Applied Soft Computing - Post Assessment

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Applied Soft Computing  - Post Assessment - Quiz

If you are a software developer, one of the things that you need to be conversant with is the topic of soft computing and artificial neural networks. The introduction of these techniques has helped greatly in easing work and diagnosis of errors in a system. Think you understand the topic? Do take up the quiz below and get to find out!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    An associative network is

    • A.

      A neural network that contains no loop

    • B.

      A neural network that contains feedback

    • C.

        A neural network that has only one loop

    • D.

      None of These

    Correct Answer
    B. A neural network that contains feedback
    Explanation
    An associative network is a neural network that contains feedback. Feedback refers to the ability of the network to send information back to previous layers or nodes, allowing for the network to learn and adjust its weights based on previous outputs. This feedback loop enables the network to improve its performance over time by continuously adjusting its connections and optimizing its predictions. Therefore, an associative network is characterized by its ability to incorporate feedback mechanisms within its structure.

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  • 2. 

    What are the 2 types of learning

    • A.

      Improvised and unimprovised

    • B.

      Supervised and unsupervised

    • C.

      Layered and unlayered

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Supervised and unsupervised
    Explanation
    The correct answer is supervised and unsupervised. In supervised learning, the model is trained using labeled data, where the input and output pairs are provided. The model learns to make predictions based on this labeled data. In unsupervised learning, the model is trained on unlabeled data, and it learns to find patterns and relationships within the data without any specific guidance. These two types of learning are commonly used in machine learning and artificial intelligence algorithms.

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  • 3. 

    Neural Computing ____________

    • A.

      Mimics human brain

    • B.

      Information processing paradigm

    • C.

      Both (1) and (2)

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    C. Both (1) and (2)
    Explanation
    Neural computing refers to a branch of computer science that aims to create artificial neural networks that can mimic the functioning of the human brain. It involves developing algorithms and models that can process and interpret information in a way similar to how the human brain does. This approach combines the principles of neuroscience and computer science to create intelligent systems that can learn, adapt, and make decisions based on the data they receive. Therefore, the correct answer is "Both (1) and (2)" as neural computing involves both mimicking the human brain and adopting the information processing paradigm.

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  • 4. 

      Fuzzy Computing ______________

    • A.

      Mimics human behaviour

    • B.

      Does not deal with 2 valued logic

    • C.

      Deals with information which is vague, imprecise, uncertain, ambiguous, inexact, or probabilistic

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    Fuzzy Computing deals with information that is vague, imprecise, uncertain, ambiguous, inexact, or probabilistic. It does not rely on 2 valued logic and instead mimics human behavior. Therefore, the correct answer is "All of the above" as all the statements mentioned are true about Fuzzy Computing.

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  • 5. 

    Genetic Algorithm is a part of___________

    • A.

      Evolutionary Computing

    • B.

      Inspired by Darwin's theory about evolution - "survival of the fittest"

    • C.

      Are adaptive heuristic search algorithm based on the evolutionary ideas of natural selection and genetics

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. All of the above
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "All of the above". Genetic Algorithm is a part of Evolutionary Computing, as it is inspired by Darwin's theory about evolution - "survival of the fittest". It is an adaptive heuristic search algorithm based on the evolutionary ideas of natural selection and genetics. Therefore, all the given options accurately describe the relationship between Genetic Algorithm and Evolutionary Computing.

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  • 6. 

    Genetic algorithms are heuristic methods that do not guarantee an optimal solution to a problem

    • A.

      True

    • B.

        False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Genetic algorithms are heuristic methods, which means they are based on trial and error and do not guarantee finding the optimal solution to a problem. They work by simulating the process of natural selection and evolution to search for a good solution, but there is no guarantee that the best possible solution will be found. Therefore, the statement that genetic algorithms do not guarantee an optimal solution is true.

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  • 7. 

      Conventional Artificial Intelligence is different from soft computing in the sense________

    • A.

      Conventional Artificial Intelligence deal with prdicate logic where as soft computing deal with fuzzy logic

    • B.

      Classical AI methods are limited by symbols where as soft computing is based on empirical data

    • C.

      Both (a) and (b)

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    D. None of the above
  • 8. 

    Artificial neural network used for___________

    • A.

      Pattern Recognition

    • B.

      Classification

    • C.

      Clustering

    • D.

      All of these

    Correct Answer
    D. All of these
    Explanation
    Artificial neural networks are versatile computational models inspired by the human brain. They are used for various tasks such as pattern recognition, classification, and clustering. In pattern recognition, neural networks are trained to identify and categorize patterns in data. Classification involves assigning data into predefined categories based on their features. Clustering, on the other hand, groups similar data points together based on their inherent characteristics. Therefore, artificial neural networks can be utilized for all of these tasks, making the answer "All of these" correct.

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  • 9. 

    Japanese were the first to utilize fuzzy logic practically on high-speed trains in Sendai.

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    The statement is true because the Japanese were indeed the first to practically utilize fuzzy logic on high-speed trains in Sendai. Fuzzy logic is a mathematical approach that allows for approximate reasoning and decision-making based on imprecise or uncertain data. The Japanese implemented this technology on their high-speed trains in Sendai, which helped improve their efficiency and safety by allowing for more flexible control systems that could adapt to varying conditions. This pioneering use of fuzzy logic in the transportation sector showcases Japan's technological advancements and innovation.

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  • 10. 

    Fuzzy logic is usually represented as

    • A.

      IF-THEN-ELSE rules

    • B.

      IF-THEN rules

    • C.

      Both IF-THEN-ELSE rules & IF-THEN rules

    • D.

      None of the mentioned

    Correct Answer
    B. IF-THEN rules
    Explanation
    Fuzzy set theory defines fuzzy operators on fuzzy sets. The problem in applying this is that the appropriate fuzzy operator may not be known. For this reason, fuzzy logic usually uses IF-THEN rules, or constructs that are equivalent, such as fuzzy associative matrices.
    Rules are usually expressed in the form:
    IF variable IS property THEN action

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  • Current Version
  • May 27, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jul 09, 2018
    Quiz Created by
    Jaya Devi

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