# Basic Map Skills Quiz

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Jeremyj4400
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Maps are a good way to learn to know what exists outside our geographical zones. Our interesting ' Basic map skills quiz' will test your knowledge about the same. A map is an abstraction of reality, and the cartographer chooses information essential to fill the map's purpose. If you are a scout, one thing you should always know how to read and interpret is a map. Read the statement and questions below, then select the best answer for the question. Make sure to attempt all the questions on the quiz. All the very best!

• 1.

### Longitude is

• A.

Imaginary parallels that measure distances North and South of the Equator

• B.

Represented by imaginary lines called parallels that measure distances East and West of the Equator

• C.

Imaginary lines called meridians that measure distances East and West of the Prime Meridian

• D.

Found on globes but not maps

C. Imaginary lines called meridians that measure distances East and West of the Prime Meridian
Explanation
Longitude is a system of imaginary lines called meridians that measure distances East and West of the Prime Meridian. These lines run vertically from the North Pole to the South Pole and help to establish specific locations on the Earth's surface. The Prime Meridian, which passes through Greenwich, England, is the starting point for measuring longitude. The meridians are numbered in degrees, with 0 degrees at the Prime Meridian and increasing to 180 degrees East and 180 degrees West. By using longitude, one can determine the exact position of a place on the Earth's surface in relation to the Prime Meridian.

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• 2.

### Who was the first person to use the word "Geography"?

• A.

Aristotle

• B.

Plato

• C.

Eratosthenes

• D.

Socrates

C. Eratosthenes
Explanation
Eratosthenes is credited with being the first person to use the word "Geography." He was a Greek mathematician, astronomer, and geographer who lived in the 3rd century BC. Eratosthenes is known for his work in measuring the circumference of the Earth and for creating the first known world map. He also coined the term "Geography" to describe the study of the Earth's physical features, climate, and inhabitants. His contributions to the field of geography laid the foundation for future advancements in the understanding of the Earth's geography.

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• 3.

### What percentage of Earth's population lives in the northern hemisphere?

• A.

75 %

• B.

80%

• C.

90%

• D.

98%

C. 90%
Explanation
Approximately 90% of Earth's population lives in the northern hemisphere. This is because the majority of the world's landmass is located in the northern hemisphere, including heavily populated regions such as Europe, North America, and parts of Asia. The southern hemisphere has a much smaller land area and is mostly comprised of oceans. Therefore, the vast majority of the global population resides in the northern hemisphere.

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• 4.

### _______ shows the four cardinal directions and intermediate directions.

• A.

Key

• B.

Compass rose

• C.

Scale

• D.

Symbol

B. Compass rose
Explanation
A compass rose is a graphical device that shows the four cardinal directions (north, south, east, and west) as well as the intermediate directions (northeast, northwest, southeast, and southwest). It is commonly used on maps and navigation tools to provide orientation and help users determine which direction they are facing or heading towards. The compass rose typically consists of a circle or a star-like figure with labeled directions and sometimes additional markings or symbols.

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• 5.

### The imaginary line that is zero degrees latitude and divides the earth into northern and southern hemispheres is called:

• A.

Prime Meridian

• B.

Equator

• C.

Tropic of Cancer

• D.

North pole

B. Equator
Explanation
The equator is the correct answer because it is the imaginary line that runs horizontally around the middle of the Earth, dividing it into the northern and southern hemispheres. It is located at zero degrees latitude and is the longest line of latitude on the Earth's surface.

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• 6.

### A map that shows the national and state boundaries and cities is called a:

• A.

Physical map

• B.

Special purpose map

• C.

Population density map

• D.

Political map

D. Political map
Explanation
A political map is a type of map that displays national and state boundaries, as well as cities. It is used to provide information about political divisions and administrative boundaries. This type of map is commonly used for understanding the political organization of a country or region. It helps to identify the location and boundaries of cities and states within a country or across different countries.

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• 7.

### The Prime Meridian divides the earth into eastern and western hemispheres and is located at

• A.

20 degrees longitude

• B.

Zero dgrees longitude

• C.

15 latitude

• D.

Zero degrees latitude

B. Zero dgrees longitude
Explanation
The Prime Meridian is an imaginary line that runs from the North Pole to the South Pole, passing through Greenwich, England. It is used as a reference point for measuring longitude and divides the earth into the Eastern and Western Hemispheres. Since the question asks for the location of the Prime Meridian, the correct answer is "zero degrees longitude" as it is the line from which all other longitudes are measured.

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• 8.

### A Population Density map is an example of a:

• A.

Physical Map

• B.

General Purpose Map

• C.

Political Map

• D.

Special Purpose map

D. Special Purpose map
Explanation
A population density map is an example of a special purpose map because it focuses on a specific theme or topic, which is the distribution of population in a particular area. It provides information about the concentration of people in different regions, allowing for the analysis of population patterns and trends. Unlike physical maps that show natural features, general purpose maps that provide a broad overview, or political maps that display boundaries and political divisions, a population density map serves a specific purpose related to population distribution.

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• 9.

### The five elements of a map are:

• A.

Title, scale, key, height, and weight

• B.

Title, scale, compass rose, inset map, and legend

• C.

Legend, direction, magentic compass, imaginary lines, and hemispheres

• D.

Title, legend, scale, compass rose, key

B. Title, scale, compass rose, inset map, and legend
Explanation
The correct answer is title, scale, compass rose, inset map, and legend. These five elements are essential components of a map. The title provides the main subject or purpose of the map. The scale indicates the ratio between distances on the map and actual distances on the ground. The compass rose shows the cardinal directions (north, south, east, west) and sometimes intermediate directions. An inset map is a smaller map that provides more detail for a specific area. The legend explains the symbols and colors used on the map. Together, these elements help users understand and interpret the information presented on a map.

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• 10.

### Landforms such as mountains and volcanos can be found on a:

• A.

Physical Map

• B.

Political Map

• C.

Population Density Map

• D.

Special Purpose Map

A. Physical Map
Explanation
Landforms such as mountains and volcanoes can be found on a physical map because physical maps display the physical features of a specific area, including mountains, volcanoes, rivers, and other natural landforms. These maps are designed to show the physical characteristics of the Earth's surface, such as elevation, relief, and topography. Therefore, a physical map is the most appropriate type of map to use when wanting to locate and study landforms.

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