Weathering And Soil Chapter Test...mrs Waller

30 Questions

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Weather Quizzes & Trivia

Chapter Vocabulary and content test on weathering and soil!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    What are all the organisms living in a region?
    • A. 

      Pore

    • B. 

      Climate

    • C. 

      Biota

    • D. 

      Environment

  • 2. 
    • A. 

      Mechanical weathering

    • B. 

      Chemical weathering

  • 3. 
    The chemical and physical processes that change objects on Earth’s surface over time are called ____________.
    • A. 

      Weathering

    • B. 

      Chemical weathering

    • C. 

      Mechanical weathering

    • D. 

      Pores

  • 4. 
    Over thousands of years, ________________breaks up rocks into smaller pieces.
    • A. 

      Mechanical weathering

    • B. 

      Chemical weathering

  • 5. 
    In _________________, water enters cracks in rocks and freezes. Water expands when it freezes and makes the cracks larger.
    • A. 

      Abrasion

    • B. 

      Ice wedging

    • C. 

      Plants

    • D. 

      Animals

  • 6. 
    During _________________, the materials that make up rocks are changed into new materials.
    • A. 

      Mechanical weathering

    • B. 

      Chemical weathering

  • 7. 
    Oxygen combines with other elements or molecules during ______________.
    • A. 

      Biota

    • B. 

      Climate

    • C. 

      Oxidation

    • D. 

      Topography

  • 8. 
    ________ is a mixture of weathered rock, decayed organic matter, mineral fragments, water, and air.
    • A. 

      Weathering

    • B. 

      Climate

    • C. 

      Environment

    • D. 

      Soil

  • 9. 
    The starting material of soil is called ________________,
    • A. 

      Topography

    • B. 

      Oxidation

    • C. 

      Parent material

    • D. 

      Soil

  • 10. 
    ________ is the average weather of an area.
    • A. 

      Soil

    • B. 

      Climate

    • C. 

      Oxidation

    • D. 

      Pore

  • 11. 
    • A. 

      Oxidation

    • B. 

      Ice wedging

    • C. 

      Plants

    • D. 

      Animals burrowing

  • 12. 
    What is weathering caused by grinding away at rock?
    • A. 

      Abrasion

    • B. 

      Oxidation

    • C. 

      Animal burrowing

    • D. 

      Plants growing

  • 13. 
    • A. 

      Pore

    • B. 

      Sediment

    • C. 

      Decomposition

    • D. 

      Climate

  • 14. 
    • A. 

      Climate

    • B. 

      Topography

    • C. 

      Enviroment

  • 15. 
    __________ are layers of soil formed from the movement of the products of weathering.
    • A. 

      Horizons

    • B. 

      Pore

    • C. 

      Climate

    • D. 

      Weathering

  • 16. 
    What is the rock material that has been broken down or dissolved in water?
    • A. 

      Wearhering

    • B. 

      Sediment

    • C. 

      Pore

    • D. 

      Oxidation

  • 17. 
    The biota is all the organisms that live in a region.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 18. 
    In the soil, water and gases fill small holes called pores.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 19. 
    There are three horizons common to most soils.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 20. 
    Plants growing in a crack in a rock and animals burrowing through loose rock can cause chemical weathering.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 21. 
    Choose the examples of mechanical weathering.
    • A. 

      Ice wedging

    • B. 

      Dissolving in acids

    • C. 

      Abrasion

    • D. 

      Animals burrowing

    • E. 

      Oxidation

  • 22. 
    Choose the examples of chemical weathering.
    • A. 

      Dissolving in acids

    • B. 

      Oxidation

    • C. 

      Abrassion

    • D. 

      Ice wedging

    • E. 

      Rust

  • 23. 
    Each layer of a soil profile is called a __________.
    • A. 

      Litter

    • B. 

      humus

    • C. 

      horizontal

    • D. 

      horizon

  • 24. 
    Ryan found a rock that was bright red on the outside. He chipped off a small flake and saw that the inside of the rock was dark gray. He left the rock outside for several days and observed it again. The area where he had chipped off a piece was red again.  What type of weathering did Ryan observe, mechanical or chemical?
  • 25. 
    Which material is an organic part of soil?
    • A. 

      Clay

    • B. 

      Water

    • C. 

      Leaves

  • 26. 
    Which is NOT a factor in the formation of soil?
    • A. 

      Fertility

    • B. 

      Climate

    • C. 

      Biota

  • 27. 
    What are the 3 terms that describes the layers where the soils are found?
    • A. 

      Top Rock, Middle Rock, Bottom Rock

    • B. 

      A- Horizon, B- Horizon, C-Horizon

    • C. 

      X-Horizon, Y-Horizon, Z-Horizon

    • D. 

      Option 4

  • 28. 
    Inorganic components of most soils include
    • A. 

      Clay, sand, and bacteria.

    • B. 

      Air, water, and minerals.

    • C. 

      Partially composed matter.

    • D. 

      Parent material and animal waste.

  • 29. 
    Parent material in soil is in the ________________.
    • A. 

      A-horizon.

    • B. 

      B-horizon.

    • C. 

      C-horizon.

  • 30. 
    True of False: Rocks containing minerals with high hardness undergo mechanical weathering more easily.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False