1.
The horizontal number line on a coordinate plane is known as the...
Correct Answer
B. X-axis
Explanation
The horizontal number line on a coordinate plane is known as the X-axis. It is used to measure and represent the values of the x-coordinate or the horizontal position of a point in the plane. The X-axis is perpendicular to the Y-axis, which represents the vertical position or the y-coordinate. The Z-axis and W-axis are typically used in three-dimensional coordinate systems.
2.
The point at which the two axes intersects is called...
Correct Answer
A. Origin
Explanation
The point at which the two axes intersect is called the origin. This is the starting point or reference point for measuring distances and coordinates in a coordinate system. It is represented by the coordinates (0,0) and is located at the center of the coordinate plane.
3.
How many quadrants are in a coordinate plane?
Correct Answer
A. 4
Explanation
A coordinate plane is divided into four quadrants, labeled as the first, second, third, and fourth quadrant. Each quadrant is formed by dividing the plane into two halves, horizontally and vertically, with the intersection point being the origin (0,0). The first quadrant is located in the top right, the second quadrant in the top left, the third quadrant in the bottom left, and the fourth quadrant in the bottom right. Therefore, there are four quadrants in a coordinate plane.
4.
A flat surface that extends forever in two dimensions but has no thickness is...
Correct Answer
B. Plane
Explanation
A flat surface that extends forever in two dimensions but has no thickness is called a plane. It is a geometric concept that can be visualized as an infinite sheet with no boundaries or edges. A plane is defined by any three non-collinear points or by a line and a point not on the line. It has length and width but no depth or thickness.
5.
Which of these is essential in finding a missing coordinate?
Correct Answer
A. Slope
Explanation
To find a missing coordinate, the slope is essential. The slope is the measure of the steepness of a line and it helps determine the relationship between the coordinates. By knowing the slope and having at least one coordinate, it is possible to calculate the missing coordinate using the slope-intercept form of a linear equation.
6.
In writing coordinates, which one comes first?
Correct Answer
B. X
Explanation
In writing coordinates, the X-coordinate always comes first. This is because the X-coordinate represents the horizontal position on a graph or map, while the Y-coordinate represents the vertical position. Therefore, when specifying a point's location, the X-coordinate is stated before the Y-coordinate.
7.
Which of the following can be used to find the distance between two points on a coordinate plane?
Correct Answer
B. Pythagorean Theorem
Explanation
The Pythagorean Theorem can be used to find the distance between two points on a coordinate plane. The theorem states that in a right triangle, the square of the hypotenuse (the side opposite the right angle) is equal to the sum of the squares of the other two sides. In this case, the two points on the coordinate plane can be used to form a right triangle, with the distance between them being the hypotenuse. By using the coordinates of the two points, the lengths of the other two sides of the triangle can be calculated, and then the Pythagorean Theorem can be applied to find the distance between the points.
8.
A vector that starts at a point in the plane and has a direction that is perpendicular to the surface of the plane is referred to as...
Correct Answer
A. Normal vector
Explanation
A vector that starts at a point in the plane and has a direction that is perpendicular to the surface of the plane is referred to as a normal vector.
9.
A plane with x and y-axis defined is referred to as...
Correct Answer
B. Cartesian plane
Explanation
A plane with x and y-axis defined is referred to as a Cartesian plane. The Cartesian plane is used to represent points and graph functions in two-dimensional space. It is named after the mathematician René Descartes, who introduced the concept of using coordinates to describe points in space. The x-axis represents the horizontal axis, while the y-axis represents the vertical axis. The intersection of the x and y-axis is called the origin. The Cartesian plane is widely used in various fields of mathematics and science to analyze and visualize data.
10.
A point is often referred to as...
Correct Answer
B. Zero dimension
Explanation
A point is often referred to as having zero dimensions because it has no length, width, or height. It is considered to be a location in space with no physical size or shape. A point is represented by a dot symbol and is used to define and locate other geometric figures such as lines, angles, and shapes.