care Of Clients With Cardiovascular Disorders

15 Questions | Total Attempts: 1792

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Cardiovascular Quizzes & Trivia

The following questions all about care for the clients with cardiovascular disorders. This will test your knowledge about managing a clients with cardiovascular diseases. The quiz contains 15 questions all related to cardiovascular disorders. If you are now ready to answer, just click the "start quiz" button. Good luck Nurses.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    • A. 

      Left ventricular overload.

    • B. 

      Impending circulatory collapse.

    • C. 

      Extracellular electrolyte imbalances.

    • D. 

      Insufficient oxygen reaching the heart muscle.

  • 2. 
    Which of the following is an uncontrollable risk factors that has been linked to the development of coronary artery disease (CAD)?
    • A. 

      Exercise

    • B. 

      Obesity

    • C. 

      Gender

    • D. 

      High-cholesterol level

  • 3. 
    A client with angina pectoris asks the nurse, "What information does ECG provide?" The nurse would appropriately respond that ECG gives information about the:
    • A. 

      Electrical conduction of the myocardium.

    • B. 

      Oxygenation and perfusion of the heart.

    • C. 

      Contractile status of the ventricles.

    • D. 

      Physical integrity if the muscle.

  • 4. 
    How should the nurse instruct the client with angina pectoris to take sublingual nitroglycerine when chest pain occurs?
    • A. 

      Take one tablet every 2 to 5 min until the pain subsides.

    • B. 

      Take one tablet and rest for 10minutes. Call the physician is the pain persists after 10minutes.

    • C. 

      Take one tablet, then an additional tablet every 5 minutes for a total of three tablets. all the physician if pain persists after three tablets.

    • D. 

      Take one tablet. If pain persists after 5 minutes, take two tablets. If pain still persists 5 minutes after, call the physician.

  • 5. 
    Proper hand placement for chest compression during CPRis essential to reduce the risk of which of the following complications?
    • A. 

      Gastrointestinal bleeding

    • B. 

      Myocardial infarction

    • C. 

      Emesis

    • D. 

      Rib fracture

  • 6. 
    The rescuer understands that the compression-to-ventilation ratio in CPR is:
    • A. 

      5:1

    • B. 

      15:1

    • C. 

      30:2

    • D. 

      15:2

  • 7. 
    Which of the following indicates congestive heart failure?
    • A. 

      BUN=15mg./dl

    • B. 

      CVP=7 cm.; H2O

    • C. 

      Serum potassium = 4m Eq/L

    • D. 

      Hourly urine output = 30 to 60 mls.

  • 8. 
    The client will undergo left-sided cardiac catheterization. Which of the following should not be included in patient teaching?
    • A. 

      "You will experience warm sensation as the contrast medium is injected."

    • B. 

      "You will receive anesthesia."

    • C. 

      "You will be placed in a tunnel- like device."

    • D. 

      "You have to tell me if you have any allergy to seafoods."

  • 9. 
    The type of artificial cardiac pacemaker which provides a specific number of electrical firings per minute is:
    • A. 

      Fixed rate pacemaker

    • B. 

      Demand rate pacemaker

    • C. 

      Temporary pacemaker

    • D. 

      Permanent pacemaker

  • 10. 
    Which of the following signs and symptoms would most likely be experienced by a client with right-sided congestive heart failure?
    • A. 

      Dyspnea, crackles, ankle edema

    • B. 

      Engorged neck vein, enlarged liver, weight gain

    • C. 

      Hemoptysis, hypertension, pallor

    • D. 

      Syncope, hemolytic anemia, clubbing of fingers

  • 11. 
    The nurse administers digoxin to the client with congestive heart failure. The nurse should first check which of the following?
    • A. 

      Pulse rate

    • B. 

      Apical pulse

    • C. 

      Blood pressure

    • D. 

      Respiratory rate

  • 12. 
    Which of the following in NOT a characteristic of chest pain in myocardial infarction (MI)?
    • A. 

      It last for more than 30minutes.

    • B. 

      It radiates to the entire chest, neck and left arm.

    • C. 

      It is relieved by rest.

    • D. 

      It is crushing in character.

  • 13. 
    Which of the following may precipitates the chest pain in myocardial infarction?
    • A. 

      Taking a warm bath.

    • B. 

      Having frequent rest period.

    • C. 

      Eating a large meal.

    • D. 

      Avoiding exposure to cold.

  • 14. 
    Which of the following results of enzyme studies does not includes the presence of myocardial infarction?
    • A. 

      Elevated Ck-MB

    • B. 

      Elevated SGOT (AST)

    • C. 

      Elevated LDH

    • D. 

      Elevated SGPT (ALT)

  • 15. 
    The following interventions should be included in the nursing care plan of the client with MI, EXCEPT:
    • A. 

      Place the client in semi-Fowler's position.

    • B. 

      Administer oxygen by small cannula as ordered.

    • C. 

      Encourage use of bedpan for defecation

    • D. 

      Provide low sodium, low fat and low cholesterol diet.