Ancient Greece Real Test

31 Questions

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Ancient Greece Real Test

In the 8th century BC, Greece began to emerge from the Dark Ages, which followed the fall of the Mycenaean civilization. Literacy had been lost and Mycenaean script forgotten, but the Greeks adopted the Phoenician alphabet, modifying it to create the Greek alphabet. Take the test and see what else you remember about their history.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    1. What effect did the geography of Greece have on its early development? 
    • A. 

      Greece had lots of natural resources, so they never traded with other nations

    • B. 

      Being located on the Mediterranean Sea limited cultural diffusion

    • C. 

      75 % of Greece was covered by mountains, which led to independent city-states (called polis)

    • D. 

      Its location limited colonization outside of Greece

  • 2. 
    Which form of government involves the state being ruled by a single individual who often inherits his position? 
    • A. 

      Monarchy

    • B. 

      Aristocracy

    • C. 

      Direct democracy

    • D. 

      Oligarchy

  • 3. 
    Based on what you see in the chart, how would someone from Athens describe Sparta after visiting it?
    • A. 

      “The Spartans are so strict. Their military is what dominates their society.”

    • B. 

      “It’s interesting how both the rich and poor can be rulers in Sparta.”

    • C. 

      “This society has so many personal freedoms, unlike in Athens.”

    • D. 

      “Sparta is exactly like Athens.”

  • 4. 
    Which of the following did Sparta and Athens have in common?
    • A. 

      Both favored democracy

    • B. 

      Both were Greek city-states

    • C. 

      Both were dominated by their military

    • D. 

      They fought on the same side in the Peloponnesian Wars

  • 5. 
    In a comparison between the Greek city-states of Sparta and Athens, Sparta placed more importance with ___.
    • A. 

      Equality and voting rights

    • B. 

      Education

    • C. 

      Art and culture

    • D. 

      The military

  • 6. 
    Who was the Persian king who led his massive forces in an invasion of Greece, only to be held off by the Spartans?
    • A. 

      Socrates

    • B. 

      Alexander

    • C. 

      Plato

    • D. 

      Xerxes

  • 7. 
    Which statement describes a direct democracy?
    • A. 

      The government controls the actions of the people

    • B. 

      Citizens participate in government decisions by voting on all laws

    • C. 

      The military leaders create laws

    • D. 

      Religious leaders control the government

  • 8. 
    Why is Ancient Greece considered important to Western Civilization?
    • A. 

      Greek culture influenced today’s democracy, architecture, and entertainment

    • B. 

      Athens defeated Sparta in the Peloponnesian Wars

    • C. 

      The Greeks borrowed ideas from Rome and improved upon them

    • D. 

      The Greeks invented the world’s first monotheistic religion

  • 9. 
    Which of the following is NOT a Greek achievement? 
    • A. 

      Mathematics, such as the formula for pi

    • B. 

      Philosophy, such as the work of Socrates, Aristotle, and Plato

    • C. 

      Medicine, such as the Hippocratic Oath

    • D. 

      Government, such as using Confucius as the basis for the exam system

  • 10. 
    What were two regions conquered by Alexander the Great? 
    • A. 

      Egypt and Persia

    • B. 

      Persia and China

    • C. 

      China and Egypt

    • D. 

      Macedonia and Germany

  • 11. 
    Who conquered all of Greece after the Peloponnesian Wars?
    • A. 

      Alexander the Great

    • B. 

      King Darius of Persia

    • C. 

      King Xerxes of Persia

    • D. 

      King Phillip II of Macedonia

  • 12. 
    Why was the city of Alexandria in Egypt (on the Nile) important?
    • A. 

      It was the center of Hellenistic culture and the center of trade in the Mediterranean area

    • B. 

      As a military power, Alexandria was second only to Sparta

    • C. 

      The Greeks destroyed all of Egyptian culture

    • D. 

      It was the military headquarters for the Macedonian Army

  • 13. 
    As a young man, Alexander the Great was tutored by this great Greek philosopher and taught to appreciate Greek culture:
    • A. 

      King Phillip II

    • B. 

      Aristotle

    • C. 

      Augustus Caesar

    • D. 

      Pythagorus

  • 14. 
    Based on this image, Hellenism was the result of ___.
    • A. 

      Military strength

    • B. 

      Combining cultural ideas (cultural diffusion)

    • C. 

      Isolation of Egypt, India, Persia, and Greece

    • D. 

      Urbanization

  • 15. 
    Based on this image, what is “Hellenism”?
    • A. 

      Separation of cultures to prevent the mixing of ideas

    • B. 

      The study of Greek culture

    • C. 

      The spread and blending of Greek culture with other cultures

    • D. 

      A nation along the Mediterranean Sea

  • 16. 
    Which great leader is most closely associated with the spread of Hellenistic civilization?
    • A. 

      Plato

    • B. 

      Julius Caesar

    • C. 

      Alexander the Great

    • D. 

      King Phillip II of Macedonia

  • 17. 
    What happened to Alexander the Great's empire after he died?
    • A. 

      His empire was divided among his top generals.

    • B. 

      His son became ruler

    • C. 

      His wife became ruler

    • D. 

      His Great Uncle became ruler

  • 18. 
    Which Greek Philosopher taught Alexander the Great?
    • A. 

      Socrates

    • B. 

      Plato

    • C. 

      Aristotle

    • D. 

      Phillip of Macedonia

  • 19. 
    Who fought in the Peloponnesian war and who was the winner? 
    • A. 

      Sparta vs Athens. Sparta won but Greece was weakened and allowed Phillip of Macedonia to invade.

    • B. 

      Sparta vs Athens . Athens won and spread theater and schools to all Greek city-states.

    • C. 

      Persia vs Rome . Rome won and Greek culture was destroyed.

    • D. 

      Athens vs Rome. Athens won and then defeated the Persians.

  • 20. 
    What formed the foundations of Western Civilization?
    • A. 

      The use of logic taught by Socrates, Plato and Aristotle

    • B. 

      The use of war machines built in Sparta

    • C. 

      Athenian theater

    • D. 

      The use of ships to trade with many countries

  • 21. 
    Who is known as the Father of Medicine? Doctors today still take  his oath. 
    • A. 

      Hippocrates

    • B. 

      Socrates

    • C. 

      Alexander The Great

    • D. 

      Pythagoras

  • 22. 
    Based on the chart, which best describes the government of Sparta?
    • A. 

      Sparta had a direct democracy where citizens and voted on laws.

    • B. 

      Sparta was ruled by an Oligarchy (a small group of mostly military leaders)

    • C. 

      Sparta had a Monarchy and was ruled by a King who claimed divine right.

    • D. 

      Sparta was ruled by an Aristocracy .

  • 23. 
    What famous Greek wrote the Illiad and The Oddessy? 
    • A. 

      Homer

    • B. 

      Hippocrates

    • C. 

      Alexander the Great

    • D. 

      Phillip II

  • 24. 
    The Illiad tells the story of the Trojan War. Which best describes why the war was fought?
    • A. 

      The war was over who would have Helen of Troy.

    • B. 

      The war was fought over resources.

    • C. 

      The war was fought over who would have Plato as their teacher.

    • D. 

      The was was fought over who would claim Athens as their capital.

  • 25. 
    Which of these was a temple built on a hill in almost every Greek city-state?
    • A. 

      Acropolis

    • B. 

      Marketplace

    • C. 

      Polis

    • D. 

      Parthenon

  • 26. 
    Which of these was the temple in Athens built in honor of Athena?
    • A. 

      Acropolis

    • B. 

      Marketplace

    • C. 

      Polis

    • D. 

      Parthenon

  • 27. 
    Who could vote in ancient Athens? 
    • A. 

      Citizens who were Male

    • B. 

      All Citizens (male and female) over 18

    • C. 

      Anyone who lived in the city

    • D. 

      Anyone who paid taxes

  • 28. 
    Which describes the body of water that borders Greece and how it impacted it's development?
    • A. 

      Mediterranean Sea - encouraged trade by ship since it was hard to trade over land

    • B. 

      Mediterranean Sea - encouraged trade over land since the sea was so rough

    • C. 

      Atlantic Ocean - encouraged trade with North America

    • D. 

      Atlantic Ocean - encouraged trade over land since they could not cross the Ocean

  • 29. 
    Which best describes the difference in democracy in Ancient Athens and democracy in the United States today. (choose the 2 that apply)
    • A. 

      They were exactly the same

    • B. 

      In Athens only male citizens could vote, in the US all citizens over 18 can vote

    • C. 

      In Athens male citizens voted on all laws, in the US we elect representatives

    • D. 

      In Athens they only allowed women to vote to elect representatives, in the US all citizens vote an all laws.

  • 30. 
    Which best describes agriculture in Ancient Greece.
    • A. 

      Good farmland was hard to find so they had to trade with others, often by sail.

    • B. 

      There were lots of rivers and flat land that made it easy to farm.

    • C. 

      It was hard to farm because they did not have good seeds and technology.

    • D. 

      There were many skilled farmers to farm all the available, easy to farm land.

  • 31. 
    Which best describes religion in Ancient Greece?
    • A. 

      Polytheism

    • B. 

      Monotheism

    • C. 

      Non-theism

    • D. 

      Animism