Quiz From Book And Notes

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During revision, one has to go through the notes he summarized and which shows a brief record of points or ideas written down in a book. Note taking is important because it aids comprehension of a point and provides a clear platform for writing. Quiz from book and notes will guide your understanding on the importance of this.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What is the biologcal medium of life?

    • A.

      Water

    • B.

      Carbon

    • C.

      Oxygen

    • D.

      Nitrogen

    Correct Answer
    A. Water
    Explanation
    Water is considered the biological medium of life because it is essential for the survival of all living organisms. It plays a crucial role in various biological processes such as transportation of nutrients and waste, regulation of body temperature, and maintenance of cell structure. Water's unique properties, such as its high heat capacity, solvent capabilities, and cohesion, make it the ideal medium for biochemical reactions to occur. Additionally, water is abundant on Earth and can exist in all three states (solid, liquid, and gas), allowing life to thrive in various environments.

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  • 2. 

    True or FalseCarbon is the main reason the earth is habitable

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Carbon is not the main reason the earth is habitable. While carbon is an essential element for life as we know it, it is not the main reason why the earth is habitable. The main reasons for earth's habitability include its distance from the sun, presence of liquid water, and a suitable atmosphere that contains oxygen, nitrogen, and other gases necessary for life. Carbon plays a crucial role in the carbon cycle and the formation of organic molecules, but it is not the primary factor that determines the earth's habitability.

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  • 3. 

    True or FalseWater is a polar molecule because it has a positive and negative side

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Water is a polar molecule because it has a positive and negative side. This is due to the unequal distribution of electrons between the oxygen and hydrogen atoms in a water molecule. The oxygen atom attracts the shared electrons more strongly than the hydrogen atoms, causing the oxygen side to have a partial negative charge and the hydrogen side to have a partial positive charge. This polarity allows water molecules to form hydrogen bonds with other water molecules, giving water its unique properties such as high boiling point, surface tension, and ability to dissolve many substances.

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  • 4. 

    True or FalsePolarity allows water molecules to form hydrogen bonds

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Polarity is a property of water molecules where the oxygen atom has a slightly negative charge and the hydrogen atoms have slightly positive charges. This polarity allows water molecules to attract each other and form hydrogen bonds. These hydrogen bonds are weak attractions but are responsible for many of the unique properties of water, such as its high boiling point and surface tension. Therefore, the statement that polarity allows water molecules to form hydrogen bonds is true.

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  • 5. 

    Hydrogen bonds that hold water molecules together is called

    • A.

      Cohesive behavior

    • B.

      Adhesive behavior

    Correct Answer
    A. Cohesive behavior
    Explanation
    Hydrogen bonds are weak electrostatic attractions between the positively charged hydrogen atom of one water molecule and the negatively charged oxygen atom of another water molecule. These hydrogen bonds play a crucial role in the cohesive behavior of water, which refers to the ability of water molecules to stick to each other. This cohesive behavior is responsible for many of water's unique properties, such as its high surface tension, capillary action, and ability to form droplets.

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  • 6. 

    Attraction between different substances, such as water and plant cell walls, is called

    • A.

      Cohesive behavior

    • B.

      Adhesion

    Correct Answer
    B. Adhesion
    Explanation
    Adhesion refers to the attraction between different substances, such as water and plant cell walls. It is the force that allows water molecules to stick to the surfaces of other materials. This phenomenon is important in various biological processes, such as the movement of water through plants, as it enables water to be transported against gravity. Adhesion is distinct from cohesive behavior, which refers to the attraction between molecules of the same substance.

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  • 7. 

    A measure of how hard it is to break the surface of a liquid is called

    Correct Answer
    surface tension
    Explanation
    Surface tension is a property of liquids that refers to the force acting on the surface of the liquid, causing it to behave like a stretched elastic sheet. It is a measure of the resistance of the liquid's surface to being broken or penetrated. Surface tension is caused by the cohesive forces between the liquid molecules, which pull the molecules at the surface inward, creating a strong surface layer. This property is important in many natural phenomena, such as the formation of droplets, capillary action, and the floating of certain objects on water. Therefore, the term "surface tension" accurately describes the measure of how hard it is to break the surface of a liquid.

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  • 8. 

    When water absorbs a lot of heat, stores it, then releases it into cooler air, it is called

    Correct Answer
    moderation of temperature
    Explanation
    When water absorbs a lot of heat, it has the ability to store this heat energy due to its high specific heat capacity. This means that water can absorb a large amount of heat without experiencing a significant increase in temperature. Later on, when the surrounding air is cooler, water can release this stored heat energy, helping to moderate the temperature of the environment. Therefore, the term "moderation of temperature" accurately describes this process of water absorbing, storing, and releasing heat.

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  • 9. 

    Ice floats because hydrogen bonds in ice are more "ordered", making ice less dense.  This is due to

    Correct Answer
    expansion upon freezing
    Explanation
    When water freezes, the hydrogen bonds between the water molecules form a rigid and ordered structure, causing the molecules to spread out and form a crystal lattice. This expansion upon freezing makes ice less dense than liquid water, allowing it to float on the surface.

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  • 10. 

    What is the energy of motion?

    • A.

      Heat

    • B.

      Kinetic energy

    • C.

      Temperature

    Correct Answer
    B. Kinetic energy
    Explanation
    The energy of motion is referred to as kinetic energy. Kinetic energy is the energy possessed by an object due to its motion. It is directly proportional to the mass of the object and the square of its velocity. When an object is in motion, it possesses kinetic energy, which can be transferred to other objects or converted into other forms of energy. Heat and temperature are not the correct answers as they are not specifically related to the energy of motion.

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  • 11. 

    What is the total kinetic energy?

    • A.

      Heat

    • B.

      Kinetic energy

    • C.

      Temperature

    Correct Answer
    A. Heat
    Explanation
    The question asks for the total kinetic energy, and the correct answer is heat. Heat is a form of energy that is transferred between objects or systems due to a temperature difference. It is the total kinetic energy of the particles in a substance or system. Therefore, heat is the appropriate answer to the question.

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  • 12. 

    What measures the intensity of heat?

    • A.

      Heat

    • B.

      Kinetic energy

    • C.

      Temperature

    Correct Answer
    C. Temperature
    Explanation
    Temperature is the measure of the average kinetic energy of the particles in a substance. It indicates the intensity of heat because as the temperature increases, the particles move faster and collide more frequently, transferring more energy. Therefore, temperature is a reliable measure of the intensity of heat.

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  • 13. 

    True or FalseHydrogen Bonds break and reform in ice.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Hydrogen bonds break and reform in ice because the water molecules in ice are arranged in a lattice structure. Each water molecule is bonded to four neighboring water molecules through hydrogen bonds. These hydrogen bonds are not static but constantly breaking and reforming due to the thermal energy present in the ice. This dynamic nature of hydrogen bonds allows ice to have a solid structure while still maintaining some fluidity.

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  • 14. 

    True or FalseHydrogen Bonds are not stable in liquid water

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Hydrogen bonds are actually stable in liquid water. These bonds form between the hydrogen atoms of one water molecule and the oxygen atom of another water molecule. These bonds contribute to the unique properties of water, such as its high boiling point and surface tension. They also play a crucial role in the structure and stability of many biological molecules and are responsible for the cohesive and adhesive properties of water. Therefore, the statement "Hydrogen Bonds are not stable in liquid water" is false.

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  • 15. 

    In an Aqueous solution, what is the solvent?

    • A.

      Carbon

    • B.

      Water

    • C.

      Oxygen

    Correct Answer
    B. Water
    Explanation
    In an aqueous solution, the solvent is water. Aqueous solutions are solutions where water is the solvent, meaning it is the substance that dissolves other substances. Water has a unique ability to dissolve a wide range of solutes due to its polar nature and hydrogen bonding. This property makes it an excellent solvent for many chemical reactions and biological processes. Carbon and oxygen are not solvents in aqueous solutions but can be solutes or components of solutes dissolved in water.

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  • 16. 

    True or FalseWater is not a versatile solvent

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Water is a versatile solvent because it has the ability to dissolve a wide range of substances. This is due to its unique molecular structure, which allows it to form hydrogen bonds with other molecules. These hydrogen bonds make water an excellent solvent for polar molecules, such as salts, sugars, and proteins. Additionally, water can also dissolve nonpolar substances to some extent, making it a versatile solvent for both polar and nonpolar solutes. Therefore, the statement "Water is not a versatile solvent" is false.

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  • 17. 

    A non-polar substance is called

    Correct Answer
    hydrophobic
    Hydrophobic
    Explanation
    A non-polar substance is called hydrophobic because it repels or does not mix well with water. This is because non-polar substances do not have an electrical charge and therefore do not interact with the polar water molecules. The term "hydrophobic" is derived from the Greek words "hydro" meaning water and "phobos" meaning fear or aversion. So, hydrophobic substances have a fear or aversion to water. The term can be written in lowercase as "hydrophobic" or in uppercase as "Hydrophobic", both referring to the same concept.

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  • 18. 

    True or FalseVinegar is a hydrophilic substance

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Vinegar is a hydrophilic substance because it is composed mostly of water and acetic acid, which readily dissolve in water. Hydrophilic substances have an affinity for water and can easily mix with or dissolve in it. Vinegar's ability to dissolve in water allows it to be easily diluted and spread throughout a solution.

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  • 19. 

    Acidic solutions have a pH                of 7                    

    • A.

      Less then

    • B.

      Greater then

    • C.

      Equal to

    Correct Answer
    A. Less then
    Explanation
    Acidic solutions have a pH less than 7. This is because the pH scale ranges from 0 to 14, with 7 being neutral. A pH value below 7 indicates that a solution is acidic, while a pH value above 7 indicates that a solution is basic or alkaline. Therefore, an acidic solution will always have a pH less than 7.

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  • 20. 

    Basic solutions have a pH                      of 7

    • A.

      Less then

    • B.

      Greater then

    • C.

      Equal to

    Correct Answer
    B. Greater then
    Explanation
    Basic solutions have a pH greater than 7 because pH is a measure of the acidity or alkalinity of a solution. A pH of 7 is considered neutral, so any solution with a pH greater than 7 is considered basic or alkaline. This means that the solution has a higher concentration of hydroxide ions (OH-) compared to hydrogen ions (H+), resulting in a higher pH value.

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  • 21. 

    Acid                           the H+ concentration

    • A.

      Increases

    • B.

      Decreases

    Correct Answer
    A. Increases
    Explanation
    The given answer "increases" is correct because when acid is added to a solution, it donates H+ ions, which increases the concentration of H+ ions in the solution. This increase in H+ concentration leads to a decrease in pH, making the solution more acidic.

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  • 22. 

    Base                   the H+ concentration

    • A.

      Increases

    • B.

      Decreases

    Correct Answer
    B. Decreases
    Explanation
    The given answer is "decreases". This is because as the H+ concentration increases, the solution becomes more acidic. In an acidic solution, the concentration of H+ ions is high. Therefore, if the H+ concentration decreases, it means that the solution is becoming less acidic and more basic.

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  • 23. 

    What minimizes changes in H+ and OH-  in a solution?

    Correct Answer
    Buffers
    buffers
    Explanation
    Buffers are substances that resist changes in pH by minimizing changes in the concentrations of H+ and OH- ions in a solution. They achieve this by being able to accept or donate protons, depending on the conditions. Buffers are typically composed of a weak acid and its conjugate base, or a weak base and its conjugate acid. When an acid or base is added to a buffered solution, the buffer components react with the added ions to maintain a relatively constant pH. This ability to resist changes in pH makes buffers important in biological systems and many chemical processes.

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  • 24. 

    A substance that mixes well wth water

    • A.

      Hydrophilic

    • B.

      Hydrophobic

    Correct Answer
    A. Hydrophilic
    Explanation
    A substance that mixes well with water is called hydrophilic. This means that the substance has an affinity for water and can easily dissolve or disperse in it. Hydrophilic substances are typically polar or have polar groups, allowing them to form hydrogen bonds with water molecules. This property is important in various biological and chemical processes, as it enables the substance to interact effectively with water-based environments.

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  • 25. 

    A minimum of 2 or more substances that is a liquid and completely homogeneous is called a

    • A.

      Solvent

    • B.

      Solution

    • C.

      Solute

    Correct Answer
    B. Solution
    Explanation
    A solution is a minimum of 2 or more substances that is a liquid and completely homogeneous. In a solution, the substances are evenly distributed and cannot be easily separated. The solvent is the component of the solution that is present in the largest amount and dissolves the other substances, known as solutes. Therefore, a solution is the correct answer as it fits the given criteria of being a liquid and completely homogeneous.

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  • 26. 

    What is the outer shell called?

    Correct Answer
    hydration shell
    Explanation
    The outer shell is called a hydration shell. This term is commonly used in chemistry and refers to the layer of water molecules that surround a solute in a solution. When a solute dissolves in water, the water molecules surround the solute particles, forming a shell-like structure. This hydration shell plays a crucial role in many chemical reactions and processes, as it affects the solubility, stability, and reactivity of the solute.

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  • 27. 

    True or False:Bleach is acidic

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Bleach is actually a basic or alkaline substance, not acidic. It has a high pH level, typically around 12-13, which makes it highly alkaline. This alkalinity allows bleach to effectively break down and remove stains, germs, and odors.

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  • 28. 

    True or False: pH 3 is 100 times more acidic then pH 6

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The statement is false because the pH scale is logarithmic, meaning that each whole number change in pH represents a tenfold change in acidity. Therefore, pH 3 is actually 1000 times more acidic than pH 6, not just 100 times.

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  • 29. 

    What helps stabilize and maintain normal pH levels in living things?

    Correct Answer
    Buffers
    buffers
    Explanation
    Buffers are substances that help stabilize and maintain normal pH levels in living things. They are able to resist changes in pH by accepting or donating hydrogen ions as needed. Buffers play a crucial role in maintaining the pH balance in biological systems, such as the human body, by preventing sudden and drastic changes in acidity or alkalinity. They help to regulate important physiological processes and ensure that cells and tissues function properly. Without buffers, pH levels could fluctuate significantly, leading to detrimental effects on biological processes.

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  • 30. 

    Given a stock solution of 2.0% dextrose, how would you prepare 10 ml of 0.5% dextrose solution?

    • A.

      .5 ml

    • B.

      2.5 ml

    • C.

      .25 ml

    Correct Answer
    B. 2.5 ml
    Explanation
    To prepare a 0.5% dextrose solution, we need to dilute the stock solution of 2.0% dextrose. The dilution formula is C1V1 = C2V2, where C1 is the concentration of the stock solution, V1 is the volume of the stock solution, C2 is the desired concentration, and V2 is the desired volume of the diluted solution. Plugging in the values, we have (2.0%)(V1) = (0.5%)(10 ml). Solving for V1, we get V1 = (0.5%)(10 ml) / 2.0% = 2.5 ml. Therefore, we need to take 2.5 ml of the stock solution and add it to 7.5 ml of solvent to prepare 10 ml of 0.5% dextrose solution.

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  • 31. 

    Given a stock solution of 10% dextrose, how would you make 5 ml of a 0.9% dextrose solution?

    • A.

      4.5 ml

    • B.

      .45 ml

    • C.

      .045 ml

    Correct Answer
    B. .45 ml
    Explanation
    To make a 0.9% dextrose solution using a 10% dextrose stock solution, we need to dilute it. The dilution formula is C1V1 = C2V2, where C1 is the concentration of the stock solution, V1 is the volume of the stock solution, C2 is the desired concentration, and V2 is the desired volume. Plugging in the values, we have (10%)(V1) = (0.9%)(5 ml). Solving for V1, we get V1 = (0.9%)(5 ml) / 10% = 0.45 ml. Therefore, we need to take 0.45 ml of the stock solution and dilute it with enough solvent to make a total volume of 5 ml to obtain a 0.9% dextrose solution.

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  • 32. 

    How would you prepare 9 liters of a 50% dye solution begnning with a 50% stock starch solution?  Express answer in liters.

    • A.

      240 ml

    • B.

      24 l

    • C.

      .24 liters

    Correct Answer
    A. 240 ml
    Explanation
    To prepare a 50% dye solution, we need to mix equal amounts of the stock starch solution and the dye solution. Since we want to prepare 9 liters of the dye solution, we need to use 4.5 liters of the stock starch solution. However, the given options do not provide this answer. Therefore, the correct answer is not available.

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  • Jan 22, 2024
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