Uts Sejarak Kls Xi Smkm Cilegon

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| By Manguzank1969
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Manguzank1969
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Uts Sejarak Kls Xi Smkm Cilegon - Quiz

Kelas         : XIJurusan      : Metalurgi dan KeperawatanWaktu        : Selasa, 14 Oktober 2014 


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    Motivasi kedatangan bangsa Eropa ke dunia Timur dapat diungkapkan melalui slogan berikut ini ....

    • A.

      Vini, Vidi, Vici

    • B.

      Liberte, Egalitee Franternite

    • C.

      Gold, Gospel, Glory

    • D.

      Kolonialisme, Impcrialisme, Monopolisme

    • E.

      Devide et Impera, Pak Mcdorlandica

    Correct Answer
    C. Gold, Gospel, Glory
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Gold, Gospel, Glory." This slogan reflects the motivations of European nations to explore and colonize the East. "Gold" represents the desire for wealth and resources, as European powers sought to exploit the riches of the East. "Gospel" refers to the spread of Christianity, as European nations saw it as their mission to convert indigenous peoples to their religion. "Glory" symbolizes the desire for power, prestige, and dominance, as European nations sought to establish their empires and assert their influence over the East.

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  • 2. 

    Beberapa faktor keberanian bangsa Eropa melakukan pelayanan ke dunia Timur di bawah ini, kecuali

    • A.

      Diciptakannya kompas sebagai penunjuk arah

    • B.

      Adanya teori dari Paus bahwa bumi itu datar

    • C.

      Maju dan berkembangnya ilmu perbintangan dan cuaca

    • D.

      Jatuhnya Constantinopel ke tangan Islam Turki

    • E.

      Ditemukannya jalur pelayaran ke Asia oleh Vasco da Gama

    Correct Answer
    A. Diciptakannya kompas sebagai penunjuk arah
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "diciptakannya kompas sebagai penunjuk arah". The other factors mentioned in the options, such as the theory of a flat Earth by the Pope, the advancement of astronomy and weather science, the fall of Constantinople to the Turks, and the discovery of a sailing route to Asia by Vasco da Gama, all played a role in motivating European nations to engage in Eastward exploration and trade. However, the invention of the compass as a navigational tool is not a factor that influenced European courage in venturing into the East.

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  • 3. 

    Latar belakang dan factor pendorong kedatangan  bangsa-bangsa Eropa ke Asia adalah sebagai berikut, kecuali ….

    • A.

      Penemuan mesin uap oleh James Watt

    • B.

      Keinginan menemukan daerah asal rempah-rempah

    • C.

      Keinginan membuktikan teori Copernicus bahwa bumi bulat

    • D.

      Rasa tertarik kepada buku karya Marcopolo berjudul Imago Mundi yang menceritakan kesuburan Asia

    • E.

      Ditemukannya E. Runtuhnya Konstantinopoel ke tangan bangsa Turki yang menyebabkan terputusnya hubungan dagang Asia-Eropaalur pelayaran ke Asia oleh Vasco da Gama

    Correct Answer
    A. Penemuan mesin uap oleh James Watt
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Penemuan mesin uap oleh James Watt." The other options listed are all factors that drove European nations to come to Asia, such as the desire to find the origin of spices, the interest in proving Copernicus' theory that the Earth is round, the attraction to Marco Polo's book about the fertility of Asia, and the establishment of a trade route to Asia by Vasco da Gama. However, the invention of the steam engine by James Watt is not a factor that drove European nations to come to Asia.

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  • 4. 

    Adanya ancaman serangan Inggris secara besar-besaran dari Singapura membuat Daendels mengambil langkah-langkah sebagai berikut, kecuali …..

    • A.

      Membangun jalan antara Anyer-Panarukan

    • B.

      Membangun pabrik senjata di Gresik dan Semarang

    • C.

      Membangun pangkalan angkatan laut di ujung kulon dan Surabaya

    • D.

      Menambah jumlah angkatan perang dari 3000 orang menjadi 20’000 orang

    • E.

      Menjalin kerjasama dengan wilayah penjajahan Belanda lainnya, misalnya Srilangka dan Afrika Selatan

    Correct Answer
    C. Membangun pangkalan angkatan laut di ujung kulon dan Surabaya
    Explanation
    Daendels took several steps to counter the threat of a massive British attack from Singapore. These steps included building roads between Anyer and Panarukan, establishing weapon factories in Gresik and Semarang, increasing the size of the military from 3000 to 20,000 soldiers, and forming alliances with other Dutch colonies like Sri Lanka and South Africa. However, there is no mention of building naval bases in Ujung Kulon and Surabaya in the given options. Therefore, the correct answer is "Membangun pangkalan angkatan laut di ujung kulon dan Surabaya."

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  • 5. 

    Agar VOC leluasa dalam melaksanakan tugasnya, pemerintah Belanda memberikan hak-hak istimewa kepada VOC yang meliputi hak-hak sebagai berikut, kecuali ….

    • A.

      Memiliki tentara sendiri

    • B.

      Mencetak uang sendiri

    • C.

      Menyatakan perang dan damai

    • D.

      Mengangkat dan memberhentikan pegawai

    • E.

      Mendirikan Negara merdeka di seberang lautan

    Correct Answer
    E. Mendirikan Negara merdeka di seberang lautan
    Explanation
    The VOC was granted several privileges by the Dutch government to carry out its duties. These privileges included having its own army, printing its own currency, declaring war and peace, and appointing and dismissing officials. However, the VOC was not given the privilege to establish an independent state across the ocean.

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  • 6. 

    Hak VOC untuk menebang tanaman rempah-rempah di Maluku agar harganya stabil disebut ….

    • A.

      Eksterpasi

    • B.

      Contingenten

    • C.

      Ponale Sanctie

    • D.

      Pelayaran Hongi

    • E.

      Verplihte Leverantie

    Correct Answer
    A. Eksterpasi
    Explanation
    Eksterpasi adalah hak VOC untuk menebang tanaman rempah-rempah di Maluku agar harganya stabil.

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  • 7. 

    Kaisar Perancis yang berhasil menguasai Belanda dan mendudukan adiknya menjadi raja di Belanda adalah.... 

    • A.

      Louis XIV

    • B.

      Lafayette

    • C.

      Robespiere

    • D.

      Napoleon Bonaparte

    • E.

      Ladewijk Bonaparte

    Correct Answer
    D. Napoleon Bonaparte
    Explanation
    Napoleon Bonaparte was the French emperor who successfully conquered the Netherlands and placed his brother as the king of the country. As a military and political leader, Napoleon expanded the French empire and implemented various reforms in the territories he controlled. His conquest of the Netherlands was part of his larger goal of establishing French dominance in Europe. By placing his brother as the king of the Netherlands, Napoleon aimed to ensure French influence and control over the country.

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  • 8. 

    Semboyan Belanda untuk menaklukkan seluruh wilayah Indonesia adalah.... 

    • A.

      Lebenschraum

    • B.

      Fraternite

    • C.

      Chauvisme

    • D.

      Divide et Impera

    • E.

      Imperialisme

    Correct Answer
    D. Divide et Impera
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Divide et Impera". This Latin phrase translates to "Divide and Rule" in English. It refers to a strategy used by the Dutch to conquer and control the entire territory of Indonesia. By dividing the local populations and exploiting their differences, the Dutch were able to maintain their dominance and prevent any unified resistance against their colonial rule. This strategy allowed them to effectively govern and exploit the resources of Indonesia for their own benefit.

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  • 9. 

    Untuk menjalankan praktek Monopoli perdagangan  di Indonesia Para pedagang Belanda Mendirikan....

    • A.

      NICA

    • B.

      KNIL

    • C.

      VOC

    • D.

      EIC

    • E.

      OKI

    Correct Answer
    C. VOC
    Explanation
    The correct answer is VOC. VOC stands for Vereenigde Oostindische Compagnie, which translates to the Dutch East India Company. The VOC was established by Dutch traders in Indonesia to monopolize the trade in the region. It was a powerful trading company that had control over the spice trade and other valuable commodities in the 17th and 18th centuries. The VOC played a significant role in the colonization of Indonesia and the establishment of Dutch colonial rule in the region.

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  • 10. 

    Salah satu tujuan Portugis ke Indonesia adalah.... 

    • A.

      Gold

    • B.

      Liberte

    • C.

      Egalite

    • D.

      Fraternite

    • E.

      Devisa

    Correct Answer
    A. Gold
    Explanation
    Portugis memiliki tujuan untuk mendapatkan kekayaan dan sumber daya alam di Indonesia, termasuk emas. Emas adalah salah satu komoditas yang sangat berharga dan menguntungkan bagi Portugis, karena dapat digunakan sebagai alat pembayaran internasional dan juga sebagai sumber kekayaan yang signifikan. Dengan mendapatkan kontrol atas produksi dan perdagangan emas di Indonesia, Portugis dapat memperoleh keuntungan ekonomi yang besar.

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  • 11. 

    Perhatikan nama-nama dibawah ini!     1.   Christopher Columbus     2.   D’Albuquerque     3.   Cornelis de Houtman     4.   Fransisco Pizarro     Dari nama-nama diatas penjelajah  Eropa yang datang ke Indonesia adalah.... 

    • A.

      1 dan 2

    • B.

      2 dan 3

    • C.

      1 dan 3

    • D.

      2 dan 4

    • E.

      3 dan 4

    Correct Answer
    B. 2 dan 3
    Explanation
    The correct answer is 2 dan 3. This is because D'Albuquerque and Cornelis de Houtman were European explorers who came to Indonesia. Christopher Columbus and Francisco Pizarro were not explorers who came to Indonesia.

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  • 12. 

    Salah satu perbedaan Belanda dengan Portugis adalah Belanda datang ke Indonesia dengan tujuan....

    • A.

      Berlayar

    • B.

      Menyebarkan agama

    • C.

      Mencari daerah penghasil rempah-rempah

    • D.

      Mencari keuntungan

    • E.

      Menyaingi portugis dalam perdagangan

    Correct Answer
    C. Mencari daerah penghasil rempah-rempah
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Mencari daerah penghasil rempah-rempah" which means "Searching for spice-producing regions". This is because the Dutch came to Indonesia in search of valuable spices such as nutmeg, cloves, and pepper, which were highly sought after in Europe at the time. They established a monopoly on the spice trade in the region, leading to the colonization and exploitation of Indonesian resources for economic gain.

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  • 13. 

    Gubernur Jendral yang meletakkan dasar penjajahan Belanda di Indonesia dengan mendirikan Benteng Batavia adalah.... 

    • A.

      Antonio Galvao

    • B.

      Van den Bosch

    • C.

      Jan Pieterzoon Coen

    • D.

      Van Deventer

    • E.

      Raffles

    Correct Answer
    B. Van den Bosch
    Explanation
    Van den Bosch is the correct answer because he was the Governor-General who laid the foundation of Dutch colonization in Indonesia by establishing the fort of Batavia. He implemented the Cultivation System, which forced indigenous farmers to grow cash crops for export, leading to the exploitation of resources and the impoverishment of local communities. This policy significantly contributed to the economic and political dominance of the Dutch in Indonesia during the colonial period.

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  • 14. 

    Pada masa pemerintahan kolonial  Inggris, Raffles memberlakukan sistem ....

    • A.

      Sewa Tanah

    • B.

      Cultuur Stelsel

    • C.

      Tanam paksa

    • D.

      Landrante

    • E.

      Kerja paksa

    Correct Answer
    A. Sewa Tanah
    Explanation
    During the colonial era, the British implemented the system of "Sewa Tanah" which translates to "Land Rent". This system involved the renting of land to individuals or companies for a specific period of time, usually in exchange for a fixed annual rent. This allowed the British to maintain control over the land while also generating revenue from it. The "Sewa Tanah" system was one of the ways in which the British exploited the resources and labor of the local population during their colonial rule.

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  • 15. 

    Pelaut Belanda yang pertama kali memimpin ekspedisi Belanda ke Banten  adalah.... 

    • A.

      Magelhaens

    • B.

      Columbus

    • C.

      Cornelis de Houtman

    • D.

      Vasco da Gama

    • E.

      D’Albuquerque

    Correct Answer
    C. Cornelis de Houtman
    Explanation
    Cornelis de Houtman is the correct answer because he was the first Dutch sailor to lead a Dutch expedition to Banten, which is a city in present-day Indonesia. He was commissioned by the Dutch East India Company to establish trade relations with the Sultanate of Banten in the early 17th century.

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  • 16. 

    Tujuan didirikannya VOC oleh pemerintah kolonial Belanda adalah.... 

    • A.

      Menyebarkan kebudayaan baru

    • B.

      Mencari daerah baru dan kejayaan

    • C.

      Menyebarkan Agama

    • D.

      Untuk mengatasi persaingan antara pedagang Belanda dengan Eropa lainnya

    • E.

      Memperkuat daerah kekuasaan

    Correct Answer
    D. Untuk mengatasi persaingan antara pedagang Belanda dengan Eropa lainnya
    Explanation
    The VOC was established by the Dutch colonial government to overcome competition between Dutch traders and other European traders. This suggests that the VOC was created as a means to gain an advantage in the global trade market and secure economic dominance for the Dutch. By establishing a powerful trading company, the Dutch government aimed to protect and promote the interests of Dutch traders against their European counterparts.

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  • 17. 

    Gubernur Jendral VOC yang mengubah nama Jayakarta menjadi Batavia adalah.... 

    • A.

      Cornelis de Houtman

    • B.

      Jan Pieterzoon Coen

    • C.

      Pieter Both

    • D.

      Van Nese

    • E.

      H.W. Daendles

    Correct Answer
    C. Pieter Both
    Explanation
    Pieter Both is the correct answer because he was the Governor-General of the Dutch East Indies from 1610 to 1614 and during his term, he changed the name of Jayakarta to Batavia in honor of the Batavians, an ancient Germanic tribe.

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  • 18. 

    Penyerahan Pulau Jawa dari Kekuasaan Belanda kepada Inggris diatur dalam.... 

    • A.

      Plakat Pendek

    • B.

      Perjanjian Tuntang

    • C.

      Perjanjian Salatiga

    • D.

      Traktat London

    • E.

      Perjanjian Giyanti

    Correct Answer
    B. Perjanjian Tuntang
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Perjanjian Tuntang. This agreement was signed on 26 February 1811 between the British and the Dutch, resulting in the transfer of Java Island from Dutch control to British control during the Napoleonic Wars. The treaty was significant as it marked the end of Dutch colonial rule in Java and the beginning of British administration in the region.

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  • 19. 

    Dibawah ini adalah sebab-sebab Dibubarkannya VOC, kecuali.... 

    • A.

      Adanya korupsi

    • B.

      Banyak hutang

    • C.

      Perang yang menghabiskan banyak biaya

    • D.

      Kecurangan dalam bidang administrasi

    • E.

      Desakan dari Gubernur Jendral untuk membubarkan VOC

    Correct Answer
    E. Desakan dari Gubernur Jendral untuk membubarkan VOC
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Desakan dari Gubernur Jendral untuk membubarkan VOC." The other options, such as korupsi (corruption), banyak hutang (many debts), perang yang menghabiskan banyak biaya (war that consumed a lot of expenses), and kecurangan dalam bidang administrasi (irregularities in administration), all contribute to the reasons for the dissolution of the VOC. However, the pressure from the Governor-General to dissolve the VOC is not one of the reasons for its dissolution.

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  • 20. 

    Landasan imperialisme untuk mencari kejayaan adalah.... 

    • A.

      Reconquesta

    • B.

      Kapitalisme

    • C.

      Gold

    • D.

      Glory

    • E.

      Gospel

    Correct Answer
    D. Glory
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "Glory." The question is asking for the basis or foundation of imperialism in the pursuit of triumph or success. "Glory" refers to the desire for power, prestige, and recognition that often drives imperialistic endeavors. Imperial powers sought to expand their influence and control over other territories and peoples in order to achieve glory and establish themselves as dominant forces in the world.

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