Fundamentals Of Software Testing (Intro, Levels, Types)

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Fundamentals Of Software Testing (Intro, Levels, Types)

Software testing is the process of evaluation a software item to detect differences between given input and expected output. Testing the software assesses the quality of the product and should be done at the development stage. Gauge how much you know about this by taking the test below. Good luck!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 
    Verification is:
    • A. 

      Checking that we are building the right system

    • B. 

      Checking that we are building the system right

    • C. 

      Performed by an independent test team

    • D. 

      Making sure that it is what the user really wants

  • 2. 
    A regression test:
    • A. 

      Will always be automated

    • B. 

      Will help ensure unchanged areas of the software have not been affected

    • C. 

      Will help ensure changed areas of the software have not been affected

    • D. 

      Can only be run during user acceptance testing

  • 3. 
     If an expected result is not specified then:
    • A. 

      We cannot run the test

    • B. 

      It may be difficult to repeat the test

    • C. 

      It may be difficult to determine if the test has passed or failed

    • D. 

      We cannot automate the user inputs

  • 4. 
    Which of the following could be a reason for a failure 1) Testing fault 2) Software fault 3) Design fault 4) Environment Fault 5) Documentation Fault
    • A. 

      2 is a valid reason; 1,3,4 & 5 are not

    • B. 

      1,2,3,4 are valid reasons; 5 is not

    • C. 

      1,2,3 are valid reasons; 4 & 5 are not

    • D. 

      All of them are valid reasons for failure

  • 5. 
    Test are prioritized so that:
    • A. 

      You shorten the time required for testing

    • B. 

      You do the best testing in the time available

    • C. 

      You do more effective testing

    • D. 

      You find more faults

  • 6. 
    Which of the following is not a static testing technique
    • A. 

      Error guessing

    • B. 

      Walkthrough

    • C. 

      Data flow analysis

    • D. 

      Inspections

  • 7. 
    Which of the following statements about component testing is not true?
    • A. 

      Component testing should be performed by development

    • B. 

      Component testing is also know as isolation or module testing

    • C. 

      Component testing should have completion criteria planned

    • D. 

      Component testing does not involve regression testing

  • 8. 
    During which test activity could faults be found most cost effectively?
    • A. 

      Execution

    • B. 

      Design

    • C. 

      Planning

    • D. 

      Check Exit criteria completion

  • 9. 
    Which, in general, is the least required skill of a good tester?
    • A. 

      Being diplomatic

    • B. 

      Able to write software

    • C. 

      Having good attention to detail

    • D. 

      Able to be relied on

  • 10. 
    The purpose of requirement phase is
    • A. 

      To freeze requirements

    • B. 

      To understand user needs

    • C. 

      To define the scope of testing

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 11. 
    The process starting with the terminal modules is
    • A. 

      Top-down integration

    • B. 

      Bottom-up integration

    • C. 

      None of the above

    • D. 

      Module integration

  • 12. 
    The inputs for developing a test plan are taken from
    • A. 

      Project plan

    • B. 

      Business plan

    • C. 

      Support plan

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 13. 
    Function/Test matrix is a type of
    • A. 

      Interim Test report

    • B. 

      Final test report

    • C. 

      Project status report

    • D. 

      Management report

  • 14. 
    Defect Management process does not include
    • A. 

      Defect prevention

    • B. 

      Deliverable base-lining

    • C. 

      Management reporting

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 15. 
    What is the difference between testing software developed by contractor outside your country, versus testing software developed by a contractor within your country?
    • A. 

      Does not meet people needs

    • B. 

      Cultural difference

    • C. 

      Loss of control over reallocation of resources

    • D. 

      Relinquishments of control

  • 16. 
    Software testing accounts to what percent of software development costs?
    • A. 

      10-20

    • B. 

      40-50

    • C. 

      70-80

    • D. 

      5-10

  • 17. 
    A reliable system will be one that:
    • A. 

      Is unlikely to be completed on schedule

    • B. 

      Is unlikely to cause a failure

    • C. 

      Is likely to be fault-free

    • D. 

      Is likely to be liked by the users

  • 18. 
    How much testing is enough
    • A. 

      This question is impossible to answer

    • B. 

      The answer depends on the risks for your industry, contract and special requirements

    • C. 

      The answer depends on the maturity of your developers

    • D. 

      The answer should be standardized for the software development industry

  • 19. 
    Which of the following is not a characteristic for Testability?
    • A. 

      Operability

    • B. 

      Observability

    • C. 

      Simplicity

    • D. 

      Robustness

  • 20. 
    In Which model the testing phase starts after the Development phase
    • A. 

      V model

    • B. 

      Agile model

    • C. 

      Prototype model

    • D. 

      Waterfall model

  • 21. 
    Activities involved in Verification process:
    • A. 

      Requirement verification

    • B. 

      Functional validation

    • C. 

      Code validation

    • D. 

      Design validation

  • 22. 
    Each verification activity has its corresponding validation activity
    • A. 

      True

    • B. 

      False

  • 23. 
    Synonyms of structural testing
    • A. 

      Specification based testing

    • B. 

      Closed box testing

    • C. 

      Clear box testing

    • D. 

      All of the above

  • 24. 
    ________ testing ensures that no new defects been introduced after the modification in the code
    • A. 

      Retesting

    • B. 

      Regression testing

    • C. 

      Both a & b

    • D. 

      None of the above

  • 25. 
    Objectives of testing
    • A. 

      Early defects

    • B. 

      Gaining confidence

    • C. 

      Preventing defects

    • D. 

      All of the above

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