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Get ready to test your skills with our 7th Grade Science Test. This quiz is a journey through the exciting world of science, designed specifically for 7th graders like you. Our quiz covers all the major topics you've learned this year in class, from the mysteries of ecosystems and the structure of cells to the forces that keep our planet moving.

You'll tackle questions on biology, chemistry, physics, and Earth science, making sure you're up to speed on everything from atoms to galaxies. We've made sure each question challenges you just enough to push your thinking but also helps reinforce Read morewhat you've already learned. Dive into our 7th Grade Science Test and prove you're a science whiz. It's time to put your knowledge to the test and maybe even learn something new along the way. Let’s get started!

• 1.

### Which of the following statements about density is true?

• A.

Density depends on mass and volume.

• B.

Density is weight per unit volume.

• C.

Density is measured in millimeters.

• D.

Density is a chemical property.

A. Density depends on mass and volume.
Explanation
Density is defined as the amount of mass contained in a given volume. It is calculated by dividing the mass of an object by its volume, often expressed in grams per cubic centimeter (g/cm³) or kilograms per cubic meter (kg/m³). This property helps us understand how compact or spread out the particles are in a substance. For instance, if two objects have the same size but different weights, the heavier one has a higher density. This concept is fundamental in science for identifying substances and understanding their properties.

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• 2.

### As which of the following increases, does inertia also increase?

• A.

Time

• B.

Length

• C.

Mass

• D.

Volume

C. Mass
Explanation
Inertia is a property of matter that describes an object's resistance to changes in its state of motion. The more mass an object has, the greater its inertia. This means a heavier object (one with more mass) will be harder to start moving if it's at rest, or to stop moving if it's already in motion, compared to a lighter object. This is because the amount of inertia is directly proportional to the mass of the object. Therefore, understanding inertia is crucial in predicting how objects will behave when forces are applied to them.

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• 3.

### In scientific experiments, an amount of vinegar would be expressed in which units?

• A.

Centimeters or meters

• B.

Grams or milligrams

• C.

Liters or milliliters

• D.

Ounces or gallons

C. Liters or milliliters
Explanation
Vinegar, being a liquid, is typically measured in units of volume rather than weight or length. In scientific contexts, the most appropriate units for expressing volumes of liquids are liters or milliliters. These metric units allow for precise measurements and are universally used in scientific studies to ensure consistency and accuracy. Using liters or milliliters helps scientists and researchers to accurately prepare, replicate, and share their experimental procedures and results.

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• 4.

### During physical changes, what does matter always retain?

• A.

Size

• B.

Identity (same type of particles)

• C.

State

• D.

Texture

B. Identity (same type of particles)
Explanation
During a physical change, matter undergoes alterations in form, such as changes in size, shape, or state (solid, liquid, gas), but the composition of the matter does not change. This means the matter retains its identity, keeping the same type of particles before and after the change. For example, when water freezes to ice or evaporates to steam, it undergoes a physical change from one state to another, yet chemically it remains water (H2O). This characteristic is crucial for distinguishing between physical and chemical changes in substances.

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• 5.

### How can one compare the densities of oil and water by pouring the liquids into a glass container?

• A.

Change color

• B.

Evaporate quickly

• C.

Separate into layers

• D.

Create an odor

C. Separate into layers
Explanation
When oil and water are poured into a glass container, they separate into layers due to their different densities. Water has a higher density than oil, so it sinks to the bottom of the container, while the less dense oil floats on top. This layering effect visually demonstrates the density differences between the two liquids. Observing how substances separate based on their density is a common method in science for comparing the densities of different liquids, offering a clear, visual representation of how density affects the behavior of substances in mixtures.

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• 6.

### What is the amount of space taken up by an object known as?

• A.

Mass

• B.

Weight

• C.

Inertia

• D.

Volume

D. Volume
Explanation
Volume is defined as the amount of space that an object occupies. It is a fundamental property in physics and chemistry, often measured in cubic units such as liters, milliliters, or cubic meters. Unlike mass and weight, which refer to the amount of matter in an object and the force exerted by gravity on that object, respectively, volume strictly relates to the three-dimensional space an object fills. This property is crucial in determining how objects will fit into spaces and how they interact with other substances, especially in the context of liquids and gases.

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• 7.

### Why does a pocket of air form inside an overturned canoe?

• A.

Has volume

• B.

Takes up space even though it's invisible

• C.

Is matter

• D.

All of the above

D. All of the above
Explanation
When a canoe overturns, a pocket of air forms inside it because air embodies several properties: it has volume, it takes up space despite being invisible, and it is matter. Air's characteristic as matter means it occupies physical space and has volume, which is why it doesn't simply escape or compress easily under light pressure, such as that from the water surrounding the overturned canoe. This trapped air forms a pocket because the structure of the canoe prevents it from escaping, demonstrating that even gases, though often invisible, occupy space and exhibit physical properties similar to solids and liquids.

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• 8.

### At which part of the meniscus should you read the scale on a graduated cylinder to measure the volume of water correctly?

• A.

Bottom

• B.

Outer

• C.

Top

• D.

None of the above

A. Bottom
Explanation
To measure the volume of water accurately in a graduated cylinder, one should read the scale at the bottom of the meniscus. The meniscus is the curved surface of a liquid in a tube or container, caused by the surface tension between the liquid and the container. For most liquids, including water, the correct measurement is taken at the lowest point of the meniscus. This method ensures precision in scientific experiments and practices, as reading from the bottom of the meniscus accounts for the way the liquid curves at the edges, which can affect the accuracy of volume measurements.

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• 9.

### What do you know about the gas if you are aware of the volume of the container it is in?

• A.

Mass

• B.

Volume

• C.

Weight

• D.

Inertia

B. Volume
Explanation
When you know the volume of the container that holds a gas, you inherently know the volume of the gas itself. This is because gases expand to fill the entirety of the space available to them, unlike solids and liquids which maintain their volume regardless of the container size. Therefore, the volume of the gas is exactly the same as the volume of its container. Understanding this property is fundamental in the study of gases in chemistry and physics, where behavior under different pressures and temperatures is analyzed based on the volume they occupy.

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• 10.

### Over time, in which of the following can you expect the amount of mass to change?

• A.

Bowling ball

• B.

Child

• C.

Table

• D.

Nail

B. Child
Explanation
Over time, the amount of mass in a child is expected to change due to growth and development. Unlike inanimate objects like a bowling ball, table, or nail, which typically maintain a constant mass unless physically altered or affected by external factors like erosion or rust, a child's body undergoes natural growth processes. These processes include the accumulation of mass through the development of bones, muscles, and other body tissues as part of normal growth from infancy through adolescence and into adulthood. This dynamic change in mass is a natural part of human development.

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• 11.

### What does gravity affect in an object?

• A.

Weight

• B.

Mass

• C.

Volume

• D.

Density

A. Weight
Explanation
Gravity affects an object's weight, not its mass, volume, or density. Weight is the force exerted by gravity on an object's mass. While mass is a measure of the amount of matter in an object and remains constant regardless of location, weight can change based on the strength of the gravitational pull where the object is located. For example, an object will weigh less on the moon than on Earth because the moon's gravitational force is weaker. This distinction highlights why weight is considered a force, dependent on gravity, and why it varies with changes in gravitational strength.

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• 12.

### Which of the following best describes weight?

• A.

A measure of the amount of matter in an object

• B.

The same as mass

• C.

Weight is different depending on where the object is in the Universe.

• D.

Expressed in kilograms

C. Weight is different depending on where the object is in the Universe.
Explanation
Weight is the measure of the gravitational force exerted on an object's mass and, unlike mass, it changes depending on the gravitational pull of the location where the object is. For instance, an object on the Moon weighs less than it does on Earth because the Moon's gravitational pull is weaker than Earth's. This characteristic defines weight as a variable quantity influenced by gravity, distinguishing it from mass, which remains constant regardless of location. Understanding this helps clarify why astronauts feel lighter and can jump higher on the moon compared to Earth.

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• 13.

### On what factors does the weight of an object depend?

• A.

The mass of the object

• B.

The mass of Earth

• C.

The distance between the object and Earth

• D.

All of the above

D. All of the above
Explanation
The weight of an object depends on several factors: the mass of the object, the mass of Earth, and the distance between the object and Earth. Weight is calculated as the force exerted by gravity on an object's mass. The gravitational force itself is influenced by the mass of both the object and the planet (in this case, Earth), as well as their distance from each other. According to Newton's law of universal gravitation, the force of gravity between two objects increases with their masses and decreases with the square of the distance between their centers. This relationship underscores why an object's weight varies depending on these factors.

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• 14.

### Tom's 7-year-old brother is more difficult to pick up than his 2-year-old sister because:

• A.

His brother has more inertia

• B.

His sister has more inertia

• C.

Boys are always heavier than girls

• D.

His brother has less mass than his sister

A. His brother has more inertia
Explanation
Inertia is a property of matter that describes an object's resistance to changes in its state of motion or rest. The more mass an object has, the greater its inertia. Tom's 7-year-old brother is more difficult to pick up than his 2-year-old sister because he likely has more mass, given his age and developmental stage, thus giving him more inertia. This greater inertia means more force is required to change his state from rest (sitting or standing) to motion (being picked up). This is not related to gender but rather to the mass and the corresponding inertia.

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• 15.

### Which of the following is an example of a physical change?

• A.

A silver spoon tarnishing

• B.

A cake baking in an oven

• C.

A popsicle melting

• D.

A car rusting

C. A popsicle melting
Explanation
A physical change involves a change in the state or appearance of a substance without altering its chemical composition. When a popsicle melts, it changes from a solid to a liquid, but its chemical composition remains the same — it's still made of the same ingredients (water, flavoring, etc.). This change is reversible; if the melted popsicle were to be refrozen, it would return to its solid state. Unlike the other options which involve chemical changes (tarnishing, baking, rusting), melting is purely a physical process.

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• 16.

### What is the melting of butter when left out in a warm room an example of?

• A.

A physical change

• B.

A chemical change

• C.

A physical property

• D.

A chemical property

A. A pHysical change
Explanation
The melting of butter due to exposure to warmth is an example of a physical change. This process involves a change in state from solid to liquid as the butter absorbs heat, causing its molecules to move faster and spread apart, leading to melting. Importantly, this change does not alter the chemical structure of the butter; its composition remains the same. Physical changes like this are generally reversible, meaning the butter can return to its solid state if cooled, emphasizing that the change was physical and not chemical in nature.

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• 17.

### Why is the Statue of Liberty green, even though it is made of copper?

• A.

A physical change

• B.

A chemical change

• C.

A physical property

• D.

A chemical property

B. A chemical change
Explanation
The Statue of Liberty's green coloration is due to a chemical change. Originally made from copper, which is naturally an orange-brown color, the statue has turned green because the copper has reacted over time with oxygen and other elements in the air, particularly in a moist, salty environment. This reaction has resulted in the formation of copper carbonate, a new substance with different properties, commonly known as patina. This patina acts as a protective layer but also changes the color of the copper to green. This transformation is a classic example of a chemical change, where new substances are formed through reactions.

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• 18.

### Given that gold is one of the densest substances on Earth, which would you rather carry around school in your backpack all day: a kilogram of gold or a kilogram of feathers?

• A.

Feathers, because your backpack would feel lighter

• B.

Gold, because your backpack would feel lighter

• C.

Gold, because it would take up less space in your backpack

• D.

Feathers, because they would take up less space in your backpack

C. Gold, because it would take up less space in your backpack
Explanation
Although a kilogram of gold and a kilogram of feathers weigh the same, gold is much denser than feathers. This means that for the same mass, gold occupies far less volume compared to feathers. Therefore, choosing to carry a kilogram of gold in your backpack would be more practical because it would take up significantly less space, leaving more room for other items. This is a good illustration of how density impacts the volume that a given mass of a substance occupies.

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• 19.

### What type of change is demonstrated by precious metals in catalytic converters on cars, which transform harmful carbon monoxide exhaust fumes into harmless ones?

• A.

Physical

• B.

Chemical

• C.

Characteristic

• D.

Both (a) and (c)

B. Chemical
Explanation
The transformation of harmful carbon monoxide into less harmful substances by catalytic converters is an example of a chemical change. This process involves the use of precious metals like platinum, palladium, and rhodium, which serve as catalysts. These catalysts facilitate a chemical reaction that alters the chemical composition of the exhaust gases. Specifically, the carbon monoxide (CO) is converted into carbon dioxide (CO2), and other harmful substances are also neutralized. This change in chemical composition, from more toxic to less toxic substances, clearly illustrates a chemical change rather than just a physical alteration.

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• 20.

### What are color, odor, mass, and volume examples of in terms of an object's properties?

• A.

Chemical properties

• B.

Physical properties

• C.

Stationary properties

• D.

Inertial properties

B. pHysical properties
Explanation
Color, odor, mass, and volume are all examples of physical properties of an object. Physical properties are characteristics that can be observed or measured without changing the chemical composition of the substance. Color and odor are sensory properties that can be perceived, while mass and volume are quantitative properties that can be measured directly. These properties help describe the physical aspects of a substance and can be used to identify and categorize different materials. Unlike chemical properties, physical properties do not involve a change in the substance’s chemical nature.

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• 21.

### What are flammability, solubility, and reactivity examples of in terms of a substance's properties?

• A.

Chemical properties

• B.

Physical properties

• C.

Stationary properties

• D.

Gravitational properties

A. Chemical properties
Explanation
Flammability, solubility, and reactivity are examples of chemical properties of a substance. These properties describe the behavior of a substance when it undergoes a chemical change or reaction. Flammability indicates how easily a substance can ignite and burn, solubility describes how well a substance can dissolve in another, and reactivity details how a substance interacts with other substances, potentially forming new compounds. These properties are crucial for understanding how substances will behave in different chemical scenarios, which is vital for everything from chemical synthesis to safety protocols.

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• 22.

### What type of property is demonstrated by the ability to burn wood?

• A.

Soluble properties

• B.

Chemical properties

• C.

Physical properties

• D.

Ductile properties

B. Chemical properties
Explanation
The ability to burn wood is an example of a chemical property. Burning involves a chemical reaction known as combustion, where wood reacts with oxygen in the air to produce carbon dioxide, water vapor, and heat. This reaction changes the chemical structure and composition of the wood, indicating a chemical property. Chemical properties are associated with a substance's ability to undergo a specific chemical change, distinct from physical properties, which can be observed without changing the substance's chemical structure. Burning transforms the wood into entirely different substances, showcasing its chemical properties.

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• 23.

### In which SI (metric) units is your weight expressed?

• A.

Newtons

• B.

Pounds

• C.

Liters

• D.

Both (a) and (c)

A. Newtons
Explanation
In the International System of Units (SI), weight is technically a measure of force, which is expressed in Newtons. This differs from mass, which is measured in kilograms. Weight is the force exerted by gravity on an object's mass. In metric terms, while mass is constant, weight can vary based on the strength of the gravitational pull where it is measured. For example, a person's weight on the Moon would be less than on Earth due to the Moon's weaker gravity. Thus, in scientific and technical contexts, weight measured in Newtons reflects the gravitational force acting on the mass of the object.

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• 24.

### What do a sponge and a brick of the same size have in common?

• A.

Mass

• B.

Volume (space)

• C.

Weight

• D.

Density

B. Volume (space)
Explanation
A sponge and a brick that are the same size will have the same volume. Volume refers to the amount of space an object occupies, and if two objects share the same dimensions (height, length, and width), their volume is the same. This is irrespective of their mass, weight, or density, which can differ significantly. The brick is likely to be denser and thus heavier than the sponge, indicating more mass per unit of volume. However, in terms of the space they occupy, both objects are equal if their size is identical.

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• 25.

### What is the density of a substance that has a mass of 25 grams and a volume of 5 cubic centimeters?

• A.

5 g/cubic cm

• B.

8 g/cubic cm

• C.

30 g/cubic cm

• D.

20 g/cubic cm

A. 5 g/cubic cm
Explanation
Density is calculated by dividing the mass of a substance by its volume. In this case, the substance has a mass of 25 grams and a volume of 5 cubic centimeters. Using the formula for density (Density = Mass / Volume), we get 25 grams / 5 cubic centimeters = 5 grams per cubic centimeter. This calculation shows that the density of the substance is 5 grams per cubic centimeter, indicating how much mass is contained in each cubic centimeter of the substance.

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• 26.

### Would a 120g block of pinewood with a volume of 300 cubic centimeters float on water, considering that water has a density of 1 g/cubic cm?

• A.

No, because the block is more dense than water.

• B.

Yes, but a much larger block would not

• C.

Yes, because the block is less dense than water.

• D.

Both (b) and (c)

C. Yes, because the block is less dense than water.
Explanation
To determine if the pinewood block would float on water, calculate its density and compare it to that of water. The density of the block is found by dividing its mass by its volume: 120 grams / 300 cubic centimeters = 0.4 grams per cubic centimeter. Since the density of water is 1 gram per cubic centimeter, and the block's density is only 0.4 grams per cubic centimeter, the block is less dense than water. Objects that are less dense than the fluid in which they are submerged tend to float. Therefore, the pinewood block will float on water.

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• 27.

### How would you measure the volume of a screw?

• A.

By placing it on a balance

• B.

By multiplying its length by its width by its height

• C.

By placing it on a spring scale

• D.

By placing it in a graduated cylinder of water and seeing how much liquid it displaces.

D. By placing it in a graduated cylinder of water and seeing how much liquid it displaces.
Explanation
To measure the volume of an irregularly shaped object like a screw, the displacement method is most effective. This involves submerging the object in water within a graduated cylinder and observing the increase in water level. The increase in the water level, measured in milliliters or cubic centimeters, directly corresponds to the volume of the screw. This method is based on the principle of displacement discovered by Archimedes, which states that any object submerged in a fluid is buoyed up by a force equal to the weight of the fluid displaced by the object.

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• 28.

### What is the volume of a book that has a length of 5 cm, a width of 2 cm, and a height of 5 cm?

• A.

50cm

• B.

12 cubic cm

• C.

50 cubic cm

• D.

2,500 cm

C. 50 cubic cm
Explanation
The volume of a rectangular object like a book can be calculated using the formula for the volume of a rectangle: Volume = Length × Width × Height. For this book, the volume calculation would be: 5 cm (length) × 2 cm (width) × 5 cm (height) = 50 cubic centimeters. This result represents the total space or capacity the book occupies, which is expressed in cubic centimeters, a standard unit for measuring volume.

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• 29.

### Which of the following has the most gravitational pull on it?

• A.

An elephant

• B.

A bowling ball

• C.

A golf ball

• D.

A table tennis ball

A. An elepHant
Explanation
The gravitational pull on an object is determined by its mass; the greater the mass, the stronger the gravitational pull. Among the options given—an elephant, a bowling ball, a golf ball, and a table tennis ball—the elephant has by far the greatest mass. Consequently, it experiences the most gravitational pull. This is based on Newton’s law of universal gravitation, which states that every point's mass attracts every other point's mass by a force acting along the line intersecting both points. The force is directly proportional to the product of their masses and inversely proportional to the square of the distance between their centers. Thus, the elephant, being significantly heavier, is subjected to a greater gravitational force compared to the much lighter sports balls and other objects listed.

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• 30.

### Which of the following has the least gravitational pull on it?

• A.

An elephant

• B.

A bowling ball

• C.

A golf ball

• D.

A table tennis ball

D. A table tennis ball
Explanation
Gravitational pull, according to Newton's law of universal gravitation, is influenced by the mass of an object—the greater the mass, the stronger the gravitational pull. Among the options listed, a table tennis ball has the least mass. Therefore, it experiences the least gravitational pull compared to an elephant, a bowling ball, and a golf ball, all of which have significantly more mass. The table tennis ball, being the lightest, attracts and is attracted by the Earth's gravity to a much lesser extent than the heavier objects.

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• Aug 06, 2024
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• Nov 09, 2011
Quiz Created by
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