Boating Examination - K&u

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Boating Examination - K&u - Quiz


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    All vessels are required to travel at a safe speed at all times. Which of the following IS considered safe?

    • A.

      A vessel travelling at speed in poor visibility

    • B.

      A vessel travelling at a speed at which any sudden danger can be avoided

    • C.

      A vessel travelling at speed towards background shore lights at night

    • D.

      A vessel travelling at speed in unfamiliar waters

    Correct Answer
    B. A vessel travelling at a speed at which any sudden danger can be avoided
    Explanation
    A vessel traveling at a speed at which any sudden danger can be avoided is considered safe. This means that the vessel is traveling at a speed that allows the operator to have enough time to react and take necessary actions to avoid any unexpected dangers or hazards that may arise. By maintaining a speed that allows for quick maneuverability, the vessel can navigate safely and reduce the risk of accidents or collisions.

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  • 2. 

    The number of persons permitted to be towed behind a vessel is:

    • A.

      Determined by the number of handles on the apparatus being towed

    • B.

      Whatever the apparatus manufacturer states is permissible

    • C.

      Maximum of three people

    • D.

      Whatever the vessel’s master (driver) thinks is safe

    Correct Answer
    C. Maximum of three people
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Maximum of three people." This means that the number of persons allowed to be towed behind a vessel should not exceed three. This is a safety regulation to ensure that the vessel is not overloaded and that the towing apparatus can handle the weight and strain of the people being towed. It is important to adhere to this limit to prevent accidents and ensure the safety of everyone involved.

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  • 3. 

    For environmental reasons, where should you avoid driving your boat?

    • A.

      Deep river channels

    • B.

      Shallow weedy areas, which may contain endangered seagrasses

    • C.

      Boundaries between murky and clear water

    • D.

      Bar crossings

    Correct Answer
    B. Shallow weedy areas, which may contain endangered seagrasses
    Explanation
    Driving a boat in shallow weedy areas should be avoided for environmental reasons because these areas may contain endangered seagrasses. Seagrasses play a crucial role in maintaining the health of marine ecosystems as they provide food and habitat for various species, filter water, and prevent erosion. Driving a boat in these areas can cause damage to the seagrasses by uprooting or damaging them, which can disrupt the delicate balance of the ecosystem and harm the species that depend on them for survival. Therefore, it is important to avoid driving boats in shallow weedy areas to protect and preserve these endangered seagrasses.

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  • 4. 

    Where MUST a power driven vessel’s Safety Label be displayed?

    • A.

      Where it can be clearly seen from the steering position

    • B.

      On the port hand (left hand) side of the vessel, next to the registration numbers

    • C.

      On the starboard (right hand) side of the vessel, next to the registration numbers

    • D.

      On the stern of the vessel

    Correct Answer
    A. Where it can be clearly seen from the steering position
    Explanation
    The safety label of a power-driven vessel must be displayed where it can be clearly seen from the steering position. This ensures that the operator of the vessel can easily refer to the safety label for important information and instructions while operating the vessel. Placing the safety label in a visible position from the steering position enhances safety and compliance with regulations.

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  • 5. 

    When driving a power vessel at 10 knots or more or towing a person, what is the MINIMUM distance both the vessel and the towed person MUST keep from a non-powered vessel or a person in the water? 

    • A.

      60 metres or if not possible a safe distance

    • B.

      30 metres or if not possible a safe distance

    • C.

      100 metres or if not possible a safe distance

    • D.

      Any distance which you consider safe

    Correct Answer
    A. 60 metres or if not possible a safe distance
    Explanation
    When driving a power vessel at 10 knots or more or towing a person, the minimum distance both the vessel and the towed person must keep from a non-powered vessel or a person in the water is 60 metres. If it is not possible to maintain this distance, they must keep a safe distance.

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  • 6. 

    When travelling UPSTREAM (away from the sea) at night, on which side should you keep a flashing green light to stay within the channel? 

    • A.

      Your port (left hand) side

    • B.

      Your starboard (right hand) side

    • C.

      Either side (it does not matter)

    • D.

      Stay in the middle of the channel regardless of the mark

    Correct Answer
    B. Your starboard (right hand) side
    Explanation
    When travelling upstream at night, keeping a flashing green light on your starboard (right hand) side helps you stay within the channel. This is because the flashing green light indicates the starboard side of the channel, and by keeping it on your right, you ensure that you are staying within the designated path of the channel.

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  • 7. 

    What type of lifejacket MUST you carry if you take a vessel into OPEN water? 

    • A.

      Lifejacket Level 100+ (Type 1’s) for each person onboard

    • B.

      Either lifejacket Level 100+ (Type 1’s) or lifejacket Level 50 (Type 2’s) for each person onboard

    • C.

      Any type of lifejacket as long as there is one for each person onboard

    • D.

      Any mixture of lifejacket Level 100+, Level 50 or Level 50S (Types 1, 2 or 3), or a wetsuit as long as there is one for each person onboard

    Correct Answer
    A. Lifejacket Level 100+ (Type 1’s) for each person onboard
    Explanation
    In open water, it is mandatory to carry Lifejacket Level 100+ (Type 1's) for each person onboard. This type of lifejacket provides the highest level of buoyancy and is specifically designed for use in offshore or rough water conditions. It ensures that individuals have the necessary flotation and support to stay afloat and survive in potentially dangerous situations.

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  • 8. 

    What does this sign mean? 

    • A.

      Maximum speed of 4 knots

    • B.

      Vessels prohibited in this area

    • C.

      Keep to a speed which does not create damaging or annoying waves

    • D.

      Water skiing prohibited

    Correct Answer
    C. Keep to a speed which does not create damaging or annoying waves
    Explanation
    This sign indicates that boaters should maintain a speed that does not generate waves that could cause damage to other vessels or be a nuisance to others. It serves as a reminder to be considerate and mindful of the potential impact of their speed on the surrounding environment and other water users.

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  • 9. 

    When should you switch on and display navigation lights on a vessel underway?

    • A.

      Only when it is dark

    • B.

      From sunset to sunrise and in restricted visibility

    • C.

      At night only when travelling on open waters (the sea)

    • D.

      At night in port areas only

    Correct Answer
    B. From sunset to sunrise and in restricted visibility
    Explanation
    Navigation lights are required to be switched on and displayed on a vessel underway from sunset to sunrise and in restricted visibility. This is to ensure the safety of the vessel and other vessels in the vicinity. By having navigation lights on, other vessels can easily identify the position, direction, and size of the vessel, especially during low visibility conditions. It helps in preventing collisions and maintaining proper navigation protocols. Therefore, it is essential to switch on and display navigation lights during these specific times.

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  • 10. 

    A navigational marker shows a white light flashing quickly in groups of nine flashes. What does it mean? Deeper water is to the: 

    • A.

      North

    • B.

      East

    • C.

      South

    • D.

      West

    Correct Answer
    D. West
    Explanation
    A navigational marker showing a white light flashing quickly in groups of nine flashes indicates that deeper water is to the west.

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  • 11. 

    How can you best ensure that your boat’s wash does NOT excessively impact on foreshores or other vessels?

    • A.

      By slowing down to 8 knots

    • B.

      By observing the effects of your wash and adjusting your speed as necessary

    • C.

      By always travelling at the speed shown on a speed restriction sign

    • D.

      By travelling as close to other vessels or the shore as possible

    Correct Answer
    B. By observing the effects of your wash and adjusting your speed as necessary
    Explanation
    By observing the effects of your wash and adjusting your speed as necessary, you can ensure that your boat's wash does not excessively impact on foreshores or other vessels. This means being aware of the waves and turbulence caused by your boat's movement and making necessary adjustments to your speed to minimize the impact. It requires being attentive and responsive to the conditions and surroundings, prioritizing the safety and well-being of other vessels and the environment.

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  • 12. 

    When travelling UPSTREAM (away from the sea) on which side should you keep this type of navigation mark to stay in the channel? 

    • A.

      Your port (left hand side)

    • B.

      Your starboard (right hand) side

    • C.

      Either side (it does not matter)

    • D.

      Stay in the middle of the channel regardless of the mark

    Correct Answer
    B. Your starboard (right hand) side
    Explanation
    When traveling upstream, it is important to keep the navigation mark on your starboard (right hand) side to stay in the channel. This is because the navigation marks are designed to indicate the correct path for boats, and keeping the mark on the starboard side ensures that you are staying on the correct side of the channel. By doing so, you can avoid straying into shallow or hazardous areas and maintain a safe and navigable route.

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  • 13. 

    Where MUST the registration label be displayed on a powered vessel?

    • A.

      On the starboard (right hand) side where it is clearly visible

    • B.

      On the transom where it is clearly visible

    • C.

      It doesn’t matter as long as it is clearly visible

    • D.

      On the port (left hand) side where it is clearly visible

    Correct Answer
    D. On the port (left hand) side where it is clearly visible
    Explanation
    The registration label on a powered vessel must be displayed on the port (left hand) side where it is clearly visible. This ensures that other boaters and authorities can easily identify and verify the registration of the vessel. By having a standardized location for the registration label, it helps maintain consistency and makes it easier for everyone to comply with the regulations.

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  • 14. 

    What does this navigation mark indicate? Deeper water lies to the: 

    • A.

      North

    • B.

      East

    • C.

      South

    • D.

      West

    Correct Answer
    B. East
    Explanation
    This navigation mark indicates that deeper water lies to the east.

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  • 15. 

    The responsibility of the master (driver) is to:

    • A.

      Maintain a proper lookout and avoid collision

    • B.

      Ensure the safety of those onboard the vessel

    • C.

      Ensure that all safety equipment is accessible and stored onboard correctly

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The master (driver) of a vessel is responsible for maintaining a proper lookout and avoiding collisions to ensure the safety of everyone on board. Additionally, they are also responsible for ensuring that all safety equipment is accessible and stored correctly on the vessel. Therefore, the correct answer is "All of the above."

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  • 16. 

    When do sail vessels, operating only under sail, have right of way over a power driven vessel?

    • A.

      At all times unless overtaking, or if the power vessel is displaying an orange diamond

    • B.

      Only when approaching from the right hand side

    • C.

      Only when participating in an aquatic event eg: a race or regatta

    • D.

      When a powerboat is at anchor

    Correct Answer
    A. At all times unless overtaking, or if the power vessel is displaying an orange diamond
    Explanation
    Sail vessels, operating only under sail, have the right of way over a power-driven vessel at all times, unless they are overtaking the power vessel or if the power vessel is displaying an orange diamond. This means that sail vessels have priority over power vessels in most situations, but they must yield if they are overtaking another vessel or if the power vessel is indicating that it requires right of way by displaying an orange diamond.

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  • 17. 

    What do cardinal marks indicate?

    • A.

      Special features such as underwater pipes

    • B.

      Deeper water in a compass direction away from danger

    • C.

      Specific dangers such as wrecks

    • D.

      Large shipping channels

    Correct Answer
    B. Deeper water in a compass direction away from danger
    Explanation
    Cardinal marks are used to indicate the safest and deepest navigable water in a particular area. They provide information about the direction in which vessels should navigate to avoid potential dangers such as shallows, rocks, or wrecks. Each cardinal mark is associated with a compass direction (north, south, east, or west) and indicates that deeper water can be found in that direction away from potential hazards. Therefore, cardinal marks help mariners navigate safely by guiding them towards deeper waters and away from danger.

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  • 18. 

    When travelling DOWNSTREAM (toward the sea) at night, on which side should you keep a flashing red light to stay within the channel? 

    • A.

      Your port (left hand) side

    • B.

      Your starboard (right hand) side

    • C.

      Either side (it does not matter)

    • D.

      Stay in the middle of the channel regardless of the mark

    Correct Answer
    B. Your starboard (right hand) side
    Explanation
    When travelling downstream at night, keeping a flashing red light on your starboard (right hand) side will help you stay within the channel. This is because the red light indicates the right side of the channel when moving in the direction of the sea. By keeping the light on the starboard side, you ensure that you are on the correct side of the channel and avoid straying into shallow or dangerous areas.

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  • 19. 

    When is the MOST DANGEROUS time to cross a coastal bar? 

    • A.

      On an incoming tide (flood tide)

    • B.

      On an outgoing tide (ebb tide)

    • C.

      Slack water (top or bottom of the tide)

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. On an outgoing tide (ebb tide)
    Explanation
    Crossing a coastal bar on an outgoing tide (ebb tide) is considered the most dangerous time because the water is flowing out of the bar and can create strong currents and breaking waves. This can make it difficult for boats to navigate through the bar and increase the risk of capsizing or getting caught in the turbulent water. It is generally safer to cross during slack water when the tide is neither incoming nor outgoing, as the currents are weaker and the water is calmer.

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  • 20. 

    An efficient sound signalling device is required to be carried:

    • A.

      Only by vessels proceeding to open waters

    • B.

      Only by power driven vessels over 8 metres in length

    • C.

      On all vessels

    • D.

      Only vessels operating after sunset

    Correct Answer
    C. On all vessels
    Explanation
    An efficient sound signalling device is required to be carried on all vessels. This is because sound signals are vital for communication and safety purposes on the water. Regardless of the type or size of the vessel, having a sound signalling device ensures that the vessel can effectively communicate its intentions to other vessels, especially in situations where visibility may be limited. Therefore, it is necessary for all vessels to have an efficient sound signalling device on board.

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  • 21. 

    What is the minimum length of a tow rope when performing towing operations (waterskiing)?

    • A.

      4 metres

    • B.

      5 metres

    • C.

      6 metres

    • D.

      7 metres

    Correct Answer
    D. 7 metres
    Explanation
    The minimum length of a tow rope for towing operations in waterskiing is 7 metres. This length is necessary to ensure that the skier is at a safe distance from the boat, reducing the risk of collision or getting caught in the propeller. It also allows for proper maneuverability and control while skiing. A shorter tow rope could increase the chances of accidents and injuries.

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  • 22. 

    What navigation mark is this? 

    • A.

      An isolated danger mark

    • B.

      A channel blocked mark

    • C.

      A special mark

    • D.

      A port lateral mark

    Correct Answer
    C. A special mark
    Explanation
    This navigation mark is classified as a special mark. Special marks are used to indicate specific areas or features that require special attention or caution, such as underwater cables, pipelines, wrecks, or military exercise areas. They are typically yellow or yellow with a top mark, and their purpose is to inform mariners about potential hazards or restricted areas.

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  • 23. 

    When driving a vessel at 10 knots or more or towing a person, what is the MINIMUM distance both the vessel and the towed person MUST keep from any other vessel towing a person?

    • A.

      100 metres

    • B.

      30 metres

    • C.

      60 metres

    • D.

      A safe distance

    Correct Answer
    D. A safe distance
    Explanation
    When driving a vessel at 10 knots or more or towing a person, it is important to maintain a safe distance from any other vessel towing a person. This is necessary to ensure the safety of both the vessel and the towed person. The specific distance may vary depending on the situation and conditions, but the key is to maintain a distance that allows for safe maneuvering and avoids any potential collisions or accidents.

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  • 24. 

    When navigating through a mooring area you MUST:

    • A.

      Keep a lookout for people and objects in the water

    • B.

      Travel at a safe speed

    • C.

      Keep wash to a minimum

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    When navigating through a mooring area, it is important to keep a lookout for people and objects in the water to ensure their safety and avoid any collisions. Traveling at a safe speed is crucial to maintain control of the vessel and reduce the risk of accidents. Additionally, keeping wash to a minimum is necessary to prevent any damage to other vessels or objects in the area. Therefore, all of the given options are correct and should be followed when navigating through a mooring area.

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  • 25. 

    Where should you drive a vessel in a channel? 

    • A.

      On the port (left-hand) side

    • B.

      In the middle of the channel

    • C.

      On the starboard (right-hand) side

    • D.

      On any side – it does not matter as long as a collision does not occur

    Correct Answer
    C. On the starboard (right-hand) side
    Explanation
    Vessels should be driven on the starboard (right-hand) side in a channel. This is because the International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea (COLREGS) state that vessels should keep to the starboard side to avoid collisions. By driving on the starboard side, vessels can maintain a consistent and predictable path of travel, reducing the risk of accidents and allowing for safe navigation in narrow channels.

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  • 26. 

    What kind of navigation mark is this? 

    • A.

      A port lateral mark

    • B.

      A channel blocked mark

    • C.

      A safe water mark

    • D.

      An isolated danger mark

    Correct Answer
    D. An isolated danger mark
    Explanation
    An isolated danger mark is used to indicate a single isolated danger, such as a rock or wreck, which has navigable water all around it. This type of navigation mark is placed to warn mariners to keep clear of the danger and to indicate the best navigable water to pass around it. It is typically colored black with two broad horizontal red bands and has two black spheres on top.

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  • 27. 

    What MUST you do when driving your vessel within a No Wash Zone?

    • A.

      Travel at a speed which creates minimal wash to ensure that your wash does not affect other people or vessels

    • B.

      Travel at no more than 8 knots

    • C.

      By always travelling at the speed shown on a speed restriction sign

    • D.

      Not tow a waterskier or an aquaplaner

    Correct Answer
    A. Travel at a speed which creates minimal wash to ensure that your wash does not affect other people or vessels
    Explanation
    When driving your vessel within a No Wash Zone, it is necessary to travel at a speed which creates minimal wash to ensure that your wash does not affect other people or vessels. This means that you should be cautious and mindful of the impact your vessel's movement may have on the surrounding environment and other watercrafts. By reducing the wash, you are minimizing the disturbance caused by your vessel and promoting safety and consideration for others in the area.

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  • 28. 

    If an unpredictable change in weather occurs and you are unable to make it to a safe harbour, you should:

    • A.

      Ride out the initial onslaught by keeping your bow into the wind and waves

    • B.

      Activate a distress signal such as an EPIRB or red hand held flare

    • C.

      Maintain a sufficient speed to allow you to steer the vessel, but no faster

    • D.

      Maintain a slow speed while keeping your bow into the wind and waves

    Correct Answer
    D. Maintain a slow speed while keeping your bow into the wind and waves
    Explanation
    When faced with an unpredictable change in weather and unable to reach a safe harbor, maintaining a slow speed while keeping the bow into the wind and waves is the correct course of action. This technique, known as heaving to, helps to stabilize the vessel and minimize the impact of the weather conditions. By keeping the bow facing into the wind and waves, it reduces the risk of capsizing or being thrown off course. Maintaining a slow speed allows for better control and maneuverability of the vessel while riding out the storm.

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  • 29. 

    If you find yourself in cold water, what can you do to extend survival time?

    • A.

      Move constantly and do not remove clothing

    • B.

      Remove all wet clothing and float on your back

    • C.

      Assume the Heat Escape Lessening Posture (HELP) and do not remove clothing

    • D.

      Remove clothing and maintain movement of your arms and legs

    Correct Answer
    C. Assume the Heat Escape Lessening Posture (HELP) and do not remove clothing
    Explanation
    Assuming the Heat Escape Lessening Posture (HELP) and not removing clothing can help extend survival time in cold water. This posture involves bringing the knees to the chest and crossing the arms tightly over the chest to minimize heat loss. By doing so, the body's heat is conserved, and the risk of hypothermia is reduced. Removing clothing or staying still can increase heat loss and decrease survival time in cold water.

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  • 30. 

    If you see a white light flashing in groups of two, what should you do? 

    • A.

      Keep a lookout for overhead powerlines

    • B.

      Pass on the right hand side of the light

    • C.

      Pass on any side of the light but do not pass too close

    • D.

      Keep wash to a minimum

    Correct Answer
    C. Pass on any side of the light but do not pass too close
    Explanation
    Passing on any side of the light but not too close is the correct answer because a white light flashing in groups of two is typically used to indicate a level crossing or a pedestrian crossing. In such situations, it is important to proceed with caution and not pass too close to the light to ensure the safety of pedestrians or vehicles crossing the road.

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  • 31. 

    You are driving a vessel at high speed and your vision is suddenly affected by sun or spray. Your immediate reaction should be:

    • A.

      Slow down or stop

    • B.

      Continue driving at speed in anticipation that you will regain your vision

    • C.

      Increase speed and manoeuvre vessel to find a direction to minimise spray and the effect of the sun

    • D.

      Alter course to port and continue at speed

    Correct Answer
    A. Slow down or stop
    Explanation
    When driving a vessel at high speed, sudden vision impairment due to sun or spray can be dangerous. The correct immediate reaction would be to slow down or stop. This allows the driver to regain clear vision and assess the situation properly before continuing. Continuing at speed or increasing speed could lead to accidents or collisions, as the driver may not be able to see potential hazards or obstacles in their path. Altering course to port and continuing at speed is also not advisable, as it does not address the issue of impaired vision.

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  • 32. 

    You are driving a power driven vessel and see a vessel ahead of you exhibiting these lights. What should you do? 

    • A.

      Alter your course to starboard (right)

    • B.

      Alter your course to port (left)

    • C.

      Maintain your speed and course

    • D.

      Stop immediately and turn off all lights

    Correct Answer
    A. Alter your course to starboard (right)
    Explanation
    When you see a vessel ahead of you exhibiting these lights, you should alter your course to starboard (right). This is because the vessel ahead is showing the red light on its port (left) side and the green light on its starboard (right) side. According to the International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea (COLREGS), when two power-driven vessels are approaching each other head-on, both vessels should alter their course to starboard to pass each other safely. By altering your course to starboard, you ensure that you are passing the other vessel on its port side, which is the correct and safe maneuver.

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  • 33. 

    When using navigational Leads, you should: 

    • A.

      Pass to the right when going upstream

    • B.

      Pass either side but not too close

    • C.

      Line the leads up, one behind the other

    • D.

      Ignore them as they are only used by large commercial vessels

    Correct Answer
    C. Line the leads up, one behind the other
    Explanation
    When using navigational leads, it is important to line them up, one behind the other. Navigational leads are used to guide vessels through narrow or shallow channels, indicating the correct path to follow. By lining them up, one can ensure that they are following the intended route and avoiding any potential hazards. This helps in maintaining the safety and efficiency of navigation.

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  • 34. 

    Which of the following vessels are required to have or display lights at night?

    • A.

      Power driven vessels

    • B.

      Canoes and rowboats

    • C.

      Sailing vessels

    • D.

      All vessels need to have or display lights at night

    Correct Answer
    D. All vessels need to have or display lights at night
    Explanation
    All vessels need to have or display lights at night in order to ensure visibility and prevent collisions. This is important for the safety of all vessels, as well as for other boats and ships in the vicinity. Lights help to indicate the presence, position, and direction of a vessel, allowing other vessels to navigate safely and avoid potential accidents. Therefore, it is a requirement for all types of vessels, including power driven vessels, canoes and rowboats, and sailing vessels, to have or display lights at night.

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  • 35. 

    Review the picture below and determine the signals that should be displayed. 

    • A.

      Two red lights with 225 degree forward arch

    • B.

      Anchor ball or light is adequate

    • C.

      Two red all-round lights, one anchor light and deck lighting

    • D.

      Red - White - Red all-round lights with anchor ball or light

    Correct Answer
    C. Two red all-round lights, one anchor light and deck lighting
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Two red all-round lights, one anchor light and deck lighting." This is the appropriate signal to be displayed based on the information provided.

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  • 36. 

    The part of the boat labelled A in the diagram below is the: 

    • A.

      Transom

    • B.

      Gunwale

    • C.

      Freeboard

    • D.

      Draught

    Correct Answer
    C. Freeboard
    Explanation
    The part of the boat labelled A in the diagram is the freeboard. Freeboard refers to the distance between the waterline and the upper deck level of the boat. It is important for the stability and buoyancy of the boat, as it helps to prevent water from entering the vessel.

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  • 37. 

    The part of the boat labelled B in the diagram below is the: 

    • A.

      Stern

    • B.

      Draught

    • C.

      Gunwale

    • D.

      Freeboard

    Correct Answer
    B. Draught
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Draught." In boating terminology, the term "draught" refers to the depth of a boat's hull below the waterline. It is often measured from the waterline to the lowest point of the boat's keel. The draught of a boat is an important measurement as it determines the boat's stability, maneuverability, and the areas it can navigate safely.

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  • 38. 

    Which of the following boats handle adverse conditions on a bar the best?

    • A.

      Punt

    • B.

      Shallow V

    • C.

      Displacement

    • D.

      Deep V hull

    Correct Answer
    D. Deep V hull
    Explanation
    A deep V hull is the best type of boat for handling adverse conditions on a bar. The deep V shape of the hull allows the boat to cut through waves and rough water more efficiently, providing a smoother and more stable ride. This design also helps to prevent the boat from capsizing or taking on water in challenging conditions. The other options, such as the punt, shallow V, and displacement hull, are not as well-suited for adverse conditions on a bar as they may not have the same level of stability and wave-cutting ability as a deep V hull.

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  • 39. 

    The formula for carrying fuel is:

    • A.

      One third out, one third back and one third in reserve

    • B.

      Two thirds out and one third back

    • C.

      One half out and one half back

    • D.

      Just make sure the tank is full

    Correct Answer
    A. One third out, one third back and one third in reserve
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "One third out, one third back and one third in reserve". This formula suggests that when carrying fuel, one should use one third of the fuel for the outward journey, another third for the return journey, and keep the remaining third as a reserve. This ensures that there is enough fuel for the entire trip, with a safety margin in case of any unforeseen circumstances or emergencies.

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  • 40. 

    What action do you take if you are overtaking another vessel?

    • A.

      Wait till the vessel slows down

    • B.

      Pass on the port side

    • C.

      Pass on the starboard side

    • D.

      Keep well clear of the way of the vessel you are overtaking

    Correct Answer
    D. Keep well clear of the way of the vessel you are overtaking
    Explanation
    When overtaking another vessel, it is important to keep well clear of its way. This means maintaining a safe distance and avoiding any potential collision. By keeping clear, you ensure the safety of both vessels and reduce the risk of accidents. Waiting for the vessel to slow down or passing on either side may not guarantee a safe overtaking maneuver, so it is best to keep a safe distance and proceed with caution.

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  • 41. 

    Which of the following is correct? 

    • A.

      The tidal range on the 22 June is 2.1 metres

    • B.

      There is a full moon on the 6th June

    • C.

      High water on the 21st July is at 8.00 am

    • D.

      Low water on the 20th June is at 7.22 pm

    Correct Answer
    A. The tidal range on the 22 June is 2.1 metres
    Explanation
    The given statement is correct because it states a specific measurement of the tidal range on a specific date, which is 2.1 meters on the 22nd of June.

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  • 42. 

    Your motor on your 3.5 metre boat has failed and you are drifting in a strong outgoing tidal current. The correct call to the local marine rescue association would be:

    • A.

      MAYDAY

    • B.

      SECURITE

    • C.

      PAN PAN

    • D.

      MOBILE PHONE

    Correct Answer
    C. PAN PAN
    Explanation
    In this situation, the correct call to the local marine rescue association would be "PAN PAN." "PAN PAN" is a radio distress call used to indicate an urgent situation that is not immediately life-threatening. It is used when there is a potential danger or concern, such as a mechanical failure, but there is no immediate risk to life. In this case, the motor failure on the boat has put the person in a difficult situation, but they are not in immediate danger. Calling "PAN PAN" would alert the local marine rescue association to the situation and prompt them to provide assistance.

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  • 43. 

    If the wind is blowing against the tide, you could expect:

    • A.

      Smooth boating

    • B.

      A rough ride

    • C.

      To anchor before high tide

    • D.

      Good fishing weather

    Correct Answer
    B. A rough ride
    Explanation
    When the wind is blowing against the tide, it creates opposing forces that can make the water surface choppy and turbulent. This can result in a rough ride for boats as they navigate through the waves created by the wind and tide. The combination of wind and tide working against each other can make the water conditions unpredictable and challenging, leading to a rough and uncomfortable experience for boaters.

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  • 44. 

    Which of the following checks (3) are necessary to ensure your propeller is useable?

    • A.

      It is securely mounted to the shaft.

    • B.

      The paint is not worn.

    • C.

      There is no surface rust.

    • D.

      There are no cracks.

    • E.

      There are no dents in the leading edge.

    • F.

      There is no oil inside your propeller.

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. It is securely mounted to the shaft.
    D. There are no cracks.
    E. There are no dents in the leading edge.
    Explanation
    To ensure that a propeller is usable, it is necessary to check if it is securely mounted to the shaft, as a loose propeller can pose a safety risk. Additionally, it is important to check for cracks in the propeller, as they can indicate structural damage that may affect its performance. Lastly, checking for dents in the leading edge is important because dents can disrupt the airflow and decrease the propeller's efficiency.

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  • 45. 

    Which one of these anchors would a small boat use on a rocky sea bed? 

    • A.

      Anchor A

    • B.

      Anchor B

    • C.

      Anchor C

    Correct Answer
    B. Anchor B
    Explanation
    Anchor B is the correct answer because it is specifically designed for rocky sea beds. It is usually heavier and has sharp flukes that can dig into the uneven surface of the rocky sea bed, providing better holding power and stability for a small boat. Anchor A and Anchor C may not be suitable for rocky sea beds as they may not have the necessary features to hold securely in such conditions.

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  • 46. 

    If you were boating in calm weather and decided to anchor in 3 metres of water, approximately how much anchor rope should you let out (in addition to the 2 metres of chain)? 

    • A.

      13 metres

    • B.

      24 metres

    • C.

      6 metres

    • D.

      30 metres

    Correct Answer
    A. 13 metres
    Explanation
    To anchor a boat in calm weather, it is recommended to let out a total of 5 times the depth of the water. Since the water is 3 meters deep, you would need to let out 15 meters of anchor rope. However, since there is already 2 meters of chain out, you only need to let out an additional 13 meters of anchor rope.

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  • 47. 

    If you have a 2-stroke engine that runs a mixture of 50:1, how much oil would you have to add to 25 litres of fuel.

    • A.

      250ml

    • B.

      500ml

    • C.

      750 ml

    • D.

      1 Litre

    Correct Answer
    B. 500ml
    Explanation
    In a 2-stroke engine running a mixture of 50:1, it means that for every 50 parts of fuel, 1 part of oil is required. To calculate the amount of oil needed for 25 liters of fuel, we divide 25 by 50 to get 0.5 liters, which is equivalent to 500ml. Therefore, you would have to add 500ml of oil to 25 liters of fuel.

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  • 48. 

    Sacrificial anodes should be replaced when they are smaller than 60% of their original size.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Sacrificial anodes are used to protect metal structures from corrosion by sacrificing themselves. Over time, these anodes gradually erode as they protect the metal. When the anodes are smaller than 60% of their original size, it indicates that a significant amount of material has been sacrificed and they may no longer be effective in preventing corrosion. Therefore, it is necessary to replace them at this point to ensure continued protection for the metal structure.

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  • 49. 

    Which of the following statements about fuel is true?

    • A.

      All fuel should be thrown out after 3 months

    • B.

      2-stroke mixtures should be thrown out after 3 months and 4-stroke after 6 months

    • C.

      2-stroke mixtures should be thrown out after 6 months and 4-stroke after 3 months

    • D.

      All fuel should be thrown out after 6 months

    Correct Answer
    B. 2-stroke mixtures should be thrown out after 3 months and 4-stroke after 6 months
    Explanation
    The correct answer states that 2-stroke mixtures should be thrown out after 3 months and 4-stroke fuel should be thrown out after 6 months. This is because 2-stroke engines typically have a higher oil-to-fuel ratio, which can cause the fuel to degrade more quickly. On the other hand, 4-stroke engines have a separate oil system and therefore the fuel tends to last longer. Therefore, it is recommended to dispose of 2-stroke mixtures after 3 months and 4-stroke fuel after 6 months to ensure optimal performance and prevent any potential issues caused by degraded fuel.

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  • 50. 

    You don't need a boat licence if the motor is less than 10hp.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    This statement is false. In many places, a boat licence is required regardless of the motor size. The specific regulations regarding boat licences vary by jurisdiction, so it is important to check the local laws and requirements before operating a boat.

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Quiz Review Timeline +

Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Feb 09, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Sep 11, 2016
    Quiz Created by
    Scott Stone

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