Bab 6 : Peningkatan Tamadun Yunani Dan ROM

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| By Athirah9898
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Athirah9898
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Bab 6 : Peningkatan Tamadun Yunani Dan ROM - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Tamadun Yunani berkembang di Laut Greece dan pulau-pulau di sekitar Laut Aegean serta Laut Mediterranean. Kegemilangannya berakhir pada

    • A.

      Tahun 200 SM

    • B.

      Tahun 500 SM

    • C.

      Tahun 700 SM

    • D.

      Tahun 800 SM

    Correct Answer
    D. Tahun 800 SM
    Explanation
    The correct answer is tahun 800 SM. The Greek civilization, also known as Ancient Greece, thrived from around the 8th century BC to the 4th century BC. This period is often referred to as the "Golden Age" of Greece, where significant advancements were made in various fields such as philosophy, art, literature, and politics. However, by the 8th century BC, Greece began to face internal conflicts and external invasions, leading to the decline of its civilization. Therefore, the answer "tahun 800 SM" indicates the end of the glory days of Ancient Greece.

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  • 2. 

    Senarai berikut merujuk kepada tindakan yang dilakukan oleh Tamadun Yunani. - Membina polis Apakah polis yang mempunyai kawasan yang paling luas sekali ?

    • A.

      Athens

    • B.

      Corinth

    • C.

      Sparta

    • D.

      Olympia

    Correct Answer
    C. Sparta
    Explanation
    Sparta is the correct answer because it had the largest territory among the listed options. Sparta was known for its militaristic society and its powerful army. It controlled a vast amount of land in ancient Greece, including the surrounding regions of Laconia and Messenia. This expansion of territory allowed Sparta to exert its influence and maintain its dominance in the region.

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  • 3. 

    Sistem X - Pemerintahan yang dikuasai oleh golongan yang zalim dan menindas rakyat. Apakah sistem X tersebut ?

    • A.

      Sistem aristokrasi

    • B.

      Sistem monarki

    • C.

      Sistem oligarki

    • D.

      Sistem tirani

    Correct Answer
    D. Sistem tirani
    Explanation
    The given correct answer is "Sistem tirani." This is because the description of the system X states that it is a government controlled by a group that is oppressive and suppresses the people. A tyrannical system fits this description as it is characterized by a ruler or ruling group that exercises absolute power and often oppresses and mistreats the population.

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  • 4. 

    Jawatan tersebut diperkenalkan oleh pentadbiran Tamadun Yunani. - Melantik seramai 10 orang untuk menjadi Majistret Bilangan tersebut terdiri daripada

    • A.

      Hakim

    • B.

      Jeneral tentera

    • C.

      Golongan tirani

    • D.

      Ahli Majlis

    Correct Answer
    B. Jeneral tentera
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "jeneral tentera". The question states that the position was introduced by the administration of Ancient Greek civilization and that 10 people were appointed to become Majistret. The options given are "hakim" (judge), "jeneral tentera" (military general), "golongan tirani" (tyrannical group), and "ahli Majlis" (council members). Out of these options, "jeneral tentera" is the most fitting as it aligns with the context of the administration and the appointment of individuals to a position.

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  • 5. 

    Apakah bentuk pentadbiran yang dilaksanakan oleh negara kota berikut ? - Sparta

    • A.

      Pentadbiran monarki

    • B.

      Pentadbiran ketenteraan

    • C.

      Pentadbiran demokrasi

    • D.

      Pentadbiran oligarki

    Correct Answer
    B. Pentadbiran ketenteraan
    Explanation
    Sparta adalah negara kota yang dikenal dengan sistem pentadbiran ketenteraan. Dalam sistem ini, kekuasaan dan pengambilan keputusan berada di tangan militer atau tentara. Sparta memiliki dua raja yang memimpin negara dan dewan para bangsawan yang bertugas mengawasi dan mengatur kehidupan masyarakat. Sistem ini berfokus pada disiplin, kekuatan militer, dan pengorbanan individu untuk kepentingan negara.

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  • 6. 

    Rajah berikut berkaitan dengan perkembangan Tamadun Rom Zaman X - Berlaku dari tahun 509-27 SM Zaman X ialah

    • A.

      Zaman empayar

    • B.

      Zaman keamanan

    • C.

      Zaman republik

    • D.

      Zaman beraja

    Correct Answer
    C. Zaman republik
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Zaman republik". This is because the given information states that the Rajah (kingdom) is related to the development of the Roman civilization during the time period of 509-27 BC. During this time, Rome transitioned from being a monarchy to a republic, where the government was controlled by elected officials and not a single ruler. Therefore, the correct answer is "Zaman republik" which means "republic era" in English.

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  • 7. 

    Tamadun ROm mencapai tahap kegemilangan pada era Pax Romana. Era tersebut berlaku selama..

    • A.

      50 tahun

    • B.

      100 tahun

    • C.

      200 tahun

    • D.

      250 tahun

    Correct Answer
    C. 200 tahun
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 200 years. This is because the era of Pax Romana, which refers to a period of relative peace and stability in the Roman Empire, lasted for approximately 200 years. During this time, Rome experienced significant advancements in various aspects of civilization, including architecture, literature, and governance. This era is often considered the height of Roman civilization and is characterized by the rule of emperors such as Augustus, Trajan, and Hadrian.

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  • 8. 

    Apakah fungsi barangan berikut terhadap masyarakat Tamadun ROm ? - Pozzolana

    • A.

      Bahan binaan

    • B.

      Membekalkan air

    • C.

      Kubah bersaiz besar

    • D.

      Tempat mandi awam

    Correct Answer
    A. Bahan binaan
    Explanation
    Pozzolana adalah bahan binaan yang digunakan dalam pembinaan di Tamadun Rom. Pozzolana adalah jenis abu vulkanik yang dicampur dengan batu kapur untuk membentuk adunan konkrit yang kuat dan tahan lama. Penggunaan pozzolana dalam pembinaan membantu meningkatkan kekuatan dan ketahanan struktur bangunan seperti jambatan, kolam renang, dan dinding. Ia juga membantu mengurangkan keperluan penggunaan batu kapur yang mahal dalam pembinaan. Oleh itu, fungsi pozzolana sebagai bahan binaan adalah penting dalam pembangunan masyarakat Tamadun Rom.

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  • 9. 

    Ciptaan berikut bertujuan untuk pengawalan air yang sistematik - Pond du Gard Ia telah dibina di...

    • A.

      Britain

    • B.

      Perancis

    • C.

      Tunisia

    • D.

      Rom

    Correct Answer
    B. Perancis
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Perancis because the given creation, Pond du Gard, is a well-known aqueduct located in France. It was built by the Romans in the 1st century AD and served as a part of a water system to supply water to the city of Nimes. The purpose of Pond du Gard was to provide a systematic control of water flow, making it an important engineering structure in France.

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  • 10. 

    Apakah sumbangan tokoh berikut terhadap masyarakat Tamadun Rom ?

    • A.

      Membina Pantheon

    • B.

      Membina tembok pertahanan

    • C.

      Membina tempat mandi awam

    • D.

      Membina jalan raya

    Correct Answer
    C. Membina tempat mandi awam
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Membina tempat mandi awam." This is because building public bathhouses was a significant contribution to the Roman society. Public bathhouses were an essential part of Roman culture, serving as social gathering places and promoting hygiene and wellness. They were accessible to people from all walks of life and played a crucial role in promoting cleanliness and public health in ancient Rome.

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