Assessment Peripheral Vascular And Lymphatics System

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Assessment Peripheral Vascular And Lymphatics System - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Edema of the upper extremities may lead to suspicion of what?

    • A.

      Shock

    • B.

      Drainage obstruction

    • C.

      PAD

    Correct Answer
    B. Drainage obstruction
    Explanation
    Edema of the upper extremities can be a result of drainage obstruction. When the normal flow of lymphatic fluid is blocked or impaired, it can lead to the accumulation of fluid in the affected area, causing edema. This obstruction can be caused by various factors such as lymph node enlargement, infection, trauma, or surgery. Therefore, when edema is observed in the upper extremities, it raises suspicion of a possible drainage obstruction as the underlying cause.

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  • 2. 

    Pulse that is hard to palpate, need to search for it and may fade in and out is easily obliterated by pressure, may be signs of decreased cardiac output; pad, and aortic valve stenosis, and can be described as which of the following?

    • A.

      Weak, "Thready" 1+

    • B.

      Full, Bounding 3+

    • C.

      Pulsus Bigeminus

    Correct Answer
    A. Weak, "Thready" 1+
    Explanation
    A pulse that is hard to palpate, needs to be searched for, and may fade in and out indicates a weak and "thready" pulse. This can be a sign of decreased cardiac output, as well as conditions such as pad (peripheral arterial disease) and aortic valve stenosis. The term "1+" refers to the strength of the pulse, with 1+ indicating a weak pulse.

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  • 3. 

    An easily palpable pulse that is easy to find is normal during hyperkinetic states, such as exercise, anxiety, fever, anemia, and hyperthyhroidism and can be described as which of the following?

    • A.

      Weak, "thready" 1+

    • B.

      Full, Bounding 3+

    • C.

      Pulsus Bigeminus

    Correct Answer
    B. Full, Bounding 3+
    Explanation
    During hyperkinetic states such as exercise, anxiety, fever, anemia, and hyperthyroidism, the body's demand for oxygen and nutrients increases, leading to an increased heart rate and stronger contractions of the heart. This results in a full, bounding pulse that is easily palpable. A pulse strength of 3+ indicates a strong and forceful pulse, which is characteristic of these hyperkinetic states.

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  • 4. 

    An aortic valve regurgitation or atent ductus arteriosus is often present with a pulse that greater than normal force that collapses suddenly, which of the following terms best describes this?

    • A.

      Water-Hammer (Corrigan's) Pulse-- 3+

    • B.

      Pulsus Bigeminus

    • C.

      Pulsus Aternans

    Correct Answer
    A. Water-Hammer (Corrigan's) Pulse-- 3+
    Explanation
    A Water-Hammer (Corrigan's) Pulse is characterized by a sudden collapse of the pulse with a greater than normal force. This can be seen in conditions such as aortic valve regurgitation or a patent ductus arteriosus. The term "Water-Hammer" refers to the forceful and rapid nature of the pulse, resembling the sound and movement of a water hammer. The "3+" indicates the severity of the pulse, with 3+ indicating a strong and easily palpable pulse.

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  • 5. 

    Conduction disturbances cause pulse where the rhythm is coupled, every other beat comes early  or the normal beat is followed by a premature beat.  Force of premature beat is decreased because of shortened cardiac filling time and the pulse is described as which of the following terms?

    • A.

      Water- Hammer (Corrigan's Pulse) 3+

    • B.

      Pulsus Bigeminus

    • C.

      Pulsus Alternans

    Correct Answer
    B. Pulsus Bigeminus
    Explanation
    Conduction disturbances can cause an irregular pulse rhythm where every other beat comes early or the normal beat is followed by a premature beat. In this case, the force of the premature beat is decreased due to shortened cardiac filling time. This type of pulse is known as Pulsus Bigeminus.

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  • 6. 

    Heart Failure can lead to a pulse that is regular in rhythm but the force varies with alternating beats of large and small amplitude.  Which of the following terms best describes this pulse?

    • A.

      Water- Hammer (Corrigan's Pulse) 3+

    • B.

      Pulsus Bigeminus

    • C.

      Pulsus Alternans

    Correct Answer
    C. Pulsus Alternans
    Explanation
    Heart failure can cause a condition called pulsus alternans, which is characterized by a regular rhythm but varying force of the pulse. This means that the strength of the pulse alternates between beats, with some beats having a large amplitude and others having a small amplitude. This is different from water-hammer pulse (Corrigan's pulse), which is characterized by a rapid rise and fall in pulse amplitude, and pulsus bigeminus, which is characterized by a pattern of paired heartbeats. Therefore, the best term to describe the pulse in this scenario is pulsus alternans.

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  • 7. 

    Any condition that blocks venous return to the right side of the heart, or blocks left ventricular filling is set with a pulse that has weakens amplitude with inspiration, stronger with expiration and is best determined during blood pressure measurement;  Reading decrease during inspirations and increase during expirations and may be described as which of the following?

    • A.

      Pulsus Alternans

    • B.

      Pulsus Paradoxus

    • C.

      Pulsus Bisferiens

    Correct Answer
    B. Pulsus Paradoxus
    Explanation
    Pulsus Paradoxus is the best description for the given condition. Pulsus Paradoxus refers to a decrease in blood pressure during inspiration and an increase during expiration. This condition can occur when there is an obstruction to left ventricular filling or when there is a blockage in venous return to the right side of the heart. It is often determined during blood pressure measurement and is characterized by a weakened pulse amplitude with inspiration and a stronger pulse amplitude with expiration. Pulsus Alternans refers to alternating strong and weak pulses, while Pulsus Bisferiens refers to a pulse with two systolic peaks.

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  • 8. 

    Aortic valve stenosis plus regurgitation causes pulse to have two strong systolic peaks, with a dip in between.  These are best assessed at the carotid artery and are described by which of the following terms?

    • A.

      Pulsus Alternans

    • B.

      Pulsus Paradoxus

    • C.

      Pulsus Bisferiens

    Correct Answer
    C. Pulsus Bisferiens
    Explanation
    Aortic valve stenosis plus regurgitation causes the pulse to have two strong systolic peaks, with a dip in between. This is known as Pulsus Bisferiens.

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  • 9. 

    A patient comes to the doctor complaining of abrupt progressive tricolor change of the fingers in response to cold, vibration, and stress.  They also say that they have burning, throbbing pain, swelling along with rubor.  Symptoms last hours and occur bilaterally, which of the following could be suspected?

    • A.

      Raynauds Phenomenon

    • B.

      Lymphedema

    • C.

      Arteriosclerosis

    Correct Answer
    A. Raynauds Phenomenon
    Explanation
    The patient's symptoms of abrupt progressive tricolor change of the fingers in response to cold, vibration, and stress, along with burning, throbbing pain, swelling, and rubor, are consistent with Raynaud's Phenomenon. Raynaud's Phenomenon is a condition where the blood vessels in the fingers and toes constrict excessively in response to certain triggers, causing the fingers to turn white, blue, and then red. It is often accompanied by pain, swelling, and other symptoms. Lymphedema is a condition characterized by swelling due to a blockage in the lymphatic system, while arteriosclerosis is a condition where the arteries become narrow and hardened, leading to reduced blood flow.

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  • 10. 

    A patient that recently had breast surgery  comes to the doctor with unilateral swelling, nonpitting brawny edema, with overlying skin undurated.  Which of the following contditions is suspected of these symptoms?

    • A.

      Raynauds Phenomenon

    • B.

      Lymphedema

    • C.

      Arteriosclerosis

    Correct Answer
    B. Lymphedema
    Explanation
    Lymphedema is a condition characterized by unilateral swelling, nonpitting brawny edema, and undurated skin. It occurs when there is a blockage or damage to the lymphatic system, leading to the accumulation of lymph fluid in the affected area. In this case, the patient recently had breast surgery, which could have caused damage to the lymphatic vessels in the area, resulting in lymphedema. Raynaud's Phenomenon is characterized by color changes in the fingers or toes in response to cold or stress, while arteriosclerosis refers to the hardening and narrowing of the arteries.

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  • 11. 

    A patient comes to the doctor complaining of deep muscle ain in the calf and foot and claudication. During assessment the nurse observes coolness, pallor, elevational pallor, and dependent rubor.  The pulse is diminshed, and systoic bruits are present.  There are signs of malnutrition, thin, shiny skin, thick-ridged nails, absence of hair, atrophy of muscles.  Ulcers are present on the toes, metatarsal heads, heels lateral ankle with well defined edges and no bleeding...

    • A.

      Arteriosclerosis--Ischemic ulcer Arterial Insufficiency

    • B.

      Venous (stasis) ulcer Venous Insufficiency

    • C.

      Thrombophlebitis

    Correct Answer
    A. Arteriosclerosis--Ischemic ulcer Arterial Insufficiency
    Explanation
    The patient's symptoms, such as deep muscle pain in the calf and foot, claudication, coolness, pallor, elevational pallor, dependent rubor, diminished pulse, and systolic bruits, indicate arterial insufficiency. The signs of malnutrition, thin and shiny skin, thick-ridged nails, absence of hair, and muscle atrophy further support this diagnosis. The presence of ulcers on the toes, metatarsal heads, heels, and lateral ankle with well-defined edges and no bleeding suggests an ischemic ulcer, which is commonly associated with arterial insufficiency caused by arteriosclerosis.

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  • 12. 

    A patient with an aching pain in calf or lawer leg, saus that the pain is worse at the end of the day, especially with prolonged standing or sitting.  You observe firm brawny edema.  coarse, thickened skin; pulses are normal; brown pigment discoloration at ankles; petechiae; dermatitis.  Ulcers are present at medial malleolus and have uneven edges and bleed...

    • A.

      Arteriosclerosis--Ischemic ulcer Arterial Insufficiency

    • B.

      Venous (stasis) ulcer Venous Insufficiency

    • C.

      Thrombophlebitis

    Correct Answer
    B. Venous (stasis) ulcer Venous Insufficiency
    Explanation
    The given symptoms, such as aching pain in the calf or lower leg, worsened by prolonged standing or sitting, along with the presence of firm brawny edema, coarse thickened skin, brown pigment discoloration, petechiae, dermatitis, and ulcers with uneven edges and bleeding, are indicative of venous insufficiency. Venous (stasis) ulcers occur due to impaired venous return, leading to increased pressure in the veins and subsequent tissue damage. This explanation aligns with the provided answer, which correctly identifies the condition as a venous (stasis) ulcer associated with venous insufficiency.

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  • 13. 

    Aching, heaviness in calf, easy fatigability, night leg or foot cramps are the symptoms of which of the following venous diseases?

    • A.

      Venous Ulcer

    • B.

      Superficial Varicose Veins

    • C.

      Deep Vein Thrombophlebitis

    Correct Answer
    B. Superficial Varicose Veins
    Explanation
    The symptoms described, such as aching, heaviness in the calf, easy fatigability, and night leg or foot cramps, are commonly associated with superficial varicose veins. Superficial varicose veins occur when the veins close to the skin's surface become enlarged and twisted. These symptoms are often caused by the pooling of blood in the affected veins, leading to discomfort and pain. Venous ulcer and deep vein thrombophlebitis may have different symptoms and causes, making them less likely to be the correct answer in this case.

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  • 14. 

    Sudden onset of intense, sharp, deep muscle pain, that increases with dorsiflexion of the foot, is warm to the touch, and has swelling present.  Tender to palpation and a positive Homan's sign make thee symptoms suspect of which of the following conditions?

    • A.

      Venous Ulcer

    • B.

      Superficial Varicose Veins

    • C.

      Deep Vein Thrombophlebitis

    Correct Answer
    C. Deep Vein Thrombophlebitis
    Explanation
    The sudden onset of intense, sharp, deep muscle pain that increases with dorsiflexion of the foot, along with warmth, swelling, tenderness to palpation, and a positive Homan's sign, are all indicative of deep vein thrombophlebitis. This condition occurs when a blood clot forms in a deep vein, usually in the legs. The symptoms described are classic signs of deep vein thrombophlebitis, which distinguishes it from venous ulcer and superficial varicose veins.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Oct 24, 2010
    Quiz Created by
    Epeleti
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