Budgeting And Its Types Quiz

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Budgeting And Its Types Quiz - Quiz

What is your understanding of the budget? How much do you know about different types of budgets? In this budgeting and its types quiz, we will tackle these things. Budgeting is essential and important part of financial management. Many people think they know about the budget and its types very well. However, it's not true in most cases. Here are a few questions that will let you and us see how well you really understand budget and its different types. All the best!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Zero-based budgeting begins with the idea that all department budgets are _________.

    • A.

      Full

    • B.

      Zero

    • C.

      Half

    • D.

      None of these

    Correct Answer
    B. Zero
    Explanation
    Zero-based budgeting begins with the idea that all department budgets are set to zero at the beginning of the budgeting period. This means that each department must justify and allocate their resources from scratch, rather than simply adjusting the previous year's budget. This approach forces departments to prioritize their spending based on their needs and goals, rather than automatically assuming that previous allocations are still valid. By starting from zero, zero-based budgeting promotes a more efficient and strategic allocation of resources.

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  • 2. 

    Which of these questions does the value proposition budgeting consider?

    • A.

      Why is this amount listed in the budget?

    • B.

      Does the item generate value for customers?

    • C.

      Does the item generate value for staff?

    • D.

      All of these

    Correct Answer
    D. All of these
    Explanation
    The value proposition budgeting considers all of these questions. It not only considers why an amount is listed in the budget but also evaluates whether the item generates value for customers and staff. By considering all of these questions, value proposition budgeting ensures that the budget is aligned with the overall value that the organization aims to deliver to its customers and staff.

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  • 3. 

    __________ is known as a top-down process where executives focus on a goal that they have set for the company.

    • A.

      Imposed budgeting

    • B.

      Negotiated budgeting

    • C.

      Activity-based budgeting

    • D.

      None of these

    Correct Answer
    A. Imposed budgeting
    Explanation
    Imposed budgeting is known as a top-down process where executives focus on a goal that they have set for the company. In this approach, the budget is created by higher-level management and then imposed on lower-level managers and departments. The budget is not open to negotiation or input from those who will be responsible for implementing it. This method allows for centralized control and ensures that the company's goals and objectives are prioritized and achieved.

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  • 4. 

    ___________ means a set of financial and operating budgets that are made for a specific accounting period.

    • A.

      Operating Budget

    • B.

      Negotiated budget

    • C.

      Activity-based budget

    • D.

      Master budget

    Correct Answer
    D. Master budget
    Explanation
    A master budget refers to a comprehensive set of financial and operating budgets that are created for a specific accounting period. It includes various components such as sales budget, production budget, cash budget, and expense budget. The master budget provides a detailed plan for the organization's financial activities and helps in coordinating different departments and functions. It serves as a roadmap for achieving the company's financial goals and objectives by providing a clear overview of the expected revenues, costs, and expenses for the specified period.

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  • 5. 

    _________ budgeting takes the previous year's actual figures and adds or subtracts a percentage to get the current year's budget.

    • A.

      Incremental

    • B.

      Activity-based

    • C.

      Both A & B

    • D.

      Value proposition

    Correct Answer
    A. Incremental
    Explanation
    Incremental budgeting is a method that uses the previous year's actual figures as a starting point and then adjusts them by adding or subtracting a certain percentage to create the current year's budget. This approach assumes that the previous year's budget was reasonably accurate and makes small changes to account for any expected changes or fluctuations in the upcoming year. It is a relatively simple and conservative method of budgeting that allows for some flexibility while still maintaining a baseline of stability.

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  • 6. 

    Overdrawing your checking account has the following consequence.

    • A.

      Overdraft fee

    • B.

      Bounced check fee from the store

    • C.

      Both A & B

    • D.

      None

    Correct Answer
    C. Both A & B
    Explanation
    Overdrawing your checking account can result in both an overdraft fee and a bounced check fee from the store. When you overdraw your account, it means that you have spent more money than you have available, resulting in a negative balance. As a result, the bank may charge you an overdraft fee for allowing this transaction to go through. Additionally, if you have written a check that bounces due to insufficient funds, the store may also impose a bounced check fee. Therefore, the correct answer is both A & B, as both consequences can occur when you overdraw your checking account.

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  • 7. 

    Budget helps in

    • A.

      Managing your expenses

    • B.

      Increasing your purchase of useless things

    • C.

      Knowing your expenses

    • D.

      Reducing your cost

    Correct Answer
    B. Increasing your purchase of useless things
    Explanation
    The given answer is incorrect. A budget helps in managing expenses, knowing your expenses, and reducing costs. It does not increase your purchase of useless things. A budget is a financial plan that helps individuals or organizations allocate their income or resources effectively and efficiently. It aims to prioritize essential expenses and control unnecessary spending, ensuring that money is spent wisely and in line with financial goals.

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  • 8. 

    What should your monthly budget include?

    • A.

      Variable expenses

    • B.

      Fixed expenses

    • C.

      Discretionary expenses

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Fixed expenses
    Explanation
    Your monthly budget should include fixed expenses. Fixed expenses are regular and predictable expenses that do not change much from month to month, such as rent or mortgage payments, utility bills, or loan repayments. Including fixed expenses in your budget ensures that you allocate enough funds to cover these essential costs and helps you plan your finances effectively. Variable expenses and discretionary expenses may also be part of your budget, but they are not the only things that should be included.

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  • 9. 

    Which of these is not a smaller part of the operating budget?

    • A.

      Disbursements

    • B.

      Production budget

    • C.

      Sales budget

    • D.

      Purchase budget

    Correct Answer
    A. Disbursements
    Explanation
    Disbursements are not a smaller part of the operating budget because they refer to the payment of funds, rather than the allocation or planning of funds. The operating budget typically includes various budgets such as the production budget, sales budget, and purchase budget, which are all focused on the allocation and planning of financial resources for different aspects of the business operations. Disbursements, on the other hand, are related to the actual payment of expenses or funds, which is a separate aspect of financial management.

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  • 10. 

    A flexible budget model

    • A.

      Doesn't allow you to enter different sales levels in the model

    • B.

      Enables you to enter only a specific sales level in the model

    • C.

      Enables you to enter different sales levels in the model

    • D.

      None of these

    Correct Answer
    C. Enables you to enter different sales levels in the model
    Explanation
    A flexible budget model enables you to enter different sales levels in the model. This means that you can adjust the budget based on varying levels of sales, allowing for more accurate forecasting and planning. This flexibility is important for businesses as it allows them to adapt their budget to changing market conditions and sales projections.

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