Aphasia - Introduction Basic Terms

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Aphasia - Introduction Basic Terms - Quiz


This quiz is based on class notes by Dr. Randall Robey from UVA. Dr. Robey is highly knowledgable and is recognized as a leader in research and research related to aphasia.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What is the study of signs and symptoms?

    • A.

      Nosology

    • B.

      Semiology

    • C.

      Sequela

    • D.

      WHO framework

    Correct Answer
    B. Semiology
    Explanation
    Semiology is the study of signs and symptoms. It focuses on the interpretation and analysis of these signs and symptoms to understand their meaning and significance in the context of a disease or condition. By studying semiology, healthcare professionals can better diagnose and treat patients by recognizing patterns and identifying the underlying causes of their symptoms.

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  • 2. 

    The study in the science of classification of disease

    • A.

      Nosology

    • B.

      WHO framework

    • C.

      Syndrome

    • D.

      Semiology

    • E.

      Sign

    Correct Answer
    A. Nosology
    Explanation
    Nosology is the correct answer because it refers to the study and classification of diseases. It involves organizing and categorizing diseases based on their characteristics, symptoms, and other factors. Nosology provides a framework for understanding and diagnosing different diseases, which is essential for medical professionals and researchers. The World Health Organization (WHO) often develops and updates nosological frameworks to ensure consistency and accuracy in disease classification. The other options mentioned, such as syndrome, semiology, and sign, are related terms but do not specifically pertain to the study of disease classification.

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  • 3. 

    A morbid condition following the consequence of a disease

    • A.

      Nosology

    • B.

      Sequela

    • C.

      WHO framework

    • D.

      Sign

    Correct Answer
    B. Sequela
    Explanation
    A sequela refers to a morbid condition that occurs as a consequence of a disease. It is a term used in medical nosology to describe the long-term effects or complications that can arise after an initial illness or injury. In this context, sequela is the most appropriate answer as it directly relates to the given description of a morbid condition following the consequence of a disease.

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  • 4. 

    The aggregate of signs and symptoms associated with any morbid process; taken together they constitute the clinical picture of the disease

    • A.

      Sign

    • B.

      Syndrome

    • C.

      Semiology

    • D.

      Nosology

    Correct Answer
    B. Syndrome
    Explanation
    A syndrome refers to the collection of signs and symptoms that are associated with a specific disease or condition. These signs and symptoms, when taken together, form the clinical picture of the disease. A syndrome helps healthcare professionals in diagnosing and understanding the underlying condition. It is different from a sign, which is a specific indication of a disease, and from semiology, which is the study of signs and symptoms. Nosology refers to the classification and naming of diseases.

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  • 5. 

    Any objective determined abnormality indicative of disease

    • A.

      Morbid

    • B.

      Sign

    • C.

      Syndrome

    • D.

      Semiology

    Correct Answer
    B. Sign
    Explanation
    A sign is any objective determined abnormality indicative of disease. In medical terms, a sign refers to a physical or observable manifestation of a disease or condition that can be detected by a healthcare professional. Unlike symptoms, which are subjective experiences reported by the patient, signs can be measured or observed by others. They are important diagnostic tools that help healthcare providers identify and evaluate the presence and severity of a disease or condition.

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  • 6. 

    Any loss or abnormality of psychological physiological or anatomical structures or function some deviation from the norm

    • A.

      Semiology

    • B.

      Sign

    • C.

      Syndrome

    • D.

      Who framework - impairment

    Correct Answer
    D. Who framework - impairment
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Who framework - impairment." The explanation for this answer is that the World Health Organization (WHO) has developed a framework for understanding disability, which includes the concept of impairment. Impairment refers to any loss or abnormality in psychological, physiological, or anatomical structures or functions. It is a deviation from the norm and is an important factor in determining disability. This framework helps in understanding and addressing the needs of individuals with impairments and promoting inclusion and accessibility.

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  • 7. 

    Loss of acquired language; language system established but not working well due to damage; etiology is stroke or brain damage

    • A.

      Apraxia

    • B.

      Aphasia

    • C.

      Neuromotor brain damage

    • D.

      Hearing loss

    Correct Answer
    B. Aphasia
    Explanation
    Aphasia refers to the loss or impairment of language abilities due to damage or injury to the brain, typically caused by a stroke or brain damage. In this case, the individual has a language system established but it is not functioning properly due to the damage, resulting in difficulty with language expression and comprehension. Apraxia, neuromotor brain damage, and hearing loss are not directly related to the loss of acquired language, making aphasia the correct answer.

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  • 8. 

    Number of cases per year

    • A.

      Incidence

    • B.

      Prevalence

    Correct Answer
    A. Incidence
    Explanation
    The term "incidence" refers to the number of new cases of a particular disease or condition that occur within a specific population during a given time period. It represents the rate at which new cases are being diagnosed. In contrast, "prevalence" refers to the total number of cases of a disease or condition that exist within a population at a specific point in time. Therefore, the correct answer "incidence" accurately describes the concept of the number of new cases per year.

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  • 9. 

    Aphasia can occur in all modalities - writing, expressive, receptive, gestures

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Aphasia is a communication disorder that can affect various modalities of language, including writing, expressive language (speaking), receptive language (understanding), and gestures. Therefore, it is true that aphasia can occur in all of these modalities.

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  • 10. 

    Study in the cause of disease

    • A.

      Epidemiology

    • B.

      Etiology

    Correct Answer
    B. Etiology
    Explanation
    Etiology refers to the study of the cause or origin of a disease. It involves investigating factors such as genetics, environmental exposures, lifestyle choices, and infectious agents that contribute to the development of a specific disease. Epidemiology, on the other hand, is the study of the distribution and determinants of health-related events in populations. While epidemiology may also examine the causes of disease, etiology specifically focuses on understanding the underlying factors that lead to the development of a disease. Therefore, etiology is the correct answer in this context.

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  • 11. 

    May be expressed as an incidence rate or a prevalence rate

    • A.

      Morbidity

    • B.

      Mortality

    Correct Answer
    A. Morbidity
    Explanation
    Morbidity refers to the occurrence of a particular disease or condition in a population. It can be expressed as an incidence rate, which measures the number of new cases of the disease within a specific time period, or as a prevalence rate, which measures the total number of cases of the disease at a given point in time. Both incidence and prevalence rates are used to quantify the burden of morbidity in a population and provide valuable information for public health planning and interventions.

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  • 12. 

    Aphasia (noun)   aphasic (adjective)

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    A. True
    Explanation
    Both terms are used as such - True DO not label an individual remember people first language
    Person with aphasia

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  • Current Version
  • Dec 04, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Aug 13, 2008
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    Byte6
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