Block 5 Anatomy Wk 5 From Ta's W/Exp

24 Questions | Total Attempts: 94

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Block 5 Anatomy Wk 5 From Ta

From your friendly anatomy ta's


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    When a person burns the tip of his tongue drinking boiling hot coffee, the pain impulses will be carried to neurons located in the :
    • A. 

      Geniculate Ganglion

    • B. 

      Submandibular Ganglion

    • C. 

      Trigeminal Ganglion

    • D. 

      Pterygopalatine Ganglion

    • E. 

      Inferior Glossopharyngeal Ganglion

  • 2. 
    A 45 year-old female presents to the clinic with pain and swelling of the right face. After a thorough workup she is diagnosed with sialolithiasis. The stones are surgically removed by dilating the opening of Stensen’s Duct, which is located where?
    • A. 

      Oral vestibule near 2nd maxillary premolar

    • B. 

      Oral vestibule near 2nd mandibular molar

    • C. 

      Oral cavity near 3rd maxillary molar

    • D. 

      Oral vestibule near 2nd maxillary molar

  • 3. 
    What part of the tongue directly drains lymph to the Inferior Deep Cervical Lymph Nodes?
    • A. 

      Just the tip

    • B. 

      Medial body

    • C. 

      Lateral body

    • D. 

      Base

  • 4. 
    After “accidently” stabbing Paul his throat swells and I need to place an emergency, invasive airway. Where am I going to cut him?
    • A. 

      Superficial to the thyrohyoid membrane

    • B. 

      Superficial to cricotracheal membrane

    • C. 

      Superficial to hyoglossal membrane

    • D. 

      Superficial to cricothyroid membrane

    • E. 

      Superficial to the intratracheal membrane (between rings 2-3)

  • 5. 
    Which cranial nerves innervate the following three muscles: stylohyoid, styloglossus and stylopharyngeus, respectively?
    • A. 

      VII, XII, IX

    • B. 

      X, IX, VII

    • C. 

      IX, X, VII

    • D. 

      VII, IX, X

    • E. 

      VIII, XII, IX

    • F. 

      X, XII, VII

  • 6. 
    Teacher Collins Syndrome, among other deformities, results in hypoplasia of Meckel’s cartilage, which includes what ossicles?
    • A. 

      Stapes

    • B. 

      Malleus

    • C. 

      Incus

    • D. 

      A&B

    • E. 

      B&C

    • F. 

      A&C

    • G. 

      All of the above

  • 7. 
    During your Emergency Medicine rotation at Massachusetts General Hospital, a local Basic Life Support (BLS) rescue crew brings in a "code" (cardiac arrest patient). The patient is an obese 55 year old male with a history of HTN (hypertension) and angina pectoris (chest pain). The EMS crew is still aggressively working the patient via chest compressions and rescue breaths with a BVM (bag valve mask). As a observant student you note to your supervising Resident that the patient only has an OPA (oropharyngeal airway) adjunct inserted. Noticing your enthusiasm, your resident decides to assign you with the responsibility of removing the OPA and performing an intubation. You correctly take your mac blade and rest the tip of the blade between the root of the patient's tongue and the epiglottis. You then smoothly pass the ET (endotracheal) tube between the patient's vocal cords. During this procedure, what is the name of the groove in which you place your Mac blade? 
    • A. 

      Piriform Recess

    • B. 

      Vestibule of the Larynx

    • C. 

      Ventricle of the Larynx

    • D. 

      Choana

    • E. 

      Epiglottic Vallecula

  • 8. 
    A 6 year-old male presents with fever and a productive cough. In order to cough, he raises intrathoracic pressure against a closed glottis and then uses which muscle to abduct the vocal cords when he forcibly expels sputum?
    • A. 

      Transverse arytenoids

    • B. 

      Lateral cricoarytenoid

    • C. 

      Oblique arytenoids

    • D. 

      Posterior cricoarytenoid

    • E. 

      Cricothyroid

  • 9. 
    Paralysis of which of the following muscles will most likely cause breathing difficulties? 
    • A. 

      Palatoglossus

    • B. 

      Styloglossus

    • C. 

      Genioglossus

    • D. 

      Hyoglossus

    • E. 

      Stylopharyngeous

  • 10. 
    When preparing to remove a Submandibular duct cyst, what structures (rostral to caudal) should the surgeon expect to find? 
    • A. 

      Lingual Nerve, Lingual Artery, Glossopharyngeal Nerve

    • B. 

      Lingual Artery, Lingual Nerve, Glossopharyngeal Nerve

    • C. 

      Lingual Nerve, Lingual Artery, Hypoglossal Nerve

    • D. 

      Lingual Artery, Lingual Nerve, Hypoglossal Nerve

    • E. 

      Hyoglossus, Lingual Nerve, Hypoglossal Nerve

  • 11. 
    You are at the dentist because you cracked your canine tooth on the upper left side of your mouth. The dentist tells you he must anesthetize the tooth before working on it. In order for him to do this he must inject his needle close to the exit point of the appropriate nerve into your mouth. Which nerve needs to be injected and what is its exit point into the mouth/palate? 
    • A. 

      Greater palantine nerve, Greater palantine foramen

    • B. 

      Nasopalantine nerve, incisive fossa

    • C. 

      Lesser palantine nerve, lesser palantine foramen

    • D. 

      Superior alveolar nerve, incisive fossa

  • 12. 
    During a neck surgery, you accidentally severed the nerve innervating the cricothyroid. Which nerve did you damage?
    • A. 

      Vagal

    • B. 

      Internal Laryngeal

    • C. 

      External Laryngeal

    • D. 

      Recurrent Laryngeal

    • E. 

      Inferior Laryngeal

  • 13. 
    From the question above, what blood vessel may have been at risk during this procedure?
    • A. 

      External Jugular vein

    • B. 

      Inferior Thyroid Artery

    • C. 

      Middle Thyroid Vein

    • D. 

      Superior Thyroid Artery

    • E. 

      Inferior Thyroid Vein

  • 14. 
    Dock Ellis is famous among baseball and LSD fans alike. In 1970 he pitched a no-no while on acid. A feat that has never been repeated. During the game he had an illusion that home plate was the floor of the tympanic cavity. If his illusion was anatomically correct, what structure lies directly beneath home plate?
    • A. 

      Mastoid air cells

    • B. 

      Posterior cranial fossa

    • C. 

      Sphenopalatine Foramen

    • D. 

      Internal Jugular vein

  • 15. 
    Which nerve supplies General Somatic Afferent innervation to the tympanic cavity?
    • A. 

      Trigeminal

    • B. 

      Facial

    • C. 

      Vagus

    • D. 

      Vestibulocochlear

    • E. 

      Glossopharyngeal

  • 16. 
    A patient with a lesion to the stapedius muscle will most likely present:
    • A. 

      Deaf in the affected ear

    • B. 

      Everything sounds like a whisper

    • C. 

      The local radio show sounds like a rock concert

    • D. 

      Constant ringing

  • 17. 
    While snacking on some potato chips, you accidentally lacerate the root of your tongue immediately left to the tongue's mid-line. The very same night you forget to brush your teeth. In the morning, you look into the mirror and notice some erythema on your tongue in the same location that you lacerated it. Where would this bacterial infection directly drain via the body's lymphatic system?
    • A. 

      Virchow's Node

    • B. 

      Left Inferior Deep Cervical Lymph Node

    • C. 

      Right Inferior Deep Cervical Lymph Node

    • D. 

      Left Superior Deep Cervical Lymph Node

    • E. 

      Right Superior Deep Cervical Lymph Node

  • 18. 
    A 46 year old woman comes in to the health clinic with pain underneath the mandible. The doctor diagnoses an acute bacterial abscess in the submandibular gland and operates to take out the gland along with the duct. A few weeks later the woman notices decreased GSA fiber sensation. Where is this decreased sensation most likely to be present?
    • A. 

      The skin overlying the lower mandible

    • B. 

      The skin overlying the pre-auricular surface of the face

    • C. 

      The anterior 2/3rds of the tongue

    • D. 

      The temporal-mandibular joint

    • E. 

      The posterior 1/3rd of the tongue

    • F. 

      The lower chin

  • 19. 
    While doing your third thyroidectomy for the afternoon, you take special care in avoiding a variant blood vessel that is present in a small, but significant portion of the population. In doing so, where can you visualize this artery just before it enters the thyroid gland?
    • A. 

      Trachea

    • B. 

      Cricoid cartilage

    • C. 

      Thyroid cartilage

    • D. 

      Superior thyroid artery

    • E. 

      Internal thyroid artery

  • 20. 
    A coin is lying perfectly horizontal in the larynx between the true and false vocal cords of your friend. You quickly grab your pocket knife and Bic pen that you have been using for your notes and begin to perform an emergency cricothyrotomy. The situation is:
    • A. 

      The coin is lying in the ventricle, and the pen is inserting into the vestibule

    • B. 

      The coin is lying in the pyriform recess and the pen is inserting into the vestibule

    • C. 

      The coin is lying in the ventricle, and the pen is inserting into the infraglottic space

    • D. 

      The coin is lying in the vestibule, and the pen is inserting into the infraglottic space

  • 21. 
    Your first semester friend runs in and says "I couldn't find the local anesthetic, what if we just cut the nerves that supply sensation to the area inside the larynx where the pen pokes through?" You reply:
    • A. 

      Great idea, let me just go to the tracheoesophageal grooves and clip the recurrent laryngeal nerves.

    • B. 

      Great idea, right behind the sternothyroid muscles I can clip the external laryngeal nerves before it pierces into the inferior pharyngeal constrictor.

    • C. 

      Great idea, right where the superior laryngeal arteries pierce into the thyrohyoid membrane, the nerves that pierce with it I could just clip.

    • D. 

      Terrible idea, clipping the nerves that supply that area would cause the patient’s vocal cords to adduct and it would worsen the situation - stupid first semester

  • 22. 
    You have noticed a decrease in the amount of saliva you produce from the Parotid gland after an ear infection that you left untreated.  What nerve was most likely directly damaged?
    • A. 

      Zygomatic

    • B. 

      Lingual

    • C. 

      Auriculotemporal

    • D. 

      Vagus

    • E. 

      Lesser Petrosal

  • 23. 
    From the above question- what wall of the ear can you then conclude is damaged?
    • A. 

      Anterior

    • B. 

      Posterior

    • C. 

      Medial

    • D. 

      Lateral

    • E. 

      Roof

  • 24. 
    Lesion to the external laryngeal nerve would lead to which of the following:
    • A. 

      Increase in pitch of the voice, because the thyrohyoid muscle would lose its function

    • B. 

      Increase in the amplitude of the voice, because the cricothyroid muscle would be paralyzed

    • C. 

      Decrease in pitch of the voice, because the cricitothyroid muscle would be paralyzed

    • D. 

      Decrease in amplitude of the voice, because the vocalis muscle would be paralyzed

    • E. 

      Decrease in pitch of the voice, because the vocalis muscle would be paralyzed

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