Test Your Knowledge About BrainSTEM!

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Test Your Knowledge About Brainstem! - Quiz

The brainstem is a part of the brain. If you're not an anatomy student, or an avid reader and researcher, then you have probably not heard about it. Take this quiz to test your knowledge or maybe learn more about it.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Where is the brainstem located?

    • A.

      In the brain 

    • B.

      Next to the heart

    • C.

      Next to the small intestine

    • D.

      In the leg

    Correct Answer
    A. In the brain 
    Explanation
    The brainstem is located in the brain. It is a small region at the base of the brain that connects the spinal cord to the rest of the brain. It plays a crucial role in controlling vital functions such as breathing, heart rate, and blood pressure. Additionally, it serves as a pathway for nerve signals traveling between the brain and the body.

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  • 2. 

    Which organ is continuous with the brainstem?

    • A.

      The heart

    • B.

      The pancreas

    • C.

      The spinal cord 

    • D.

      The Lungs

    Correct Answer
    C. The spinal cord 
    Explanation
    The spinal cord is continuous with the brainstem. The brainstem is the lower part of the brain that connects to the spinal cord. It serves as a pathway for nerve signals between the brain and the rest of the body. The spinal cord extends from the base of the brain down through the spinal column, and it is responsible for transmitting sensory information from the body to the brain and motor commands from the brain to the body. Therefore, the spinal cord is directly connected to the brainstem, making it the correct answer.

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  • 3. 

    How many parts does the brainstem have?

    • A.

      One

    • B.

      Two

    • C.

      Three (sometimes five) 

    • D.

      Six

    Correct Answer
    C. Three (sometimes five) 
    Explanation
    The brainstem is comprised of three main parts: the midbrain, the pons, and the medulla oblongata. However, sometimes the brainstem is considered to have five parts when the midbrain is further divided into two regions: the tectum and the tegmentum.

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  • 4. 

    All but one of these parts are always included in the brainstem. Which is the one not always included?

    • A.

      Midbrain

    • B.

      Pond

    • C.

      Medulla oblongata of the hindbrain

    • D.

      Diencephalon 

    Correct Answer
    D. Diencephalon 
    Explanation
    The brainstem is composed of three main parts: the midbrain, pons, and medulla oblongata. These three parts are always included in the brainstem. However, the diencephalon is not always included in the brainstem. The diencephalon is a part of the forebrain and is located above the brainstem. It includes structures such as the thalamus and hypothalamus. Therefore, the diencephalon is the one part that is not always included in the brainstem.

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  • 5. 

    What is the Latin name for the brainstem?

    • A.

      Medulla oblongata

    • B.

      Truncus oblongata

    • C.

      Truncus encephali 

    • D.

      Encephali truncus

    Correct Answer
    C. Truncus encephali 
    Explanation
    The Latin name for the brainstem is "Truncus encephali".

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  • 6. 

    How many pairs of nerves come from the brainstem?

    • A.

      Twelve

    • B.

      Thirteen

    • C.

      Five

    • D.

      Ten 

    Correct Answer
    D. Ten 
    Explanation
    The brainstem is responsible for connecting the brain to the spinal cord. It consists of three parts: the midbrain, pons, and medulla oblongata. Each part of the brainstem gives rise to pairs of cranial nerves. The midbrain gives rise to two pairs, the pons gives rise to four pairs, and the medulla oblongata gives rise to four pairs. Therefore, the total number of pairs of nerves that come from the brainstem is ten.

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  • 7. 

    Which of these is not a basic function of the brainstem?

    • A.

      Reproduction 

    • B.

      Eating

    • C.

      Sleeping

    • D.

      Breathing

    Correct Answer
    A. Reproduction 
    Explanation
    The brainstem is responsible for controlling many vital functions of the body, including breathing, eating, and sleeping. However, reproduction is not directly controlled by the brainstem. Reproduction is primarily regulated by the reproductive organs and hormones such as estrogen and testosterone. While the brain does play a role in the regulation of reproductive processes, it is not considered a basic function of the brainstem.

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  • 8. 

    How many parts is the midbrain divided into?

    • A.

      One

    • B.

      Three 

    • C.

      Six

    • D.

      Thirteen

    Correct Answer
    B. Three 
    Explanation
    The midbrain is divided into three parts. This division includes the tectum, tegmentum, and cerebral peduncles. The tectum is responsible for processing visual and auditory information, while the tegmentum controls movement and sensory functions. The cerebral peduncles are involved in motor coordination and relay signals between the brain and spinal cord.

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  • 9. 

    Which of the following is a part of the midbrain?

    • A.

      Cerebrum

    • B.

      Pons

    • C.

      Medulla oblongata

    • D.

      Tectum 

    Correct Answer
    D. Tectum 
    Explanation
    The tectum is a part of the midbrain. It is located at the dorsal (upper) part of the midbrain and is responsible for processing sensory information, particularly visual and auditory stimuli. The tectum consists of two pairs of rounded structures called the superior and inferior colliculi, which are involved in coordinating visual and auditory reflexes respectively. The cerebrum, pons, and medulla oblongata are parts of the brainstem, but they are not specifically part of the midbrain.

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  • 10. 

    Only one of the following is part of the hindbrain that makes up the brainstem. Which is it?

    • A.

      Cerebrum

    • B.

      Pons 

    • C.

      Tectum

    • D.

      Midbrain

    Correct Answer
    B. Pons 
    Explanation
    The correct answer is the Pons. The hindbrain is the posterior part of the brain and is responsible for basic functions such as breathing, heart rate, and sleep. The Pons is located in the hindbrain and acts as a bridge connecting the cerebellum to the rest of the brain. It plays a crucial role in relaying messages between different parts of the brain and is involved in controlling movements, hearing, and balance. The cerebrum, tectum, and midbrain are not part of the hindbrain.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Mar 22, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jul 06, 2019
    Quiz Created by
    AdewumiKoju
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