1.
What is the central concept in Two-Dimensional Conformal Field Theory?
Correct Answer
A. Conformal symmetry
Explanation
Conformal symmetry lies at the heart of Two-Dimensional Conformal Field Theory (CFT). It refers to transformations that preserve the angles between curves, the lengths of curves, and the ratio of areas enclosed by curves. These transformations are essential for understanding the symmetries of CFT, as they describe how the theory behaves under changes in the conformal structure of spacetime. Conformal symmetry plays a fundamental role in many aspects of CFT, from determining correlation functions to classifying primary fields.
2.
Which mathematical structure is essential for describing symmetries in CFT?
Correct Answer
A. Group theory
Explanation
Group theory provides the mathematical framework for understanding symmetries in Two-Dimensional Conformal Field Theory (CFT). Symmetries in CFT are often described by groups of transformations that leave the theory invariant. These transformation groups can be analyzed using group theory, which studies the algebraic structures of symmetry operations. By applying group theory techniques, researchers can classify symmetries, identify symmetry-breaking patterns, and investigate the consequences of symmetry constraints in CFT.
3.
What are the building blocks of correlation functions in CFT?
Correct Answer
C. Primary fields
Explanation
Primary fields are the fundamental building blocks of correlation functions in Two-Dimensional Conformal Field Theory (CFT). Correlation functions describe the statistical relationships between observables in a quantum field theory, and primary fields are the operators that create excitations in the theory. These fields play a central role in CFT, as they determine the behavior of correlation functions and encode information about the underlying symmetries and dynamics of the theory.
4.
Which algebra plays a crucial role in Two-Dimensional Conformal Field Theory?
Correct Answer
A. Virasoro algebra
Explanation
The Virasoro algebra is a crucial mathematical structure in Two-Dimensional Conformal Field Theory (CFT). It is a Lie algebra that describes the symmetries of CFT, particularly the infinitesimal conformal transformations. The Virasoro algebra consists of a set of generators and commutation relations that encode the symmetry properties of the theory. By studying the properties of the Virasoro algebra, researchers can understand the geometric and algebraic aspects of CFT, including the transformation properties of correlation functions and the classification of primary fields.
5.
What property do conformal transformations preserve?
Correct Answer
B. Angles between curves
Explanation
Conformal transformations in Two-Dimensional Conformal Field Theory (CFT) preserve the angles between curves. This property distinguishes conformal transformations from other types of transformations, such as rigid rotations or translations. By preserving the angles between curves, conformal transformations maintain the geometric structure of spacetime, allowing researchers to study the symmetries and dynamics of CFT in a geometrically invariant way.
6.
In CFT, what is the conformal anomaly associated with?
Correct Answer
A. Breaking of scale invariance
Explanation
The conformal anomaly in Two-Dimensional Conformal Field Theory (CFT) is associated with the breaking of scale invariance. Scale invariance is a property of certain physical theories where the dynamics remain unchanged under rescaling of lengths or energy scales. The presence of a conformal anomaly indicates that this symmetry is not preserved at the quantum level, leading to nontrivial effects such as anomalies in correlation functions and violations of Ward identities. Understanding the conformal anomaly is crucial for developing consistent quantum field theories and studying their physical implications.
7.
Which quantity characterizes the primary fields in CFT?
Correct Answer
C. Scaling dimensions
Explanation
Scaling dimensions characterize the primary fields in Two-Dimensional Conformal Field Theory (CFT). These dimensions determine how primary fields transform under conformal transformations and govern their behavior in correlation functions. The scaling dimensions of primary fields play a crucial role in classifying operators in CFT and understanding their physical significance. By studying the scaling dimensions of primary fields, researchers can uncover important insights into the symmetries, dynamics, and phase structure of CFT.
8.
What is the importance of the Virasoro algebra in CFT?
Correct Answer
C. It generates infinitesimal conformal transformations.
Explanation
The Virasoro algebra generates infinitesimal conformal transformations in Two-Dimensional Conformal Field Theory (CFT). These transformations describe how the geometry of spacetime changes at each point and encode the symmetries of the theory. By studying the properties of the Virasoro algebra, researchers can understand the local conformal properties of CFT, including the behavior of correlation functions and the classification of primary fields.
9.
Which statement best describes the behavior of correlation functions in CFT?
Correct Answer
A. They exhibit conformal invariance.
Explanation
Correlation functions in Two-Dimensional Conformal Field Theory (CFT) exhibit conformal invariance. This means that they remain unchanged under conformal transformations, reflecting the underlying symmetries of the theory. Conformal invariance is a powerful property that constrains the behavior of correlation functions and allows researchers to make precise predictions about their structure. By studying the conformal properties of correlation functions, researchers can gain valuable insights into the symmetries, dynamics, and phase structure of CFT.
10.
What is a characteristic feature of a primary field in CFT?
Correct Answer
B. It transforms under conformal transformations.
Explanation
A characteristic feature of a primary field in Two-Dimensional Conformal Field Theory (CFT) is that it transforms under conformal transformations. This property distinguishes primary fields from other types of fields in the theory, such as secondary or composite fields. Primary fields play a fundamental role in CFT, as they generate excitations and encode information about the underlying symmetries and dynamics of the theory. By studying the transformation properties of primary fields, researchers can understand their role in correlation functions and their physical significance in CFT.
11.
What is the conformal dimension of a primary field with scaling dimension 1?
Correct Answer
C. 1
Explanation
The conformal dimension of a primary field with a scaling dimension of 1 is 1. The conformal dimension characterizes how the field scales under conformal transformations and governs its behavior in correlation functions. Primary fields with different scaling dimensions play distinct roles in CFT, with higher-dimensional fields typically representing more massive or less relevant operators. By studying the conformal dimensions of primary fields, researchers can classify operators in CFT and understand their physical significance.
12.
Which transformation leaves the correlation functions invariant in CFT?
Correct Answer
A. Conformal transformations
Explanation
Conformal transformations leave correlation functions invariant in Two-Dimensional Conformal Field Theory (CFT). These transformations preserve the geometric structure of spacetime and the statistical relationships between observables, allowing researchers to study the symmetries and dynamics of CFT in a geometrically invariant way. By studying the conformal properties of correlation functions, researchers can make precise predictions about their behavior and uncover important insights into the underlying structure of CFT.
13.
What is the defining property of a Virasoro algebra?
Correct Answer
B. It is a Lie algebra.
Explanation
The defining property of a Virasoro algebra is that it is a Lie algebra. Lie algebras are mathematical structures that describe the algebraic properties of symmetry transformations, including their commutation relations and group properties. The Virasoro algebra plays a central role in Two-Dimensional Conformal Field Theory (CFT), as it encodes the local conformal properties of the theory and governs its behavior under infinitesimal transformations. By studying the properties of the Virasoro algebra, researchers can understand the geometric and algebraic aspects of CFT and make precise predictions about its behavior.
14.
In CFT, what is the role of the stress-energy tensor?
Correct Answer
A. It generates conformal transformations.
Explanation
The stress-energy tensor generates conformal transformations in Two-Dimensional Conformal Field Theory (CFT). This tensor encodes information about the energy, momentum, and stress in the theory and plays a fundamental role in describing its symmetries. By studying the properties of the stress-energy tensor, researchers can understand the local conformal properties of CFT and make precise predictions about its behavior under infinitesimal transformations. The stress-energy tensor is a key tool for studying the symmetries, dynamics, and phase structure of CFT and plays a central role in many aspects of the theory.
15.
What does the Noether theorem in CFT state?
Correct Answer
A. Symmetries correspond to conserved currents
Explanation
The Noether theorem in Two-Dimensional Conformal Field Theory (CFT) states that symmetries correspond to conserved currents. This theorem establishes a fundamental connection between symmetries and conservation laws in quantum field theory, showing that every continuous symmetry of the action leads to a conserved current via Noether's theorem. These conserved currents encode important physical information about the theory and play a crucial role in understanding its symmetries and dynamics. By studying the Noether theorem, researchers can uncover deep insights into the underlying structure of CFT and its physical implications.