Function Of Cartilage In Musculoskeletal System Quiz

33 Questions | Total Attempts: 119

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Cartilage Quizzes & Trivia

A Cartilage is a smooth and flexible tissue that covers out joints. If one has healthy cartilage, they can move more easily as joints will just glide each other during motion with minimum friction. Test your knowledge of the function of Cartilages in the musculoskeletal system by taking the quiz below.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Surfactant
    • A. 

      Helps prevent the alveoli from collapsing

    • B. 

      Is not found in healthy lung tissue

    • C. 

      Protects the surface of the lungs

    • D. 

      Phagocytizes small particulates

    • E. 

      Replacecs mucus in the alveoli

  • 2. 
    Functions of the nasal cavity include all of the following, except:
    • A. 

      Humidifying the air

    • B. 

      Acting as a reservoir during coughing

    • C. 

      Acting as a resonating chamber in speech

    • D. 

      Warming the air

    • E. 

      Filtering the air

  • 3. 
    The portion of hte pharynx that receives both air and food is the
    • A. 

      Oropharynx

    • B. 

      Internal pharynx

    • C. 

      Vestibule

    • D. 

      Nasopharynx

    • E. 

      Laryngopharynx

  • 4. 
    The glottis is
    • A. 

      The opening to the pharynx

    • B. 

      The opening to the larynx

    • C. 

      A flap of elastic cartilage

    • D. 

      The inferior margin of the soft palate

    • E. 

      Part of the hard palate

  • 5. 
    The elastic cartilage that shields the opening to the larynx during swallowing is the ______ cartilage.
    • A. 

      Cuneiform

    • B. 

      Thyroid

    • C. 

      Cricoid

    • D. 

      Corniculate

    • E. 

      Epiglottic

  • 6. 
    The cartliage that articulates with the superior border of the enlarged portion of hte cricoid cartilage is the ______ cartilage.
    • A. 

      Cuneiform

    • B. 

      Thyroid

    • C. 

      Cricoid

    • D. 

      Arytenoid

    • E. 

      Corniculate

  • 7. 
    A pair of ligaments in the larynx that are covered by epithelium and function in sound production are
    • A. 

      Extrinsic ligaments

    • B. 

      Intrinsic ligaments

    • C. 

      Vocal folds

    • D. 

      Ventricular folds

    • E. 

      Intrinsic laryngeal muslces

  • 8. 
    The following is a list of some of the structures of the respiratory tree 1. secondary bronchi 2. bronchioles 3. alveolar ducts 4. primary bronchi 5. respiratory bronchioles 6. alveoli 7. terminal bronchioles The order in which air passes through these structures is:
    • A. 

      4 1 2 5 7 3 6

    • B. 

      1 4 2 7 5 3 6

    • C. 

      4 1 2 7 5 3 6

    • D. 

      2 4 1 7 5 3 6

    • E. 

      1 4 2 5 7 3 6

  • 9. 
    The respiratory membrane consists primarily of
    • A. 

      Simple squamous epithelium

    • B. 

      Ciliated squamous epithelium

    • C. 

      Moist cuboidal epithelium

    • D. 

      Pseudostratified ciliated columnar epithelium

    • E. 

      Surfactant cells

  • 10. 
    The actual sites of gas exchange within the lungs are
    • A. 

      Alveoli

    • B. 

      Bronchioles

    • C. 

      Terminal sacs

    • D. 

      Alveolar ducts

    • E. 

      Pleural spaces

  • 11. 
    Boyle's law states that gas volume is
    • A. 

      Directly proportional to temperature

    • B. 

      Indirectly proportional to temperature

    • C. 

      Indirectly proportional to pressure

    • D. 

      Directly proportional to pressure

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 12. 
    Each of the following muslces can elevate the ribs, except:
    • A. 

      External oblique

    • B. 

      Scalenes

    • C. 

      Sternocleidomastoid

    • D. 

      Serratus anterior

    • E. 

      External intercostals

  • 13. 
    Each of the following muscles can function in expiration, except the
    • A. 

      External oblique

    • B. 

      Rectus abdominis

    • C. 

      Scalenes

    • D. 

      Internal obliques

    • E. 

      Internal intercostals

  • 14. 
    Henry's law states that
    • A. 

      Gas pressure is inversely proportional to gas volume

    • B. 

      Gas volume and pressure are inversely proportional

    • C. 

      The volume of gas that will dissolve in a solvent is proportional to the solubility of the gas and the gas pressure

    • D. 

      In a mixture of gases like air, ,the total pressure is the sum of the individual partial pressures of the gases in the mixture

    • E. 

      Gas volume and temperature are directly proportional

  • 15. 
    Dalton's law states that
    • A. 

      Gas pressure is inversely proportional to gas volume

    • B. 

      The volume of gas that will dissolve in a solvent is proportional to the solubility of the gas and the gas pressure

    • C. 

      In a mixture of gases like air, the total pressure is the sum of the individual partial pressures of the gases in the mixture

    • D. 

      Gas volume and pressure are inversely proportional

    • E. 

      Gas volume and temperature are directly proportional

  • 16. 
    The process by which dissolved gases are exchanged between the blood and interstitial fluids is
    • A. 

      Internal respiration

    • B. 

      Breathing

    • C. 

      External respiration

    • D. 

      Pulmonary ventilation

    • E. 

      Cellular respiration

  • 17. 
    At a PO2 of 70mm and normal temperature and pH, hemoglobin is ______ saturated with oxygen
    • A. 

      75%

    • B. 

      Over 90%

    • C. 

      10%

    • D. 

      25%

    • E. 

      50%

  • 18. 
    Most of the oxygen transported by the blood is
    • A. 

      Dissolved in plasma

    • B. 

      Bound to the same protein as carbon dioxide

    • C. 

      In ionic form as solute in the plasma

    • D. 

      Carried by white blood cells

    • E. 

      Bound to hemoglobin

  • 19. 
    Most of the carbon dioxide in the blood is transported as
    • A. 

      Carbaminohemoglovin

    • B. 

      Bicarbonate ions

    • C. 

      Carbonic acid

    • D. 

      Solute dissolved in the cytoplasm of red blood cells

    • E. 

      Solute dissolved in the plasma

  • 20. 
    The most important chemical regulator of respiration is
    • A. 

      Bicarbonate ion

    • B. 

      Sodium ion

    • C. 

      Carbon dioxide

    • D. 

      Oxygen

    • E. 

      Hemoglobin

  • 21. 
    The pneumotaxic center of the pons
    • A. 

      Prolongs inspiration

    • B. 

      Sets the at rest respiratory pattern

    • C. 

      Modifies the rate and depth of breathing

    • D. 

      Suppresses the expiratory center in the medulla

    • E. 

      Both B and C

  • 22. 
    In quiet breathing
    • A. 

      Inspiration is passive and expiration involves muscular contractions

    • B. 

      Inspiration involves muscular contractions and expiration is passive

    • C. 

      Inspiration and expiration are both passive processes

    • D. 

      Inspiration and expiration involve muscular contractions

    • E. 

      None of the above

  • 23. 
    External respiration involves the
    • A. 

      Movement of air into and out of the lungs

    • B. 

      Binding of oxygen by hemoglobin

    • C. 

      Exchange of dissolved gases between the blood and the interstitial fluid

    • D. 

      Diffusion of gases between the alveoli and the circulating blood

    • E. 

      Utilization of oxygen by tissues to support metabolism

  • 24. 
    If a student inhales as deeply as possible and then blows the air out until he cannot exhale any more, the amoutn of air that he expelled would be his
    • A. 

      Inspiratory reserve volume

    • B. 

      Vital capacity

    • C. 

      Minimal volume

    • D. 

      Expiratory reserve volume

    • E. 

      Tidal volume

  • 25. 
    The respiratory rate times the tidal volume corrected for dead air is the
    • A. 

      Vital capacity

    • B. 

      Pulmonary ventilation rate

    • C. 

      External respiration rate

    • D. 

      Respiratory minute volume

    • E. 

      Alveolar ventilation rate

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