Cardiovascular Diagnostic And Therapeutic Procedures

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| By Pam Fetterer
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Pam Fetterer
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Cardiovascular Quizzes & Trivia

Procedures used to diagnose and treat cardiovascular disorders


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Series of tests used to asses risk factors os ischemic heart disease. ( total cholesterol, high density lipoprotien, low density lipoprotein and triglycerides) 

    • A.

      Stress test

    • B.

      Aortography

    • C.

      Lipid panel

    • D.

      Holter monitor test

    Correct Answer
    C. Lipid panel
    Explanation
    A lipid panel is a series of tests that assess risk factors for ischemic heart disease. It measures the levels of total cholesterol, high-density lipoprotein (HDL), low-density lipoprotein (LDL), and triglycerides in the blood. These measurements provide valuable information about an individual's lipid profile, which is important in evaluating their risk for heart disease. By analyzing the lipid panel results, healthcare professionals can identify any abnormalities in cholesterol levels and make appropriate recommendations for lifestyle changes or medical interventions to reduce the risk of heart disease.

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  • 2. 

    Passage of a catheter into the heart through a vein or artery to provide a comprehensive evaluation of the heart

    • A.

      Scintigraphy

    • B.

      Cardiac catheterization

    • C.

      Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)

    • D.

      Magnetic resonance angiography (MRA)

    Correct Answer
    B. Cardiac catheterization
    Explanation
    Cardiac catheterization is the correct answer because it involves the insertion of a catheter into the heart through a vein or artery to examine the heart and its blood vessels. This procedure allows for a comprehensive evaluation of the heart's structure and function, including the measurement of blood pressure, assessment of blood flow, and visualization of any blockages or abnormalities. It is commonly used to diagnose and treat various heart conditions, such as coronary artery disease and heart valve problems. Scintigraphy, MRI, and MRA are imaging techniques that can provide additional information about the heart, but they do not involve the direct insertion of a catheter into the heart.

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  • 3. 

    Removal of a small segment of an artery for diagnostic purposes

    • A.

      Arterial biopsy

    • B.

      Ligation and stripping

    • C.

      Commissurotomy

    • D.

      Nitrate biopsy

    Correct Answer
    A. Arterial biopsy
    Explanation
    Arterial biopsy refers to the removal of a small segment of an artery for diagnostic purposes. This procedure involves taking a sample of the arterial tissue to examine it under a microscope, allowing doctors to assess the presence of any abnormalities or diseases. It is commonly performed to diagnose conditions such as vasculitis, arteriosclerosis, or infections affecting the arteries. By analyzing the arterial tissue, healthcare professionals can gain valuable insights into the patient's condition and determine an appropriate treatment plan.

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  • 4. 

    24 hour ECG tracing taken with a small portible recording system

    • A.

      Holter monitor test

    • B.

      Histler monitor test

    • C.

      Hamster monitor test

    • D.

      Echocardiography

    Correct Answer
    A. Holter monitor test
    Explanation
    A Holter monitor test involves the use of a small portable recording system to continuously monitor a person's heart activity for 24 hours. This test is commonly used to detect and diagnose heart rhythm abnormalities, such as arrhythmias. The portable device records the electrical signals of the heart, allowing doctors to analyze the data and identify any irregularities. The test is named after Norman Holter, who developed the technology in the 1960s. Echocardiography, on the other hand, is a different diagnostic test that uses ultrasound waves to create images of the heart's structure and function.

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  • 5. 

    Drugs that have powerful lipid-lowering properties

    • A.

      Diuretics

    • B.

      Nitrates

    • C.

      Strainess

    • D.

      Statins

    Correct Answer
    D. Statins
    Explanation
    Statins are drugs that have powerful lipid-lowering properties. They are commonly prescribed to lower cholesterol levels and reduce the risk of heart disease. By inhibiting an enzyme involved in cholesterol production, statins help to decrease the amount of cholesterol in the bloodstream. This can lead to a decrease in LDL (bad) cholesterol and an increase in HDL (good) cholesterol. Statins are often recommended for individuals with high cholesterol levels or those at high risk of cardiovascular disease.

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  • 6. 

    Noninvasive ultrasound diagnostic test used to visualize inernal cardiac structures

    • A.

      CABG

    • B.

      PTCA

    • C.

      Coronary angiography

    • D.

      Echocardiography

    Correct Answer
    D. Echocardiography
    Explanation
    Echocardiography is a noninvasive ultrasound diagnostic test that allows healthcare professionals to visualize internal cardiac structures. This imaging technique uses sound waves to create detailed images of the heart, including its chambers, valves, and blood flow patterns. It is commonly used to assess heart function, detect abnormalities, and diagnose various cardiovascular conditions. Unlike other options listed, such as CABG (coronary artery bypass grafting), PTCA (percutaneous transluminal coronary angioplasty), and coronary angiography, echocardiography does not involve invasive procedures or the use of contrast agents.

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  • 7. 

    Radiological examination of the blood vessels of and around the heart

    • A.

      Coronary angiography

    • B.

      Echocardiography

    • C.

      Valvotomy

    • D.

      Venipuncture

    Correct Answer
    A. Coronary angiography
    Explanation
    Coronary angiography is a radiological examination that involves the visualization of blood vessels in and around the heart. It is used to diagnose and evaluate conditions such as coronary artery disease, heart valve abnormalities, and congenital heart defects. During the procedure, a contrast dye is injected into the blood vessels, and X-ray images are taken to identify any blockages or abnormalities. This allows healthcare professionals to determine the extent of the disease and plan appropriate treatment strategies. Echocardiography is a different imaging technique that uses sound waves to create images of the heart, valvotomy is a surgical procedure to repair or open a heart valve, and venipuncture is the process of drawing blood from a vein.

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  • 8. 

    Managment of edema associated with heart failure and hypertension

    • A.

      Puretics

    • B.

      Hyoretics

    • C.

      Diuretics

    • D.

      Disteretics

    Correct Answer
    C. Diuretics
    Explanation
    Diuretics are medications used to manage edema associated with heart failure and hypertension. They help to increase urine production, which in turn helps to reduce fluid buildup in the body. By promoting the excretion of excess water and sodium, diuretics can help to reduce swelling and lower blood pressure. Therefore, diuretics are the correct answer for this question.

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  • 9. 

    Dialation of an occluded vessel using a balloon catheter under fluoroscopic guidance

    • A.

      Venuoplasty

    • B.

      Angioplasty

    • C.

      Catheter ablation

    • D.

      PTCA

    Correct Answer
    D. PTCA
    Explanation
    PTCA stands for Percutaneous Transluminal Coronary Angioplasty, which is a procedure used to treat a blocked or narrowed coronary artery. It involves the dilation of the occluded vessel using a balloon catheter under fluoroscopic guidance. During the procedure, a catheter with a deflated balloon is inserted into the blocked artery and guided to the site of the blockage. The balloon is then inflated, compressing the plaque against the artery walls and widening the vessel, restoring blood flow. This procedure is commonly used to treat coronary artery disease and improve blood flow to the heart muscle.

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  • 10. 

    Removal of occulted material using a cutting or grinding device

    • A.

      Scintigraphy

    • B.

      Catheter ablation

    • C.

      Atherectomy

    • D.

      Thromboectomy

    Correct Answer
    C. Atherectomy
    Explanation
    Atherectomy is the correct answer because it involves the removal of occulted (hidden) material using a cutting or grinding device. This procedure is commonly used to treat atherosclerosis, where plaque builds up in the arteries, by physically removing the plaque from the artery walls. Scintigraphy is a diagnostic imaging technique that uses radioactive tracers to create images of the body's organs and tissues. Catheter ablation is a procedure used to treat abnormal heart rhythms by destroying the specific heart tissue causing the rhythm problem. Thromboectomy is the surgical removal of a blood clot from a blood vessel.

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  • 11. 

    Agents used to treat angina pectoris

    • A.

      PTCA

    • B.

      Diuretics

    • C.

      Nitrates

    • D.

      Statins

    Correct Answer
    C. Nitrates
    Explanation
    Nitrates are commonly used to treat angina pectoris, a condition characterized by chest pain or discomfort. These medications work by dilating the blood vessels, improving blood flow to the heart and reducing the workload on the heart. By increasing the supply of oxygen and nutrients to the heart, nitrates help relieve the symptoms of angina and prevent further episodes. They are often prescribed alongside other medications such as beta-blockers or calcium channel blockers to provide comprehensive management of angina symptoms.

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  • 12. 

    Destruction of a blood clot

    • A.

      Embolizaton

    • B.

      Emobosis

    • C.

      Thrombolysis

    • D.

      Thromboectomy

    Correct Answer
    C. Thrombolysis
    Explanation
    Thrombolysis refers to the process of breaking down or dissolving a blood clot. This can be achieved through the use of medication or other techniques. Thrombolysis is often used in cases where a blood clot is causing a blockage or restriction in blood flow, such as in the treatment of heart attacks or strokes. By breaking down the clot, blood flow can be restored and potential damage to organs or tissues can be minimized.

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  • 13. 

    Surgery that creates a bypass around a blocked segment of a coronary artery

    • A.

      Arterial biopsy

    • B.

      CABG

    • C.

      PTCA

    • D.

      MVP

    Correct Answer
    B. CABG
    Explanation
    CABG stands for coronary artery bypass grafting, which is a surgical procedure used to create a bypass around a blocked segment of a coronary artery. This procedure is performed to restore blood flow to the heart muscle when the arteries become narrowed or blocked due to atherosclerosis. During CABG, a healthy blood vessel from another part of the body is taken and grafted onto the blocked artery, allowing blood to flow around the blockage. This helps to improve blood supply to the heart and relieve symptoms of coronary artery disease.

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  • 14. 

    Includes troponin T, troponin I, and creatinine kinase

    • A.

      Cardiac enzyme study

    • B.

      Cardiac protein study

    • C.

      Heart valve nitrates

    • D.

      Stress test

    Correct Answer
    A. Cardiac enzyme study
    Explanation
    A cardiac enzyme study is a medical test that measures the levels of specific proteins in the blood, including troponin T, troponin I, and creatinine kinase. These proteins are released into the bloodstream when there is damage to the heart muscle, such as during a heart attack. By measuring the levels of these enzymes, doctors can assess the extent of heart muscle damage and diagnose or monitor conditions such as myocardial infarction. Therefore, a cardiac enzyme study is the appropriate answer as it accurately describes the test that includes troponin T, troponin I, and creatinine kinase.

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  • 15. 

    Injection and detection of radioactive isotopes to create images and identify function and disease

    • A.

      Statinography

    • B.

      Scintigraphy

    • C.

      Stintography

    • D.

      Angiography

    Correct Answer
    B. Scintigraphy
    Explanation
    Scintigraphy is a medical imaging technique that involves the injection and detection of radioactive isotopes to create images and identify function and disease. It is commonly used to diagnose and monitor various conditions, such as cancer, heart disease, and bone disorders. Scintigraphy works by detecting the gamma rays emitted by the radioactive isotopes, which are taken up by specific organs or tissues in the body. These radioactive tracers allow healthcare professionals to visualize the structure and function of organs and tissues, helping them to make accurate diagnoses and treatment plans.

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  • 16. 

    ECG taken under controlled exercise stress conditions

    • A.

      PTGA

    • B.

      EKG test

    • C.

      Stress test

    • D.

      Exertion test

    Correct Answer
    C. Stress test
    Explanation
    A stress test, also known as an exertion test, is a medical procedure where an individual's cardiovascular system is evaluated under controlled exercise stress conditions. This test is commonly performed using an electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG) to monitor the heart's electrical activity. During the stress test, the patient is typically asked to walk on a treadmill or pedal a stationary bike while the heart rate and blood pressure are monitored. This test helps healthcare professionals assess the heart's response to physical exertion and can aid in diagnosing various heart conditions.

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  • 17. 

    Surgical seperation of the leaflets of the mitral valve

    • A.

      Commissurotomy

    • B.

      Coronary angiography

    • C.

      Thrombolysis

    • D.

      Atherectomy

    Correct Answer
    A. Commissurotomy
    Explanation
    Commissurotomy is the surgical procedure that involves separating the leaflets of the mitral valve. This procedure is performed to treat mitral valve stenosis, a condition where the valve becomes narrowed and restricts blood flow. By separating the leaflets, the valve's opening is widened, allowing for improved blood flow. This procedure can be done through open-heart surgery or minimally invasive techniques, depending on the patient's condition. Commissurotomy is an effective treatment option for mitral valve stenosis and can help improve the patient's overall heart function.

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  • 18. 

    Destruction of conductive tissue of the heart to interrupt abnormal contractions

    • A.

      Embolization

    • B.

      Palpitation

    • C.

      Catheter ablation

    • D.

      Commissurotomy

    Correct Answer
    C. Catheter ablation
    Explanation
    Catheter ablation is the correct answer because it involves the destruction of conductive tissue in the heart to interrupt abnormal contractions. This procedure is commonly used to treat arrhythmias, such as atrial fibrillation, by targeting and eliminating the specific areas of the heart that are causing the abnormal electrical signals. By destroying these tissues, the heart's electrical system is disrupted, preventing the abnormal contractions and restoring a normal heart rhythm.

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  • 19. 

    Proceedure that alters a vessel through surgery or dilation

    • A.

      Open heart surgery

    • B.

      Pericardiocentesis

    • C.

      Arterial bypass

    • D.

      Angioplasty

    Correct Answer
    D. Angioplasty
    Explanation
    Angioplasty is a procedure that involves altering a blood vessel through surgery or dilation. It is a minimally invasive procedure that is commonly used to treat blockages or narrowing in the arteries. During angioplasty, a small balloon is inserted into the affected artery and inflated to widen the vessel and improve blood flow. This procedure is often performed to treat conditions such as coronary artery disease or peripheral artery disease. Unlike open heart surgery or arterial bypass, angioplasty does not involve major surgery and is generally considered a less invasive option for treating vascular conditions. Pericardiocentesis, on the other hand, is a procedure to remove fluid from the sac around the heart and is unrelated to altering blood vessels.

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  • 20. 

    Puncture of a vein by needle attached to syringe or catheter to withdraw a specimen of blood,start an interveinous,preform phlebotomyor injest a radiopaque substance

    • A.

      Venipuncture

    • B.

      Artierialpuncture

    • C.

      Coronarypuncture

    Correct Answer
    A. Venipuncture
    Explanation
    Venipuncture refers to the puncture of a vein using a needle attached to a syringe or catheter to withdraw a specimen of blood, start an intravenous line, perform phlebotomy, or inject a radiopaque substance. This procedure is commonly used in medical settings to collect blood samples for diagnostic testing, administer medications or fluids, and perform various medical procedures. Arterial puncture, on the other hand, involves puncturing an artery, while coronary puncture specifically refers to the puncture of a coronary artery. Therefore, the correct answer is venipuncture.

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  • 21. 

    Incision of a valve to increase the size of the opening used in treating mistral stenosis

    • A.

      Venipuncture

    • B.

      Valvotomy

    • C.

      Visectomy

    • D.

      Embolization

    Correct Answer
    B. Valvotomy
    Explanation
    Valvotomy is the correct answer because it involves the incision of a valve to increase the size of the opening, which is the treatment for mitral stenosis. Venipuncture is the process of puncturing a vein for medical purposes, not related to treating mitral stenosis. Visectomy is a misspelling and not a medical term. Embolization is a procedure used to block blood vessels, which is not applicable in this context.

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  • 22. 

    Imaging technique that provides a graphic display of heart sounds and murmurs during the cardiac cycle

    • A.

      Magnetic renosonance imaging

    • B.

      Scintigraphy

    • C.

      Subtraction angiography

    • D.

      Phonocardiography

    Correct Answer
    D. Phonocardiography
    Explanation
    Phonocardiography is an imaging technique that provides a graphic display of heart sounds and murmurs during the cardiac cycle. This technique involves the use of a microphone or sensor placed on the chest to detect and record the sounds produced by the heart. The recorded sounds are then converted into visual waveforms, allowing healthcare professionals to analyze and diagnose any abnormalities or conditions related to the heart.

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  • 23. 

    Surgical proceedure performed on or eithin the exposed heart

    • A.

      Endocardiography

    • B.

      Open heart surgery

    • C.

      Cardioendoscopy

    • D.

      Valvotomy

    Correct Answer
    B. Open heart surgery
    Explanation
    Open heart surgery is the correct answer because it involves a surgical procedure performed on or within the exposed heart. This procedure is typically done to treat various heart conditions, such as coronary artery disease, heart valve problems, or congenital heart defects. During open heart surgery, the chest is opened, and the heart is temporarily stopped and connected to a heart-lung machine, which takes over the heart's function. This allows the surgeon to perform the necessary repairs or interventions on the heart.

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  • 24. 

    An incision or puncture of a vein to remove blood or introduce fluids or medications

    • A.

      Buterfly incision

    • B.

      Venipuncture

    • C.

      Phlebotomy

    • D.

      Phlebectomy

    Correct Answer
    C. Phlebotomy
    Explanation
    Phlebotomy is the correct answer because it refers to the process of making an incision or puncture in a vein to extract blood or introduce fluids or medications. This procedure is commonly performed by phlebotomists or healthcare professionals to collect blood samples for diagnostic testing or to administer intravenous medications. The other options mentioned, such as butterfly incision, venipuncture, and phlebectomy, do not accurately describe the specific procedure of removing blood or introducing fluids through a vein.

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  • 25. 

    Tying of a varicose vein followed by removal of the affected area

    • A.

      Venectomy

    • B.

      Phlobotomy

    • C.

      Ligation and stripping

    • D.

      Veinblastomy

    Correct Answer
    C. Ligation and stripping
    Explanation
    Ligation and stripping is the correct answer because it involves tying off a varicose vein and then removing the affected area. This procedure is commonly used to treat varicose veins, which are enlarged and twisted veins that can cause discomfort and pain. Ligation involves tying off the vein to prevent blood flow, and stripping involves removing the affected section of the vein. This helps to alleviate symptoms and improve blood circulation in the affected area. Other options listed, such as venectomy, phlebotomy, and veinblastomy, are not appropriate procedures for treating varicose veins.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Nov 16, 2009
    Quiz Created by
    Pam Fetterer
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