Abdominal Viscera

55 Questions

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Abdomen Quizzes & Trivia

Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    What encloses the space in front of the stomach and organs? 
  • 2. 
    What encloses the space behind the liver, stomach, and lesser omentum?
  • 3. 
    What is the opening to the lesser sac? It is also known as the epiploic foramen of Winslow.
  • 4. 
    What is the double layer of peritoneum containing essential neurovascular structures?
  • 5. 
    What is a double layer of peritoneum that connects and organ to another organ or to the body wall?
  • 6. 
    What is the double layer of peritoneum primarily attached to the greater curvature of the stomach?
  • 7. 
    What is the double layer of peritoneum primarily attached to the lesser curvature of the stomach?
  • 8. 
    What connects the lesser curvature of the stomach to the liver?
  • 9. 
    The esophagus is made primarily of smooth muscle.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 10. 
    There are 5 constrictions of the esophagus.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 11. 
    What is the connection between the esophagus and the cardiac stomach?
  • 12. 
    What is the top of the stomach called?
  • 13. 
    What connects the stomach to the duodenum and controls gastric output?
  • 14. 
    The pylorus is a circular skeletal muscle.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 15. 
    What is the shortest part of the small intestine?
  • 16. 
    What connects the duodenum to the parietal wall and marks its anatomical end?
  • 17. 
    What feature would differentiate the duodenum from other small intestine sections?
  • 18. 
    Which section of the small intestine is the most absorptive?
  • 19. 
    Which section of the small intestine is the longest?
  • 20. 
    Peyer's patches would be found in which section of small intestine?
  • 21. 
    What feature is found in the lining of the intestine, increasing its surface area on the macroscopic scale?
  • 22. 
    What are the finger-like projections of the intestinal mucosa?
  • 23. 
    The ileocecal valve connects the small intestine to what part of the large intestine?
  • 24. 
    What is the lymphoid tissue attached to the cecum called?
  • 25. 
    What are the bulbs on the large intestine called?
  • 26. 
    The hepatic colic flexure is the transition between the ascending and _________ colons.
  • 27. 
    The left colic flexure is the transition between the ascending and transverse colons.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 28. 
    What are the thickened bands of muscle on the colon called?
  • 29. 
    The transition between the rectum and anal canal occurs at the ________.
  • 30. 
    The internal anal sphincter is made of smooth muscle.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 31. 
    What is the border between the visceral and somatic parts of the anal canal?
  • 32. 
    The quadrate lobe of the liver falls between the left lobe and the inferior vena cava.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 33. 
    What ligament of the liver is a remnant of the ventral mesentery?
  • 34. 
  • 35. 
    The bare area of the liver is enclosed by what ligament?
  • 36. 
    The head of the pancreas is cradled by what?
  • 37. 
    Which organ destroys old red blood cells and produces antibodies?
  • 38. 
    The cystic duct and common hepatic duct unite to form what?
  • 39. 
    The bile duct and main pancreatic duct unite to form what?
  • 40. 
    The sphincter of Oddi controls ____ flow into the _________.
  • 41. 
    The major duodenal papilla connects what to the duodenum?
  • 42. 
    What is the parent artery of the superior suprarenal artery?
  • 43. 
    The abdominal aorta divides into its terminal branches at ~L4.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 44. 
    What is the parent artery of the middle suprarenal artery?
  • 45. 
    What is the parent artery of the inferior suprarenal artery?
  • 46. 
    What is the smallest branch of the celiac artery?
  • 47. 
  • 48. 
    Which branch of the celiac artery travels to the right side of the body?
  • 49. 
    The common hepatic artery becomes the proper hepatic artery after which other branch?
  • 50. 
    Name the three vessels of the hepatic triad.
  • 51. 
    What part of the body does the superior mesenteric artery supply?
  • 52. 
    The right colic artery supplies what?
  • 53. 
    The middle colic artery suppies what?
  • 54. 
    Branches of the superior and inferior mesenteric arteries make up which colonic artery?
  • 55. 
    The splenic vein and superior mesenteric vein join to form what?