • A.

      Administered dose

    • B.

      Ingested dose

    • C.

      Effective dose

    • D.

      Intake dose

    Correct Answer
    D. Intake dose
    Explanation
    The term "intake dose" refers to the amount of a toxic agent that enters the body. This can occur through various routes such as ingestion, inhalation, or absorption through the skin. It is important to measure the intake dose in toxicology as it helps determine the level of exposure to the toxic agent and assess its potential harmful effects on the body.

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  • 12. 

    Worldwide use of lead addititives in gasoline in automobiles was originally restricted because:

    • A.

      Lead free gasoline extends an automobile engine's life

    • B.

      Allows refiners to manufacture oxygenated fuels

    • C.

      Lead is a toxic pollutant

    • D.

      Leaded gasoline can poison catalytic converters

    Correct Answer
    D. Leaded gasoline can poison catalytic converters
    Explanation
    Leaded gasoline can poison catalytic converters because the lead in the gasoline can react with the catalysts in the converter, causing them to become less effective or even completely blocked. This can lead to decreased engine performance and increased emissions.

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  • 13. 

    Which of the following is a primary "greenhouse" gas because it is anthropogenic and absorbs the largest amount of long wave infrared radiation in the Earth's atmosphere?

    • A.

      Carbon monoxide

    • B.

      Ozone

    • C.

      Water vapor

    • D.

      Methane

    Correct Answer
    C. Water vapor
    Explanation
    Water vapor is a primary "greenhouse" gas because it is anthropogenic and absorbs the largest amount of long wave infrared radiation in the Earth's atmosphere. Water vapor is naturally present in the atmosphere, but human activities such as burning fossil fuels and deforestation can increase its concentration. It acts as a greenhouse gas by trapping heat in the atmosphere, contributing to the greenhouse effect and global warming.

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  • 14. 

    Which is an example of a non-renewable resource?

    • A.

      Coal

    • B.

      Wood

    • C.

      Wheat

    Correct Answer
    A. Coal
    Explanation
    Coal is an example of a non-renewable resource because it is formed from the remains of plants that lived and died millions of years ago. It takes a long time for coal to form, and once it is extracted and burned for energy, it cannot be replaced within a human lifespan. This makes coal a finite resource that will eventually run out if not managed properly.

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  • 15. 

    What might happen if there are too many people on Earth?

    • A.

      There might not be enough food and water for everyone.

    • B.

      There might not be enough room to move around.

    • C.

      The continents might sink into the oceans.

    Correct Answer
    A. There might not be enough food and water for everyone.
    Explanation
    If there are too many people on Earth, there might not be enough food and water for everyone. This is because the Earth's resources are limited and may not be able to sustain a large population. As the population increases, the demand for food and water also increases, which can lead to scarcity and a lack of access for many individuals. This can result in hunger, malnutrition, and water shortages, posing a significant challenge to the well-being and survival of the population.

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  • 16. 

    What does "sustainable" mean?

    • A.

      Available to everyone.

    • B.

      Capable of being used for a long time.

    • C.

      Related to light and heat.

    Correct Answer
    B. Capable of being used for a long time.
    Explanation
    The term "sustainable" refers to something that is capable of being used for a long time. It implies the ability to maintain or continue a certain practice or resource without depleting or damaging it. In the context of environmental sustainability, it means using resources in a way that does not harm the environment or deplete them for future generations. Therefore, the correct answer reflects the concept of long-term usability and preservation.

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  • 17. 

    Which is an example of biomass energy?

    • A.

      A coal-burning generator.

    • B.

      A wood-burning stove.

    • C.

      A gasoline-burning car.

    Correct Answer
    B. A wood-burning stove.
    Explanation
    A wood-burning stove is an example of biomass energy because it uses organic materials, such as wood, as fuel to produce heat and energy. Biomass energy is derived from living or recently living plant and animal materials, and it is considered a renewable energy source because these materials can be replenished. In contrast, a coal-burning generator and a gasoline-burning car do not utilize biomass as their source of energy.

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  • 18. 

    Which event led to a major increase in carbon being released into the atmosphere?

    • A.

      The Industrial Revolution

    • B.

      The Civil War

    • C.

      The American Revolution

    Correct Answer
    A. The Industrial Revolution
    Explanation
    The Industrial Revolution led to a major increase in carbon being released into the atmosphere. During this period, there was a significant shift from traditional hand production methods to machine-based manufacturing processes. This resulted in the burning of fossil fuels such as coal and oil on a large scale to power factories and machinery. The combustion of these fossil fuels released large amounts of carbon dioxide into the atmosphere, contributing to the greenhouse effect and climate change.

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  • 19. 

    If the polar ice caps melt, which state would be most affected?

    • A.

      New Mexico

    • B.

      Florida

    • C.

      Minnesota

    Correct Answer
    B. Florida
    Explanation
    Florida would be the most affected state if the polar ice caps melt. This is because Florida is a low-lying state with a large coastline, making it highly vulnerable to rising sea levels. The melting of the polar ice caps would result in a significant increase in sea levels, leading to widespread flooding and coastal erosion in Florida. Additionally, Florida's economy heavily relies on tourism and agriculture, both of which would be severely impacted by the loss of coastal areas and saltwater intrusion into freshwater sources.

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  • 20. 

    How have humans increased the rate of extinction?

    • A.

      Humans consume too much oxygen, preventing other species from breathing.

    • B.

      Humans have been forced to destroy dangerous, violent species.

    • C.

      Humans re-shape their environment, putting preasure on other species.

    Correct Answer
    C. Humans re-shape their environment, putting preasure on other species.
    Explanation
    Humans reshape their environment by deforestation, urbanization, and industrialization, which leads to habitat destruction and fragmentation. This puts pressure on other species as they lose their natural habitats and struggle to adapt to the changes. Additionally, human activities such as pollution, overfishing, and hunting contribute to the decline and extinction of various species.

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  • 21. 

    Ten bean seedlings in one setup were grown in the dark, while ten seedlings in another setup were grown in sunlight.  All other growth conditions were kept the same in both setups.  The seedlings grown in the dark were white with long, slender stems.  These seedlings soon died.  The seedlings grown in the sunlight were green and healthy. Which hypothesis was most likely being tested in this investigation?

    • A.

      Plants grown in the dark cannot perform the process of respiration

    • B.

      Sunlight is necessary for the normal growth of bean plants

    • C.

      Light is necessary for the germination of bean seeds

    • D.

      Light is necessary for proper mineral absorption by plants

    Correct Answer
    B. Sunlight is necessary for the normal growth of bean plants
    Explanation
    The most likely hypothesis being tested in this investigation is that sunlight is necessary for the normal growth of bean plants. This is supported by the observation that the seedlings grown in the dark were white with long, slender stems and soon died, while the seedlings grown in sunlight were green and healthy. This suggests that the absence of sunlight negatively affected the growth and survival of the bean seedlings.

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  • 22. 

    Is this right?

    • A.

      Yes

    • B.

      No

    Correct Answer
    A. Yes
    Explanation
    The given correct answer is "yes" because it matches the question "Is this right?".

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  • 23. 

    A(n) _____________________ variable is something that the scientist wants to remain the same throughout the entire experiment.

    • A.

      Independent

    • B.

      Controlled

    • C.

      Dependent

    • D.

      Staysame

    Correct Answer
    B. Controlled
    Explanation
    A controlled variable is something that the scientist wants to remain the same throughout the entire experiment. This variable is not manipulated or changed during the experiment and is kept constant to ensure that any observed changes or effects are solely due to the independent variable. By controlling this variable, the scientist can eliminate any potential confounding factors and accurately determine the relationship between the independent and dependent variables.

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  • 24. 

    A inference is......?

    • A.

      Step by step instructions to complete an investigation

    • B.

      Information that is collected

    • C.

      An educated guess based on prior experiences

    • D.

      An explanation of an observation that must be logical and can change after more observations are made

    Correct Answer
    D. An explanation of an observation that must be logical and can change after more observations are made
    Explanation
    An inference is an explanation of an observation that must be logical and can change after more observations are made. It involves making a logical conclusion based on available evidence and prior knowledge. Inferences are not definitive and can be revised or updated as new information is gathered.

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  • 25. 

    A(n) _______________________ is the 1 thing in an experiment that is changed or manipulated by the scientist.

    • A.

      Dependent

    • B.

      Controlled

    • C.

      Independent

    • D.

      Variable

    Correct Answer
    C. Independent
    Explanation
    An independent variable is the one thing in an experiment that is changed or manipulated by the scientist. It is the variable that the scientist intentionally alters in order to observe its effect on the dependent variable. The dependent variable, on the other hand, is the variable that is being measured or observed in response to the changes made to the independent variable. The controlled variable is a variable that is kept constant throughout the experiment in order to eliminate any potential confounding factors.

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  • 26. 

    A(n) _____________________ variable is the results that change in response to the change the scientist makes to the __________________ variable.

    • A.

      Independent; controlled

    • B.

      Independent; independent

    • C.

      Dependent: controlled

    • D.

      Dependent; independent

    Correct Answer
    D. Dependent; independent
    Explanation
    In an experiment, the dependent variable is the variable that is being measured or observed. It is the result or outcome that changes in response to the change in the independent variable, which is the variable that the scientist deliberately manipulates or changes. Therefore, the correct answer is "dependent; independent".

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  • 27. 

    Which of these would be called results?

    • A.

      Wondering Why a Fruit Fly was Born

    • B.

      Counting Fruit Flies

    • C.

      Seeing Fruit Flies on an Apple

    • D.

      Number of Fruit Flies

    Correct Answer
    D. Number of Fruit Flies
    Explanation
    The term "results" typically refers to the outcome or findings of a particular action or event. In this context, "Number of Fruit Flies" can be considered as the results because it provides quantitative information about the population of fruit flies. The other options, such as "Wondering Why a Fruit Fly was Born," "Counting Fruit Flies," and "Seeing Fruit Flies on an Apple," do not directly indicate any measurable outcome or result.

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  • 28. 

    A scientist watches a flock of geese migrate from the pond next door.     What part of the Scientific Research Process is he participating?

    • A.

      Data collection

    • B.

      Observation

    • C.

      Testing a hypothesis

    Correct Answer
    B. Observation
    Explanation
    The scientist is participating in the observation phase of the Scientific Research Process. In this phase, the scientist is actively watching and gathering information about the flock of geese migrating from the pond next door. This is an essential step in the research process as it allows the scientist to collect data and make observations that can later be analyzed and used to form hypotheses or theories.

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  • 29. 

    Which layer of the following fossil record is the oldest?          

    • A.

      A

    • B.

      B

    • C.

      C

    Correct Answer
    C. C
  • 30. 

    This Law states that "All layers of sediments are deposited in horizontal layers".   This has been continuting for billions of years.

    • A.

      Law of horizontality

    • B.

      Law of superposition

    • C.

      Law of uniformitarianism

    Correct Answer
    A. Law of horizontality
    Explanation
    The Law of Horizontality states that all layers of sediments are deposited in horizontal layers. This means that when new layers of sediment are formed, they are generally deposited on top of older layers, creating a horizontal sequence of rock layers. This law is based on the observation that sedimentary rocks often exhibit distinct layers that are parallel to the Earth's surface. It is a fundamental principle in geology and is used to interpret the relative ages of rock layers and the processes that have shaped the Earth's surface over time.

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