Try Out Test Center SBMPTN 2019 - Soshum

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Try Out Test Center SBMPTN 2019 - Soshum - Quiz

Jika bisa dilakukan nanti, kenapa harus sekarang (?) Gitu?? Hmmm Jika orang lain bisa lolos SBMPTN, kenapa harus kamu (?) Beneran kek gitu???


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

  • 2. 

    Glosarium =…..

    • A.

      Lampiran

    • B.

      Bagian penutup

    • C.

      Indeks

    • D.

      Intisari

    • E.

      Kamus ringkas

    Correct Answer
    E. Kamus ringkas
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Kamus ringkas". The given options are all related to a glossary or index, but "Kamus ringkas" specifically refers to a concise or compact dictionary. Therefore, it is the most appropriate choice among the options provided.

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  • 3. 

    Trobadur = ….

    • A.

      Irama

    • B.

      Penyanyi lagu cinta

    • C.

      Pemusik

    • D.

      Penyanyi seriosa

    • E.

      Pemain drum

    Correct Answer
    B. Penyanyi lagu cinta
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Penyanyi lagu cinta" because a "trobadur" is a type of musician or poet who composed and performed songs about love and romance. Therefore, "penyanyi lagu cinta" which translates to "singer of love songs" is the most appropriate description for a trobadur.

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  • 4. 

    Centeng =….

    • A.

      Centang

    • B.

      Seksi

    • C.

      Alat untuk membidik

    • D.

      Enteng

    • E.

      Body guard

    Correct Answer
    E. Body guard
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Body guard" because the word "Centeng" is a misspelling of the word "Centang", which means "checkmark" in Indonesian. None of the other options are related to the word "Centeng" or "Centang", so "Body guard" is the most logical choice.

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  • 5. 

    Insentif : Prestasi = ….. : ……

    • A.

      Penghormatan : kepribadian

    • B.

      Kebutuhan : pemenuhan kebutuhan

    • C.

      Hadiah : pengabdian

    • D.

      Hak : kewajiban

    • E.

      Motivasi : kinerja

    Correct Answer
    C. Hadiah : pengabdian
    Explanation
    The relationship between "Insentif : Prestasi" suggests that "Hadiah : pengabdian" is the correct answer. Just like incentives are given to reward achievements, rewards (hadiah) are given to acknowledge and appreciate dedication and service (pengabdian). Both pairs represent a situation where something is given as a result of a specific action or behavior. Therefore, "Hadiah : pengabdian" is the most appropriate analogy.

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  • 6. 

    Pribadi : kelompok : masyarakat = ….. : ….. : …..

    • A.

      Saya : kita : mereka

    • B.

      Jarang : sering : selalu

    • C.

      Huruf : kata : roman

    • D.

      Padi : karung : lumbung

    • E.

      Makan : minum : perbuatan

    Correct Answer
    C. Huruf : kata : roman
    Explanation
    The relationship between "huruf" (letters), "kata" (words), and "roman" (Roman) is that "huruf" are the individual characters that make up "kata," and "roman" refers to the Roman alphabet used to write words. This is similar to how "kelompok" (group) is made up of individuals in a "masyarakat" (society). Similarly, "kita" (we) is a group that includes "saya" (me) and "mereka" (them). "Jarang" (rarely) is the opposite of "sering" (often), just like "selalu" (always) is the extreme opposite. "Padi" (rice) is stored in a "lumbung" (barn), just as "karung" (sack) is used to store it. "Makan" (eat) and "minum" (drink) are both actions or behaviors related to consuming food and beverages.

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  • 7. 

    Sasando : nusa tenggara timur = siter : ……

    • A.

      Jawa tengah

    • B.

      Jawa barat

    • C.

      Papua

    • D.

      Aceh

    • E.

      Kalimantan

    Correct Answer
    A. Jawa tengah
    Explanation
    The given analogy is comparing the relationship between "Sasando" and "nusa tenggara timur" with the relationship between "siter" and the missing term. "Sasando" is a traditional musical instrument from the region of "nusa tenggara timur" in Indonesia. Similarly, "siter" is a traditional musical instrument from the region of "Jawa tengah" (Central Java) in Indonesia. Therefore, the correct answer is "Jawa tengah."

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  • 8. 

    1, 3, 7, 13 ……

    • A.

      21

    • B.

      33

    • C.

      11

    • D.

      12

    • E.

      20

    Correct Answer
    A. 21
    Explanation
    The given sequence follows a pattern of adding consecutive odd numbers. Starting with 1, the next number is obtained by adding 2 to the previous number (1+2=3). The following number is obtained by adding 4 to the previous number (3+4=7), and so on. Therefore, the next number in the sequence would be obtained by adding 6 to the previous number (13+6=19). However, since 19 is not an option, the next number in the sequence would be obtained by adding 8 to the previous number (13+8=21).

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  • 9. 

    A, K, C , ….. , E, O, G

    • A.

      M

    • B.

      N

    • C.

      O

    • D.

      P

    • E.

      F

    Correct Answer
    B. N
    Explanation
    The sequence follows a pattern where each letter is two positions ahead of the previous letter in the alphabet. Starting with A, the next letter is C, then E, and so on. Following this pattern, the missing letter should be two positions ahead of C, which is E. Therefore, the correct answer is N.

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  • 10. 

    YXW, FGH, VUT, IJK, SRQ, LMN, ….. , OPQ

    • A.

      OPN

    • B.

      PON

    • C.

      PMN

    • D.

      MNO

    • E.

      MOP

    Correct Answer
    B. PON
    Explanation
    The given sequence follows a pattern where the first letter of each group is in reverse alphabetical order, the second letter is in alphabetical order, and the third letter is in reverse alphabetical order. Following this pattern, the next group should have the first letter as 'O', the second letter as 'P', and the third letter as 'N'. Therefore, the correct answer is "PON".

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  • 11. 

    9, 9, 9, 6, 9, 3, ….

    • A.

      6

    • B.

      3

    • C.

      9

    • D.

      -3

    • E.

      0

    Correct Answer
    C. 9
    Explanation
    The given sequence appears to be repeating the numbers 9, 6, and 3 in a pattern. The first three numbers are all 9, followed by a 6, and then a 9 again. This pattern continues, with the next number being a 3. Therefore, based on the pattern, the next number in the sequence would be 9.

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  • 12. 

    …. , C, F, J, O, U

    • A.

      T

    • B.

      A

    • C.

      V

    • D.

      W

    • E.

      X

    Correct Answer
    B. A
    Explanation
    The given sequence follows a pattern where each letter is the result of adding a certain number of positions to the previous letter. Starting with the letter T, we add 1 position to get A, then 2 positions to get V, then 3 positions to get W, and so on. Therefore, the next letter in the sequence would be the result of adding 4 positions to the previous letter, which is A.

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  • 13. 

    Tanaman yang bijinnya berkeping dua memiliki akar tunggang. Semua tumbuhan palem meliki akar serabut. Tanaman Z adalah tanaman yang bijinya berkeping dua.

    • A.

      Tanaman Z bukan tumbuhan palem

    • B.

      Tumbuhan palem yang memiliki akar tunggang hanyalah tanaman Z

    • C.

      Tanaman Z memiliki akar serabut

    • D.

      Tanaman Z adalah tumbuhan palem yang memiliki akar tunggang

    • E.

      Tanaman Z adalah jenis tumbuhan palem

    Correct Answer
    A. Tanaman Z bukan tumbuhan palem
    Explanation
    The given correct answer is "Tanaman Z bukan tumbuhan palem" because it states that Tanaman Z is not a palm plant. This is inferred from the statement that all palm plants have fibrous roots, while Tanaman Z has a taproot. Therefore, Tanaman Z does not belong to the category of palm plants.

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  • 14. 

    Jika Tini rajin belajar, maka dia akan memperoleh indeks prestasi yang baik. Kenyataannya Tini tidak rajin belajar.

    • A.

      Tidak dapat disimpulkan

    • B.

      Tini adalah anak yang pintar

    • C.

      Semua kesimpulan benar

    • D.

      Tini tidak memperoleh indeks prestasi yang baik

    • E.

      Tini memperoleh indeks prestasi yang baik

    Correct Answer
    A. Tidak dapat disimpulkan
    Explanation
    The given statement states that if Tini studies diligently, she will obtain a good academic index. However, it is also mentioned that Tini is not diligent in studying. Based on this information, we cannot conclude whether Tini will obtain a good academic index or not. Therefore, the correct answer is "Tidak dapat disimpulkan" (Cannot be concluded).

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  • 15. 

    Setiap mahasiswi berprestasi pasti terkenal dikampusnya. Setiap mahasiswi yang aktif dalam pembelajaran pasti berprestasi. Sebagian mahasiswi MIPA terkenal di kampusnya.

    • A.

      Sebagian mahasiswi berprestasi namun tidak terkenal di kampusnya

    • B.

      Ada mahasiswi aktif dalam pembelajaran tapi tidak terkenal di kampusnya

    • C.

      Seluruh mahasiswi MIPA berprestasi dan terkenal di kampusnya

    • D.

      Mahasiswi MIPA yang aktif dalam pembelajaran pasti terkenal di kampusnya.

    • E.

      Sebagian mahasiswa MIPA yang aktif dalam pembelajaran tidak terkenal di kampusnya

    Correct Answer
    D. Mahasiswi MIPA yang aktif dalam pembelajaran pasti terkenal di kampusnya.
    Explanation
    The given correct answer states that "Mahasiswi MIPA yang aktif dalam pembelajaran pasti terkenal di kampusnya" which means that female students majoring in MIPA (Mathematics and Natural Sciences) who are active in learning will definitely be famous on campus. This conclusion is based on the information provided in the statements where it is mentioned that every female student who is active in learning will excel and that some MIPA female students are famous on campus. Therefore, it can be inferred that MIPA female students who are active in learning will surely be famous on campus.

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  • 16. 

    Semua burung bernafas dengan paru-paru. Semua merpati adalah burung. Jadi…..

    • A.

      Semua merpati tidak bernafas dengan paru-paru

    • B.

      Semua merpati bernafas dengan paru-paru

    • C.

      Tidak semua merpati bernafas dengan paru-paru

    • D.

      Sebagian merpati adalah burung

    • E.

      Sebagian merpati bernafas dengan paru-paru

    Correct Answer
    B. Semua merpati bernafas dengan paru-paru
    Explanation
    Based on the given information, it is stated that all birds breathe with lungs and all doves are birds. Therefore, it can be inferred that all doves breathe with lungs.

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  • 17. 

    Yuni dan Yani selalu makan bersama di pagi hari. Yuni sedang sakit.

    • A.

      Yani sedang sakit

    • B.

      Yuni dan Yani sakitnya sama

    • C.

      Yuni dan Yani tidak makan bersama

    • D.

      Yuni dan Yani tetap makan pagi bersama

    • E.

      Tidak dapat disimpulkan

    Correct Answer
    E. Tidak dapat disimpulkan
    Explanation
    The given information states that Yuni and Yani always eat together in the morning. However, it does not provide any information about their current situation or whether they are still able to eat together. Therefore, it cannot be concluded whether Yuni and Yani still eat breakfast together or not.

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  • 18. 

    Semua bunga di taman Kepuntren berwarna putih. Semua putri suka bunga. Vinny Dwi membawa bunga berwarna biru.

    • A.

      Putri suka bunga biru

    • B.

      Taman Keputren ada bunga birunya

    • C.

      Putri tidak suka bunga putih

    • D.

      Vinny Dwi tidak suka bunga

    • E.

      Bunga yang dibawa Vinny Dwi bukan dari Keputren

    Correct Answer
    E. Bunga yang dibawa Vinny Dwi bukan dari Keputren
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Bunga yang dibawa Vinny Dwi bukan dari Keputren" because it is stated in the given information that semua bunga di taman Kepuntren berwarna putih (all flowers in Kepuntren garden are white), and Vinny Dwi membawa bunga berwarna biru (Vinny Dwi brings blue flowers). Therefore, the flowers Vinny Dwi brings are not from the Kepuntren garden.

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  • 19. 

    Tidak semua hipotesis penelitian terbukti benar. Sementara penelitian disertasi tidak menguji hipotesis.

    • A.

      Semua doctor, hipotesis disertasinya benar

    • B.

      Semua hipotesis penelitian terbukti benar

    • C.

      Semua hipotesis disertasi terbukti benar

    • D.

      Sementara hipotesis disertasi tidak terbukti benar.

    • E.

      Tidak ada kesimpulan yang benar

    Correct Answer
    D. Sementara hipotesis disertasi tidak terbukti benar.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Sementara hipotesis disertasi tidak terbukti benar." This answer is supported by the statement "Sementara penelitian disertasi tidak menguji hipotesis." which means that dissertations do not test hypotheses. Therefore, it is implied that the hypotheses in dissertations are not proven to be true.

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  • 20. 

    Dev, Kumar, Nilesh, Ankur, dan Pito sedang berdiri menghadap ke Utara di taman bermain: Kumar berada pada jarak 40 m di sebelah kanan Ankur Dev berada pada jarak 60 m di selatan Kumar Nilesh berada pada jarak 25 m di sebelah barat Ankur Pinto berada pada jarak 90 m di utara Dev Siapa yang berada di timur Laut orang yang berada di sebelah kiri Kumar ?

    • A.

      Dev

    • B.

      Nilesh

    • C.

      Ankur

    • D.

      Pinto

    • E.

      Tidak dapat ditentukan

    Correct Answer
    D. Pinto
    Explanation
    Pito is the person who is located to the northeast of the person who is on the left side of Kumar. Since Pito is located to the north of Dev, who is located to the south of Kumar, Pito must be to the northeast of Kumar. Therefore, Pito is the person who is located to the east-northeast of the person who is on the left side of Kumar.

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  • 21. 

    Seorang karyawan sebuah pabrik bertugas memberikan kode produksi suatu barang yang terdiri atas 5 angka. Kode tersebut harus memenuhi aturan sebagai berikut : Kode hanya terdiri atas angka-angka 0, 1, 2, 3, dan 4 Setiap angka hanya digunakan sekali Nilai angka kedua adalah dua kali nilai angka pertama Nilai angka ketiga lebih kecil daripada nilai angka kelima Jika angka terakhir pada kode produksi adalah 1, maka pernyataan yang benar adalah…

    • A.

      Angka pertama adalah 2

    • B.

      Angka kedua adalah 0

    • C.

      Angka ketiga adalah 4

    • D.

      Angka keempat adalah 4

    • E.

      Angka keempat adalah 0

    Correct Answer
    A. Angka pertama adalah 2
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Angka pertama adalah 2" because the second condition states that the second digit is twice the value of the first digit. Since the last digit is 1, the first digit must be 2 in order to satisfy this condition.

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  • 22. 

    Bangun Manakah yang dapat dibentuk dari jarring diatas ?

    Correct Answer
    E.
  • 23. 

    Perhatikan deretan gambar di bawah ini kemudian carilah satu gambar yang tidak sesuai dengan yang lainnya

    Correct Answer
    B.
  • 24. 

    Dari lima buah gambar di bawah ini terdapat satu gambar yang tidak sesuai dengan yang lainnya. Tunjukan gambar yang tidak sesuai itu.

    Correct Answer
    D.
  • 25. 

    Gambar ke-4 yang merupakan lanjutan dari pola di bawah ini adalah…

    Correct Answer
    C.
  • 26. 

    Katak pandai berenang Tupai pandai melompat Katak melompat : …

    Correct Answer
    A.
    Explanation
    Katak melompat. This can be inferred from the given information that the katak is skilled at swimming, while the tupai is skilled at jumping. Since the question states "katak melompat" (frog jumps), it can be concluded that frogs are also skilled at jumping.

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  • 27. 

    Bangun yang dibentuk dari jarring-jaring pada soal adalah ?

    Correct Answer
    E.
    Explanation
    The question is asking for the shape formed by the given net. However, the net is not provided in the question, so it is not possible to determine the shape formed. Therefore, an explanation cannot be provided.

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  • 28. 

    Manakah kelanjutan dari gambar di bawah ini ?

    Correct Answer
    C.
  • 29. 

    Bangun di atas dapat dibentuk….

    Correct Answer
    E.
  • 30. 

    Dari bangun yang ada, manakah yang mempunyai pola yang berbeda ?

    Correct Answer
    E.
  • 31. 

    Bangun yang dibentuk dari jaring-jaring pada soal adalah ?

    Correct Answer
    C.
  • 32. 

    Bacaan untuk soal nomor 31 – 35             (1) Pemerintah tengah merumuskan sistem hukuman berlapis untuk para pembakar lahan dan hutan yang menyebabkan bencana kabut asap di Indonesia. (2) Presiden Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono menyebut pelaku pembakaran hutan telah melakukan kejahatan kemanusiaan. (3) Kabut asap pembakaran ini ialah kejahatan kemanusiaan. (4) Orang sesak, tak bisa sekolah, dan tidak bisa beraktivitas selama berminggu-minggu lamanya.             (5) Menurut Kepala Negara, sebagian besar kasus kebakaran hutan di Riau terjadi dengan sengaja dibakar. (6) Presiden mengancam tidak akan segan-segan menindak tegas pelaku yang melanggarnya, siapa pun orangnya. (7) “Tidak ada yang setengah hati. Pihak-pihak yang melakukan pelanggaran harus diberi sanksi yang tegas,” tukas Presiden. (8) Saat ini Satgas Penanggulangan Bencana Asap merumuskan sistem hukuman berlapis bagi pelaku kejahatan di sektor kehutanan. (9) Deputi Kepala Unit Kerja Presiden Bidang Pengawasan dan Pengendalian Pembangunan (UKP4) Bidang Penegakan Hukum, Mas Ahmad Santosa, menegaskan nantinya perusahaan yang membakar lahan akan dijerat pasal berlapis dari berbagai undang-undang terkait, seperti UU Perkebunan, atau bahkan UU Nomor 32 Tahun 2009 tentang Perlindungan dan Pengelolaan Lingkungan Hidup. Menurutnya, UU 32/2009 memberi dasar hukum bagi pengenaan tindak pidana korporasi.             (10) Mas Ahmad berpendapat pengenaan tindak pidana korporasi ini penting agar pimpinan perusahaan lebih ekstra hati-hati. (11) Bahkan jika ditemui dugaan korupsi sektor kehutanan, pemerintah akan menggandeng Komisi Pemberantasan Korupsi. (12) “Selain pidana, negara juga akan menuntut secara perdata terkait gugatan ganti kerugian ekosistem dan biaya pemulihan lingkungan.” (13) Saat ini sudah 63 orang ditetapkan sebagai tersangka dan satu tersangka korporasi, yaitu PT National Sagu Prima. 31. Pengelolaan perkebunan kelapa sawit menuntut perubahan perilaku dan pola konsumsi yang berbasis ekonomi kapitalistik menjadi ekonomi hijau yang proenvironment guna mengurangi kemiskinan secara bermakna di tengah warga. Satu hal yang kerap dilupakan saat melawan kampanye negatif adalah agroindustri berbasis kelapa sawit ini baru bisa membesarkan kalangan pemodal besar dan sejumlah kecil petani mandiri. Masih banyak petani dan buruh kelapa sawit yang masih miskin karena belum terangkat kesejahteraannya. Mereka hanya sekadar bagian dari sistem pendorong peningkatan nilai ekspor CPO, tetapi belum ikut menikmati madu keuntungan komoditas emas hijau ini. Manakah kalimat yang tepat untuk menutup teks di atas?

    • A.

      Hal tersebut disebabkan oleh atmosfer politik pertanian yang carut-marut yang memosisikan Indonesia kesulitan menghadapi perdagangan global yang kian liberal harus ditata kembali.

    • B.

      Sehingga, Patut disadari bahwa kampanye negatif minyak kelapa sawit tak cukup hanya dilawan dengan mengatakan itu bagian dari persaingan bisnis minyak nabati.

    • C.

      Dengan demikian, langkah-langkah strategis perlu terus dilakukan, baik dalam hal proses produksinya, infrastruktur maupun pelestarian lingkungan.

    • D.

      Oleh karena itu, perlu diupayakan agar semua petani, perkebunan dan pabrik harus mampu meluruskan dan menjawab berbagai permintaan pasar demi meningkatkan kesejahteraan.

    • E.

      Oleh karena itu, Pemerintah harus mengupayakan agar produk minyak sawit mentah Indonesia dapat diterima di pasar Eropa.

    Correct Answer
    D. Oleh karena itu, perlu diupayakan agar semua petani, perkebunan dan pabrik harus mampu meluruskan dan menjawab berbagai permintaan pasar demi meningkatkan kesejahteraan.
    Explanation
    The correct answer suggests that it is necessary for all farmers, plantations, and factories to be able to respond to and meet various market demands in order to improve welfare. This implies that the current situation is not ideal, as many farmers and plantation workers in the palm oil industry are still poor and have not benefited from the profits of the industry. Therefore, efforts should be made to ensure that all stakeholders in the industry are able to adapt and meet market demands in order to improve their well-being.

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  • 33. 

    Manakah rangkuman yang tepat untuk teks di atas?

    • A.

      Pemerintah tengah merumuskan sistem hukuman berlapis untuk para pembakar lahan dan hutan yang menyebabkan bencana kabut asap di Indonesia. Kabut asap pembakaran ini ialah kejahatan kemanusiaan. Masyarakat sangat terganggu dalam menjalankan aktivitas sehari-hari.

    • B.

      Pemerintah tengah merumuskan sistem hukuman berlapis untuk para pembakar lahan dan hutan yang menyebabkan bencana kabut asap di Indonesia. Masyarakat sangat terganggu dalam menjalankan aktivitas sehari-hari. Presiden mengancam tidak akan segan-segan menindak tegas pelaku yang melanggarnya.

    • C.

      Pemerintah tengah merumuskan sistem hukuman berlapis untuk para pembakar lahan dan hutan yang menyebabkan bencana kabut asap di Indonesia. Kabut asap pembakaran ini ialah kejahatan kemanusiaan. Negara juga akan menuntut secara pidana dan perdata terkait gugatan ganti perusakan ekosistem dan biaya pemulihan lingkungan.

    • D.

      Pemerintah tengah merumuskan sistem hukuman berlapis untuk para pembakar lahan dan hutan yang menyebabkan bencana kabut asap di Indonesia. Presiden mengancam tidak akan segan-segan menindak tegas pelaku yang melanggarnya. Selain pidana, negara juga akan menuntut secara perdata terkait gugatan ganti kerugian ekosistem dan biaya pemulihan lingkungan.

    • E.

      Pemerintah tengah merumuskan sistem hukuman berlapis untuk para pembakar lahan dan hutan yang menyebabkan bencana kabut asap di Indonesia. Kabut asap pembakaran ini ialah kejahatan kemanusiaan. Presiden mengancam tidak akan segan-segan menindak tegas pelaku yang melanggarnya.

    Correct Answer
    C. Pemerintah tengah merumuskan sistem hukuman berlapis untuk para pembakar lahan dan hutan yang menyebabkan bencana kabut asap di Indonesia. Kabut asap pembakaran ini ialah kejahatan kemanusiaan. Negara juga akan menuntut secara pidana dan perdata terkait gugatan ganti perusakan ekosistem dan biaya pemulihan lingkungan.
    Explanation
    Pemerintah sedang merumuskan sistem hukuman berlapis untuk pembakar lahan dan hutan yang menyebabkan bencana kabut asap di Indonesia. Kabut asap pembakaran ini dianggap sebagai kejahatan kemanusiaan. Selain itu, negara juga akan menuntut pelaku secara pidana dan perdata terkait gugatan ganti perusakan ekosistem dan biaya pemulihan lingkungan.

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  • 34. 

    Kalimat yang tidak efektif ditemukan pada

    • A.

      1 dan 13

    • B.

      2 dan 7

    • C.

      3 dan 8

    • D.

      4 dan 6

    • E.

      9 dan 10

    Correct Answer
    E. 9 dan 10
    Explanation
    The ineffective sentences are found in 9 and 10.

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  • 35. 

    Penulis teks di atas berpihak pada

    • A.

      Pemerintah

    • B.

      Pelaku pembakaran

    • C.

      Pembaca

    • D.

      Masyarakat

    • E.

      Tidak berpihak

    Correct Answer
    A. Pemerintah
    Explanation
    The given correct answer is "Pemerintah". This suggests that the author of the text is biased towards the government. The text may contain arguments or statements that support or favor the actions or policies of the government. The author may provide justifications or explanations that align with the government's perspective or agenda. The text may also present a positive portrayal of the government's role or actions in a particular situation.

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  • 36. 

    Pernyataan berikut yang sesuai dengan paragraf tersebut adalah .....

    • A.

      Pemerintah sudah merumuskan hukuman berlapis bagi pelaku pembakaran hutan.

    • B.

      Pelaku pembakaran dihukum dengan pasal berlapis.

    • C.

      Pasal berlapis tengah dirumuskan untuk menjerat pelaku pembakaran hutan.

    • D.

      Pihak pelanggar peraturan akan diberi sangsi yang tegas

    • E.

      Pemerintah tengah menghukum pelaku pembakaran hutan secara tegas

    Correct Answer
    C. Pasal berlapis tengah dirumuskan untuk menjerat pelaku pembakaran hutan.
    Explanation
    The given correct answer states that "multiple articles are being formulated to trap the perpetrators of forest burning." This implies that the government is working on creating a series of laws or regulations to ensure that those responsible for forest burning are held accountable.

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  • 37. 

    Sebenarnya, pemerintah melalui Direktorat Jenderal Cipta Karya sudah memiliki manual bangunan yang tahan gempa, bagaimana membangun rumah tinggal yang sanggup menahan guncangan gempa bumi. Dalam hal ini, pemerintah bisa menerapkan pengendalian melalui Izin Mendirikan Bangunan (IMB). Ketika membangun rumah, seseorang harus memenuhi struktur yang disyaratkan. Termasuk rumah-rumah yang didirikan oleh pengembang swasta. Rumah dan bangunan yang tidak memiliki IMB akan sulit terdeteksi apakah strukturnya sudah memenuhi syarat atau tidak. Pernyataan berikut yang termasuk fakta tertera pada kalimat ….

    • A.

      Pertama

    • B.

      Kedua

    • C.

      Ketiga

    • D.

      Keempat

    • E.

      Kelima

    Correct Answer
    A. Pertama
    Explanation
    The first statement is a fact because it states that the government, through the Directorate General of Public Works, already has a manual for earthquake-resistant buildings and can control the construction process through Building Construction Permits (IMB). This indicates that the government has measures in place to ensure that houses and buildings meet the required structural standards to withstand earthquakes.

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  • 38. 

                   Terorisme merupakan kejahatan terhadap kemanusiaan dan peradaban serta merupakan salah satu ancaman serius terhadap kedaulatan setiap Negara. Terorisme sudah merupakan kejahatan yang bersifat internasional yang menimbulkan bahaya terhadap keamanan, perdamaian dunia serta merugikan kesejahteraan masyarakat. Sehingga perlu dilakukan pemberantasan secara berencana dan kesinambungan agar hak asasi orang banyak dapat dilindungi dan dijunjung tinggi. Paragraf di atas dikembangkan dengan menggunakan pola sebab-sebab-akibat karena …

    • A.

      Kalimat pertama menyatakan akibat, kalimat berikutnya menyatakan sebab.

    • B.

      Kalimat pertama menyatakan sebab, kalimat kedua menyatakan sebab, dan kalimat terakhir menyatakan akibat.

    • C.

      Kalimat pertama dan kedua menyatakan akibat, kalimat terakhir menyatakan sebab.

    • D.

      Kalimat pertama, kedua, dan ketiga berhubungan.

    • E.

      Kalimat pertama menyatakan sebab, kalimat kedua dan ketiga menyatakan akibat.

    Correct Answer
    B. Kalimat pertama menyatakan sebab, kalimat kedua menyatakan sebab, dan kalimat terakhir menyatakan akibat.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Kalimat pertama menyatakan sebab, kalimat kedua menyatakan sebab, dan kalimat terakhir menyatakan akibat." This is because the paragraph starts by stating that terrorism is a crime against humanity and civilization, which is the cause. Then, it mentions that terrorism is a serious threat to the sovereignty of every country and has negative effects on security, world peace, and the well-being of society, which are the effects. The last sentence emphasizes the need for planned and continuous eradication of terrorism to protect and uphold the human rights of the people.

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  • 39. 

            Foto merupakan benang yang menambah saat-saat kehidupan kita bersama.  Kebanyakan dari kita mengambil posisi untuk berfoto, menatap foto, dan … anak sejak lahir. Foto merekam berbagai peristiwa pribadi – darmawisata dan tamasya, liburan, ulang tahun, dan upacara wisuda dan membantu menggunakan berbagai berita kepada kita. Foto mengiklankan produk dan … dokumen resmi. Apabila diputar bersama-sama dalam alat proyektor, foto-foto itu memberi hiburan seperti film. Apabila digunakan untuk menelaah tentang pemecahan atom atau menangkap cahaya yang telah dianalisis oleh spektroskop, foto itu membantu … ilmu pengetahuan. Untuk melengkapi titik-titik pada teks di atas, kata-kata yang tepat ….

    • A.

      Memfoto, produksi, perkembangan

    • B.

      Mengenang, produksi, dikembangkannya

    • C.

      Memfoto, mereproduksi, mengembangkan

    • D.

      Merekam, mereproduksi, mengembangkan

    • E.

      Memfoto, menyimpan, perkembangan

    Correct Answer
    E. Memfoto, menyimpan, perkembangan
    Explanation
    The passage discusses the importance of photos in our lives and how they capture various personal events and help convey information. The correct answer, "Memfoto, menyimpan, perkembangan" (Taking photos, storing, development), aligns with the passage as it highlights the act of taking photos, storing them, and the development process. This explanation is supported by the mention of photos recording personal events and being used for scientific purposes, which requires the act of taking photos, storing them, and developing them.

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  • 40. 

            Sudah banyak orang yang mendapat manfaat berganda dari internet seperti bisa memperluas pasar, mencari mitra atau rekanan, mendapatkan kredit, dan mengembangkan ekspor. Cuma banyak pula yang tak paham bagaimana memanfaatkan teknologi ini untuk berpromosi. Jika mempunyai dana dan SDM yang cukup untuk mengelolanya, memiliki situs sendiri lebih leluasa. Di situ kita bisa sekaligus melakukan penawaran produk, melayani pembelian, melakukan survei pasar, atau mencari pasar baru. Jika dana kita terbatas, bisa mencari situs-situs komunitas bisnis yang sesuai dengan bidang bisnis kita. Misal, karena kita berada di skala usaha kelas UKM (Usaha Kecil dan Menengah), carilah situs yang khusus melayani UKM. Kelas UKM pun masih dibagi-bagi lagi berdasarkan industrinya. Jika usaha kita kerajinan, kita harus masuk situs kerajinan bisa lokal atau internasional. Sumber: Majalah Duit, Juni 2006 Pernyataan yang tidak relevan dengan kutipan di atas ialah …

    • A.

      Internet mempunyai manfaat yang sangat banyak.

    • B.

      Situs-situs komunitas bisnis yang sesuai dengan bidang bisnis dapat dicari jika dana kita terbatas.Sudah banyak orang yang memanfaatkan teknologi internet ini untuk berpromosi.

    • C.

      Dana dan SDM yang cukup dapat digunakan untuk mengelola dan memiliki situs sendiri sehingga menjadi lebih leluasa.

    • D.

      Salah satu manfaat internet dapat memperluas pasar, mencari mitra atau rekanan, mendapatkan kredit, dan mengembangkan ekspor.

    • E.

      Neraca pembayaran adalah suatu ringkasan pembukuan yang menunjukkan aliran pembayaran yang dilakukan dari negara-negara lain ke dalam negeri, dan dari dalam negeri ke negara-negara lain.

    Correct Answer
    C. Dana dan SDM yang cukup dapat digunakan untuk mengelola dan memiliki situs sendiri sehingga menjadi lebih leluasa.
    Explanation
    The statement "Dana dan SDM yang cukup dapat digunakan untuk mengelola dan memiliki situs sendiri sehingga menjadi lebih leluasa" is not relevant to the given quote because the quote only talks about the benefits of utilizing the internet for business purposes and finding suitable business community websites. It does not mention anything about managing or owning a website.

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  • 41. 

                Neraca pembayaran adalah suatu ringkasan pembukuan yang menunjukkan aliran pembayaran yang dilakukan dari negara-negara lain ke dalam negeri, dan dari dalam negeri ke negara-negara lain. Pernyataan di atas terdapat dalam buku “Pengantar Teori Makroekonomi” halaman 17 paragraf ketiga karya Sadono Sukirno yang diterbitkan oleh Penerbit PT Rajagrafindo Persada, Jakarta pada tahun 1994. Teknik pengutipan teks di atas yang betul ialah ….

    • A.

      Menurut Sukirno (1994: 17) adalah “Neraca pembayaran adalah suatu ringkasan pembukuan yang dilakukan dari Negara-negara lain ke dalam negeri, dan dari dalam negeri ke negara-negara lain”.

    • B.

      “Neraca pembayaran adalah suatu ringkasan pembukuan yang menunjukkan aliran pembayaran yang dilakukan dari negara-negara lain ke dalam negeri, dan dari dalam negeri ke negara-negara lain” (Sukirno, 1994: 17)

    • C.

      Sadono (1994: 17) “Neraca pembayaran adalah suatu ringkasan pembukuan yang dilakukan dari negara-negara lain ke dalam negeri, dan dari dalam negeri ke negara-negara lain”

    • D.

      Menurut Sadono (1994: 17) bahwa neraca pembayaran adalah suatu ringkasan pembukuan yang dilakukan dari negara-negara lain ke dalam negeri, dan dari dalam negeri ke negara-negara lain

    • E.

      “Neraca pembayaran menurut Sadono adalah suatu ringkasan pembukuan yang menunjukkan aliran pembayaran yang dilakukan dari negara-negara lain ke dalam negeri dan dari dalam negeri ke negara-negara lain

    Correct Answer
    B. “Neraca pembayaran adalah suatu ringkasan pembukuan yang menunjukkan aliran pembayaran yang dilakukan dari negara-negara lain ke dalam negeri, dan dari dalam negeri ke negara-negara lain” (Sukirno, 1994: 17)
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Neraca pembayaran adalah suatu ringkasan pembukuan yang menunjukkan aliran pembayaran yang dilakukan dari negara-negara lain ke dalam negeri, dan dari dalam negeri ke negara-negara lain" (Sukirno, 1994: 17). This is the correct technique for citing the text because it includes the author's name, the year of publication, the page number, and the exact quote from the text.

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  • 42. 

    Read the following text to answer 41-43          There have been a number of differences in the way geography is now to be approached in the National Curriculum. It was decided that there would be a renewed emphasis on spatial knowledge, as well as the human and physical processes. This should cover some technical procedures such as using grid references. There should also be a renewed commitment towards the concept of fieldwork and the use of maps, as well as written communication.          Dealing with geography, the National Curriculum includes certain topics, but not necessarily how they should be taught. For example, the focus at key stage 1 is developing knowledge about the United Kingdom and the world. Students should study certain fact such as the world‟s seven continents and their locations. They should be able to name and identify the four countries and capital cities of the UK. Trips to London may include extra-curricular education that can aid students‟ understanding of the United Kingdom. They also should be able to identify seasonal weather patterns, identify hot and cold areas of the world, and use world maps and globes to identify the UK and other countries and oceans.          As they progress to key stage 2, students are expected to extend their knowledge to include Europe, North, and South America as well as significant human and physical features. They should be able to identify the position of latitude, longitude, the Equator and other large features of the world such as the Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn.          Students at key stage 2 should study more physical geography including the climate zones, biomes and features such as volcanoes and earthquakes. Trips to destinations such as Iceland could encourage further learning about some of the world‟s physical geography. There is a huge emphasis on geographical skills at this stage. Students should be able to use the eight points of a compass, four and six-figure grid references and keys on Ordinance Survey maps in order to develop their knowledge. What is the topic of the passage?

    • A.

      The art of teaching geography.

    • B.

      The world‟s physical geography.

    • C.

      Topical approaches in teaching geography.

    • D.

      Different strategies in teaching geography.

    • E.

      The geographical topics in the national curriculum.

    Correct Answer
    E. The geographical topics in the national curriculum.
    Explanation
    The passage discusses the geographical topics included in the National Curriculum. It mentions the renewed emphasis on spatial knowledge, fieldwork, and the use of maps, as well as the specific topics that students should study at different key stages. It also suggests that trips to certain locations can aid students' understanding of geography. Therefore, the topic of the passage is the geographical topics in the national curriculum.

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  • 43. 

    The underlined word ‘seasonal’ in paragraph 2 means ….

    • A.

      Serial.

    • B.

      Cyclical.

    • C.

      Current.

    • D.

      Regular.

    • E.

      Situational.

    Correct Answer
    B. Cyclical.
    Explanation
    The word "seasonal" in paragraph 2 means cyclical. This means that something is happening in a regular pattern or cycle, usually in relation to the changing seasons. It suggests that there is a predictable pattern or trend that occurs at specific times of the year.

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  • 44. 

    According to the passage, key stage 2 focuses more on ….

    • A.

      The Tropics of Cancer and Capricorn.

    • B.

      Broader geographical abilities.

    • C.

      Patterns of climate change.

    • D.

      Geographical physics.

    • E.

      The trip to Iceland.

    Correct Answer
    D. Geographical physics.
  • 45. 

    Read the following text to answer 44-47           Over the last two decades. the use of ICT has been an important topic in education. On the one hand, studies have shown that ICT can enhance teaching and learning out-comes. For example, in science and mathe-matics education, scholars have documented that the use of ICT can improve students‟ conceptual understanding, problem solving, and team working skills. Consequently, most curriculum documents state the importance of ICT and encourage school teachers to use them. (A) However, teachers need to specifically trained in order to integrate ICT in their teaching.           Schools are known to be resistant to innovation and change. However, the spread of ICT is beginning to affect how teachers teach. One of the current issues about the use of ICT is how it is integrated into the curriculum. The curriculum document provide arguments for introducing ICT in the school setting. Therefore, schools expect that graduates from teacher education programs have a reasonable knowledge of how to use ICT. (B) However, this may not be the case because most current teachers‟ pre-service preparation, and subsequent in-service courses were designed by using traditional educational technology and settings. Thus, the participants in these courses are not familiar with the processes, interaction patterns, features, and possibilities of teaching learning processes based on ICT.           This issue becomes complicated because the students‟ thinking skills are often weak. Also, they typically lack information literacy skills although they were born in or after 1982. In addition, they belong to the “Net Generation”. (C) Furthermore, they are accustomed to operating in a digital environ-ment for communication, information gathering, and analysis. The problem is that students do not have to understand how their use of technology affects their habits of learning.           (D) Effective development of pre-service teachers‟ ICT proficiency does not seem to be a direct process, but is the one asking for a careful, complex approach. First, a need assessment is important to find out what ICT skills and knowledge teachers need at schools. Second, designers of teacher education programs should know the pre-service teachers‟ perceptions of ICT and their attitudes toward ICT integration into curriculum. Third, teacher education programs need to consider the two typical arguments that support the ICT use in schools. 44. With the statement “One of the current issues about the use of ICT is how it is integrated into the curriculum” in paragraph 2, the author intends to ….

    • A.

      Emphasize the need for teachers with good literacy in technology.

    • B.

      Explore the reasons for including ICT in the curriculum document.

    • C.

      Explain the curriculum documents for ICT introduction in education.

    • D.

      Argue the current teachers already have good knowledge of using ICT.

    • E.

      Show that teacher education programs have been running expected ICT curriculum.

    Correct Answer
    E. Show that teacher education programs have been running expected ICT curriculum.
    Explanation
    The statement in paragraph 2 highlights the current issue of how ICT is integrated into the curriculum. This implies that there is an expectation for teacher education programs to include ICT in their curriculum. However, the following sentence states that most current teachers' training programs were designed using traditional educational technology and settings, indicating that the expected ICT curriculum may not be fully implemented in these programs. Therefore, the statement suggests that teacher education programs may not be running the expected ICT curriculum.

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  • 46. 

    The author‟s idea of the relationship between the use of ICT and learning outcome is analogous with ….

    • A.

      Vitamin - health.

    • B.

      Speed - aeroplane.

    • C.

      Harvest - irrigation.

    • D.

      Cellphone - crime.

    • E.

      Books - intelligence.

    Correct Answer
    D. Cellphone - crime.
  • 47. 

    The assumption the author has about teacher education programs is that ….

    • A.

      The programs have introduced a reasonable knowledge of how to use ICT.

    • B.

      The programs have found out what ICT skills and knowledge the teachers need.

    • C.

      The programs have given materials related to the pre-service teachers perceptions of ICT.

    • D.

      The programs were still designed in reference to traditional educational technology and settings.

    • E.

      The programs have participants who are familiar with the processes of technology-mediated educational transactions.

    Correct Answer
    D. The programs were still designed in reference to traditional educational technology and settings.
    Explanation
    The assumption the author has about teacher education programs is that they were still designed in reference to traditional educational technology and settings. This implies that the programs have not adequately incorporated or adapted to the use of ICT in education.

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  • 48. 

    Which tines of the passage illustrate the ideal ICT teacher education programs most effectively?

    • A.

      Sentence(s) A in the passage

    • B.

      Sentence(s) B in the passage

    • C.

      Sentence(s) C in the passage

    • D.

      Sentence(s) D in the passage

    • E.

      All the sentences in the last paragraph.

    Correct Answer
    D. Sentence(s) D in the passage
  • 49. 

    Read the following text to answer 48-50           Our ancestors destroyed moot of our natural areas before anyone had a chance to study or to try to understand them. As a result, we have lost the opportunity to learn about this areas and the benefits and opportunities they might have yielded. Today our remaining natural areas serve important roles in the study of ecology, botany, zoology, geology, and soil science. They provide controls for comparison against managed or exploited resources. They also provide educational and cultural information important in the study of science, local history, conservation, and nature studies such as bird-watching, insect study, and tree identification.           Preservation of natural areas also provides many practical benefits. For example, natural areas contain the biological raw materials necessary for the development of products that could greatly benefit the health and well -being of a man. A new wonder drug or fine industrial product may exist now only in some inconspicuous organism harboured in a nature preserve. Up to approximately half of the drugs currently in use contain derivatives of wild plants, yet only a small percentage of all plants have been investigated for their potential in such uses. The need to protect the remaining 98 percent of natural areas until they can be researched is obvious.           From a genealogical standpoint, we have roots linking us to our ancestors. With so many of our natural areas now gone, those that remain are a vital link to the past. They can help us and future generations better understand the landscape and natural resources from which the pioneers molded their lives.           Certainly, one of the most important benefits to be derived from natural areas is the perceptive-recreational benefit they provide. This is evidenced by the increasing numbers of people turning to the nature preserve in order to escape briefly from the hustle-bustle of fast-paced society. The quiet environment of nature calms the monotony in our daily lives whether from skyscrapers and pavement or unbroken horizons of corn and beans. Healthy natural areas can offer substantial economic benefits to our com-munities as well. Wetlands, for example, help with flood protection and the removal of pollutants from our water supply. 48. Paragraph 4 implies that ….

    • A.

      The number of people turning to the nature preserves becomes more and more.

    • B.

      We cannot see any skyscrapers and pavement due to natural preservation.

    • C.

      Preservation of natural areas can help us throw away our stressful days.

    • D.

      Nature preserves briefly lighten busy life of urban environment.

    • E.

      Quiet enjoyment of nature creates better daily lives.

    Correct Answer
    C. Preservation of natural areas can help us throw away our stressful days.
    Explanation
    Paragraph 4 implies that the preservation of natural areas can help us escape from the stress and busyness of daily life. The increasing numbers of people turning to nature preserves as a way to briefly escape from the hustle and bustle of fast-paced society is evidence of this benefit. The quiet environment of nature can provide a calming and rejuvenating experience, allowing individuals to temporarily leave behind the stresses of urban environments and find solace in the natural world.

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  • 50. 

    The sentence “Our ancestors destroyed most of our natural areas before anyone had a chance to study or try to understand them” in the first paragraph can best be restated as….

    • A.

      After we had an opportunity to deeply study our natural areas, most of them had been destroyed by our ancestors

    • B.

      We had an opportunity to deeply study our natural areas although most of them had been destroyed by our ancestors.

    • C.

      Most of our natural areas had been destroyed by our ancestors, besides, we had an opportunity to deeply study them.

    • D.

      Before most of our natural areas had been destroyed by our ancestors, we had an opportunity to deeply study them.

    • E.

      We might have had an opportunity to deeply study our natural areas if most of them had not been destroyed by our ancestors.

    Correct Answer
    E. We might have had an opportunity to deeply study our natural areas if most of them had not been destroyed by our ancestors.
    Explanation
    The correct answer suggests that if our ancestors had not destroyed most of our natural areas, we might have had the opportunity to deeply study them. This implies that the destruction of the natural areas prevented us from studying or understanding them.

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