Atma February 2013: Analytical Reasoning Solved Question Paper

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Atma February 2013: Analytical Reasoning Solved Question Paper

Find here Solved ATMA February 2013 Question Paper on Analytical Reasoning Skills. It has 30 questions in it.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Directions: In each question below is given a statement followed by three courses of action numbered 1, 2 and 3. A course of action is a step or administrative decision to be taken for improvement, follow-up or further action in regard to the problem, policy, etc. On the basis of the information given in the statement, you have to assume everything in the statement to be true, then decide which of the suggested courses of action logically follow(s) for pursuing. Statement: Every year during monsoon condition of most of the roads in the city deteriorates causing immense problem to the commuters. Courses of Action: (1) The civic body should include a heavy Penalty clause while awarding future contracts for road repairs. (2) The civic officials in charge of maintenance of city roads should be asked to explain why the condition of the roads worsens every year. (3) General public should avoid taking their vehicles out during monsoon.
    • A. 

      Only (1) follows

    • B. 

      Only (2) follows

    • C. 

      Only (1) and (2) follow

    • D. 

      All (1), (2) and (3) follow

  • 2. 
    Directions: In each question below is given a statement followed by three courses of action numbered 1, 2 and 3. A course of action is a step or administrative decision to be taken for improvement, follow-up or further action in regard to the problem, policy, etc. On the basis of the information given in the statement, you have to assume everything in the statement to be true, then decide which of the suggested courses of action logically follow(s) for pursuing. Statement: Many shops in the local market have extended their shops and occupied most part of the footpath in front of their shops. Courses of Action: (1) The civic authority should immediately activate a task force to clear all the footpath encroached by the shop owners. (2) The civic authority should charge hefty penalty to the shop owners for occupying footpath. (3) The civic authority should set up a monitoring system so that such encroachments do not recur in future.
    • A. 

      None follows

    • B. 

      Only (1) and (2) follow

    • C. 

      Only (2) and (3) follow

    • D. 

      All (1), (2) and (3) follow

  • 3. 
    Directions: In each question below is given a statement followed by three courses of action numbered 1, 2 and 3. A course of action is a step or administrative decision to be taken for improvement, follow-up or further action in regard to the problem, policy, etc. On the basis of the information given in the statement, you have to assume everything in the statement to be true, then decide which of the suggested courses of action logically follow(s) for pursuing. Statement: During the past few days more and more number of indoor patients of the local Govt. hospital are diagnosed to be suffering from malaria. Courses of Action: (1) All such patients who are suffering from malaria should immediately be discharged from the hospital. (2) The hospital authority should immediately put a ban on admitting new patients into the hospital. (3) All such patients who are suffering from malaria should be kept in an isolated ward.
    • A. 

      Only (1) follows

    • B. 

      Only (2) follows

    • C. 

      Only (3) follows

    • D. 

      None follows

  • 4. 
    Directions: In each question below is given a statement followed by three courses of action numbered 1, 2 and 3. A course of action is a step or administrative decision to be taken for improvement, follow-up or further action in regard to the problem, policy, etc. On the basis of the information given in the statement, you have to assume everything in the statement to be true, then decide which of the suggested courses of action logically follow(s) for pursuing. Statement: There has been a continuous increase in the number of dropout of students of Govt.-run primary schools in the state. Courses of Action: (1) Govt. should immediately set up a committee to review the situation and suggest measures to reverse the trend. (2) Govt. should conduct orientation programs for parents of the students emphasising on the need for educating their children. (3) Govt. should close down such state-run primary schools where dropout rates are more than fifty percent.
    • A. 

      Only (1) follows

    • B. 

      Only (2) follows

    • C. 

      Only (3) follows

    • D. 

      Only (1) and (2) follow

  • 5. 
    Directions: In each question below is given a statement followed by three courses of action numbered 1, 2 and 3. A course of action is a step or administrative decision to be taken for improvement, follow-up or further action in regard to the problem, policy, etc. On the basis of the information given in the statement, you have to assume everything in the statement to be true, then decide which of the suggested courses of action logically follow(s) for pursuing. Statement: Many public sector undertakings have been making losses for the past few years and the situation is equally bad in the current year. Courses of Action: (1) These loss making public sector companies should immediately be closed down. (2) The Govt. should scout for potential buyers in the private sector to sell these companies to get back part of the investments made by the Govt. (3) All the employees of these companies should be retrenched with adequate compensation and the fixed assets may be put up for sale.
    • A. 

      Only (2) follows

    • B. 

      Only (3) follows

    • C. 

      All (1), (2) and (3) follow

    • D. 

      Other than those given as options

  • 6. 
    Directions: In making decisions about important questions, it is desirable to be able to distinguish between 'strong' arguments and 'weak' arguments. 'Strong' arguments are those which are both important and directly related to the question. 'Weak' arguments are those which are of minor importance and also may not be directly related to the question or may be related to a trivial aspect of the question. Each question below is followed by three arguments numbered I, II and III. You have to decide which of the arguments is a 'strong' argument and which is a 'weak' argument. Should at least one member from each household in India be provided with a Govt. job? Arguments: I. Yes, this is the only way to eradicate poverty in India. II. Yes, this will significantly improve the economic condition of the less privileged class. III. No, the incomes of many households are otherwise quite high and these households should be kept out of such scheme.
    • A. 

      Only I is strong

    • B. 

      Only II is strong

    • C. 

      Only III is strong

    • D. 

      Only II and III are strong

  • 7. 
    Directions: In making decisions about important questions, it is desirable to be able to distinguish between 'strong' arguments and 'weak' arguments. 'Strong' arguments are those which are both important and directly related to the question. 'Weak' arguments are those which are of minor importance and also may not be directly related to the question or may be related to a trivial aspect of the question. Each question below is followed by three arguments numbered I, II and III. You have to decide which of the arguments is a 'strong' argument and which is a 'weak' argument. Should there be a complete ban on constructing housing projects on farm lands? Arguments: I. No, the demands for housing is ever increasing and hence construction of such projects on farm lands should be allowed on selective basis. II. Yes, farm lands are to be protected against any such encroachments as demand for food is increasing every year. III. Yes, the poor farmers are exploited by the big builders.
    • A. 

      Only I and II are strong

    • B. 

      Only either I or II is strong

    • C. 

      Only III is strong

    • D. 

      Only I and III are strong

  • 8. 
    Directions: In making decisions about important questions, it is desirable to be able to distinguish between 'strong' arguments and 'weak' arguments. 'Strong' arguments are those which are both important and directly related to the question. 'Weak' arguments are those which are of minor importance and also may not be directly related to the question or may be related to a trivial aspect of the question. Each question below is followed by three arguments numbered I, II and III. You have to decide which of the arguments is a 'strong' argument and which is a 'weak' argument. Should there be a uniform eligibility criteria for admission to all the engineering colleges in the country? Arguments: I. No, each college should be given freedom to decide the eligibility criteria for admissions. II. Yes, this will largely ensure comparability among engineers passing out of different colleges. III. Yes, many colleges admit large number of students who are not capable of completing their engineering degree.
    • A. 

      All are strong

    • B. 

      Only I and II are strong

    • C. 

      Only II and III are strong

    • D. 

      Other than those given as options

  • 9. 
    Directions: In making decisions about important questions, it is desirable to be able to distinguish between 'strong' arguments and 'weak' arguments. 'Strong' arguments are those which are both important and directly related to the question. 'Weak' arguments are those which are of minor importance and also may not be directly related to the question or may be related to a trivial aspect of the question. Each question below is followed by three arguments numbered I, II and III. You have to decide which of the arguments is a 'strong' argument and which is a 'weak' argument. Should the rate of income tax be much higher for those who earn more than one crore each year? Arguments: I. No, every tax paying citizen should be treated on par irrespective of their annual Income. II. No, a small percentage of tax paying individuals earns more than one crore and hence it will not have any significant impact on Govt. earnings. III. Yes, imposing higher rate is justified for high earners as they can afford to pay more tax to the Govt. after taking care of their own requirements.
    • A. 

      Only III is strong

    • B. 

      Only II is strong

    • C. 

      All I, II and III are strong

    • D. 

      Other than those given as options

  • 10. 
    Directions: In making decisions about important questions, it is desirable to be able to distinguish between 'strong' arguments and 'weak' arguments. 'Strong' arguments are those which are both important and directly related to the question. 'Weak' arguments are those which are of minor importance and also may not be directly related to the question or may be related to a trivial aspect of the question. Each question below is followed by three arguments numbered I, II and III. You have to decide which of the arguments is a 'strong' argument and which is a 'weak' argument. Should the retirement age of teachers of all Govt. schools be increased to 65 years? Arguments: I. Yes, there is an acute shortage of quality teachers. II. No, young educated youth will be deprived of their job opportunity. III. Yes, Govt. can defer payment towards retirement of these teachers.
    • A. 

      Only I is strong

    • B. 

      Only II is strong

    • C. 

      Only I and II are strong

    • D. 

      None is strong

  • 11. 
    Directions: Below is given a passage followed by several possible inferences which can be drawn from the facts stated in the passage. You have to examine each inference separately in the context of the passage and decide upon its degree of truth or falsity mark answer: Investors today have more investment options than were available just a few years ago. Choice in any decision making is good in so far it provides variety, differentiation and benchmarking. It could also, however, at times lead to clutter and "noise" if the options are mostly similar and undifferentiated. To make sense of this choice conundrum, it is imperative for an investor to define objective-both returns and digestible risk and then identify the possible options. The investor also needs to select the mix and regularly monitor that objectives and investment outcomes remain aligned. Sounds simple, but can present the most confounding situations which multiplies with the quantum of wealth. Investors need to critically evaluate the risk of each investment option.
    • A. 

      If the inference is 'definitely true', i.e. it properly follows from the statement of facts given

    • B. 

      If the inference is 'probably true' though not 'definitely true' in the light of the facts given

    • C. 

      If the inference is 'probably false', though not 'definitely false' in the light of the facts given

    • D. 

      If the inference is 'definitely false', i.e. it cannot possibly be drawn from the facts given or it contradicts the given facts

  • 12. 
    Directions: Below is given a passage followed by several possible inferences which can be drawn from the facts stated in the passage. You have to examine each inference separately in the context of the passage and decide upon its degree of truth or falsity mark answer: Investors today have more investment options than were available just a few years ago. Choice in any decision making is good in so far it provides variety, differentiation and benchmarking. It could also, however, at times lead to clutter and "noise" if the options are mostly similar and undifferentiated. To make sense of this choice conundrum, it is imperative for an investor to define objective-both returns and digestible risk and then identify the possible options. The investor also needs to select the mix and regularly monitor that objectives and investment outcomes remain aligned. Sounds simple, but can present the most confounding situations which multiplies with the quantum of wealth. Present day investors need to use their judgement more critically before investing.
    • A. 

      If the inference is 'definitely true', i.e. it properly follows from the statement of facts given

    • B. 

      If the inference is 'probably true' though not 'definitely true' in the light of the facts given

    • C. 

      If the inference is 'probably false', though not 'definitely false' in the light of the facts given

    • D. 

      If the inference is 'definitely false', i.e. it cannot possibly be drawn from the facts given or it contradicts the given facts

  • 13. 
    Directions: Below is given a passage followed by several possible inferences which can be drawn from the facts stated in the passage. You have to examine each inference separately in the context of the passage and decide upon its degree of truth or falsity mark answer: Investors today have more investment options than were available just a few years ago. Choice in any decision making is good in so far it provides variety, differentiation and benchmarking. It could also, however, at times lead to clutter and "noise" if the options are mostly similar and undifferentiated. To make sense of this choice conundrum, it is imperative for an investor to define objective-both returns and digestible risk and then identify the possible options. The investor also needs to select the mix and regularly monitor that objectives and investment outcomes remain aligned. Sounds simple, but can present the most confounding situations which multiplies with the quantum of wealth. Investment of higher amount is relatively simpler than smaller amounts.
    • A. 

      If the inference is 'definitely true', i.e. it properly follows from the statement of facts given

    • B. 

      If the inference is 'probably true' though not 'definitely true' in the light of the facts given

    • C. 

      If the inference is 'probably false', though not 'definitely false' in the light of the facts given

    • D. 

      If the inference is 'definitely false', i.e. it cannot possibly be drawn from the facts given or it contradicts the given facts

  • 14. 
    Directions: Below is given a passage followed by several possible inferences which can be drawn from the facts stated in the passage. You have to examine each inference separately in the context of the passage and decide upon its degree of truth or falsity mark answer: Investors today have more investment options than were available just a few years ago. Choice in any decision making is good in so far it provides variety, differentiation and benchmarking. It could also, however, at times lead to clutter and "noise" if the options are mostly similar and undifferentiated. To make sense of this choice conundrum, it is imperative for an investor to define objective-both returns and digestible risk and then identify the possible options. The investor also needs to select the mix and regularly monitor that objectives and investment outcomes remain aligned. Sounds simple, but can present the most confounding situations which multiplies with the quantum of wealth. Multiple investment options of similar type helps in making better investment decisions.
    • A. 

      If the inference is 'definitely true', i.e. it properly follows from the statement of facts given

    • B. 

      If the inference is 'probably true' though not 'definitely true' in the light of the facts given

    • C. 

      If the inference is 'probably false', though not 'definitely false' in the light of the facts given

    • D. 

      If the inference is 'definitely false', i.e. it cannot possibly be drawn from the facts given or it contradicts the given facts

  • 15. 
    Directions: In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. An assumption is something supposed or taken for granted. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement. Give answer- Statement: Many shops in the locality increased the prices of food-grains due to short supply from the wholesale market. Assumptions: I. People may still buy food-grains from these shops with higher prices. II. People may not buy food-grains for few days and wait for the prices to drop.
    • A. 

      If only Assumption I is implicit

    • B. 

      If only Assumption II is implicit

    • C. 

      If neither assumption I nor assumption II is implicit

    • D. 

      If both the assumptions I and II are implicit

  • 16. 
    Directions: In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. An assumption is something supposed or taken for granted. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement. Give answer- Statement: Municipal authority requested people to move out of their houses only if extremely necessary as heavy rains are predicted during the next twenty- four hours. Assumptions: I. People may prefer to stay indoor during the next twenty-four hours. II. People may venture out in large number on the streets to enjoy heavy showers.
    • A. 

      If only Assumption I is implicit

    • B. 

      If only Assumption II is implicit

    • C. 

      If neither assumption I nor assumption II is implicit

    • D. 

      If both the assumptions I and II are implicit

  • 17. 
    Directions: In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. An assumption is something supposed or taken for granted. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement. Give answer- Statement: The civic authority has advised that people should boil drinking water before consumption during monsoon season to avoid suffering from water borne diseases.  Assumptions: I. People may still consume drinking water without boiling. II. People generally ignore such advices issued by the civic authority.
    • A. 

      If only Assumption I is implicit

    • B. 

      If only Assumption II is implicit

    • C. 

      If neither assumption I nor assumption II is implicit

    • D. 

      If both the assumptions I and II are implicit

  • 18. 
    Directions: In each question below is given a statement followed by two assumptions numbered I and II. An assumption is something supposed or taken for granted. You have to consider the statement and the following assumptions and decide which of the assumptions is implicit in the statement. Give answer- Statement: The Govt. has recently withdrawn recognition from few secondary schools in the city citing that these schools do not adhere to the Govt. rules and guidelines. Assumptions: I. The parents of the students of these school may approach the Govt. for re-recognising these schools. II. The parents of the students of these schools may force the school authorities to adhere to the Govt. rules and guidelines.
    • A. 

      If only Assumption I is implicit

    • B. 

      If only Assumption II is implicit

    • C. 

      If neither assumption I nor assumption II is implicit

    • D. 

      If both the assumptions I and II are implicit

  • 19. 
    Directions: Study the following information to answer the given questions: Seven friends- T, U, V, W, X, Y and Z are students of a school studying in different standards-VI, VII and VIII. Not less than two and not more than three students study in each standard. Each of them likes to play a different sport in his spare time, viz., Carom, Badminton, Chess, Scrabble, Cards, Table Tennis and Basketball, but not necessarily in the same order. X does not study in standard VI and likes Table Tennis. The one who likes Chess studies in standard VIII. U studies in standard VII only with Y V likes Carom and studies in the same standard as Wand T. No one studying in standard VI likes Badminton or Cards. W does not like Basketball and U does not like Cards. Which of the following represents the students studying in standard VIII?
    • A. 

      X, Y

    • B. 

      Z, T

    • C. 

      X, Z

    • D. 

      U, Y

  • 20. 
    Directions: Study the following information to answer the given questions: Seven friends- T, U, V, W, X, Y and Z are students of a school studying in different standards-VI, VII and VIII. Not less than two and not more than three students study in each standard. Each of them likes to play a different sport in his spare time, viz., Carom, Badminton, Chess, Scrabble, Cards, Table Tennis and Basketball, but not necessarily in the same order. X does not study in standard VI and likes Table Tennis. The one who likes Chess studies in standard VIII. U studies in standard VII only with Y V likes Carom and studies in the same standard as Wand T. No one studying in standard VI likes Badminton or Cards. W does not like Basketball and U does not like Cards. Who likes to play Scrabble?
    • A. 

      W

    • B. 

      U

    • C. 

      T

    • D. 

      Z

  • 21. 
    Directions: Study the following information to answer the given questions: Seven friends- T, U, V, W, X, Y and Z are students of a school studying in different standards-VI, VII and VIII. Not less than two and not more than three students study in each standard. Each of them likes to play a different sport in his spare time, viz., Carom, Badminton, Chess, Scrabble, Cards, Table Tennis and Basketball, but not necessarily in the same order. X does not study in standard VI and likes Table Tennis. The one who likes Chess studies in standard VIII. U studies in standard VII only with Y V likes Carom and studies in the same standard as Wand T. No one studying in standard VI likes Badminton or Cards. W does not like Basketball and U does not like Cards. Which of the following combinations of student-standard- sport is correct?
    • A. 

      W - VIII – Scrabble

    • B. 

      U - VI – Badminton

    • C. 

      T - VI – Cards

    • D. 

      Z - VIII – Chess

  • 22. 
    Directions: Study the following information to answer the given questions: Seven friends- T, U, V, W, X, Y and Z are students of a school studying in different standards-VI, VII and VIII. Not less than two and not more than three students study in each standard. Each of them likes to play a different sport in his spare time, viz., Carom, Badminton, Chess, Scrabble, Cards, Table Tennis and Basketball, but not necessarily in the same order. X does not study in standard VI and likes Table Tennis. The one who likes Chess studies in standard VIII. U studies in standard VII only with Y V likes Carom and studies in the same standard as Wand T. No one studying in standard VI likes Badminton or Cards. W does not like Basketball and U does not like Cards. Which sport does Y like?
    • A. 

      Scrabble

    • B. 

      Cards

    • C. 

      Badminton

    • D. 

      Chess

  • 23. 
    Directions: Study the following information to answer the given questions: Seven friends- T, U, V, W, X, Y and Z are students of a school studying in different standards-VI, VII and VIII. Not less than two and not more than three students study in each standard. Each of them likes to play a different sport in his spare time, viz., Carom, Badminton, Chess, Scrabble, Cards, Table Tennis and Basketball, but not necessarily in the same order. X does not study in standard VI and likes Table Tennis. The one who likes Chess studies in standard VIII. U studies in standard VII only with Y V likes Carom and studies in the same standard as Wand T. No one studying in standard VI likes Badminton or Cards. W does not like Basketball and U does not like Cards. Which sport does U like?
    • A. 

      Table Tennis

    • B. 

      Badminton

    • C. 

      Basketball

    • D. 

      Carom

  • 24. 
    Directions: Study the following information to answer these questions: Twelve people are sitting in two parallel rows containing six people each, in such a way that there is an equal distance between adjacent persons. In row-1 A, B, C, D, E and F are seated and all of them are facing south. In row-2 P, Q, R, S, T and V are seated and all of them are facing north. Therefore, in the given seating arrangement each member seated in a row faces another member of the other row. V sits third to right of S. S faces F and F does not sit at any of the extreme ends of the line. D sits third to right of C. R faces C. The one facing E sits third to right of P. B and P do not sit at the extreme ends of the line. T is not an immediate neighbour of V and A is not an immediate neighbour of C. Which of the following is true regarding B?
    • A. 

      B sits to the immediate left of C

    • B. 

      B faces Q

    • C. 

      B sits fourth from the extreme left end of the line

    • D. 

      D and F are immediate neighbours of B

  • 25. 
    Directions: Study the following information to answer these questions: Twelve people are sitting in two parallel rows containing six people each, in such a way that there is an equal distance between adjacent persons. In row-1 A, B, C, D, E and F are seated and all of them are facing south. In row-2 P, Q, R, S, T and V are seated and all of them are facing north. Therefore, in the given seating arrangement each member seated in a row faces another member of the other row. V sits third to right of S. S faces F and F does not sit at any of the extreme ends of the line. D sits third to right of C. R faces C. The one facing E sits third to right of P. B and P do not sit at the extreme ends of the line. T is not an immediate neighbour of V and A is not an immediate neighbour of C. Four of the following five are alike in a certain way and thus form a group. Which is the one that does not belong to that group?
    • A. 

      B – T

    • B. 

      A – Q

    • C. 

      C – S

    • D. 

      D – R

  • 26. 
    Directions: Study the following information to answer these questions: Twelve people are sitting in two parallel rows containing six people each, in such a way that there is an equal distance between adjacent persons. In row-1 A, B, C, D, E and F are seated and all of them are facing south. In row-2 P, Q, R, S, T and V are seated and all of them are facing north. Therefore, in the given seating arrangement each member seated in a row faces another member of the other row. V sits third to right of S. S faces F and F does not sit at any of the extreme ends of the line. D sits third to right of C. R faces C. The one facing E sits third to right of P. B and P do not sit at the extreme ends of the line. T is not an immediate neighbour of V and A is not an immediate neighbour of C. Who amongst the following faces D?
    • A. 

      T

    • B. 

      P

    • C. 

      Q

    • D. 

      R

  • 27. 
    Directions: Study the following information to answer these questions: Twelve people are sitting in two parallel rows containing six people each, in such a way that there is an equal distance between adjacent persons. In row-1 A, B, C, D, E and F are seated and all of them are facing south. In row-2 P, Q, R, S, T and V are seated and all of them are facing north. Therefore, in the given seating arrangement each member seated in a row faces another member of the other row. V sits third to right of S. S faces F and F does not sit at any of the extreme ends of the line. D sits third to right of C. R faces C. The one facing E sits third to right of P. B and P do not sit at the extreme ends of the line. T is not an immediate neighbour of V and A is not an immediate neighbour of C. Four of the following five are alike in a certain way and thus form a group. Which is the one that does not belong to that group?
    • A. 

      D

    • B. 

      S

    • C. 

      V

    • D. 

      T

  • 28. 
    Directions: Study the following information to answer these questions: Twelve people are sitting in two parallel rows containing six people each, in such a way that there is an equal distance between adjacent persons. In row-1 A, B, C, D, E and F are seated and all of them are facing south. In row-2 P, Q, R, S, T and V are seated and all of them are facing north. Therefore, in the given seating arrangement each member seated in a row faces another member of the other row. V sits third to right of S. S faces F and F does not sit at any of the extreme ends of the line. D sits third to right of C. R faces C. The one facing E sits third to right of P. B and P do not sit at the extreme ends of the line. T is not an immediate neighbour of V and A is not an immediate neighbour of C. How many persons are seated between R and T?
    • A. 

      One

    • B. 

      Two

    • C. 

      Three

    • D. 

      Four

  • 29. 
    Directions: Study the following information to answer these questions: Twelve people are sitting in two parallel rows containing six people each, in such a way that there is an equal distance between adjacent persons. In row-1 A, B, C, D, E and F are seated and all of them are facing south. In row-2 P, Q, R, S, T and V are seated and all of them are facing north. Therefore, in the given seating arrangement each member seated in a row faces another member of the other row. V sits third to right of S. S faces F and F does not sit at any of the extreme ends of the line. D sits third to right of C. R faces C. The one facing E sits third to right of P. B and P do not sit at the extreme ends of the line. T is not an immediate neighbour of V and A is not an immediate neighbour of C. Who amongst the following faces?
    • A. 

      D

    • B. 

      B

    • C. 

      E

    • D. 

      A

  • 30. 
    Directions: Study the following information to answer these questions: Twelve people are sitting in two parallel rows containing six people each, in such a way that there is an equal distance between adjacent persons. In row-1 A, B, C, D, E and F are seated and all of them are facing south. In row-2 P, Q, R, S, T and V are seated and all of them are facing north. Therefore, in the given seating arrangement each member seated in a row faces another member of the other row. V sits third to right of S. S faces F and F does not sit at any of the extreme ends of the line. D sits third to right of C. R faces C. The one facing E sits third to right of P. B and P do not sit at the extreme ends of the line. T is not an immediate neighbour of V and A is not an immediate neighbour of C. Who amongst the following represent the people sitting at extreme ends of the rows?
    • A. 

      R, F

    • B. 

      T, A

    • C. 

      D, R

    • D. 

      C, Q