Unit 1 Test - The Reconstruction Era

25 Questions

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Unit 1 Test - The Reconstruction Era

Answer the questions very carefully. Go back and check your work. Remember unit tests are worth 200 points - 4 quiz grades!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which two groups fought in the American Civil War from 1861 - 1865? 
    • A. 

      The Union and the Confederacy

    • B. 

      The Republicans and the Radicals

    • C. 

      The United States and Great Britain

  • 2. 
    How did the American Civil War end? 
    • A. 

      The West won the war and refused to join the United States.

    • B. 

      The United States won the war and the British had to go back home

    • C. 

      The Confederacy lost and had to return to the Union

  • 3. 
    How did Radical Republicans want to handle reconstruction after the American Civil War? 
    • A. 

      They wanted to punish the South and make sure African Americans were given full rights.

    • B. 

      They wanted to punish the British and make sure all Americans had freedom.

    • C. 

      They wanted to punish the North and make sure that all citizens had equal rights.

  • 4. 
    What was important about the 13th Amendment? 
    • A. 

      It gave everyone equal protection.

    • B. 

      It made slavery illegal.

    • C. 

      It gave African Americans the right to vote.

  • 5. 
    Producing and selling many different types of products to different places to have a better, stronger economy is called _____________. 
    • A. 

      Refining

    • B. 

      Diversifying

    • C. 

      Trading stocks

  • 6. 
    A ________________ is a natural resource that has had impurities or unwanted materials removed from it so that it may be used to make products that people can use. 
    • A. 

      Infrastructure

    • B. 

      Cash crop

    • C. 

      Raw material

  • 7. 
    Which U.S. Supreme Court Case ruled that segregation of blacks and whites was legal as long as any segregated places were equal? 
    • A. 

      The Civil Rights Act of 1875

    • B. 

      Plessy v. Ferguson

    • C. 

      Brown v. the Board of Education

  • 8. 
    All the equipment and structures, like roads, bridges, and railways, that are needed by a region are called the ___________________. 
    • A. 

      Institutions

    • B. 

      Economy

    • C. 

      Infrastructure

  • 9. 
    All the ways a nation makes and spends its money is called its __________________. 
    • A. 

      Economy

    • B. 

      Government

    • C. 

      Natural resources

  • 10. 
    The group of people who actually vote for the president in an election are called ____________________.  
    • A. 

      The Senate

    • B. 

      Citizens of the United States

    • C. 

      The electoral college

  • 11. 
    Which of the following groups terrorized African Americans in the South? 
    • A. 

      The Industrialists

    • B. 

      The Ku Klux Klan

    • C. 

      The Radical Republicans

  • 12. 
    Which of the following was a reason that Reconstruction ended? 
    • A. 

      The U.S. had to focus on fixing the nation’s economy.

    • B. 

      The United States entered into the Civil War.

    • C. 

      Abraham Lincoln was assassinated. 

  • 13. 
    What is the job of the Executive Branch of the U.S. Government? 
    • A. 

      It passes new laws.

    • B. 

      It carries out the laws.

    • C. 

      It explains the laws.

  • 14. 
    What is the job of the Legislative Branch of the U.S. Government? 
    • A. 

      It passes new laws.

    • B. 

      It explains the laws.

    • C. 

      It carries out the laws.

  • 15. 
    Supreme Court Judges are the head of the ____________ branch of the United States government. 
    • A. 

      Executive

    • B. 

      Legislative

    • C. 

      Judicial

  • 16. 
    What were the laws that enforced segregation in the South? 
    • A. 

      Jim Crow Laws

    • B. 

      Amendments

    • C. 

      Reconstruction Laws

  • 17. 
    What was important about the 15th Amendment? 
    • A. 

      It made slavery illegal.

    • B. 

      It gave women equal rights.

    • C. 

      It gave African American men the right to vote.

  • 18. 
    What was important about the 14th Amendment? 
    • A. 

      It made African Americans citizens of the United States

    • B. 

      It made slavery illegal.

    • C. 

      It allowed the South to legally separate blacks and white.

  • 19. 
    Which state is highlighted in red on the map below? 
    • A. 

      Arkansas

    • B. 

      Louisiana

    • C. 

      Mississippi

  • 20. 
    Which state is highlighted in red on the map below? 
    • A. 

      South Carolina

    • B. 

      Georgia

    • C. 

      Alabama

  • 21. 
    People who worked on landowners’ farms in return for a home, food, and clothing were called ___________________.  
    • A. 

      Tenant farmers

    • B. 

      Sharecroppers

    • C. 

      Redeemers

  • 22. 
    What do processing mills and refineries do? 
    • A. 

      Change natural resources into raw materials

    • B. 

      Change raw materials into products

    • C. 

      Change products to raw materials 

  • 23. 
    The President of the United States is the head of the ____________ branch of the United States government. 
    • A. 

      Executive

    • B. 

      Legislative

    • C. 

      Judicial

  • 24. 
    United States Congressmen and Senators are the  ____________ branch of the United States government. 
    • A. 

      Executive

    • B. 

      Legislative

    • C. 

      Judicial

  • 25. 
    What do factories do? 
    • A. 

      Change natural resources into raw materials

    • B. 

      Change raw materials into products

    • C. 

      Change products to raw materials