The Fertile Crescent and the Mediterranean Sea
The Persian Gulf and the Mediterranean Sea
The northern plateau and the southern plateau
The Tigris River and the Euphrates River
It extended over a greater territory than anyone had ever conquered before.
It fought with surrounding city-states
It covered an area from the Mediterranean Sea to the Persian Gulf.
It had a professional army.
They needed a way to control the river's flow
They needed a way to control flooding
They needed a way to control low water levels
They needed a way to control the surplus.
Each city-state owned crops that had been destroyed by natural causes.
Each city-state wanted to build walls around its farms.
Each city-state had only one kill, which was farming.
Each city-state wanted to have enough farmland to grow food.
A form of writing using picture symboles
A form of writing using wedge-shaped symbols
A form of writing using complex ideas such as joy
A form of writing using proverbs and songs
To honor the gods
So they could easily be found
So architects could display their work
To mark the center of the city
Gold and silver
Fire and chariots
Bows and arrows
Iron weapons and chariots
Battleships and iron weapons
Built beautiful places
Used chariots in battle
Built up Babylon
Phoenicians traded knowledge of their alphabet for goods and services they needed.
Trade increased in places where the Phoenician alphabet was not used.
The Phoenician alphabet spread along their trade routes.
Phoenicians would only trade with people who could write in Phoenician.
The Akkadian army stopped the empire from expanding to the south
The Euphrates River often flooded, making farming difficult
The Syrian Desert did not have enough good farmland
Ninevah did not have enough water to support its population