Chpt. 4 - Section B: Radiation & Climate

18 Questions

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Radiation Quizzes & Trivia

Chapter 4: Air: Chemistry & the Atmosphere Section B: Radiation & Climate


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Which has the highest energy and therefore may be most harmful?
    • A. 

      Cosmic rays

    • B. 

      Ultraviolet rays

    • C. 

      Infrared rays

    • D. 

      Radio waves

  • 2. 
    Electromagnetic radiation is composed of _____ referred to as 'bundles of energy'.
    • A. 

      Particles

    • B. 

      Photons

    • C. 

      Nucleons

    • D. 

      Nucleotides

  • 3. 
    Ultraviolet radiation makes up what percent of sunlight?
    • A. 

      9%

    • B. 

      12%

    • C. 

      46%

    • D. 

      100%

  • 4. 
    Which of the following parts of the solar spectrum provides the energy that powers photosynthesis?
    • A. 

      Infrared

    • B. 

      Visible light

    • C. 

      Ultraviolet

    • D. 

      Radio waves

  • 5. 
    Unlike water or sound waves, electromagnetic raditation
    • A. 

      Has frequency

    • B. 

      Has wavelength

    • C. 

      Can travel through a vacuum

    • D. 

      Is always dangerous and should be avoided

  • 6. 
    If a substance has a high specific heat capacity, which of the following is true?
    • A. 

      It requires a large amount of energy to increase its temperature

    • B. 

      It requires only a small amount of energy to increase its temperature

    • C. 

      Its temperature has been increased to the maximum point

    • D. 

      It will heat up quickly

  • 7. 
    Which of the following does not trap infrared radiation in the Earth's atmosphere?
    • A. 

      Carbon dioxide gas

    • B. 

      Oxygen gas

    • C. 

      Clouds

    • D. 

      Methane

  • 8. 
    When solar radiation gets trapped in the atmosphere the result is called
    • A. 

      Greenhouse effect

    • B. 

      Ozone effect

    • C. 

      Nuclear winter

    • D. 

      Photochemical effect

  • 9. 
    Which of the following activities does not increase carbon dioxide levels?
    • A. 

      Clearing forests of vegetation

    • B. 

      Burning off clearings and scrap lumber

    • C. 

      Burning fossil fuels

    • D. 

      Photosynthesis

  • 10. 
    The ozone layer protects us from which type of radiation?
    • A. 

      Visible light

    • B. 

      Infrared

    • C. 

      Ultraviolet

    • D. 

      Microwaves

  • 11. 
    Which of these phrases best describes wavelength?
    • A. 

      The number of waves that pass a given reference point per second

    • B. 

      The distance between the same point on two successive waves

    • C. 

      The rate of vibrations of waves

    • D. 

      The time necessary for one wave to pass a particular point

  • 12. 
    Which of these phrases best describes frequency?
    • A. 

      The number of waves that pass a given reference point per second

    • B. 

      The distance between the same point on two successive waves

    • C. 

      The rate of vibrations of waves

    • D. 

      The time necessary for one wave to pass a particular point

  • 13. 
    Where is the largest amount of Earth's carbon located?
    • A. 

      In human cells and bones

    • B. 

      In CO2 dissolved in the oceans

    • C. 

      In fossils and carbonate rocks

    • D. 

      In living animals and plants

  • 14. 
    The major reflectors of solar radiation on Earth are
    • A. 

      Clouds and particles in the atmosphere

    • B. 

      Oceans and lakes

    • C. 

      Forests and grasslands

    • D. 

      Sand, rocks, and concrete

  • 15. 
    Which source of greenhouse gases produces a significant amount of methane that is released into the atmosphere?
    • A. 

      Metal refining

    • B. 

      Forests

    • C. 

      Agricultural livestock

    • D. 

      Railroads

  • 16. 
    What occupation exposes you to the most cosmic rays?
    • A. 

      X-Ray Technician

    • B. 

      Airport Security Guard

    • C. 

      Astronaut

    • D. 

      Miner

  • 17. 
    What percentage of the Sun's energy never enters the Earth's atmosphere and is reflected back into space?
    • A. 

      15%

    • B. 

      30%

    • C. 

      45%

    • D. 

      70%

  • 18. 
    Which statement explains why walking across a sandy beach is hotter than walking across a grassy lawn on a summer day?
    • A. 

      Sand is more reflective than grass

    • B. 

      Grass is more reflective than sand

    • C. 

      Sand has a higher specific heat capacity than grass

    • D. 

      Grass has a higher specific heat capacity than sand