(2.) Physics Hl/Sl. Thermal Physics / Oscillations And Waves

36 Questions | Total Attempts: 117

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Thermal Physics Quizzes & Trivia

Quiz on physics sections 3 and 4, focusing on definitions. Don't screw up the definition questions! You get free points if you just learn them.


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    "The total energy that the molecules of a sustance possess is the [...] of that substance"
  • 2. 
    The mole is the amount of substance that contains as many elementary particles as there are in ...
    • A. 

      12 g of Carbon-12

    • B. 

      1.2 g of Carbon-12

    • C. 

      0.12 kg of Carbon-12

    • D. 

      The world

  • 3. 
    The mass of one mole of a substance is the [...] of that substance
  • 4. 
    The change of phase from solid to liquid is known as
    • A. 

      Fission

    • B. 

      Fusion

    • C. 

      Boiling

  • 5. 
    Pressure is the force per unit area applied in the direction [...] to the surface of an object
  • 6. 
    “Macroscopically, at a constant volume, the pressure of a gas is proportional to its temperature in Kelvin”
    • A. 

      Pressure law

    • B. 

      Charles's law

    • C. 

      Boyle's law

  • 7. 
    “Macroscopically, at a constant temperature, the pressure of a gas is inversely proportional to its volume”
    • A. 

      Pressure law

    • B. 

      Charles's law

    • C. 

      Boyle's law

  • 8. 
    The change of phase from liquid to gas is known as
    • A. 

      Fusion

    • B. 

      Fission

    • C. 

      Evaporation

    • D. 

      Vaporization

  • 9. 
    The energy needed to melt/freeze one kilogram of a substance is the specific [...] of that substance
  • 10. 
    "The amount of energy needed to raise or lower the temperature of a substance of 1 kg by 1 K" What is being defined?
    • A. 

      Thermal capacity

    • B. 

      Specific heat capacity

    • C. 

      Latent heat

  • 11. 
    Hence, write down what is defined in the following sentence: "The measure of the heat required to change the temperature of a substance"
  • 12. 
    The number of particles in a mole is a constant named ...
  • 13. 
    “The vaporization occurring at the surface of a liquid" What is being defined?
    • A. 

      Evaporation

    • B. 

      Boiling

    • C. 

      Fusion

  • 14. 
    “When the vapour pressure of the liquid is equal to the environmental pressure exerted by the liquid” works well as a definition of "boiling"
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 15. 
    Define "oscillations"
    • A. 

      Transverse waves

    • B. 

      Vibrations within a medium

    • C. 

      Vibrations moving perpendicular to the direction of the medium

  • 16. 
    Considering simple harmonic motion, the instantaneous distance of a moving object from its mean position is the [...] of that object"
  • 17. 
    "Time taken for a complete oscillation" What is being defined?
    • A. 

      Frequency

    • B. 

      Period

    • C. 

      Phase difference

    • D. 

      Wavelength

  • 18. 
    "The number of oscillations per unit time is a proper definition of [...]"
  • 19. 
    When oscillations are caused by an external force, the oscillations are said to be ...
    • A. 

      Damped

    • B. 

      Forced

    • C. 

      Progressive

    • D. 

      Standing

  • 20. 
    "Wavelength" can be defined as "the length of a wave"
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 21. 
    The power per unit area recieved by the observer is the [...] of a wave
  • 22. 
    "The elongation (disturbance) at a point = the sum of all elongations at the point" What is this?
    • A. 

      Hooke's law

    • B. 

      Principle of superposition

    • C. 

      Snell's law

    • D. 

      Standing wave

  • 23. 
    "A single disturbance which transfers energy through a medium" What is specifically being defined?
    • A. 

      Oscillation

    • B. 

      Transverse wave

    • C. 

      Longitudinal wave

    • D. 

      Wave pulse

  • 24. 
    The "opposite" of the wave pulse can be defined as follows: “A succession of disturbances (oscillations) that transfer energy through a medium” What type of wave is this?
  • 25. 
    “Wave where the motion of the particles is parallel to the wave motion” What is being defined above is a transverse wave.
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

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