Auditing And Assurance Services Quiz: Trivia!

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Auditing And Assurance Services Quiz: Trivia! - Quiz


What do you know about auditing and assurances? Assurance service is an individual professional service, typically offered by chartered or certified public accountants or chartered certified accountants, to advance information so that those in charge can see that decisions can be made with more consideration. Assurance services deliver independent and professional opinions that lessen information risk. Good luck testing your knowledge about auditing and assurance services.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Compliance audits evaluate the efficiency and effectiveness of any part of an organization's operating procedures and methods.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Compliance audits do not evaluate the efficiency and effectiveness of any part of an organization's operating procedures and methods. Instead, compliance audits focus on assessing whether an organization is adhering to relevant laws, regulations, and internal policies. These audits aim to ensure that the organization is in compliance with legal and regulatory requirements rather than evaluating the efficiency and effectiveness of its operating procedures and methods.

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  • 2. 

    A CPA firm that provides accounting, tax and consulting services to a client is said to be providing assurance services to the client.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The given statement is false. Assurance services are not provided by a CPA firm that offers accounting, tax, and consulting services to a client. Assurance services involve the evaluation and verification of financial information, systems, and processes to provide an independent opinion or assurance on their accuracy, reliability, and compliance with applicable standards. While accounting, tax, and consulting services may involve providing advice and assistance to clients, they do not fall under the category of assurance services.

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  • 3. 

    When conducting a financial statement audit, an auditor need not verify that the financial statements are in accordance with specified criteria.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    During a financial statement audit, it is the auditor's responsibility to verify that the financial statements are in accordance with specified criteria. This involves conducting various procedures to assess the accuracy and completeness of the financial information presented. By verifying the compliance with specified criteria, the auditor can ensure that the financial statements provide a true and fair view of the organization's financial position and performance. Therefore, the correct answer is False.

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  • 4. 

    The distinguishing factor between an external and internal auditor is independence.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The explanation for the correct answer is that independence is indeed the key distinguishing factor between an external and internal auditor. An external auditor is independent of the organization they are auditing and provides an unbiased opinion on the financial statements. On the other hand, an internal auditor is employed by the organization and their role is to provide independent and objective assurance and consulting services. Therefore, independence is a crucial characteristic that sets apart these two types of auditors.

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  • 5. 

    In addition to having an understanding of accounting, an auditor should possess knowledge in the accumulation and interpretation of audit evidence.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because in order to effectively perform an audit, an auditor needs to have a solid understanding of accounting principles and practices. This includes being able to analyze financial statements, identify potential risks or discrepancies, and ensure compliance with relevant laws and regulations. However, it is equally important for an auditor to have the ability to gather and interpret audit evidence. This involves conducting thorough research, gathering relevant documents and information, and using analytical skills to assess the validity and reliability of the evidence. Without this knowledge and skillset, an auditor would not be able to effectively carry out their responsibilities.

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  • 6. 

    An auditor's independence is a critical component in the audit of a company's financial statements.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    An auditor's independence is crucial because it ensures that the auditor remains unbiased and impartial while conducting the audit of a company's financial statements. This independence is necessary to maintain the integrity and credibility of the audit process. If the auditor is not independent, there is a risk of potential conflicts of interest or influence that could compromise the accuracy and reliability of the financial statements. Therefore, it is essential for auditors to maintain their independence to provide an objective assessment of the company's financial position and performance.

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  • 7. 

    Operational audits generally have been conducted by internal auditors and governmental audit agencies, but may be performed by certified public accountants. A primary purpose of an operational audit is to provide

    • A.

      A means of assurance that internal controls are functioning as planned.

    • B.

      Aid to the independent auditor, who is conducting the audit of the financial statements.

    • C.

      The results of internal examinations of financial and accounting matters to a company's top-level management.

    • D.

      A measure of management performance in meeting organizational goals.

    Correct Answer
    D. A measure of management performance in meeting organizational goals.
    Explanation
    Operational audits are primarily conducted to evaluate and assess the performance of management in meeting organizational goals. These audits provide insights into how effectively the management is utilizing resources, implementing strategies, and achieving desired outcomes. They help identify areas of improvement and provide recommendations for enhancing operational efficiency. While operational audits may also aid independent auditors in their assessment of financial statements and provide assurance on the functioning of internal controls, their main focus is on evaluating management's performance in meeting organizational goals.

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  • 8. 

    An attestation engagement is one in which a CPA is engaged to

    • A.

      Issue a written communication expressing a conclusion about the reliability of a written assertion that is the responsibility of another party.

    • B.

      Provide tax advice or prepare a tax return based on financial information the CPA has not audited or reviewed.

    • C.

      Testify as an expert witness in accounting, auditing, or tax matters, given certain stipulated facts.

    • D.

      Assemble prospective financial statements based on the assumptions of the entity's management without expressing any assurance.

    Correct Answer
    A. Issue a written communication expressing a conclusion about the reliability of a written assertion that is the responsibility of another party.
    Explanation
    An attestation engagement involves a CPA providing a written communication expressing a conclusion regarding the reliability of a written assertion made by another party. This means that the CPA is responsible for evaluating the accuracy and credibility of the information provided by the other party and expressing an opinion on its reliability. This type of engagement requires the CPA to assess the evidence and perform procedures to support their conclusion, ensuring that the assertion can be relied upon by users of the information.

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  • 9. 

    Recording, classifying, and summarizing economic events in a logical manner for the purpose of providing financial information for decision making is commonly called:

    • A.

      Finance

    • B.

      Auditing

    • C.

      Accounting

    • D.

      Economics

    Correct Answer
    C. Accounting
    Explanation
    Accounting involves the process of recording, classifying, and summarizing economic events in a logical manner. This is done to provide financial information that is essential for decision making. Finance is a broader term that encompasses various aspects of managing money and investments. Auditing is the examination and evaluation of financial records and statements to ensure accuracy and compliance. Economics, on the other hand, is the study of how individuals, businesses, and societies allocate limited resources to satisfy their needs and wants. Therefore, the correct answer for this question is accounting.

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  • 10. 

    In the audit of historical financial statements, which of the following accounting bases is the most common?

    • A.

      Regulatory accounting principles.

    • B.

      Cash basis of accounting.

    • C.

      Generally accepted accounting principles.

    • D.

      Liquidation basis of accounting.

    Correct Answer
    C. Generally accepted accounting principles.
    Explanation
    The most common accounting basis in the audit of historical financial statements is generally accepted accounting principles (GAAP). GAAP is a set of accounting standards and guidelines that companies use to prepare and present their financial statements. It ensures consistency and comparability in financial reporting, allowing users of financial statements to make informed decisions. Regulatory accounting principles may be specific to certain industries or jurisdictions, while the cash basis of accounting and liquidation basis of accounting are not as widely used or accepted as GAAP.

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  • 11. 

    Any service that requires a CPA firm to issue a report about the reliability of an assertion that is made by another party is a(n):

    • A.

      Accounting and bookkeeping service.

    • B.

      Attestation service.

    • C.

      Assurance service.

    • D.

      Tax service.

    Correct Answer
    B. Attestation service.
    Explanation
    An attestation service is required when a CPA firm needs to issue a report regarding the reliability of an assertion made by another party. This typically involves examining and evaluating the evidence and documentation provided by the party and providing an opinion on the accuracy and validity of the assertion. This type of service goes beyond traditional accounting and bookkeeping tasks and falls under the broader category of assurance services, which aim to enhance the credibility and reliability of financial information. Tax services, on the other hand, focus specifically on tax-related matters and may not involve issuing reports on the reliability of assertions made by other parties.

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  • 12. 

    Three common types of attestation services are:

    • A.

      Audits, reviews, and “other” attestation services.

    • B.

      Audits, verifications, and “other” attestation services.

    • C.

      Reviews, verifications, and “other” attestation services.

    • D.

      Audits, reviews, and verifications.

    Correct Answer
    A. Audits, reviews, and “other” attestation services.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is audits, reviews, and "other" attestation services. This answer is correct because it accurately identifies the three common types of attestation services. Audits involve the examination of financial statements to provide assurance on their reliability. Reviews involve limited procedures performed on financial statements to provide a lower level of assurance. "Other" attestation services refer to a wide range of non-audit and non-review engagements, such as agreed-upon procedures or compliance examinations. The options that include verifications are incorrect because verification is not a commonly recognized type of attestation service.

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  • 13. 

    The organization that is responsible for providing oversight for auditors of public companies is called the ________.

    • A.

      Auditing Standards Board.

    • B.

      American Institute of Certified Public Accountants.

    • C.

      Public Oversight Board.

    • D.

      Public Company Accounting Oversight Board.

    Correct Answer
    D. Public Company Accounting Oversight Board.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Public Company Accounting Oversight Board. This organization is responsible for providing oversight for auditors of public companies. They establish auditing and quality control standards for auditors, conduct inspections and investigations of audit firms, and enforce compliance with these standards. The Auditing Standards Board is a different organization responsible for developing auditing standards, while the American Institute of Certified Public Accountants is a professional organization for accountants. The Public Oversight Board is no longer in existence.

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  • 14. 

    Providing quantitative information that management and others can use to make decisions is the function of:.

    • A.

      Management information systems

    • B.

      Auditing

    • C.

      Finance

    • D.

      Accounting

    Correct Answer
    D. Accounting
    Explanation
    Accounting is the correct answer because it involves the process of recording, analyzing, and interpreting financial information to provide quantitative data that can be used by management and others to make informed decisions. Accounting plays a crucial role in providing financial statements, reports, and analysis that help in evaluating the financial performance of a business, assessing its profitability, liquidity, and solvency, and making strategic decisions. It provides a systematic and organized way of presenting financial information, ensuring accuracy and reliability, and facilitating effective decision-making.

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  • 15. 

    An operational audit has as one of its objectives to:

    • A.

      Determine whether the financial statements fairly present the entity’s operations.

    • B.

      Evaluate the feasibility of attaining the entity’s operational objectives.

    • C.

      Make recommendations for improving performance.

    • D.

      Report on the entity’s relative success in attaining profit maximization.

    Correct Answer
    C. Make recommendations for improving performance.
    Explanation
    An operational audit is conducted to assess the efficiency and effectiveness of an organization's operations. It focuses on evaluating the processes, procedures, and systems in place and identifying areas for improvement. The objective of a operational audit is to make recommendations for enhancing performance and optimizing the organization's operations. It does not specifically aim to determine the fairness of financial statements, evaluate the feasibility of operational objectives, or report on profit maximization.

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  • 16. 

    An audit of historical financial statements is most often performed to determine whether the:

    • A.

      Organization is operating efficiently and effectively.

    • B.

      Entity is following specific procedures or rules set down by some higher authority.

    • C.

      Management team is fulfilling its fiduciary responsibilities to shareholders.

    • D.

      None of these choices.

    Correct Answer
    D. None of these choices.
    Explanation
    An audit of historical financial statements is most often performed to determine whether the financial statements are presented fairly and in accordance with the applicable accounting standards. It involves examining the financial records, transactions, and internal controls of an organization to ensure their accuracy and reliability. The purpose is to provide assurance to stakeholders, such as shareholders, lenders, and investors, about the financial health and integrity of the organization. The given choices do not accurately reflect the primary objective of a financial statement audit.

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  • 17. 

    An examination of part of an organization’s procedures and methods for the purpose of evaluating efficiency and effectiveness is what type of audit?

    • A.

      Operational audit.

    • B.

      Compliance audit.

    • C.

      Financial statement audit.

    • D.

      Production audit.

    Correct Answer
    A. Operational audit.
    Explanation
    An operational audit is conducted to evaluate the efficiency and effectiveness of an organization's procedures and methods. It focuses on assessing the operational aspects of the organization, such as its processes, systems, and controls. This type of audit helps identify areas where improvements can be made to enhance productivity, reduce costs, and optimize resources. A compliance audit, on the other hand, examines whether an organization is adhering to relevant laws, regulations, and internal policies. A financial statement audit reviews an organization's financial records and statements for accuracy and compliance with accounting standards. A production audit assesses the efficiency and effectiveness of a company's production processes.

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  • 18. 

    An audit to determine whether an entity is following specific procedures or rules set down by some higher authority is classified as a(n):

    • A.

      Audit of financial statements.

    • B.

      Compliance audit.

    • C.

      Operational audit.

    • D.

      Production audit.

    Correct Answer
    B. Compliance audit.
    Explanation
    A compliance audit is conducted to assess whether an entity is adhering to specific procedures or rules set by a higher authority. This type of audit ensures that the entity is in compliance with legal requirements and industry standards. It focuses on evaluating internal controls, policies, and procedures to identify any non-compliance issues and recommend corrective actions. The other options, such as audit of financial statements, operational audit, and production audit, do not specifically address the objective of determining compliance with specific procedures or rules.

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  • 19. 

    Which of the following services provides the lowest level of assurance on a financial statement?

    • A.

      A review

    • B.

      An audit

    • C.

      Neither service provides assurance on financial statements.

    • D.

      Each service provides the same level of assurance on financial statements.

    Correct Answer
    A. A review
    Explanation
    A review provides the lowest level of assurance on a financial statement. Unlike an audit, a review is a limited examination of the financial statements and does not involve obtaining a high level of assurance. It consists of analytical procedures and inquiries, but does not require the auditor to perform extensive testing or obtain corroborating evidence. Therefore, a review provides a lower level of assurance compared to an audit.

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  • 20. 

    In “auditing” financial accounting data, the primary concern is with:

    • A.

      Determining whether recorded information properly reflects the economic events that occurred during the accounting period.

    • B.

      Determining if fraud has occurred.

    • C.

      Determining if taxable income has been calculated correctly.

    • D.

      Analyzing the financial information to be sure that it complies with government requirements.

    Correct Answer
    A. Determining whether recorded information properly reflects the economic events that occurred during the accounting period.
    Explanation
    The primary concern in auditing financial accounting data is to determine whether the recorded information accurately reflects the economic events that took place during the accounting period. This involves reviewing the financial records, transactions, and statements to ensure that they are complete, accurate, and in accordance with the relevant accounting principles and standards. The goal is to provide assurance to stakeholders that the financial information is reliable and can be used for decision-making purposes.

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  • 21. 

    Which of the following is not a Trust Services principle as defined by the AICPA or CICA?

    • A.

      Online privacy.

    • B.

      Availability.

    • C.

      Processing integrity.

    • D.

      Operational integrity.

    Correct Answer
    D. Operational integrity.
    Explanation
    Operational integrity is not a Trust Services principle as defined by the AICPA or CICA. The Trust Services principles are a set of criteria used to assess and evaluate the effectiveness of controls over information systems. The four Trust Services principles are security, availability, processing integrity, and confidentiality. While online privacy is not explicitly mentioned in the options, it can be considered as part of the confidentiality principle.

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  • 22. 

    Which one of the following is more difficult to evaluate objectively?

    • A.

      Presentation of financial statements in accordance with generally accepted accounting principles.

    • B.

      Compliance with government regulations.

    • C.

      Efficiency and effectiveness of operations.

    • D.

      All three of the above are equally difficult.

    Correct Answer
    C. Efficiency and effectiveness of operations.
    Explanation
    The efficiency and effectiveness of operations is more difficult to evaluate objectively compared to the presentation of financial statements and compliance with government regulations. This is because the evaluation of operations involves subjective judgments and assessments of various factors such as processes, performance, and outcomes. It requires a deeper understanding of the organization's goals, strategies, and internal workings, making it inherently more challenging to objectively measure and evaluate. On the other hand, the presentation of financial statements can be assessed based on established accounting principles, and compliance with government regulations can be evaluated based on specific legal requirements, both of which provide more objective criteria for evaluation.

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  • 23. 

    The Sarbanes-Oxley Act prohibits a CPA firm that audits a public company from providing which of the following types of services to that company?

    • A.

      Reviews of quarterly financial statements.

    • B.

      Preparation of corporate tax returns.

    • C.

      Most consulting services.

    • D.

      Tax services.

    Correct Answer
    C. Most consulting services.
    Explanation
    The Sarbanes-Oxley Act prohibits a CPA firm from providing most consulting services to a public company that it audits. This is to ensure independence and objectivity in the auditing process. The act aims to prevent conflicts of interest and maintain the integrity of financial reporting. While reviews of quarterly financial statements and preparation of corporate tax returns are allowed, tax services and consulting services are restricted to maintain the independence of the auditing firm.

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  • 24. 

    Which of the following audits can be regarded as generally being a compliance audit?

    • A.

      IRS agents’ examinations of taxpayer returns.

    • B.

      GAO auditor’s evaluation of the computer operations of governmental units.

    • C.

      An internal auditor’s review of a company’s payroll authorization procedures.

    • D.

      A CPA firm’s audit of the local school district.

    Correct Answer
    A. IRS agents’ examinations of taxpayer returns.
    Explanation
    IRS agents’ examinations of taxpayer returns can be regarded as generally being a compliance audit because they are specifically conducted to ensure that taxpayers are complying with the tax laws and regulations. The purpose of these audits is to verify that taxpayers have accurately reported their income, claimed deductions and credits correctly, and paid the appropriate amount of taxes. The focus is on determining whether taxpayers have followed the compliance requirements set by the IRS.

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  • 25. 

    The trait that distinguishes auditors from accountants is the:

    • A.

      Auditor’s ability to interpret accounting principles generally accepted in the United States.

    • B.

      Auditor’s education beyond the Bachelor’s degree.

    • C.

      Auditor’s ability to interpret FASB Statements.

    • D.

      Auditor’s accumulation and interpretation of evidence related to a company’s financial statements.

    Correct Answer
    D. Auditor’s accumulation and interpretation of evidence related to a company’s financial statements.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "auditor’s accumulation and interpretation of evidence related to a company’s financial statements." This is because auditors are responsible for examining and evaluating a company's financial records and statements to ensure their accuracy and compliance with accounting principles. This involves gathering evidence, such as invoices, receipts, and bank statements, and interpreting this information to form an opinion on the financial health and performance of the company. It is this focus on evidence and interpretation that sets auditors apart from accountants and other financial professionals.

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  • 26. 

    Attestation services on information technology include WebTrust services and SysTrust services. Which of the following statements most accurately describes SysTrust services?

    • A.

      SysTrust services provide assurance on business processes, transaction integrity and information processes.

    • B.

      SysTrust services provide assurance on system reliability in critical areas such as security and data integrity.

    • C.

      SysTrust services provide assurance on internal control over financial reporting.

    • D.

      SysTrust services provide assurance as to whether accounting personnel are following procedures prescribed by the company controller.

    Correct Answer
    B. SysTrust services provide assurance on system reliability in critical areas such as security and data integrity.
    Explanation
    SysTrust services provide assurance on system reliability in critical areas such as security and data integrity. This means that SysTrust services evaluate and validate the reliability of systems in terms of their ability to protect sensitive information, maintain data integrity, and ensure secure transactions. These services focus on critical areas that are essential for businesses to operate securely and efficiently.

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  • 27. 

    The criteria by which an auditor evaluates the information under audit may vary with the information being audited.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because different types of information require different evaluation criteria during an audit. For example, financial information may be evaluated based on accuracy, completeness, and compliance with accounting standards, while operational information may be evaluated based on efficiency, effectiveness, and adherence to organizational policies. Therefore, the auditor must adapt their evaluation criteria based on the nature and purpose of the information being audited.

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  • 28. 

    The criteria used by an external auditor to evaluate published financial statements are known as generally accepted auditing standards.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The explanation for the given correct answer is that the criteria used by an external auditor to evaluate published financial statements are actually known as generally accepted auditing principles (GAAP), not generally accepted auditing standards (GAAS). GAAS refers to the standards that auditors must follow when conducting an audit, while GAAP refers to the accounting principles and guidelines that companies must follow when preparing their financial statements. Therefore, the statement is false.

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  • 29. 

    Only companies that file annual statements with the Securities and Exchange Commission are required to have an annual external audit.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The given statement implies that companies that file annual statements with the Securities and Exchange Commission (SEC) are mandated to have an annual external audit. This means that these companies are required to have their financial statements audited by an independent external auditor to ensure accuracy and compliance with regulations. Therefore, the statement is true as it states the requirement for an annual external audit for companies filing annual statements with the SEC.

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  • 30. 

    The financial statements most commonly audited by external auditors are the balance sheet, the income statement, and the statement of changes in retained earnings.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    External auditors typically audit a company's financial statements, including the balance sheet, income statement, and statement of changes in retained earnings. Therefore, the statement that the financial statements most commonly audited by external auditors are the balance sheet, income statement, and statement of changes in retained earnings is true.

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  • 31. 

    The primary purpose of a compliance audit is to determine whether the financial statements are prepared in compliance with generally accepted accounting principles.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The primary purpose of a compliance audit is to determine whether an organization is adhering to laws, regulations, and internal policies. It focuses on evaluating whether the organization is following the required procedures and controls to ensure compliance. While financial statements may be part of the audit process, the main objective is not specifically to determine compliance with accounting principles.

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  • 32. 

    Results of compliance audits are typically reported to someone within the organizational unit being audited rather than to a broad spectrum of outside users.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Compliance audits are conducted to assess whether an organization is adhering to specific laws, regulations, or internal policies. The results of these audits are typically reported to someone within the organizational unit being audited, such as management or the board of directors. This allows for internal stakeholders to be informed about any compliance issues and take appropriate actions to address them. Reporting the results to a broad spectrum of outside users may not be necessary or relevant in most cases. Therefore, the statement that results of compliance audits are typically reported to someone within the organizational unit being audited is true.

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  • 33. 

    CPA firms are never allowed to provide bookkeeping services for audit clients.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    CPA firms are allowed to provide bookkeeping services for audit clients, but there are certain restrictions and safeguards in place to ensure independence and objectivity. These restrictions include having a separate team or department handling the bookkeeping services and ensuring that the individuals involved in bookkeeping are not involved in the audit process. This separation helps maintain the integrity and independence of the audit process. Therefore, the statement "CPA firms are never allowed to provide bookkeeping services for audit clients" is false.

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