Ancient Cultures Honors Unit 1 Test Spring 2009

30 Questions | Total Attempts: 31

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Culture Quizzes & Trivia

Mr. Sheridan Unit 1 Ancient Cultures Honors Spring 2009 Test.  Review for Final!  LSHS


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Prehistoric refers to any time in the past before 
    • A. 

      The Neolithic Age

    • B. 

      The invention of writing

    • C. 

      The establishment of civilizations

    • D. 

      The appearance of Homo sapiens

  • 2. 
    The natural boundaries most responsible for identifying the region of Mesopotamia were
    • A. 

  • 3. 
    One of the main things Hammurabi's Code did was to
    • A. 

      Treat all citizens equally

    • B. 

      Establish a social class system

    • C. 

      Invoke the principles of mercy and compassion

    • D. 

      Establish a uniform set of laws throughout the empire

  • 4. 
    The first empire was created by
    • A. 

      Sargon

    • B. 

      Hammurabi

    • C. 

      Darius

    • D. 

      Moses

  • 5. 
    The Phonecians were famous sailors and traders, often trading the very valuable commodity 
    • A. 

      Gold

    • B. 

      Silver

    • C. 

      Cloth

    • D. 

      Dye

  • 6. 
    The Assyrians were famous for their ability to knock down walls, thanks primarily to a group of specialists who dug under the walls known as 
    • A. 

      Sappers

    • B. 

      Drivers

    • C. 

      Buroughers

    • D. 

      Grubbers

  • 7. 
    Egypt became famous for their mummies, who were wrapped in cloth after they died and were given an 
    • A. 

      Funeral

    • B. 

      Burial

    • C. 

      Proper send off

    • D. 

      Autopsy

  • 8. 
    In the Torah, Cyrus is called great because he 
    • A. 

      Freed the Jews from slavery

    • B. 

      Built the temple

    • C. 

      Allowed the Jews to practice their religion freely

    • D. 

      Allowed the Jews to return to Jerusalem

  • 9. 
    Ancient India changed when the Aryans came and established the caste system based primarily on 
    • A. 

      Occupation

    • B. 

      Skin color

    • C. 

      Heredity

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 10. 
    The sacred text of Hinduism, contained within the Vedas, is called the 
    • A. 

      Koran

    • B. 

      Brahma

    • C. 

      Arc of the Covenant

    • D. 

      Upanishads

  • 11. 
    The primary reason why Buddhism spread throughout Asia to become the dominant religion in the region and Hinduism did not was because of 
    • A. 

      The caste system

    • B. 

      Silk Road

    • C. 

      Buddhist temples

    • D. 

      The Untouchables

  • 12. 
    Confucius was known as 
    • A. 

      The teacher of all

    • B. 

      The master teacher

    • C. 

      The first teacher

    • D. 

      The teacher of the way

  • 13. 
    The large majority of Chinese geography is
    • A. 

      Mountains and deserts

    • B. 

      Farmland

    • C. 

      Forest

    • D. 

      Coastland

  • 14. 
    The highest HIndu caste members in India after the arrival of the Aryans were the 
    • A. 

      Shudras (workers)

    • B. 

      Vaisayas (merchants, herders)

    • C. 

      Kshatriya (warriors, rulers)

    • D. 

      Brahmans (priests, scholars)

  • 15. 
    The Indian caste system 
    • A. 

      Differed little from other systems of inequality in the ancient world

    • B. 

      Closely resembled the Persian-Assyrian class structures

    • C. 

      Was extremely complex and stratified; a person would almost never change caste

    • D. 

      Integrated non-Aryans into ruling castes as a way of political control

  • 16. 
    A major difference between Buddhism and Hinduism was that 
    • A. 

      Buddhism denied the need for caste, rite, and sacrifice to achieve nirvana

    • B. 

      Hinduism was monotheistic and Buddhism was polytheistic

    • C. 

      Buddhism encouraged its followers to renounce the political world

    • D. 

      Hinduism taught respect for all living things and prohibited killing

  • 17. 
    Buddhism lost its appeal in India partly because 
    • A. 

      Hinduism showed its adaptability by emphasizing its mystical side, thus retaining the loyalties of many Indians

    • B. 

      Buddhism was outlawed

    • C. 

      Hinduism renounced the caste system

    • D. 

      Buddhists were being persecuted

  • 18. 
    Over time in classical India, castes
    • A. 

      Were replaced by simpler social groups

    • B. 

      Died out as Buddhism spread throughout India

    • C. 

      Intensified and began to differ from region to region

    • D. 

      Removed restrictions on gender

  • 19. 
    Confucianism and Daoism
    • A. 

      Were officially sanctioned doctrines of the Shang and Zhou emperors

    • B. 

      Emphasized the needs of the individual over the state

    • C. 

      Had little influence upon China and Chinese society until the Han empire in 200 BCE

    • D. 

      Originated as responses to societal problems during times of disruption

  • 20. 
    Religion in China differed from other classical civilizations in that 
    • A. 

      Their secular emphasis and lack of identifiable gods

    • B. 

      They emphasized correct rituals and sacrifice

    • C. 

      The concentrated on the need for god's saving grace

    • D. 

      They supported a relative legal and social equality for women

  • 21. 
    Peasants in classical China had little chance for social mobility and improved working conditions because
    • A. 

      The tax burden from the government kept them in a subservient position

    • B. 

      The aristocracy controlled the land and dictated their treatment of the peasants, who were tenant farmers

    • C. 

      The land that the peasants did own was of poor quality and not large enough to create a surplus

    • D. 

      The established social class system in China was rigid and did not allow for easy upward mobility

  • 22. 
    The people who came to ancient India from the Steppes region of Eastern Europe were known as the Aryans, who quickly came into conflict with the native Indians known as the 
    • A. 

      Guptas

    • B. 

      Varnas

    • C. 

      Dravidians

    • D. 

      Harappans

  • 23. 
    The temple built by Solomon for the Jews in 962 B.C. was said to hold both the Torah and the Ten Commandments in the
    • A. 

      Alter

    • B. 

      Arc of the Torah

    • C. 

      Arc of the Prophets

    • D. 

      Arc of the Covenant

  • 24. 
    The Jews were said to be a homeless people after numerous military defeats, yet maintained their religion based upon the ideology that they were 
    • A. 

      Children of God

    • B. 

      The chosen people

    • C. 

      Israelites

    • D. 

      Descendants of God

  • 25. 
    The Persians created a large empire that was said to assimilate many cultures, which could be seen most clearly in 
    • A. 

      Trade with non-Persian empires outside of the Persian Empire

    • B. 

      Trade with non-Persian peoples within the Persian Empire

    • C. 

      The use of non-Persians as top government officials and even occasionally as kings

    • D. 

      The division of Persia itself into 100 Satrapies or provinces that maintained autonomy from the central government