Ancient Mesopotamia Unit Test Quiz!

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Ancient Mesopotamia Unit Test Quiz!

The following assessment is designed to test your knowledge of Mesopotamia. It is a cumulative test that is based on everything we have studied about this ancient civilization. Take your time and read each question carefully. Remember to read each answer choice before choosing your final answer. Good Luck!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which of the following was NOT an invention of the Mesopotamians?
    • A. 

      The wheel

    • B. 

      The plow

    • C. 

      Writing

    • D. 

      Horse -drawn buggy

  • 2. 
    What was the first thing that the Sumerians accomplished?
    • A. 

      Nomadic hunting and gatherering

    • B. 

      Trading over long distances

    • C. 

      Founding new city-states

    • D. 

      Farming and domestication of animals

  • 3. 
    Why was Mesopotamia such a good area for growing crops?
    • A. 

      The rivers flooded and deposited rich soil.

    • B. 

      The land was covered with heavy vegetation.

    • C. 

      The area did not have any agricultural pests.

    • D. 

      The rivers flooded, making it easier for planters to pull out weeds that might harm crops.

  • 4. 
    How did the Sumerians solve the problem of flooding?
    • A. 

      They built terraces on the mountains.

    • B. 

      They dug irrigation ditches and built levees.

    • C. 

      They rotated farming with nomadic herding.

    • D. 

      They diverted the flow of the rivers into other areas.

  • 5. 
    What tools did the Mesopotamians use for writing?
    • A. 

      A large, feather pen that they dipped in ink

    • B. 

      A darkened reed that they dipped into a mixture of charcoal and water

    • C. 

      A sharpened piece of reed, called a stylus, used on clay tablets

    • D. 

      A slender piece of wood that they dipped into colorful dyes

  • 6. 
    What was a result of the invention of the wheel?
    • A. 

      It allowed the Sumerians to keep track of time.

    • B. 

      It controlled the irrigation devices to prevent flooding.

    • C. 

      It made people more dependent on human strength for transportation.

    • D. 

      It gave the Sumerians more freedom of movement.

  • 7. 
    Besides the ruler, who had the highest position in the social structure?
    • A. 

      Priest

    • B. 

      A scribe

    • C. 

      The upper class

    • D. 

      Soldiers

  • 8. 
    Why were ziggurats important to the Sumerians?
    • A. 

      They protected the city from invaders.

    • B. 

      They were built as tombs for the kings.

    • C. 

      They were built as temples to honor the gods and goddesses.

    • D. 

      Scrolls that documented Mesopotamian history were encased in ziggurats.

  • 9. 
    Which of the following is the correct order of social structure in Mesopotamia?  The order should be from those who have the most power in Mesopotamia to the least.
    • A. 

      Priest, Upper Class, Lower Class, Slaves

    • B. 

      Slaves, Priest, Scribes, Lower Class

    • C. 

      Scribes, Priest, Upper Class, Merchants

    • D. 

      King, Slaves, Lower Class, Priest

  • 10. 
    What is the correct order for the creation of major city-states in Mesopotamia from the oldest to the most recent?
    • A. 

      Babylon, Sumer, Assyria

    • B. 

      Assyria, Babylon, Sumer

    • C. 

      Ur, Babylon, Sumer

    • D. 

      Sumer, Babylon, Assyria

  • 11. 
    Which of the five themes of geography does the sentence below BEST fit into? Ancient Sumerians built leeves.
    • A. 

      Absolute Location

    • B. 

      Region

    • C. 

      Human-Environmental Interaction

    • D. 

      Movement

  • 12. 
    Which of the five themes of geography does the sentence below BEST fit into? Ancient Mesopotamia is located on the continent of Africa.
    • A. 

      Absolute Location

    • B. 

      Relative Location

    • C. 

      Physical Characteristics of Place

    • D. 

      Human Characteristics of Place

  • 13. 
    Which of the five themes of geography does the following sentence best fit into? Merchants in Babylon traded with different city-states.
    • A. 

      Movement

    • B. 

      Human Characteristics of Place

    • C. 

      Region

    • D. 

      Location

  • 14. 
    Which of the following themes of geography does the sentence below BEST describe? Ziggurats could be found in the city-states of Mesopotamia.
    • A. 

      Human Characteristics of Place

    • B. 

      Movement

    • C. 

      Location

    • D. 

      Human- Environmental Interaction

  • 15. 
    Which of the five themes of geography does the sentence below BEST descibe? Mesopotamia had two main rivers.
    • A. 

      Physical Characteristics of Place

    • B. 

      Relative Location

    • C. 

      Movement

    • D. 

      Region

  • 16. 
    In which present-day country is Mesopotamia located?
    • A. 

      Iraq

    • B. 

      Iran

    • C. 

      Japan

    • D. 

      Africa

  • 17. 
    Which of the following statements BEST describe the purpose of Hammurabi's Code of Law?
    • A. 

      The code allowed priest to do what they wanted to.

    • B. 

      The code helped parents make sure their kids behaved.

    • C. 

      The code was designed to ensure everyone behaved appropriately in Babylon.

    • D. 

      The code was Hammurabi's way of being mean to his people.

  • 18. 
    Mesopotamia government was a combination of a monarchy and a democracy.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 19. 
    Before becoming a civilization, the people of Mesopotamia were farmers.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 20. 
    The Euphrates river was located on the eastern side of Mesopotamia
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 21. 
    The people of Ancient Mesopotamia inveneted the wheel.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 22. 
    Mesopotamia actually means "the land between the rivers"
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 23. 
    Each year after the snow on the mountains melted, the melted water would run down the mountains and deposit rich silt which made the land in Mesopotami very fertile.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 24. 
    The belief in one god is polytheism.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 25. 
    The Sumerians used cuneiform to write the Code of Hammurabi.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False