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A "takeoff' of the blueprint is done using a ruler ("stick") and these takeoff quantities are used to calculate material and labor prices.
Unit prices with predetermined standard prices from subcontractors and installers are factored by a judgment on special site conditions.
The "stick" method is another word for guesstimate which relies on the estimator's experience to estimate material and labor prices.
A complete list of all materials and their prices is added to the list of calculated labor costs and quoted subcontractor prices for a total project cost.
Must include copyright symbol, year of publication, and name of the designer
Provides protection after the client has paid retainer
Endures for 25 years after your death
Filed with the office of copyright
The relationship of people to their environment
Past human lives and activities through material objects
Human measurements, such as size and proportion
Human behavior, artifacts and beliefs of different cultures
Show client photos from previous projects
Identify the client's needs and wants.
Have knowledge of current interest rates
Survey selling prices of homes sold in the last six months
Improve air and water quality
Reduce solid waste
Conserve natural resources
Lath and plaster
In full either upon signing or immediately upon completion of work
At the completion of the job
After the punch list has been completed.
Once a week during the job
Asbestos fibers in the air
Water line leaks
2x4 or 2x6 studs
Old plumbing fixtures
Both heating and cooling
Neither heating nor cooling.
Reduce their energy consumption
Help them save water
Help them receive rebates
Off-set their bathroom bid.
Flexibility in use
Low physical effort
Best performance for most purposes
Relatively expensive product cost
Can be purchased pre-laminated
Impregnated with polyester resins
Latex added to sanded or non-sanded grout
Mortise and tenon joint.