Act/SAT Questions Of The Day Test 5

7 Questions | Total Attempts: 74

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  • 1. 
    Critical Reading > Sentence CompletionsChoose the word or set of words that, when inserted in the sentence, best fits the meaning of the sentence as a whole.    Bolstered by his unflagging determination and ------- physical preparation, Tom Whittaker became the first amputee to successfully climb to the summit of Mount Everest.
    • A. 

      Assiduous

    • B. 

      Fortuitous

    • C. 

      Heedless

    • D. 

      Expeditious

    • E. 

      Pedantic

  • 2. 
    SOCIAL SCIENCE: This passage is adapted from Leonard W. Levy's Origins of the Fifth Amendment: The Right Against Self Incrimination. (©1968 by Clio Enterprises Inc.).       Community courts and community justice pre- vailed in England at the time of the Norman Conquest [1066]. The legal system was ritualistic, dependent upon oaths at most stages of litigation, and permeated 5   by both religious and superstitious notions. The pro- ceedings were oral, very personal, and highly con- frontative. Juries were unknown. One party publicly "appealed," or accused, the other before the community meeting at which the presence of both was obligatory. 10   To be absent meant risking fines and outlawry. After the preliminary statements of the parties, the court ren- dered judgment, not on the merits of the issue nor the question of guilt or innocence, but on the manner by which it should be resolved. Judgment in other words 15   preceded trial because it was a decision on what form the trial should take. It might be by compurgation, by ordeal, or, after the Norman Conquest, by battle. Excepting trial by battle, only one party was tried or, more accurately, was put to his "proof." Proof being 20   regarded as an advantage, it was usually awarded to the accused party; in effect he had the privilege of proving his own case.       Trial by compurgation consisted of a sworn state- ment to the truth of one's claim or denial, supported by 25   the oaths of a certain number of fellow swearers. Presumably they, no more than the claimant, would endanger their immortal souls by the sacrilege of false swearing. Originally the oath-helpers swore from their own knowledge to the truth of the party's claim. Later 30   they became little more than character witnesses, swearing only to their belief that his oath was trust- worthy. If he rounded up the requisite number of com- purgators and the cumbrous swearing in very exact form proceeded without a mistake, he won his case. A 35   mistake "burst" the oath, proving guilt.       Ordeals were usually reserved for more serious crimes, for persons of bad reputation, for peasants, or for those caught with stolen goods. As an invocation of immediate divine judgment, ordeals were consecrated 40   by the Church and shrouded with solemn religious mys- tery. The accused underwent a physical trial in which he called upon God to witness his innocence by putting a miraculous sign upon his body. Cold water, boiling water, and hot iron were the principal ordeals, all of 45   which the clergy administered. In the ordeal of cold water, the accused was trussed up and cast into a pool to see whether he would sink or float. On the theory that water which had been sanctified by a priest would receive an innocent person but reject the guilty, inno- 50   cence was proved by sinking—and hopefully a quick retrieval—guilt by floating. In the other ordeals, one had to plunge his hand into a cauldron of boiling water or carry a red hot piece of iron for a certain distance, in the hope that three days later, when the bandages were 55   removed, the priest would find a "clean" wound, one that was healing free of infection. How deeply one plunged his arm into the water, how heavy the iron or great the distance it was carried, depended mainly on the gravity of the charge.   60       The Normans brought to England still another ordeal, trial by battle, paradigm of the adversary system, which gave to the legal concept of "defense" or "defendant" a physical meaning. Trial by battle was a savage yet sacred method of proof which was also 65   thought to involve divine intercession on behalf of the righteous. Rather than let a wrongdoer triumph, God would presumably strengthen the arms of the party who had sworn truly to the justice of his cause. Right, not might, would therefore conquer. Trial by battle was 70   originally available for the settlement of all disputes but eventually was restricted to cases of serious crime.       Whether one proved his case by compurgation, ordeal, or battle, the method was accusatory in char- acter. There was always a definite and known accuser, 75   some private person who brought formal suit and openly confronted his antagonist. There was never any secrecy in the proceedings, which were the same for criminal as for civil litigation. The judges, who had no role whatever in the making of the verdict, decided only 80   which party should be put to proof and what its form should be; thereafter the judges merely enforced an observance of the rules. The oaths that saturated the proceedings called upon God to witness to the truth of the respective claims of the parties, or the justice of 85   their cause, or the reliability of their word. No one gave testimonial evidence nor was anyone questioned to test his veracity.     The forms of trial discussed in the passage all assume that truth is best determined by:
    • A. 

      Carefully assessing physical evidence

    • B. 

      Relying on the assistance of God

    • C. 

      Carefully questioning witnesses

    • D. 

      An adversary proceeding, or battle

  • 3. 
    Writing > Improving Sentences Part of the following sentence is underlined; beneath the sentence are five ways of phrasing the underlined material. Select the option that produces the best sentence. If you think the original phrasing produces a better sentence than any of the alternatives, select choice A.  Reading maps involve several abilities, including the ability to locate places, to ascertain directions, to measure distances, and to interpret the mapmaker’s symbols.
    • A. 

      Have involved

    • B. 

      Involve

    • C. 

      Involves

    • D. 

      Has involved

    • E. 

      Will involve

  • 4. 
    Science Question for Tuesday, November 16th, 2010 Abandoned cornfields have been the sites of investigations concerning ecological succession, the orderly progression of changes in the plant and/or animal life of an area over time (see Figure 1). (Note: The plants are ordered according to their appearance during ecological succession.)   During the early stages of succession, the principal community (living unit) that dominates is the pioneer community. Pioneer plants are depicted in Figure 2.   The final stage of ecological succession is characterized by the presence of the climax community, the oak-hickory forest. Figure 3 depicts the gradual change from pine to hardwoods.     On the basis of the data depicting the gradual change from pine forest to an oak-hickory forest, after 100 years, as the density of the pine trees:
    • A. 

      Increases, the density of the oak-hickory trees decreases.

    • B. 

      Increases, the density of the oak-hickory trees increases.

    • C. 

      Decreases, the density of the oak-hickory trees decreases.

    • D. 

      Decreases, the density of the oak-hickory trees increases.

  • 5. 
    Mathematics > Standard Multiple Choice     Read the following SAT test question, then click on a button to select your answer.      If triangle ABC above is congruent to triangle DEF (not shown), which of the following must be the length of one side of triangle DEF?
    • A. 

      6√3

    • B. 

      3√6

    • C. 

      18

    • D. 

      24

    • E. 

      It cannot be determined from the information given.

  • 6. 
    Critical Reading > Sentence Completions     Choose the word or set of words that, when inserted in the sentence, best fits the meaning of the sentence as a whole.    Dahntay’s ------- over winning the prestigious prize was ------- only by the fact that his father was unable to attend the ceremony.
    • A. 

      Incredulity . . misconstrued

    • B. 

      Ebullience . . tempered

    • C. 

      Bashfulness . . extended

    • D. 

      Satisfaction . . confirmed

    • E. 

      Relief . . conveyed

  • 7. 
    Math Question for Thursday, November 18th, 2010 If you have gone 4.8 miles in 24 minutes, what was your average speed, in miles per hour?
    • A. 

      5.0

    • B. 

      10.0

    • C. 

      12.0

    • D. 

      19.2

    • E. 

      50.0

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