C4 Ohp - Elderly

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C4 Ohp - Elderly - Quiz

HLT45015 Certificate IV in Dental Assisting - Oral Health Promotion online quiz for the units including:
HLTDEN004 Implement an individual oral hygiene program
HLTDEN010 Implement an oral hygiene program for older people
HLTDEN011 Implement an oral health promotion program
Refer to HLTDEN010 Implement an oral hygiene program for older people Learner's Guide to complete this quiz.
All questions must be answered correctly for a satisfactory result. Following assessment, submit a printed 100% completed certificate to your teacher by the agreed due date.
Complete your name, email and Student Declaration below. Good Luck!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Tick all of the national organisations that provided A toolkit for oral health and health service providers?

    • A.

      Australian Dental Association - NSW

    • B.

      Centre for Education and Research on Ageing

    • C.

      NSW Health

    • D.

      Sydney Dental Hospital

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Australian Dental Association - NSW
    B. Centre for Education and Research on Ageing
    C. NSW Health
    Explanation
    The Australian Dental Association - NSW, Centre for Education and Research on Ageing, and NSW Health are all national organizations that provided a toolkit for oral health and health service providers.

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  • 2. 

    All of the following statements are true relating to the elderly, except?

    • A.

      There is a decrease in the aging population

    • B.

      Growing trend for older people to retain a greater number of natural teeth

    • C.

      Increased risk of dental complications requiring a higher level of prevention

    Correct Answer
    A. There is a decrease in the aging population
    Explanation
    The given statement that "There is a decrease in the aging population" is not true. The other statements mention true facts about the elderly, such as the growing trend for older people to retain a greater number of natural teeth and the increased risk of dental complications requiring a higher level of prevention. However, the statement about a decrease in the aging population is incorrect as the global population is actually aging, with a higher proportion of older individuals.

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  • 3. 

    Reduced affordability in retirement increase risk of oral disease

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Reduced affordability in retirement can lead to a decrease in access to dental care, which in turn increases the risk of oral diseases. This is because individuals may not be able to afford routine dental check-ups and treatments, leading to untreated dental issues and potential oral diseases. Therefore, the statement "Reduced affordability in retirement increases the risk of oral disease" is true.

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  • 4. 

    How many determinants are there for the oral health on an older person?

    • A.

      3

    • B.

      4

    • C.

      5

    • D.

      6

    Correct Answer
    B. 4
    Explanation
    There are four determinants for the oral health of an older person. The question does not provide specific details about what these determinants are, but it implies that there are four factors that influence oral health in older individuals.

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  • 5. 

    Select the correct Determinants of oral health on older people for the following sentence:Access to affordable food, income, living conditions

    • A.

      Economic, political and mental conditions

    • B.

      Social, family and community context

    • C.

      Oral health related literacy and behavior

    • D.

      Individual factors

    Correct Answer
    A. Economic, political and mental conditions
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Economic, political and mental conditions." This is because access to affordable food, income, and living conditions are all factors that can impact a person's oral health. Economic conditions can affect a person's ability to afford dental care or nutritious food, while political conditions can influence policies related to oral health care. Mental conditions, such as stress or depression, can also have an impact on oral health.

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  • 6. 

    Select the correct Determinants of oral health on older people for the following sentence:Self-esteem, Alcohol, Smoking

    • A.

      Economic, political and mental conditions

    • B.

      Social, family and community context

    • C.

      Oral health related literacy and behavior

    • D.

      Individual factors

    Correct Answer
    C. Oral health related literacy and behavior
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Oral health related literacy and behavior." This answer aligns with the determinants of oral health on older people mentioned in the sentence, which are self-esteem, alcohol, and smoking. Oral health related literacy refers to the knowledge and understanding of oral health practices, while behavior refers to the actions and habits related to oral hygiene. Both literacy and behavior play a crucial role in maintaining oral health in older individuals.

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  • 7. 

    Select the correct Determinants of oral health on older people for the following sentence:Nutrition, swallowing & eating abilities

    • A.

      Economic, political and mental conditions

    • B.

      Social, family and community context

    • C.

      Oral health related literacy and behavior

    • D.

      Individual factors

    Correct Answer
    D. Individual factors
    Explanation
    The question is asking for the correct determinants of oral health in older people. The options provided include economic, political, and mental conditions; social, family, and community context; oral health related literacy and behavior; and individual factors. Among these options, individual factors are the correct determinants of oral health in older people. Individual factors refer to personal characteristics and behaviors that can impact oral health, such as oral hygiene practices, dental care utilization, and lifestyle choices.

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  • 8. 

    Tick the key direct impacts of poor oral health, according to the figure 3, ​Impact of oral disease in relation to older people

    • A.

      Health system costs

    • B.

      Poor appearance

    • C.

      Speech

    • D.

      Increased residential costs

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Health system costs
    B. Poor appearance
    C. Speech
    Explanation
    The figure 3, titled "Impact of oral disease in relation to older people," lists the key direct impacts of poor oral health as health system costs, poor appearance, and speech. This means that poor oral health can lead to increased costs for the healthcare system, negatively affect a person's appearance, and impair their ability to speak effectively.

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  • 9. 

    Poor oral health complicates management of health illnesses, and often results on poor nutrition.

    • A.

      Both statements are true

    • B.

      Both statements are false

    • C.

      First statement is true, and the second statement is false

    • D.

      First statement is false, and the second statement is true

    Correct Answer
    A. Both statements are true
    Explanation
    Poor oral health can indeed complicate the management of health illnesses. This is because oral health issues, such as gum disease or tooth decay, can lead to infections that can spread throughout the body and worsen existing health conditions. Additionally, poor oral health can make it difficult for individuals to eat a healthy and balanced diet, resulting in poor nutrition. Therefore, both statements are true.

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  • 10. 

    All of the following are impacts on the ability to care for own oral health for the elderly, except?

    • A.

      Cognitive impairment

    • B.

      Poor dexterity

    • C.

      Increased strength

    • D.

      Poor tongue movements

    Correct Answer
    C. Increased strength
    Explanation
    Increased strength is not an impact on the ability to care for one's own oral health for the elderly. The other options listed (cognitive impairment, poor dexterity, and poor tongue movements) can all have a negative effect on their ability to properly care for their oral health. However, increased strength does not directly impact their ability to care for their oral health.

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  • 11. 

    Dental difficulties and xerostomia are main causes of speech impairment in older adults

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    As people age, they may experience dental difficulties such as tooth loss or oral health problems, which can affect their ability to speak clearly. Xerostomia, or dry mouth, is also common among older adults and can lead to speech difficulties. Therefore, it is true that dental difficulties and xerostomia are main causes of speech impairment in older adults.

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  • 12. 

    Only a dental professional should be responsible for oral health care in the elderly?

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement "Only a dental professional should be responsible for oral health care in the elderly" is false. While dental professionals play a crucial role in oral health care, it is not solely their responsibility. The elderly can also take steps to maintain their oral health, such as regular brushing, flossing, and using mouthwash. Additionally, caregivers and family members can assist in ensuring proper oral hygiene practices are followed. Collaboration between dental professionals, the elderly, and their support system is essential for maintaining good oral health in the elderly.

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  • 13. 

    Key messages for the prevention of oral health, include:

    • A.

      Eat well

    • B.

      Drink well

    • C.

      Play well

    • D.

      Stay well

    • E.

      Clean well

    • F.

      Behave well

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Eat well
    B. Drink well
    C. Play well
    D. Stay well
    E. Clean well
    Explanation
    The key messages for the prevention of oral health are to eat well, drink well, play well, stay well, clean well, and behave well. This means maintaining a healthy diet, staying hydrated, engaging in physical activity, taking care of overall health, practicing good oral hygiene, and behaving in a responsible manner. These practices contribute to maintaining good oral health and preventing dental issues.

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  • 14. 

    All of the following are statements of eating well, except?

    • A.

      Do not eat sugary foods

    • B.

      Eat snacks containing milk or cheese

    • C.

      Do not eat fat

    • D.

      Eat crunchy foods

    Correct Answer
    C. Do not eat fat
    Explanation
    The statement "do not eat fat" is not a statement of eating well because it promotes the idea of completely avoiding fat, which is not a healthy approach to nutrition. While it is important to limit the intake of unhealthy fats, such as saturated and trans fats, our bodies still require healthy fats for various functions. Therefore, a balanced diet should include sources of healthy fats, such as avocados, nuts, and olive oil.

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  • 15. 

    All of the following are statements of drinking well, except?

    • A.

      Drink tap water daily

    • B.

      Drink water after meals and snacks

    • C.

      Keep the mouth moist by frequently sugary drinks

    • D.

      Limit acidic drinks

    Correct Answer
    C. Keep the mouth moist by frequently sugary drinks
    Explanation
    The given answer, "Keep the mouth moist by frequently sugary drinks," is not a statement of drinking well because sugary drinks can be harmful to dental health. Drinking tap water daily, drinking water after meals and snacks, and limiting acidic drinks are all examples of statements that promote good hydration and oral health.

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  • 16. 

    Tooth brushing with a fluoride toothpaste is the most effective and economical method of physically removing dental plaque?

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Tooth brushing with a fluoride toothpaste is considered the most effective and economical method of physically removing dental plaque. Fluoride toothpaste helps to strengthen the tooth enamel and prevent tooth decay, while the act of brushing physically removes plaque buildup on the teeth. Regular brushing with fluoride toothpaste can help maintain good oral hygiene and reduce the risk of dental problems.

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  • 17. 

    Rinse the mouth after brushing and replace a toothbrush regularly.

    • A.

      Both statements are true

    • B.

      Both statements are false

    • C.

      First statement is true, and the second statement is false

    • D.

      First statement is false, and the second statement is true

    Correct Answer
    D. First statement is false, and the second statement is true
    Explanation
    The first statement is false because it is recommended not to rinse the mouth after brushing in order to allow the fluoride from the toothpaste to continue protecting the teeth. The second statement is true because it is important to replace a toothbrush regularly to maintain good oral hygiene and prevent the buildup of bacteria on the bristles.

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  • 18. 

    Frail and confused people are at greater risk of falls and results in an increase in potential trauma to the mouth.

    • A.

      Both statements are true

    • B.

      Both statements are false

    • C.

      First statement is true, and the second statement is false

    • D.

      First statement is false, and the second statement is true

    Correct Answer
    A. Both statements are true
    Explanation
    The explanation for the given correct answer is that frail and confused people are indeed at a greater risk of falls. Frailty can result in decreased strength and balance, making individuals more prone to accidents and falls. Additionally, confusion can impair judgment and coordination, further increasing the risk of falls. When frail and confused people fall, there is indeed an increased potential for trauma to the mouth, as they may be unable to protect themselves or break their fall effectively. Therefore, both statements in the question are true.

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  • 19. 

    Exercises for the tongue and cheek helps improve the saliva flow?

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Exercises for the tongue and cheek can indeed help improve saliva flow. When we engage in exercises that involve moving and stretching the tongue and cheek muscles, it stimulates the salivary glands, leading to an increased production of saliva. This can be beneficial for individuals who have dry mouth or reduced saliva flow, as saliva plays a crucial role in maintaining oral health by lubricating the mouth, aiding in digestion, and preventing tooth decay. Therefore, the statement "Exercises for the tongue and cheek helps improve saliva flow" is true.

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  • 20. 

    Elderly only need to visit the dentist if they have natural teeth?

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement that the elderly only need to visit the dentist if they have natural teeth is false. Even if they have dentures or other dental prosthetics, regular dental check-ups are still necessary for maintaining oral health. Dentists can examine the condition of the gums, check for any signs of oral cancer, and provide professional cleaning to prevent any potential issues. Additionally, dentists can offer advice on denture care and ensure that they fit properly. Therefore, regular dental visits are important for the elderly, regardless of whether they have natural teeth or not.

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  • 21. 

    Tick the true statements of xerostomia

    • A.

      Ageing may be associated with xerostomia

    • B.

      Medications are not associated with xerostomia

    • C.

      Xerostomia means excessive saliva

    • D.

      Xerostomia is linked with increased risk of aspiration pneumonia

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Ageing may be associated with xerostomia
    D. Xerostomia is linked with increased risk of aspiration pneumonia
    Explanation
    Xerostomia, also known as dry mouth, is a condition where there is a reduced production of saliva in the mouth. Ageing can be associated with xerostomia as salivary gland function tends to decline with age. This can lead to symptoms such as a dry or sticky feeling in the mouth, difficulty swallowing or speaking, and an increased risk of dental decay. Additionally, xerostomia is linked with an increased risk of aspiration pneumonia, which occurs when saliva or food particles are inhaled into the lungs, leading to infection. Therefore, the statements "Ageing may be associated with xerostomia" and "xerostomia is linked with increased risk of aspiration pneumonia" are true.

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  • 22. 

    Oral hygiene is often complicated by patients with past dental history 

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Patients with past dental history may have experienced various oral health issues in the past, such as cavities, gum disease, or tooth loss. These issues can have a long-lasting impact on their oral hygiene. It is common for individuals with a history of dental problems to require more complex dental treatments, such as fillings, root canals, or dental implants. Therefore, it is true that oral hygiene is often complicated for patients with past dental history.

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  • 23. 

    If a person is cognitively impaired physical restraint is acceptable within urgent situations

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Physical restraint should never be used as a first-line intervention for individuals with cognitive impairments, even in urgent situations. It is important to prioritize alternative strategies to manage behavior and ensure the safety of the person and others. Physical restraint can cause physical and psychological harm, restrict freedom, and violate human rights. Therefore, it is not acceptable to use physical restraint in any situation for individuals with cognitive impairments.

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  • 24. 

    Tick all of the areas assessed within the oral health assessment tool:

    • A.

      Lips

    • B.

      Tongue

    • C.

      Gums & oral tissues

    • D.

      Teeth

    • E.

      Dentures

    • F.

      Mouth & saliva

    • G.

      Level of cognitive function

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Lips
    B. Tongue
    C. Gums & oral tissues
    D. Teeth
    E. Dentures
    F. Mouth & saliva
    Explanation
    The oral health assessment tool assesses the condition of various areas within the oral cavity. These areas include the lips, tongue, gums and oral tissues, teeth, dentures (if applicable), and the overall condition of the mouth and saliva. By evaluating these different areas, healthcare professionals can gain a comprehensive understanding of a person's oral health status.

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  • 25. 

    During an oral health screening, a dental referral is required is a patient complained of avoiding to smile?

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    If a patient complains of avoiding to smile during an oral health screening, it is likely that they have some dental issues or concerns that need to be addressed. This could include problems with their teeth, gums, or overall oral health. In such cases, a dental referral would be necessary to further assess and treat the patient's dental condition. Therefore, the statement "During an oral health screening, a dental referral is required if a patient complained of avoiding to smile" is true.

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