AHS 307 - IV Fluid Administration In Small Animals

35 Questions | Total Attempts: 101

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Covers material from the IV fluid lecture, and sections of chapter 19.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    What organ primarily corrects for errors in our fluid calculations?
    • A. 

      Kidneys

    • B. 

      Liver

    • C. 

      Pancreas

    • D. 

      Adrenal glands

  • 2. 
    Which is more commonly seen in small animal medicine?
    • A. 

      Hypervolemia

    • B. 

      Hypovolemia

  • 3. 
    The main goal of fluid therapy is to correct abnormalities in the volume, electrolyte and acid base status of the animal.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 4. 
    At which percentage of dehydration do we FIRST observe dry mucous membranes?
    • A. 

      3%

    • B. 

      5%

    • C. 

      7%

    • D. 

      10%

    • E. 

      12%

  • 5. 
    At which percentage of dehydration might we notice that the femoral pulse is has decreased?
    • A. 

      3%

    • B. 

      5%

    • C. 

      7%

    • D. 

      10%

    • E. 

      12%

  • 6. 
    At which percentage of dehydration might the animal begin to show signs of shock?
    • A. 

      3%

    • B. 

      5%

    • C. 

      7%

    • D. 

      10%

    • E. 

      12%

  • 7. 
    The three parameters that you should always check on an examination of the mucous membranes are color, CRT, and degree of hydration.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 8. 
    According to the lecture, vomiting is likely to cause losses in...
    • A. 

      Acid

    • B. 

      Cl-

    • C. 

      K+

    • D. 

      HCO3

  • 9. 
    According to the lecture, diarrhea is likely to cause loses in...
    • A. 

      Acid

    • B. 

      Cl-

    • C. 

      K+

    • D. 

      HCO3

  • 10. 
    Blood loss/fluid lose results in stimulation of....
    • A. 

      Barorecptors

    • B. 

      Parasympathetic system

    • C. 

      Sympathetic system

    • D. 

      Renin-angiotensin system

  • 11. 
    A PCV of >45% indicates some degree of dehydration.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 12. 
    Which total plasma protein reading indicates dehydration?
    • A. 

      7.9 g/dl

    • B. 

      7.4 g/dl

    • C. 

      6.0 g/dl

    • D. 

      6.9 g/dl

  • 13. 
    Select which statement about USG is true.
    • A. 

      USG will increase with decreases in renal perfusion secondary to hypovolemia.

    • B. 

      USG will decrease with decreases in renal perfusion secondary to hypovolemia.

    • C. 

      USG readings under 1.040 indicate dehydration.

    • D. 

      USG readings under 1.020 indicate dehydration.

  • 14. 
    IV fluids are indicated in dogs and cats that are 7% or greater clinically dehydrated.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 15. 
    The intravascular fluid compartment includes plasma and red blood cells.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 16. 
    Select which statement is true.
    • A. 

      Plasma and interstitial fluids are rich in Na+.

    • B. 

      K+ is the primary ion found in plasma.

    • C. 

      Na+ is the primary ion found intracellularly.

    • D. 

      The intravascular and intracellular spaces communicate freely.

  • 17. 
    Select all that are true about crystalloid fluids.
    • A. 

      Opaque

    • B. 

      Clear

    • C. 

      Most commonly used

    • D. 

      Act like albumin

    • E. 

      Stay in vascular system longer

    • F. 

      Sodium-based, or glucose solutions

    • G. 

      Transient in vascular system

  • 18. 
    Which is more likely to cause overhydration?
    • A. 

      Colloids

    • B. 

      Crystalloids

  • 19. 
    Normal saline contains lactate as the primary buffer.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 20. 
    Normosol is similar to LRS, except with a higher concentration of buffers.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 21. 
    Select all crystalloid solutions that are isotonic.
    • A. 

      0.9% NaCl

    • B. 

      LRS

    • C. 

      Normosol

    • D. 

      3% Normal Saline

  • 22. 
    D5W is a hypotonic solution.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 23. 
    A colloid used to increase plasma oncotic pressure.
    • A. 

      Dextran

    • B. 

      Hetastarch

    • C. 

      Oxyglobin

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 24. 
    A colloid that also deliver oxygen.
    • A. 

      Dextran

    • B. 

      Hetastarch

    • C. 

      Oxyglobin

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 25. 
    Select the answer the BEST applies to the question: Maintains plasma volume
    • A. 

      Sodium

    • B. 

      Potassium

    • C. 

      Chloride

    • D. 

      Bicarbonate

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