2.5 Using Gerunds Or Passive Infinitives Following Need (Quiz)

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2.5   Using Gerunds Or Passive Infinitives Following Need (Quiz) - Quiz


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Theses questions require more than one answers. You need to mark two answers.

  • 2. 

    My phone is broken. I need (fix)…… it. My phone needs (fix)……. 

    • A.

      To fix - to be fixed

    • B.

      Fixing - to be fixed

    • C.

      To fixing - to be fixing

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. To fix - to be fixed
    B. Fixing - to be fixed
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "To fix - to be fixed, fixing - to be fixed." The word "fix" in the first sentence is in the infinitive form, indicating the action of repairing the phone. The phrase "to be fixed" in the second sentence is in the passive voice, indicating that the phone is the object of the action and it needs to be repaired. The word "fixing" in the second sentence is in the present participle form, indicating an ongoing or continuous action of repairing the phone. However, the phrase "to be fixing" in the third sentence is incorrect because it does not accurately convey the intended meaning of needing repair.

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  • 3. 

    The baby's diaper is wet. It needs (change)__________

    • A.

      To be changed

    • B.

      Changing

    • C.

      To be changing

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. To be changed
    B. Changing
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "To be changed, changing." In this sentence, the verb "needs" is followed by the infinitive form "to be changed" and the gerund form "changing." This is because both forms can be used to express the need for an action to be done. The infinitive form emphasizes the necessity of the action, while the gerund form emphasizes the ongoing nature of the action. Therefore, both "to be changed" and "changing" are appropriate in this context.

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  • 4. 

    What a jumble! This room needs (clean)______up. We need (clean)_______it up before the company arrives. 

    • A.

      To be cleaned--to clean

    • B.

      To be cleaning--to clean

    • C.

      Cleaning--to clean

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. To be cleaned--to clean
    C. Cleaning--to clean
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "To be cleaned--to clean." In this sentence, "to be cleaned" is used to indicate that the room needs to undergo the action of being cleaned. "To clean" is used to express the action that needs to be performed to achieve the desired result. This construction suggests that the room is currently dirty and needs to be cleaned before the company arrives.

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  • 5. 

    My shirt is wrinkled. It needs (iron)_______

    • A.

      To have been ironed

    • B.

      To be ironed

    • C.

      Ironing

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. To be ironed
    C. Ironing
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "to be ironed" or "ironing". This is because the sentence is discussing the need for an action to be taken on the shirt, specifically ironing. Both options convey the idea that the shirt requires the action of ironing to remove the wrinkles. "To have been ironed" does not fit the context as it suggests that the shirt has already been ironed in the past, rather than needing to be ironed presently.

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  • 6. 

    There is a hole in our roof. The roof needs (repair)_________

    • A.

      To be repaired

    • B.

      Repairing

    • C.

      To be repairing

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. To be repaired
    B. Repairing
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "to be repaired" and "repairing". Both options convey the idea that the roof needs to undergo repairs. "To be repaired" is a passive construction, indicating that someone else will perform the repair, while "repairing" is an active construction, suggesting that someone is currently engaged in the process of repairing the roof.

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  • 7. 

    I have books and papers all over my desk. I need (take)_______some time to straighten up my desk. It needs (straighten)________up. 

    • A.

      To be taking--straightening

    • B.

      To take--straightening

    • C.

      To take--to be Straightened

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. To take--straightening
    C. To take--to be Straightened
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "To take--straightening" and "To take--to be Straightened". In the given sentence, the subject "I" needs to perform the action of straightening up the desk, so the verb "take" is used. The noun form "straightening" is used to show the action of straightening up. Additionally, the desk itself is the object that needs to be straightened, so the phrase "to be Straightened" is used to indicate this.

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  • 8. 

    The apples on the tree are ripe. They need (pick)______ 

    • A.

      To be picked

    • B.

      To be picking

    • C.

      Picking

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. To be picked
    C. Picking
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "to be picked" and "picking". Both options convey the idea that the apples on the tree are ripe and need to be harvested. "To be picked" suggests that someone should pick the apples, while "picking" implies the ongoing action of picking the apples. Both options capture the intended meaning effectively.

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  • 9. 

    The dog's been digging in the mud. He needs (wash)________

    • A.

      To have been washed

    • B.

      To be washed

    • C.

      Washing

    Correct Answer(s)
    B. To be washed
    C. Washing
    Explanation
    The sentence suggests that the dog has been digging in the mud and as a result, it needs to be cleaned. The phrase "to be washed" is the correct answer as it indicates the action that needs to be done to the dog. "Washing" is also a possible answer as it is the gerund form of the verb "wash" and can be used to describe the action itself. "To have been washed" is not appropriate as it implies that the dog has already been washed, which contradicts the context of the sentence.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 20, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Jan 03, 2015
    Quiz Created by
    Rasus
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