History of lobotomy quiz

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| By Tanya Mishra
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Tanya Mishra
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History Of Lobotomy Quiz - Quiz

Lobotomy was a surgical procedure that was developed to treat various psychiatric issues. How well aware are you of the history of Lobotomy? The surgical procedure was introduced to the common public in 1930; unfortunately, this highly traumatic procedure was once dubbed the "Miracle cure" for all psychiatric illnesses. Even though it's rarely performed today, it still profoundly impacted the medical and psychiatric science field. The quiz will test your knowledge about the rich history of this barbaric surgical procedure. Good Luck and have fun learning!


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What was the procedure initially called? 

    • A.

      Cingulotomy 

    • B.

      Leucotomy

    • C.

      Brain dissection 

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    B. Leucotomy
    Explanation
    Leucotomy was the initial procedure used to treat mental disorders. It involved the removal or destruction of brain tissue, specifically the prefrontal cortex, in order to alleviate symptoms. This procedure was developed in the early 20th century and was considered a radical and controversial treatment at the time. It was later refined and renamed as lobotomy, which became more widely known. However, the initial procedure was indeed called leucotomy.

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  • 2. 

    Who was the first ever person to perform a full-fledged lobotomy on a patient? 

    • A.

       António Egas Moniz

    • B.

      Gottlieb Burkhardt

    • C.

      Walter J. Freeman 

    • D.

      Wolfhard Baumgartel

    Correct Answer
    B. Gottlieb Burkhardt
    Explanation
    Gottlieb Burkhardt was not the first person to perform a full-fledged lobotomy on a patient. The correct answer is António Egas Moniz. He was a Portuguese neurologist who developed the lobotomy procedure in the 1930s and performed the first successful one in 1935. Lobotomy was a controversial procedure that involved severing the connections between the prefrontal cortex and the rest of the brain, often resulting in significant personality changes and side effects. Moniz's work on lobotomy earned him the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine in 1949.

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  • 3. 

    What kind of people were usually received lobotomies

    • A.

      Females with fertility issues

    • B.

      Elder patients 

    • C.

      People who suffered from misdiagnosed mental health issues

    • D.

      Rich men from upper class societies

    Correct Answer
    C. People who suffered from misdiagnosed mental health issues
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "People who suffered from misdiagnosed mental health issues." Lobotomies were a surgical procedure used in the past to treat mental illnesses, but they were often performed on individuals who were misdiagnosed or misunderstood. This included patients who were incorrectly diagnosed with mental health issues or those who were deemed difficult to manage or control. Lobotomies were often seen as a solution for individuals with challenging behaviors or emotional disturbances, leading to the unnecessary and harmful procedure being performed on many patients.

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  • 4. 

    Who discovered the procedure? 

    • A.

       António Egas Moniz

    • B.

      James Watts

    • C.

      Gottlieb Burckhardt

    • D.

      Wolfhard Baumgartel

    Correct Answer
    A.  António Egas Moniz
    Explanation
    António Egas Moniz is credited with discovering the procedure.

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  • 5. 

    When was the first prefrontal lobotomy performed in the United States?

    • A.

      In 1929

    • B.

      In 1935

    • C.

      In 1936

    • D.

      In 1937

    Correct Answer
    C. In 1936
    Explanation
    In 1936, the first prefrontal lobotomy was performed in the United States. This procedure involved the removal or severing of connections in the prefrontal cortex of the brain, and it was believed to treat various mental illnesses. The procedure gained popularity in the 1940s and 1950s but eventually fell out of favor due to ethical concerns and the development of more effective treatments for mental disorders.

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  • 6. 

    Who amongst the following underwent lobotomy and was a family member of a famous US politician?

    • A.

      Rose Isabel Williams

    • B.

      Josef Hassid

    • C.

      Helen Mortensen

    • D.

      Rosemary Kennedy

    Correct Answer
    D. Rosemary Kennedy
    Explanation
    Rosemary Kennedy underwent lobotomy and was a family member of a famous US politician. Lobotomy is a surgical procedure that involves removing or damaging certain parts of the brain. Rosemary Kennedy, the sister of President John F. Kennedy, underwent a lobotomy in 1941 to treat her mental illness. The procedure, however, went wrong and left her permanently incapacitated. This tragic event had a significant impact on the Kennedy family and the treatment of mental health in the United States.

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  • 7. 

    Approximately how many lobotomies Walter J. Freeman performed by the end of his career? 

    • A.

      500 

    • B.

      3,500

    • C.

      4000

    • D.

      2000

    Correct Answer
    B. 3,500
    Explanation
    Walter J. Freeman performed approximately 3,500 lobotomies by the end of his career. This indicates that Freeman was highly experienced and proficient in performing this surgical procedure. The large number of lobotomies suggests that Freeman was a prominent figure in the field of lobotomy and was likely sought after for his expertise.

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  • 8. 

    Freeman watts lobotomy procedure involved what kind of tool to be inserted into the brain?

    • A.

      A needle

    • B.

      A pair of scissors

    • C.

      An ice pick

    • D.

      A spoon

    Correct Answer
    C. An ice pick
    Explanation
    The Freeman Watts lobotomy procedure involved inserting an ice pick into the brain. This tool was used to sever the connections between the prefrontal cortex and the rest of the brain, with the aim of treating mental illnesses. The procedure was developed by Walter Freeman and James Watts as a quicker and less invasive alternative to the traditional lobotomy. However, it was highly controversial and often resulted in severe side effects and complications for patients.

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  • 9. 

    Walter J. Freeman adjusted the lobotomy technique to complete the procedure as quickly as possible. By 1945, approximately how many minutes did it take him to complete the surgical procedure? 

    • A.

      10 minutes

    • B.

      15 minutes

    • C.

      1 hour

    • D.

      2 hours 23 minutes

    Correct Answer
    A. 10 minutes
    Explanation
    Walter J. Freeman adjusted the lobotomy technique to complete the procedure as quickly as possible, and by 1945, it took him approximately 10 minutes to complete the surgical procedure.

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  • 10. 

    When did Moniz win the Nobel prize for inventing the procedure? 

    • A.

      1935

    • B.

      1930

    • C.

      1932

    • D.

      None of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. 1935
    Explanation
    Moniz won the Nobel prize for inventing the procedure in 1935.

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • Aug 16, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Oct 27, 2022
    Quiz Created by
    Tanya Mishra
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