Trivia Quiz On Arab & Israel Conflict

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Israel Quizzes & Trivia

The Israeli and Arab Conflict can be traced back to the early 20th century and some people believe it all started with Israel declaring its independence. The conflict between the Arab countries and Israel was an international crisis. How much do you know about the wars that happened between them? Take up the quiz to find out.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Therdore Herzel publishes Der Judenstaat, "The state of the joews" Calling for a Jewish state to resolve the growing problem of anti-Semitism. First Zionist Congress discusses plansto establish a jewish state in Palestine. Political Zionism begins.

    • A.

      1936

    • B.

      1867

    • C.

      1896-1897

    • D.

      1952

    Correct Answer
    C. 1896-1897
  • 2. 

    The Ottoman Empire, ruler of the Arab world since 1500's is defeated.

    • A.

      WWI

    • B.

      WWII

    • C.

      Korean War

    • D.

      Cold War

    Correct Answer
    A. WWI
    Explanation
    The correct answer is WWI because during World War I, the Ottoman Empire was defeated by the Allied forces. The empire had been ruling over various Arab territories since the 1500s, but the war weakened their control and eventually led to the dismantling of the empire.

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  • 3. 

    Hussein-McMahon Correspondance - Britain pledges support for Arab independance from Ottoman Empire. Hussein and McMahon later disagreed over weather Palestine was included in the territory to be granted independence.

    • A.

      1922

    • B.

      1917

    • C.

      1916

    • D.

      1915

    Correct Answer
    D. 1915
    Explanation
    In 1915, the Hussein-McMahon Correspondence took place between Hussein bin Ali, Sharif of Mecca, and Sir Henry McMahon, British High Commissioner in Egypt. The correspondence involved Britain pledging support for Arab independence from the Ottoman Empire. However, later on, Hussein and McMahon had a disagreement regarding whether Palestine was included in the territory to be granted independence.

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  • 4. 

    Sykes-Picot Agreetment- divides the Otttoman Arab lands into zones exercised by either French or Bristish spheres of influence. Plaestine comes under British influence.

    • A.

      1922

    • B.

      1917

    • C.

      1916

    • D.

      1915

    Correct Answer
    C. 1916
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 1916. The Sykes-Picot Agreement was a secret agreement between Britain and France in 1916 during World War I. It divided the Ottoman Arab lands into zones of influence, with Palestine falling under British influence. This agreement aimed to establish control over the region after the collapse of the Ottoman Empire.

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  • 5. 

    Britain issues Balfour Declaration which calls for "Support of the establishment in Paletine of a national home for the jewish people....it being clearly understood that nothing shall be done which may prejudice the civil and religious rights of existing non-jewish commmunities in Palestine."

    • A.

      1917

    • B.

      1916

    • C.

      1915

    • D.

      1922

    Correct Answer
    A. 1917
    Explanation
    In 1917, Britain issued the Balfour Declaration, which expressed support for the establishment of a national home for the Jewish people in Palestine. However, it also emphasized that this should not infringe upon the civil and religious rights of the existing non-Jewish communities in Palestine. This declaration played a significant role in shaping the future of the Israeli-Palestinian conflict and the establishment of the state of Israel.

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  • 6. 

    Council of the League of Nations divides Atab lands; British mandate for Palestine established.

    • A.

      1915

    • B.

      1916

    • C.

      1917

    • D.

      1922

    Correct Answer
    D. 1922
    Explanation
    In 1922, the Council of the League of Nations divided the Atab lands and established the British mandate for Palestine. This decision was made after World War I, when the Ottoman Empire was dissolved and the territories were divided among the victorious powers. The League of Nations, an international organization aimed at maintaining peace and resolving conflicts, assigned the administration of Palestine to the British. This decision had significant implications for the region, as it laid the groundwork for the establishment of the State of Israel in the future.

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  • 7. 

    Arab-Jewish riots in Hebron and elsewhere left nearly 250 Arabs and jews dead and the jewish community of Hebron ceased to exist.

    • A.

      1917

    • B.

      1929

    • C.

      1916

    • D.

      1922

    Correct Answer
    B. 1929
    Explanation
    In 1929, Arab-Jewish riots occurred in Hebron and other places, resulting in the deaths of nearly 250 Arabs and Jews. These violent clashes led to the disappearance of the Jewish community in Hebron. The year 1929 is significant as it marks a tragic event in the history of Arab-Jewish relations, showcasing the intensity of the conflict and its devastating consequences.

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  • 8. 

    Hitler's rise to power in Germany. Jewish migration into Palestine increases.

    • A.

      1912

    • B.

      1913

    • C.

      1929

    • D.

      1933

    Correct Answer
    D. 1933
    Explanation
    In 1933, Hitler's rise to power in Germany had a significant impact on Jewish migration into Palestine. As Hitler implemented anti-Semitic policies and persecution of Jews in Germany, many Jews sought refuge in Palestine. This increased the number of Jewish immigrants into the region during this time.

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  • 9. 

    The Arab Revolt- First major outbreak of Arab-jewish hostilities. Revolt leads to the Peel Commission recommendation in 1937 of partitioning Palestine into Jewish and Arab states. Arabs rejected and jews accepted but wanted more land. White paper limits Jewish immigration; jews found the Mossad to arrange for illegal immigration.

    • A.

      1936-1939

    • B.

      1916

    • C.

      1933-1934

    • D.

      1941-1942

    Correct Answer
    A. 1936-1939
    Explanation
    During the period of 1936-1939, the Arab Revolt occurred, marking the first major outbreak of Arab-Jewish hostilities. As a result of this revolt, the Peel Commission recommended the partitioning of Palestine into Jewish and Arab states in 1937. While the Jews accepted this recommendation, they desired more land. In response to the White Paper, which limited Jewish immigration, Jews established the Mossad to facilitate illegal immigration. Therefore, the years 1936-1939 were significant in terms of the Arab-Jewish conflict and the subsequent actions taken by both sides.

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  • 10. 

    Holocaus; Haj Amin El Husseini Mufti of Jerusalem sides with Nazis. Jewish migrations into Palestine intensifies (680,000 jes in Palestine in 1946. Lebanon, Syria and Jordan had attained independance

    • A.

      WWI

    • B.

      WWII

    • C.

      Gulf War

    • D.

      Cold War

    Correct Answer
    B. WWII
    Explanation
    During World War II, the Mufti of Jerusalem, Haj Amin El Husseini, sided with the Nazis. This alliance led to increased Jewish migrations into Palestine, as many Jews sought refuge from Nazi persecution. By 1946, there were approximately 680,000 Jews in Palestine. It is important to note that while Lebanon, Syria, and Jordan had gained independence during this time, the focus of this explanation is on the impact of WWII and the Mufti's alliance with the Nazis.

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  • 11. 

    Hostilities in Palestine escalate, including the bombing og the British King David Hotel by the Jewish Irgun. Britian left after the bombing.

    • A.

      1943

    • B.

      1946

    • C.

      1944

    • D.

      1936

    Correct Answer
    B. 1946
    Explanation
    In 1946, hostilities in Palestine escalated with the bombing of the British King David Hotel by the Jewish Irgun. This event played a significant role in Britain's decision to leave Palestine. The bombing was a turning point in the conflict between Jewish paramilitary groups and the British authorities, as it caused a large number of casualties and demonstrated the determination of the Jewish fighters. It also increased international pressure on Britain to find a solution to the ongoing conflict in Palestine.

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  • 12. 

    UN General Assebly Resolution 181 is passed, partitioning Palestine into Jewish and Arab states. Greater Jersalem was to be an International cirt. UN 181 rejected by Arabs.  Tensions escalate. Deir Yassin  Massacre (over 100 Palestinian civilians killed in Jerusalem village).

    • A.

      1948

    • B.

      1946

    • C.

      1949

    • D.

      1947-1948

    Correct Answer
    D. 1947-1948
    Explanation
    In 1947-1948, tensions escalated in Palestine following the passing of UN General Assembly Resolution 181, which partitioned the region into Jewish and Arab states. The resolution also designated Greater Jerusalem as an international city. However, the resolution was rejected by the Arab nations, leading to further conflict. The Deir Yassin Massacre occurred during this period, where over 100 Palestinian civilians were killed in a village near Jerusalem. This event further heightened tensions and contributed to the overall violence and unrest in Palestine during 1947-1948.

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  • 13. 

    Brisitsh mandate ends; Israel declares statehood. Arab arnues attack Israel. War results in a divided Jerusalem and 650,000 Palestinian refugees. UN 194 establishes commission to facilitate the repartriation or compensation of refugees.

    • A.

      1948

    • B.

      1945

    • C.

      1946

    • D.

      1947

    Correct Answer
    A. 1948
    Explanation
    In 1948, the British mandate over Palestine came to an end and Israel declared its statehood. This declaration was followed by attacks from Arab armies on Israel, resulting in a war. The war led to the division of Jerusalem and the displacement of around 650,000 Palestinian refugees. In response to this humanitarian crisis, the UN established a commission in 1948 to facilitate the repatriation or compensation of the refugees.

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  • 14. 

    Armistice (forms basis for what became known as the "green Line") Isreal holds 77% of territory. Jordan anneses East Jersalem and West Bank. Egypt controls Gaza strip. UNRWA established. Jews from Arab countries begin migration into Isreal. The Israeli Knesset passes the "Law of Return"; which entitles any jew to full Israeli citizenship.

    • A.

      1991

    • B.

      1967

    • C.

      1947-1948

    • D.

      1949-1950

    Correct Answer
    D. 1949-1950
    Explanation
    In 1949-1950, several significant events took place that shaped the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. Armistice agreements were signed between Israel and its neighboring countries, establishing the "green line" which marked the boundaries between Israel and the occupied territories. Jordan annexed East Jerusalem and the West Bank, while Egypt controlled the Gaza Strip. The United Nations Relief and Works Agency (UNRWA) was established to provide assistance to Palestinian refugees. Additionally, during this period, Jews from Arab countries began migrating to Israel, and the Israeli Knesset passed the "Law of Return," granting full citizenship to any Jew.

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  • 15. 

    Suez Crisis. Nasser's nationalization of the canal leads to military action by France, Britian, and Isreal. US forces allies withdraw. Eisenhower threatens economic sanctions on Isreal if it failed to do so.

    • A.

      1956

    • B.

      1953

    • C.

      1948

    • D.

      1933

    Correct Answer
    A. 1956
    Explanation
    In 1956, Nasser's decision to nationalize the Suez Canal resulted in military action by France, Britain, and Israel. The United States, under President Eisenhower, demanded that the allies withdraw their forces. To pressure Israel into complying, Eisenhower threatened economic sanctions if they failed to do so. This event is known as the Suez Crisis, and it occurred in 1956.

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  • 16. 

    PLO is established with the stated aim of "eliminating Zionism in Palestine."

    • A.

      1946

    • B.

      1964

    • C.

      1976

    • D.

      1981

    Correct Answer
    B. 1964
    Explanation
    The Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) was established in 1964 with the aim of eliminating Zionism in Palestine. This date is significant because it marks the formal establishment of the PLO as the representative body for the Palestinian people and their struggle for self-determination. Prior to this, there were various Palestinian organizations and movements, but the PLO became the central umbrella organization that sought to unite and coordinate their efforts. The PLO's goal of eliminating Zionism in Palestine reflects the Palestinian desire for national liberation and the establishment of a Palestinian state.

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  • 17. 

    Six Day War: - Isreal launches a preemptive strike and conquesrs the Sinai, Golan Hieghts, Gaza Strip, the West Bank, and East Jerusalem, which it annexed. 600,000 Palestinians become refugees. UN 242 calls for Israel withdrawal and establishes "land for peace principle"/

    • A.

      1973

    • B.

      1956

    • C.

      1967

    • D.

      1937

    Correct Answer
    C. 1967
    Explanation
    In 1967, Israel launched a preemptive strike and gained control over the Sinai, Golan Heights, Gaza Strip, the West Bank, and East Jerusalem, annexing the latter. This resulted in around 600,000 Palestinians becoming refugees. The United Nations Resolution 242 was then passed, calling for Israel's withdrawal from the occupied territories and establishing the "land for peace principle."

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  • 18. 

    Israel begins establishing settlements in occupied territories. Jordan drives PLO out of Jordan: PLO forms base in southern Lebanon. Egypt's "war of attrition" against Isreal with Soviets aiding Nasser, leads to the Rogers Plan which sets UN 242 as the basis for negotiations.

    • A.

      1969-1970

    • B.

      1959-1960

    • C.

      1963

    • D.

      1965

    Correct Answer
    A. 1969-1970
    Explanation
    During the years 1969-1970, Israel began establishing settlements in occupied territories, which refers to the Israeli government's construction of Jewish communities in the West Bank, Gaza Strip, and East Jerusalem. At the same time, Jordan expelled the Palestine Liberation Organization (PLO) from its territory, causing the PLO to establish a base in southern Lebanon. Additionally, Egypt engaged in a "war of attrition" against Israel, with support from the Soviet Union, leading to the Rogers Plan. This plan set UN Resolution 242 as the basis for negotiations between Israel and its Arab neighbors.

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  • 19. 

    Yom Kippur War - Egypt and Syria attack Israel. No territorial change. UN 338 calls for negotions between the parties. Arab oil embargo begins and lasts for 5 months.  Leads to first peace accord.

    • A.

      1991

    • B.

      1982

    • C.

      1973

    • D.

      1990

    Correct Answer
    C. 1973
    Explanation
    In 1973, Egypt and Syria launched a surprise attack on Israel, known as the Yom Kippur War. Despite the attack, there were no major territorial changes as a result of the conflict. Following the war, the United Nations Security Council Resolution 338 called for negotiations between the involved parties. As a response to the war, Arab countries imposed an oil embargo on Israel's allies, which lasted for five months. This embargo played a significant role in the subsequent peace negotiations, eventually leading to the first peace accord between Israel and Egypt.

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  • 20. 

    Palestinian National Coucil adopts a politial program. Isralis interpret this as staged libertion of Palestine; it comes to be viewed as meaning that a state in part of Palestinian was acceptable to teh PLO.

    • A.

      1969

    • B.

      1973

    • C.

      1974

    • D.

      1981

    Correct Answer
    C. 1974
    Explanation
    In 1974, the Palestinian National Council adopted a political program that was interpreted by Israelis as a staged liberation of Palestine. This program was seen as a shift in the PLO's position, suggesting that they were willing to accept a state in part of Palestine. This interpretation by Israelis led to the view that the PLO was open to negotiations and a potential resolution to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict.

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  • 21. 

    Menachem Begin and Likud coalition win Israeli elections. Settlements in occupied territories increase. Egypt's President Sadat goes to Israel's Knesset and expresses desire for Egypt and Israel to live together in "permanent peace based on justice" and calls for Palestinian right to own state.

    • A.

      1977

    • B.

      1976

    • C.

      1973

    • D.

      1981

    Correct Answer
    A. 1977
    Explanation
    In 1977, Menachem Begin and his political party, Likud coalition, won the Israeli elections. Following their victory, there was an increase in the establishment of settlements in the occupied territories. In the same year, Egypt's President Sadat made a historic visit to Israel's Knesset, where he expressed his desire for Egypt and Israel to live together in permanent peace based on justice. He also called for the recognition of the Palestinian right to have their own state. This event marked a significant shift in the Israeli-Arab conflict and laid the groundwork for future peace negotiations.

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  • 22. 

    Camp David Accords - through negotitionas led by President Carter, sinai returned to Egypt in exchange for recognition of Isreal; Sets framework for settling Israeli-Palestinian conflict. Arab league expels Egypt. Isreal invades Lebanon, occupies southern border.

    • A.

      1969

    • B.

      1978

    • C.

      1977

    • D.

      1979

    Correct Answer
    B. 1978
    Explanation
    In 1978, the Camp David Accords were signed through negotiations led by President Carter. As a result of these negotiations, Sinai was returned to Egypt in exchange for recognition of Israel. This agreement set the framework for settling the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. The Arab League expelled Egypt in response to the accords. Additionally, in the same year, Israel invaded Lebanon and occupied the southern border.

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  • 23. 

    Israel annexes Golan Heights, captured from Syria in 1967

    • A.

      1979

    • B.

      1978

    • C.

      1986

    • D.

      1981

    Correct Answer
    D. 1981
    Explanation
    In 1981, Israel officially annexed the Golan Heights, which they had captured from Syria in 1967. This act of annexation meant that Israel claimed sovereignty over the territory and considered it as part of their own country. This move was highly controversial and condemned by the international community, as it violated international law and United Nations resolutions. The annexation of the Golan Heights has been a major point of contention between Israel and Syria, and has had significant implications for the ongoing Israeli-Palestinian conflict.

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  • 24. 

    Israeli government declares Jerusalem is eternal, undivided capital, affirming the de facto annexation of East Jerusalem and its expanded municipal lines that included West Bank land, in 1967

    • A.

      1981

    • B.

      1980

    • C.

      1983

    • D.

      1983

    Correct Answer
    B. 1980
    Explanation
    In 1980, the Israeli government declared Jerusalem as the eternal and undivided capital. This declaration affirmed the de facto annexation of East Jerusalem and its expanded municipal lines, which included land from the West Bank. This decision was significant because it solidified Israel's claim to Jerusalem as its capital and furthered their control over the city.

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  • 25. 

    Israel invades Lbanon a second time and lays siege to Beirut. PLO moves its headquarters from Beirut to Tunis. Reagan Peace Initiative and Fez Summit Peace Proposal.

    • A.

      1989

    • B.

      1990

    • C.

      1982

    • D.

      1981

    Correct Answer
    C. 1982
    Explanation
    In 1982, Israel invaded Lebanon for the second time and laid siege to Beirut. As a result, the PLO (Palestine Liberation Organization) decided to move its headquarters from Beirut to Tunis. This event is significant because it marked a shift in the PLO's operations and presence in the region. Additionally, in 1982, the Reagan Peace Initiative and the Fez Summit Peace Proposal were introduced as attempts to bring peace to the region. Therefore, the year 1982 is the correct answer as it encompasses these important events related to Israel, Lebanon, and the PLO.

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  • 26. 

    Intifada, a Palestinian popular uprising against the Israeli occupation of the territories, begins in Gaza and spreads to West Bank.

    • A.

      1985

    • B.

      1987

    • C.

      1986

    • D.

      1991

    Correct Answer
    B. 1987
    Explanation
    In 1987, the Intifada began as a Palestinian popular uprising against the Israeli occupation of the territories. It initially started in Gaza and later spread to the West Bank. The Intifada was a significant event in the Israeli-Palestinian conflict, marked by widespread civil disobedience, protests, and acts of violence from Palestinians against Israeli forces. It lasted for several years and had a significant impact on shaping the political landscape in the region.

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  • 27. 

    The PLO accepts UN resolution 242 and 338, renounces violence and recognizes the right of Israel to exist within its pre-1967 borders. The US opens dialogue with the PLO. Hamas, also known as the Islamic Resistance Movement is founded.

    • A.

      1988

    • B.

      1987

    • C.

      1989

    • D.

      1991

    Correct Answer
    A. 1988
    Explanation
    In 1988, the PLO accepts UN resolution 242 and 338, which were resolutions aimed at resolving the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. This acceptance shows a willingness on the part of the PLO to engage in peaceful negotiations and recognize Israel's right to exist within its pre-1967 borders. As a result, the US opens dialogue with the PLO, indicating a shift in diplomatic relations. In the same year, Hamas, also known as the Islamic Resistance Movement, is founded. This information suggests that 1988 is the most likely year for these events to have occurred.

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  • 28. 

    Gulf war begins in Januart in responce to Iraqi invatsion of Kuwait in 1990. Madrid Conference - Israel and Arabs begin Bilateral and Multilateral negotiations.

    • A.

      1989

    • B.

      1982

    • C.

      1990

    • D.

      1991

    Correct Answer
    D. 1991
    Explanation
    The Gulf War began in response to Iraq's invasion of Kuwait in 1990. The Madrid Conference, on the other hand, marked the beginning of bilateral and multilateral negotiations between Israel and Arab countries. Therefore, the correct answer is 1991, as it is the year when the Gulf War started.

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  • 29. 

    Bush-Baker Administration holds $10 Billion in US loan to Israel for 1993-1997 years. in an attempt to limit Israeli settlement building. Isreal exprels 415 Plestinians suspected of proIslamist sympathies to South Lebanon

    • A.

      1989

    • B.

      1993

    • C.

      1992

    • D.

      1994

    Correct Answer
    C. 1992
    Explanation
    In 1992, the Bush-Baker Administration holds $10 Billion in US loan to Israel in an attempt to limit Israeli settlement building. This action was taken as a measure to discourage Israel from expanding its settlements in disputed territories, which was seen as a hindrance to the peace process in the region. The loan was intended to put pressure on Israel to comply with international demands and negotiate a peaceful resolution with the Palestinians. Additionally, in the same year, Israel expels 415 Palestinians suspected of pro-Islamist sympathies to South Lebanon, indicating a crackdown on individuals believed to support Islamist ideologies.

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  • 30. 

    Osio Peace Process, the agreement between the two sides to make gradual steps toward a final settlement of the conflict begins. Clinton hosts PLO and Isral signing of the "Declaration of Principles" Israel recognizes the PLO and gives it limited autonomy in the West Bank and Gaza, creating the Palestinian Authority. In return the PLO gives up its clamins to Israel's territory as defined by its pre 1967 borders. First Hamas suicide attack.

    • A.

      1993

    • B.

      1992

    • C.

      1995

    • D.

      1984

    Correct Answer
    A. 1993
    Explanation
    In 1993, the Osio Peace Process began with the signing of the "Declaration of Principles" between the PLO and Israel. This agreement marked a significant step towards a final settlement of the conflict. Israel recognized the PLO and granted it limited autonomy in the West Bank and Gaza, leading to the creation of the Palestinian Authority. In return, the PLO abandoned its claims to Israel's territory as defined by its pre-1967 borders. The mention of the first Hamas suicide attack suggests that this event occurred after the signing of the agreement in 1993.

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  • 31. 

    Palestinians elect Yasser Arafat as President. Israel launches "Operation Grapes of Wrath" in southern Lebananon; Netanyahu becomes PM of Isreal. Summit in Washington between Arafat, Netanyahu, King Hussein, and Clinton

    • A.

      1993

    • B.

      1994

    • C.

      1995

    • D.

      1996

    Correct Answer
    D. 1996
    Explanation
    In 1996, Yasser Arafat was elected as the President of the Palestinians. Around the same time, Israel launched "Operation Grapes of Wrath" in southern Lebanon. Additionally, Benjamin Netanyahu became the Prime Minister of Israel. In this year, a summit took place in Washington between Arafat, Netanyahu, King Hussein, and Clinton.

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  • 32. 

    Palestinian Authority is established in Gaza and Jericho. Arafat arrives in Gaza. Jordan and Israel sign peace treaty. Rabin, Peres, Arafat receive Nobel Peace Prize.

    • A.

      1996

    • B.

      1995

    • C.

      1994

    • D.

      1993

    Correct Answer
    C. 1994
    Explanation
    In 1994, the Palestinian Authority was established in Gaza and Jericho, marking a significant step towards Palestinian self-governance. This allowed for increased autonomy and control over certain areas in the Palestinian territories. Additionally, in the same year, Yasser Arafat, the leader of the Palestinian Liberation Organization (PLO), arrived in Gaza, further solidifying the establishment of the Palestinian Authority. Furthermore, the peace treaty between Jordan and Israel was signed in 1994, which aimed to normalize relations between the two countries and promote stability in the region. As a result of these developments, Israeli Prime Minister Yitzhak Rabin, Israeli Foreign Minister Shimon Peres, and Yasser Arafat were awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1994 for their efforts in advancing the peace process in the Middle East.

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  • 33. 

    "Oslo II" establishes 3 areas in West Bank: Area A - Direct Palestinian control. Area B - Jointly Controlled; Palestinian civillian control and israeli security control Area C - Exclusive Israeli control, OM Rabin is asassinated by right-wing Israeli fantic in Tel Aviv.

    • A.

      1994

    • B.

      1995

    • C.

      1993

    • D.

      1992

    Correct Answer
    B. 1995
    Explanation
    In 1995, the Oslo II agreement established three areas in the West Bank: Area A, which is under direct Palestinian control; Area B, which is jointly controlled with Palestinian civilian control and Israeli security control; and Area C, which is under exclusive Israeli control. The assassination of Yitzhak Rabin, the Israeli Prime Minister, by a right-wing Israeli fanatic in Tel Aviv, occurred in 1995.

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  • 34. 

    Hebron Protocol signed dividing city of Hebron. Israel starts building a settlement. Har Homa, on  hill overlooking East Jerusalem resulting in widespread protests. Peace process frozen.

    • A.

      1997

    • B.

      1996

    • C.

      1995

    • D.

      1994

    Correct Answer
    A. 1997
    Explanation
    In 1997, the Hebron Protocol was signed, which divided the city of Hebron. Following this, Israel began constructing a settlement called Har Homa on a hill that overlooks East Jerusalem. This action sparked widespread protests, leading to a freeze in the peace process.

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  • 35. 

    Wye River Memrandum, outlining further Israeli withdrawal from the West Bank, is signed but frozen. PNC renounces clasuses in PLO charter offensive to Israel.

    • A.

      1998

    • B.

      1996

    • C.

      1997

    • D.

      1999

    Correct Answer
    A. 1998
    Explanation
    In 1998, the Wye River Memorandum was signed but frozen. This agreement outlined a plan for further Israeli withdrawal from the West Bank. Additionally, the Palestinian National Council (PNC) renounced clauses in the PLO charter that were offensive to Israel.

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  • 36. 

    Camp David II - Clinton led negotiations on final status between Barak and Arafat breakdown, largely over the issue of jerusalem. Sharon makes provocative visit to Temple Mount/Haram al-Shrif. Protesting Israeli-rabs shot by Israeli police.  Second Intifada, a violent and sustained upising, begins.

    • A.

      2001

    • B.

      1999

    • C.

      2000

    • D.

      1996

    Correct Answer
    C. 2000
    Explanation
    In the year 2000, Camp David II negotiations took place between Israeli Prime Minister Ehud Barak and Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat, led by US President Bill Clinton. The negotiations aimed to resolve the final status issues, with a major focus on Jerusalem. However, the talks broke down due to disagreements over the status of Jerusalem. Shortly after, Israeli opposition leader Ariel Sharon made a provocative visit to the Temple Mount/Haram al-Shrif, a holy site for both Jews and Muslims. This visit sparked widespread protests by Palestinians, and Israeli police responded with force, shooting and killing protesting Israeli-Arabs. These events marked the beginning of the Second Intifada, a period of violent uprising against Israeli occupation.

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  • 37. 

    PLO postpones declaration of statehood. Ehud Barak elected as PM pledges to work for peace. Sharm el Sheik Memorandum signed between Israel and PLO, finial status talks begin. President Clinton attends PNC meeting in Gaza.

    • A.

      1999

    • B.

      2000

    • C.

      2001

    • D.

      2002

    Correct Answer
    A. 1999
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 1999. The given information mentions that in 1999, the PLO postponed the declaration of statehood and Ehud Barak was elected as Prime Minister, pledging to work for peace. This suggests that significant political events related to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict occurred in 1999.

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  • 38. 

    Taba Talks: Arafat and Barak find common ground but no agreements. Bush inaugurated. Sharon elected PM. Violence escalates. Mitchell report released. Ceasefire attempts are made but broken.

    • A.

      1998

    • B.

      1999

    • C.

      2001

    • D.

      2000

    Correct Answer
    C. 2001
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 2001 because the events mentioned in the question are arranged in chronological order, starting with Taba Talks in 2000, followed by the inauguration of Bush in 2001, the election of Sharon as PM in 2001, and the release of the Mitchell report in 2001. This suggests that the events mentioned occurred in the year 2001.

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  • 39. 

    Reoccupation of Palestinian reas begins. Arafat placed under house arrest. Occuption of Church of the Nativity in Bethlehem Saudi Crown Prince peace plan, endorsed by Arab league, promised recognition of Israel for ending occupation. UN 1397 affirms 2-state vision. Welcomes Saudi initiative and Quartet diplomacy. President Bush declares vision for a viable Palestinian state next to a secure Israel, Israel begins construction of security Fence around West bank.

    • A.

      2002

    • B.

      1996

    • C.

      2006

    • D.

      2004

    Correct Answer
    A. 2002
    Explanation
    In 2002, there were significant events related to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. The reoccupation of Palestinian areas began, and Palestinian leader Yasser Arafat was placed under house arrest. The Israeli military also occupied the Church of the Nativity in Bethlehem. During this time, Saudi Crown Prince Abdullah presented a peace plan that was endorsed by the Arab League. The plan promised recognition of Israel in exchange for ending the occupation. Additionally, UN Resolution 1397 affirmed the vision of a two-state solution. The resolution welcomed the Saudi initiative and the diplomatic efforts of the Quartet (the United States, European Union, United Nations, and Russia). In the same year, President George W. Bush declared his vision for a viable Palestinian state alongside a secure Israel. Israel also began construction of a security fence around the West Bank.

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  • 40. 

    US-initiated war in Iraq. Occupation of Iraq begins. The raod map is realeased by the US, UN, Russia and the EU Geneva Accords and People's Voice Initiative released.

    • A.

      2002

    • B.

      2004

    • C.

      2003

    • D.

      2002

    Correct Answer
    C. 2003
    Explanation
    In 2003, the US-initiated war in Iraq began and the occupation of Iraq started. This was a significant event in history as it marked the beginning of a prolonged conflict and instability in the region. The road map, which was released by the US, UN, Russia, and the EU, aimed to provide a plan for peace and stability in the area. The Geneva Accords and People's Voice Initiative were also released during this time, further emphasizing the international efforts to address the situation in Iraq.

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  • 41. 

    Sharon Announces unilateral Gaza withdawal plan and gains US support. Palestinian Authority President Yasser Arfat dies. International court of justice rules that the route of Israel's separation barrier violtes internation law.

    • A.

      2011

    • B.

      2003

    • C.

      2005

    • D.

      2004

    Correct Answer
    D. 2004
    Explanation
    In 2004, Sharon announced a unilateral Gaza withdrawal plan and gained support from the US. This event is significant because it marked a major shift in Israeli policy towards the Gaza Strip. Additionally, in the same year, Yasser Arafat, the President of the Palestinian Authority, passed away. This was a significant event as it created a power vacuum and led to a period of uncertainty in Palestinian politics. Furthermore, in 2004, the International Court of Justice ruled that the route of Israel's separation barrier violated international law. This ruling had important implications for the Israeli-Palestinian conflict and the legality of Israel's actions.

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  • 42. 

    Mahmoud Abbas elected President of the Palestinian Authority on a non-violent platform. Second Intifada ends with Sharm el Sheikn Summit in February and declaration of cease-fire by militatnt groups in March. In state of the Union address Bush recimmits to two-state solution and asks congress for additional aid to the Palestinians. Gaz withdrawl is completed in September.

    • A.

      2005

    • B.

      2004

    • C.

      2003

    • D.

      2002

    Correct Answer
    A. 2005
  • 43. 

    Mecca Agreement between Hamas and Fatah brokered by Saudi Arabia, leads to the formation of Palestinian Unity government in March. Arab League relaunches its peace proposal. Hames takeover of Gaza in June, leads to breakup of unity governement and appointment of Salam Fayyad as new PM of PA. Former British PM Tony Blair appointed Quarteret's enboy. Annapolis international peace conference convended in Nov with all Arab league nations particiapating including Syria and Saudi Arabia. PM. Olmery and President Abbas agree to "Join understanding " to make every effory to conclude an agreement before the end of 2008.

    • A.

      2005

    • B.

      2006

    • C.

      2007

    • D.

      2008

    Correct Answer
    C. 2007
    Explanation
    In 2007, the Mecca Agreement between Hamas and Fatah was brokered by Saudi Arabia, leading to the formation of a Palestinian Unity government in March. However, this unity government was later broken up in June when Hamas took over Gaza, and Salam Fayyad was appointed as the new Prime Minister of the Palestinian Authority. In the same year, the Arab League relaunched its peace proposal, and the Annapolis international peace conference was convened in November with the participation of all Arab League nations, including Syria and Saudi Arabia. Additionally, in 2007, Prime Minister Olmert and President Abbas agreed to a "Join understanding" to make every effort to conclude an agreement before the end of the year.

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  • 44. 

    In January, President Bush makes his first visist to the Holy Land as president. Also in January, Israel closes all border crossings with Gaza to halt Palestinian rockets attacks Palestinian militants bomb the Rafah border and tens of thousnads of Gazans cross the border in Egypt. In May, Israelis celevrate Israel's 60th Anniversary and Palestinians reflect on teh 60th anniversarty of the Nakba also in May, Israel publicizes that they are in negotions with Syria via Turkish intermediaries. In June a Gaza cease is broken between Hama and Israel by Egyption intermediaries. In September, Israeli PM Olmert and President Abbas agree to a "Joint understanding" to make every effort to conclude an agreement before the end of 2008

    • A.

      2008

    • B.

      2009

    • C.

      2010

    • D.

      2007

    Correct Answer
    A. 2008
    Explanation
    The events mentioned in the passage, such as President Bush's visit to the Holy Land, Israel closing border crossings with Gaza, negotiations with Syria, and the agreement between Israeli PM Olmert and President Abbas, all occurred in different months of the year. The only year mentioned in the passage is 2008, so it can be inferred that these events took place in that year.

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  • 45. 

    Escalating violence in Gaza and southern Israel. On Jan 8th the UN security Coucil passes Resolution 1860, calling for a full ceasefire. The US abstains, On Jan 17 Israel announces a one-weel ceasefir. demanding Israeli troops withdrw from the Gaza Strip. Barack Obama is sworn into office in January. he and Secretary of state Hilary Clinton appoint former Senator George Mitchell as special envoy to the Middle East to work on the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. Isreli elections are held in February; Benjamin Natayhu becomes PM with right leaning colation govemernt. Obmama admin holds series of meeting with right-leaning coaltition gov.  Asks Isreal to Stop settlement activity.

    • A.

      2009

    • B.

      2010

    • C.

      2011

    • D.

      2008

    Correct Answer
    A. 2009
    Explanation
    In 2009, there was escalating violence in Gaza and southern Israel, leading to the passing of Resolution 1860 by the UN Security Council, which called for a full ceasefire. The US abstained from voting on this resolution. Israel announced a one-week ceasefire on January 17th, demanding the withdrawal of Israeli troops from the Gaza Strip. Additionally, in January, Barack Obama was sworn into office as President of the United States, and he appointed former Senator George Mitchell as a special envoy to the Middle East to address the Israeli-Palestinian conflict. Israeli elections were held in February, resulting in Benjamin Netanyahu becoming the Prime Minister with a right-leaning coalition government. The Obama administration held meetings with this government and asked Israel to stop settlement activity.

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  • 46. 

    Zealot jews responsible for acts of terrorisiam against the Romans

    • A.

      JNF

    • B.

      Rohns

    • C.

      Sakkari-e

    • D.

      WZO

    Correct Answer
    C. Sakkari-e
    Explanation
    The answer "Sakkari-e" suggests that the group responsible for acts of terrorism against the Romans were the Sakkari-e. However, without any context or additional information, it is difficult to provide a comprehensive explanation for this answer. It is possible that the Sakkari-e were a radical Jewish group during that time period who engaged in acts of terrorism against the Romans.

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  • 47. 

    Scattering of the jews into Europe occured during this year

    • A.

      70 AD

    • B.

      1943

    • C.

      1922

    • D.

      90 AD

    Correct Answer
    A. 70 AD
    Explanation
    The scattering of the Jews into Europe occurred in 70 AD. This event is commonly referred to as the Jewish diaspora, which happened after the destruction of the Second Temple in Jerusalem by the Romans. As a result, many Jews were forced to leave their homeland and settle in various parts of Europe. This event had a significant impact on Jewish history and led to the dispersion of Jewish communities throughout Europe and the rest of the world.

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  • 48. 

    Scattering of Jews

    • A.

      Distillation

    • B.

      Diaspora

    • C.

      Diosporta

    • D.

      Scat

    Correct Answer
    B. Diaspora
    Explanation
    The term "Diaspora" refers to the dispersion of a particular group of people, in this case, the Jews, from their original homeland. It is commonly used to describe the scattering of Jews outside of Israel, particularly after the Babylonian exile and the destruction of the Second Temple. The term "Scattering of Jews" in the question is another way of referring to the Diaspora. The other options, such as "Distillation" and "Scat," are unrelated and do not pertain to the topic of the question.

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  • 49. 

    Year jews build first temple

    • A.

      950 AD

    • B.

      850 AD

    • C.

      850 BC

    • D.

      950 BC

    Correct Answer
    D. 950 BC
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 950 BC. The First Temple, also known as Solomon's Temple, was built by the Jews in Jerusalem during the reign of King Solomon. According to biblical accounts, the construction of the temple began in the fourth year of Solomon's reign, around 966 BC, and was completed in about seven years. It was a significant religious and cultural center for the Jewish people until its destruction by the Babylonians in 586 BC. The temple held great religious importance and housed the Ark of the Covenant.

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  • 50. 

    Which one is an organization ofr funding the Zionist movement

    • A.

      WZO

    • B.

      PLN

    • C.

      PLO

    • D.

      JNF

    Correct Answer
    D. JNF
    Explanation
    The correct answer is JNF, which stands for Jewish National Fund. The JNF is an organization that was established to fund the Zionist movement, which aimed to establish a Jewish homeland in Palestine. The JNF played a crucial role in purchasing land and developing infrastructure in Palestine, with the goal of creating a Jewish state.

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  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
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    Quiz Created by
    Mrinpossible
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