C4 Ohp - Factors & Prevention

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C4 Ohp - Factors & Prevention - Quiz


HLT45015 Certificate IV in Dental Assisting - Oral Health Promotion online quiz for the units including:
HLTDEN004 Implement an individual oral hygiene program
HLTDEN010 Implement an oral hygiene program for older people
HLTDEN011 Implement an oral health promotion program
Refer to HLTDEN004 Implement an individual oral hygiene program Learner's Guide to complete this quiz.
All answers must be correct. Following assessment, submit a printed 100% completed certificate to your teacher by the agreed due date.
Complete your name, email and Student Declaration below. Good Luck!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The prevention and treatment of oral disease is based on managing the risk, and involves identifying risk factors

    • A.

      Both statements are true

    • B.

      Both statements are false

    • C.

      The first statement is true, and the second statement is false

    • D.

      The first statement is false, and the second statement is true

    Correct Answer
    A. Both statements are true
    Explanation
    The explanation for the given correct answer is that the prevention and treatment of oral disease indeed rely on managing the risk. This means that efforts are made to identify and address the risk factors that contribute to oral diseases, such as poor oral hygiene, tobacco use, unhealthy diet, and lack of regular dental check-ups. By managing these risk factors, individuals can reduce their chances of developing oral diseases and maintain good oral health. Therefore, both statements in the question are true.

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  • 2. 

    Risk factors do not necessarily imply cause and effect?

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Risk factors are factors that increase the likelihood of a certain outcome or event occurring. However, the presence of a risk factor does not guarantee that the outcome will occur. Therefore, risk factors do not necessarily imply cause and effect. It is possible for a risk factor to be present without the outcome occurring, or for the outcome to occur without the presence of the risk factor.

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  • 3. 

    Tick the SYSTEMIC factors that affect the development of oral disease:

    • A.

      Stress

    • B.

      Cardiovascular disease

    • C.

      Down syndrome

    • D.

      Smoking

    • E.

      Dental caries

    • F.

      Xerostomia

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Stress
    B. Cardiovascular disease
    C. Down syndrome
    Explanation
    The systemic factors that affect the development of oral disease include stress, cardiovascular disease, and Down syndrome. Stress can weaken the immune system and increase the risk of oral health problems. Cardiovascular disease is linked to gum disease and other oral infections. Down syndrome is associated with an increased risk of dental abnormalities and periodontal disease. These factors can contribute to the development and progression of oral diseases, highlighting the importance of managing systemic conditions for maintaining good oral health.

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  • 4. 

    Tick the LOCAL factors that affect the development of oral disease:

    • A.

      Stress

    • B.

      Cardiovascular disease

    • C.

      Down syndrome

    • D.

      Smoking

    • E.

      Dental caries

    • F.

      Xerostomia

    Correct Answer(s)
    D. Smoking
    E. Dental caries
    F. Xerostomia
    Explanation
    Smoking, dental caries, and xerostomia are all local factors that can affect the development of oral disease. Smoking is a known risk factor for various oral health problems, including gum disease and oral cancer. Dental caries, or tooth decay, is caused by the breakdown of the tooth enamel due to bacteria and acids produced by plaque. Xerostomia, or dry mouth, can contribute to oral disease as saliva helps to wash away food particles and neutralize acids in the mouth. These local factors directly impact the oral cavity and can increase the risk of developing oral diseases.

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  • 5. 

    All of the following are true of systemic factors, except?

    • A.

      Affects he hosts ability to prevent oral disease

    • B.

      Affects the hosts resilience to fight against oral disease

    • C.

      Enables the host to develop oral disease more easily

    • D.

      Provides more places for bacteria to hide, multiply and grow

    Correct Answer
    D. Provides more places for bacteria to hide, multiply and grow
    Explanation
    Systemic factors refer to factors that affect the overall health and functioning of the body, including the ability to prevent and fight against oral disease. The first three statements in the options all describe true effects of systemic factors on oral health. However, the last statement, "provides more places for bacteria to hide, multiply and grow," is not true of systemic factors. Systemic factors do not directly provide more places for bacteria to hide or multiply. Instead, they affect the host's ability to prevent and fight against oral disease, which indirectly influences the presence and growth of bacteria in the oral cavity.

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  • 6. 

    Oral cancer, _____ more likely in smokers than non-smokers?

    • A.

      Nine times (9x)

    • B.

      Ten times (10x)

    • C.

      Twenty times (20x)

    • D.

      Five times (5x)

    Correct Answer
    A. Nine times (9x)
    Explanation
    Smoking is a known risk factor for oral cancer, and individuals who smoke are nine times more likely to develop oral cancer compared to those who do not smoke. This suggests that smoking significantly increases the risk of developing oral cancer, making it an important factor to consider in preventing this type of cancer.

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  • 7. 

    National Smoke Quitline telephone number is __?

    • A.

      13 78 48

    • B.

      13 38 48

    • C.

      13 78 78

    • D.

      17 78 48

    Correct Answer
    A. 13 78 48
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 13 78 48. This is the national smoke quitline telephone number. People who want to quit smoking can call this number for support and guidance.

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  • 8. 

    Tick common lifestyle influences that have a negative affect on oral health:

    • A.

      Smoking

    • B.

      Illicit drugs

    • C.

      Alcohol

    • D.

      Piercings

    • E.

      Stress

    • F.

      Drinking 2 Litre of water daily

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Smoking
    B. Illicit drugs
    C. Alcohol
    D. Piercings
    E. Stress
    Explanation
    The common lifestyle influences that have a negative effect on oral health are smoking, illicit drugs, alcohol, piercings, and stress. Smoking is known to cause various oral health issues such as gum disease and tooth discoloration. Illicit drugs can lead to dry mouth, tooth decay, and gum disease. Excessive alcohol consumption can increase the risk of oral cancer and gum disease. Piercings in the mouth can cause infections and damage to the teeth and gums. Stress can also contribute to oral health problems such as teeth grinding and canker sores.

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  • 9. 

    Tick 5 key elements of a comprehensive preventative dentistry program

    • A.

      Dental sealants

    • B.

      Flouride

    • C.

      Proper nutrition

    • D.

      Plaque control

    • E.

      Patient education

    • F.

      Restorative dentistry

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Dental sealants
    B. Flouride
    C. Proper nutrition
    D. Plaque control
    E. Patient education
    Explanation
    A comprehensive preventative dentistry program includes five key elements: dental sealants, fluoride, proper nutrition, plaque control, and patient education. Dental sealants are a protective coating applied to the teeth to prevent cavities. Fluoride helps strengthen the teeth and prevent tooth decay. Proper nutrition plays a role in maintaining good oral health. Plaque control involves regular brushing and flossing to remove plaque buildup. Patient education is important for promoting good oral hygiene practices and raising awareness about the importance of preventative care. Restorative dentistry, mentioned in the answer, is not a key element of a preventative dentistry program.

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  • 10. 

    Fluoride in water is colourless, odourless and tasteless. Fluoride is only needed for young children. 

    • A.

      Both statements are true

    • B.

      Both statements are false

    • C.

      The first statement is true, the second statement is false

    • D.

      The first statement is false, the second statement is true

    Correct Answer
    C. The first statement is true, the second statement is false
    Explanation
    The first statement is true because fluoride in water is indeed colorless, odorless, and tasteless. The second statement is false because fluoride is not only needed for young children but also for people of all ages.

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  • 11. 

    All of the following are true statements of fluoride, except?

    • A.

      Large amounts of fluoride are needed to strengthen teeth and bones

    • B.

      Fluoride-enriched areas on enamel are less acid soluble

    • C.

      Fluoride role is to assist calcium and phosphate ions to latch onto the enamel surface

    • D.

      Fluorine is an element, the 9th in the periodic table

    Correct Answer
    A. Large amounts of fluoride are needed to strengthen teeth and bones
    Explanation
    Fluoride-enriched areas on enamel being less acid soluble, fluoride assisting calcium and phosphate ions to latch onto the enamel surface, and fluorine being the 9th element in the periodic table are all true statements about fluoride. However, large amounts of fluoride are not needed to strengthen teeth and bones. In fact, excessive intake of fluoride can lead to dental fluorosis and skeletal fluorosis, which can weaken teeth and bones. Therefore, the statement "Large amounts of fluoride are needed to strengthen teeth and bones" is incorrect.

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  • 12. 

    ______________ is mottled enamel (shown in this picture)

    • A.

      Fluorosis

    • B.

      Sealants

    • C.

      Attrition

    • D.

      Errosion

    Correct Answer
    A. Fluorosis
    Explanation
    Fluorosis is a condition caused by excessive intake of fluoride during tooth development, resulting in mottled enamel. This condition is characterized by white or brown stains on the teeth, as shown in the picture. Fluorosis occurs when the enamel is overexposed to fluoride, which can happen through sources like fluoridated water, toothpaste, or supplements. It is important to note that while fluorosis can cause cosmetic concerns, it does not typically affect the function or health of the teeth.

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  • 13. 

    Identify which type of fluoride application for the following: Consumed in water, food, beverages, or supplements

    • A.

      Systemic

    • B.

      Topical

    • C.

      Fluoride varnish

    • D.

      Fluorosis

    Correct Answer
    A. Systemic
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Systemic." Systemic fluoride refers to the consumption of fluoride through water, food, beverages, or supplements. This type of fluoride application benefits the entire body as it is ingested and distributed through the bloodstream. It helps in the development of strong teeth and prevents tooth decay from within. Topical fluoride, on the other hand, involves direct application to the tooth surface, such as through toothpaste or mouthwash. Fluoride varnish is a type of topical fluoride treatment that is applied by a dental professional to protect and strengthen the teeth. Fluorosis, on the other hand, refers to a condition caused by excessive fluoride consumption leading to dental fluorosis, which causes discoloration and damage to the teeth.

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  • 14. 

    Identify which type of fluoride application for the following:Concentrated topical fluoride that is painted on the teeth by professionals 

    • A.

      Systemic

    • B.

      Topical

    • C.

      Fluoride varnish

    • D.

      Fluorosis

    Correct Answer
    C. Fluoride varnish
    Explanation
    Fluoride varnish is the correct answer because it is a concentrated topical fluoride that is painted on the teeth by professionals. This type of fluoride application helps to strengthen the tooth enamel and protect against cavities. It is commonly used in dental offices as a preventive measure for patients of all ages.

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  • 15. 

    Select all of the key nutrients from below:

    • A.

      Carbohydrates

    • B.

      Proteins

    • C.

      Fats

    • D.

      Water

    • E.

      Vitamins

    • F.

      Minerals

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Carbohydrates
    B. Proteins
    C. Fats
    D. Water
    E. Vitamins
    F. Minerals
    Explanation
    The key nutrients from the given options include carbohydrates, proteins, fats, water, vitamins, and minerals. These nutrients are essential for the proper functioning of the body. Carbohydrates provide energy, proteins are necessary for growth and repair, fats are important for insulation and energy storage, water is vital for hydration and various bodily functions, vitamins are needed for various metabolic processes, and minerals play a crucial role in maintaining overall health and wellbeing.

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  • 16. 

    Select the key nutrient that builds and repairs body tissue?

    • A.

      Carbohydrates

    • B.

      Proteins

    • C.

      Fats

    • D.

      Water

    • E.

      Vitamins

    • F.

      Minerals

    Correct Answer
    B. Proteins
    Explanation
    Proteins are the key nutrient that builds and repairs body tissue. Proteins are made up of amino acids, which are the building blocks of cells, tissues, and organs in our body. They play a crucial role in the growth and maintenance of body tissues, including muscles, skin, hair, nails, and organs. Proteins are involved in repairing damaged tissues, supporting the immune system, and producing enzymes and hormones. They are essential for overall growth, development, and maintenance of the body.

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  • 17. 

    Select the key nutrient that makes bones and teeth strong?

    • A.

      Carbohydrates

    • B.

      Proteins

    • C.

      Fats

    • D.

      Water

    • E.

      Vitamins

    • F.

      Minerals

    Correct Answer
    F. Minerals
    Explanation
    Minerals are the key nutrient that makes bones and teeth strong. They play a crucial role in maintaining the structure and strength of bones and teeth. Minerals like calcium, phosphorus, and magnesium are essential for the formation and maintenance of healthy bones and teeth. They provide the necessary support and strength to withstand daily activities and prevent conditions like osteoporosis and tooth decay.

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  • 18. 

    Protein foods are cariogenic foods. Cariogenic foods are those foods that promote  dental caries.

    • A.

      Both statements are true

    • B.

      Both statements are false

    • C.

      The first statement is true, the second statement is false

    • D.

      The first statement is false, the second statement is true

    Correct Answer
    D. The first statement is false, the second statement is true
    Explanation
    The first statement is false because protein foods are not inherently cariogenic. Dental caries are caused by the breakdown of carbohydrates by bacteria in the mouth, not by proteins. However, the second statement is true as cariogenic foods are indeed those that promote dental caries.

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  • 19. 

    Sport drinks are a good source for water?

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Sport drinks are not a good source of water because they typically contain added sugars, electrolytes, and other ingredients that are not found in plain water. While sport drinks can be beneficial for athletes who engage in prolonged, intense exercise and need to replenish electrolytes, they should not be relied upon as a primary source of hydration. Plain water is generally the best choice for staying properly hydrated, as it does not contain any additional additives or calories.

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  • 20. 

    All of the following are true of dietary analysis, except?

    • A.

      Diet modification provided by members of the dental team replaces services of a registered dietitian

    • B.

      Lifestyle and background must be considered in a diet analysis

    • C.

      Food, and how it was prepared, must be recorded in a diet analysis

    • D.

      Diet diary should be at least 3 consecutive days

    Correct Answer
    A. Diet modification provided by members of the dental team replaces services of a registered dietitian
    Explanation
    Dietary analysis involves evaluating an individual's diet to assess its nutritional content and make recommendations for improvement. It is important to consider an individual's lifestyle and background when conducting a diet analysis since these factors can influence their dietary needs and preferences. Additionally, recording the types of food consumed and how they were prepared is essential for an accurate analysis. However, it is incorrect to assume that diet modification provided by members of the dental team can replace the services of a registered dietitian. A registered dietitian has specialized knowledge and training in nutrition and can provide comprehensive dietary guidance tailored to an individual's specific needs.

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  • 21. 

    The logo shown here means all of the following, except:

    • A.

      Certified Organic products are grown without the use of synthetic chemicals, fertilisers, or GMO's

    • B.

      Certified Organic products are processed without the use of synthetic chemicals, fertilisers, or GMO's

    • C.

      Certified Organic products are all domestic products

    • D.

      Meets the Australian Certified Organic Standard (ACOS)

    Correct Answer
    C. Certified Organic products are all domestic products
    Explanation
    The logo shown here does not mean that Certified Organic products are all domestic products. The logo signifies that the products are grown and processed without the use of synthetic chemicals, fertilizers, or GMOs and meet the Australian Certified Organic Standard (ACOS). It does not provide any information about the origin or domesticity of the products.

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  • 22. 

    When caring for an infant, only use a pea-size toothpaste and a youth's toothbrush.

    • A.

      Both statements are true

    • B.

      Both statements are false

    • C.

      The first statement is true, the second statement is false

    • D.

      The first statement is false, the second statement is true

    Correct Answer
    B. Both statements are false
    Explanation
    The given answer is "Both statements are false". This is because when caring for an infant, it is recommended to use a smear or grain of rice-sized amount of toothpaste, not a pea-size amount. Additionally, a soft-bristled infant toothbrush should be used, not a youth's toothbrush. Therefore, both statements are incorrect.

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  • 23. 

    The most common toothbrusing method used, is the __?

    • A.

      Bass method

    • B.

      The Stillman technique

    • C.

      The Charters technique

    • D.

      The scrub

    Correct Answer
    A. Bass method
    Explanation
    The Bass method is the most common toothbrushing method used because it is effective in removing plaque and preventing gum disease. This method involves placing the bristles at a 45-degree angle against the gumline and making small circular motions to clean both the teeth and the gums. The circular motion helps to disrupt and remove plaque buildup, while the angled bristles reach into the gumline to remove bacteria and debris. This method is recommended by dentists for its ability to thoroughly clean the teeth and gums and maintain oral health.

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  • 24. 

    When teaching toothbrushing to a patient, it is important to teach everyone the same method. 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Teaching toothbrushing using the same method for everyone may not be effective because different individuals may have different oral health conditions, tooth structures, and brushing needs. It is important to tailor the toothbrushing method to each patient's specific needs and provide personalized instructions to ensure proper oral hygiene and prevent dental issues.

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  • 25. 

    The following are all true statements of toothbrush instruction, except?

    • A.

      Toothbrush in a random approach

    • B.

      Educate the patient the importance of controlling plaque and inflammation

    • C.

      Provide the patient with a tooth brush and mirror

    • D.

      Summarise the appointment to the patient and its importance

    Correct Answer
    A. Toothbrush in a random approach
    Explanation
    The given answer, "Toothbrush in a random approach," does not align with the other statements, which all focus on educating the patient, providing necessary tools, and summarizing the appointment. The phrase "toothbrush in a random approach" does not provide any meaningful instruction or guidance, making it the odd one out among the given options.

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  • 26. 

    Vigorously scrubbing the teeth with any toothbrush, may cause ___?

    • A.

      Attrition

    • B.

      Abrasion

    • C.

      Errosion

    Correct Answer
    B. Abrasion
    Explanation
    Vigorously scrubbing the teeth with any toothbrush can cause abrasion. Abrasion refers to the wearing away of the tooth enamel due to excessive friction and force applied during brushing. This can lead to tooth sensitivity, enamel erosion, and gum recession. It is important to brush gently and use a soft-bristled toothbrush to avoid causing abrasion to the teeth.

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  • 27. 

    The best time to floss is when you are not rushed. Nearly half of the surface area of your teeth lies between teeth.

    • A.

      Both statements are true

    • B.

      Both statements are false

    • C.

      First statement is true, and second sentence is false

    • D.

      First statement is false, and second sentence is true

    Correct Answer
    A. Both statements are true
    Explanation
    Both statements are true. The first statement suggests that the best time to floss is when you are not rushed, which is correct because flossing requires time and attention to effectively clean between teeth. The second statement is also true as nearly half of the surface area of teeth lies between them, emphasizing the importance of flossing to reach these areas and remove plaque and food particles.

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  • 28. 

    Tick the common flossing aids:

    • A.

      Tooth brush

    • B.

      Floss holder

    • C.

      Bridge threaders

    • D.

      Interdental cleaners

    • E.

      Irrigators

    • F.

      Interdental tips

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. Floss holder
    C. Bridge threaders
    D. Interdental cleaners
    E. Irrigators
    F. Interdental tips
    Explanation
    The common flossing aids include a floss holder, bridge threaders, interdental cleaners, irrigators, and interdental tips. These aids are used to clean the spaces between the teeth where a toothbrush cannot reach. A floss holder is a tool that holds the floss, making it easier to maneuver between the teeth. Bridge threaders are used to floss under dental bridges. Interdental cleaners, such as interdental brushes or picks, are designed to clean between the teeth and along the gumline. Irrigators use a stream of water to remove plaque and food particles. Interdental tips are small brushes or rubber tips that can be used to clean between teeth or around dental appliances.

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  • 29. 

    Although floss holders are easy to use, they are challenging to curve the floss down into the gumline?

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Floss holders are designed to make flossing easier by providing a handle to hold onto and a pre-threaded floss that can easily be inserted between teeth. However, when it comes to curving the floss down into the gumline, floss holders can be challenging to use. The design of the floss holder may not allow for precise control and maneuverability needed to effectively reach the gumline. Therefore, it is true that floss holders are easy to use but challenging to curve the floss down into the gumline.

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  • 30. 

    Select the flossing aid that passes floss under the pontic?

    • A.

      Bridge threader

    • B.

      Floss holder

    • C.

      Interdental tips

    • D.

      Woodpicks

    Correct Answer
    A. Bridge threader
    Explanation
    A bridge threader is a flossing aid specifically designed to pass floss under a pontic, which is a false tooth in a dental bridge. This tool allows the floss to navigate through the tight spaces between the pontic and the adjacent teeth, ensuring effective cleaning and maintenance of oral hygiene. Floss holders, interdental tips, and woodpicks are not designed for this specific purpose, making the bridge threader the correct choice.

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  • 31. 

    All of the following are true regarding toothpaste selection, except?

    • A.

      One toothpaste meets everyone's needs

    • B.

      Appropriate level of fluoride

    • C.

      Has ADA seal of approval

    • D.

      Pleasant tasting

    Correct Answer
    A. One toothpaste meets everyone's needs
    Explanation
    Toothpaste selection involves considering several factors, such as the appropriate level of fluoride, the presence of the ADA seal of approval, and a pleasant taste. However, it is not true that one toothpaste can meet everyone's needs. People have different dental concerns, such as sensitivity, gum health, or whitening, which require specific toothpaste formulations. Therefore, it is important to choose a toothpaste that addresses individual needs rather than assuming one toothpaste can cater to everyone.

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  • 32. 

    It is best to scrub dentures with a hard toothbrush?

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Scrubbing dentures with a hard toothbrush is not the best approach. Dentures are made of a softer material than natural teeth and using a hard toothbrush can cause damage, scratches, and wear down the denture surface. It is recommended to use a soft-bristled toothbrush or a denture brush specifically designed for cleaning dentures. This will effectively clean the dentures without causing any harm or deterioration.

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  • 33. 

    Tick the key ingredients of toothpaste?

    • A.

      Abrasives

    • B.

      Flavouring

    • C.

      Preservative

    • D.

      Sweetener

    • E.

      Calcium

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Abrasives
    B. Flavouring
    C. Preservative
    D. Sweetener
    Explanation
    Toothpaste typically contains several key ingredients to effectively clean and protect teeth. Abrasives are included to help remove plaque and stains from the teeth's surface. Flavouring is added to enhance the taste and make brushing more enjoyable. Preservatives are used to prevent the growth of bacteria and extend the shelf life of the toothpaste. Sweeteners are added to improve the taste and make the toothpaste more appealing. Calcium may also be included to help strengthen teeth and prevent tooth decay.

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  • 34. 

    Rinsing the mouth with water is recommended after meals and snacks when toothbrushing and interdental cleaning are not possible

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Rinsing the mouth with water after meals and snacks when toothbrushing and interdental cleaning are not possible is recommended because it helps to remove food particles and reduce the acidity in the mouth. This can prevent the growth of bacteria and the formation of plaque, which can lead to tooth decay and gum disease. Additionally, rinsing with water can help freshen the breath and promote overall oral hygiene.

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  • 35. 

    Patient lecture on oral health is more important than patient motivation?

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
  • 36. 

    Tick all of the following key elements of motivating and educating a patient:

    • A.

      Help the patient recognise the problem that needs to be solved

    • B.

      The patient must be willing to change behaviours

    • C.

      Talk more than the patient

    • D.

      Provide corrections in a positive manner

    • E.

      Never scold patients

    • F.

      Use jargon

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Help the patient recognise the problem that needs to be solved
    B. The patient must be willing to change behaviours
    D. Provide corrections in a positive manner
    E. Never scold patients
    Explanation
    The key elements of motivating and educating a patient include helping the patient recognize the problem that needs to be solved, ensuring that the patient is willing to change behaviors, providing corrections in a positive manner, and never scolding patients. These elements promote a supportive and encouraging environment for the patient, allowing them to feel motivated and empowered to make positive changes in their health and well-being. Using jargon and talking more than the patient are not effective strategies for motivating and educating a patient.

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  • 37. 

    The most productive form of learning occurs when the patient is actively participating in the learning process

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Active participation in the learning process enhances productivity because it allows the patient to engage with the material, ask questions, and apply what they have learned. By actively participating, the patient becomes more involved in their own learning, which can lead to better understanding and retention of information. This form of learning encourages critical thinking, problem-solving, and the development of practical skills, making it more effective and productive compared to passive learning methods where the patient is merely a passive recipient of information.

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