1.
Mobil - Bensin = Pelari - ....
Correct Answer
A. Makanan
Explanation
The given equation is a comparison between two pairs of items: Mobil (car) and Bensin (gasoline), and Pelari (runner) and an unknown item. The relationship between Mobil and Bensin is that a car requires gasoline to function. Therefore, the relationship between Pelari and the unknown item can be inferred as a runner requiring food to perform well. Hence, the correct answer is Makanan (food).
2.
Dingin - Selimut = Hujan - ....
Correct Answer
B. Payung
Explanation
The equation "Dingin - Selimut = Hujan - Payung" suggests that just as being cold (dingin) without a blanket (selimut) leads to rain (hujan), being without an umbrella (payung) also leads to rain. This implies that a payung (umbrella) is necessary to protect against rain, similar to how a selimut (blanket) is necessary to protect against cold.
3.
Semir - Sepatu = Sikat - ....
Correct Answer
D. Gigi
Explanation
The given equation, "Semir - Sepatu = Sikat - Gigi," suggests a relationship between two sets of items. The first set includes "Semir" (shoe polish) and "Sepatu" (shoes), while the second set includes "Sikat" (brush) and an unknown item. To find the missing item, we need to identify a similar relationship between "Sikat" and one of the options. The only option that fits this relationship is "Gigi" (teeth), as a brush is commonly used to clean teeth, just as shoe polish is used to clean shoes.
4.
Kepala - Pusing = Perut - ....
Correct Answer
C. Mules
Explanation
The equation "Kepala - Pusing = Perut - Mules" suggests a relationship between two sets of terms. The term "Pusing" can be understood as a symptom or condition related to the head, specifically meaning "dizziness" or "headache." Therefore, the term "Mules" can be understood as a symptom or condition related to the stomach, specifically meaning "abdominal pain" or "cramps." This explanation is based on the idea that the equation is comparing symptoms or conditions in different parts of the body.
5.
Bugil - Pakaian = Gundul - ....
Correct Answer
D. Rambut
Explanation
The word "bugil" means naked or without clothes, and "pakaian" means clothes. Similarly, "gundul" means bald or without hair. Therefore, the correct term that completes the analogy is "rambut," which means hair. The analogy is comparing being without clothes to being without hair.
6.
Kayu - Pohon = Emas - ....
Correct Answer
A. Tambang
Explanation
The relationship between "Kayu" (wood) and "Pohon" (tree) is that wood comes from trees. Similarly, the relationship between "Emas" (gold) and "Tambang" (mine) is that gold comes from mines. Therefore, the correct answer is "Tambang" as it represents the source or origin of the given item.
7.
Kumis - Kucing = Belalai - ....
Correct Answer
C. Gajah
Explanation
The analogy in this question is based on the relationship between two pairs of words. The first pair, Kumis (whiskers) and Kucing (cat), represents a body part and the animal it belongs to. The second pair, Belalai (trunk) and Gajah (elephant), also represents a body part and the animal it belongs to. Therefore, the correct answer is Gajah, as it completes the analogy by representing the animal that the body part "Belalai" belongs to.
8.
Reguler - Senin = Karyawan - ....
Correct Answer
C. Minggu
Explanation
The given equation "Reguler - Senin = Karyawan - Minggu" suggests that "Reguler" is related to "Senin" in the same way as "Karyawan" is related to "Minggu". Since "Reguler" refers to a regular employee and "Senin" refers to Monday, the relationship between the two is that regular employees work on Mondays. Following the same logic, "Karyawan" refers to an employee and "Minggu" refers to Sunday, implying that employees work on Sundays. Therefore, the answer is Minggu.
9.
Busur - Panah = Senapan - ....
Correct Answer
A. Peluru
Explanation
The given analogy is a comparison between two sets of related items. The relationship between "Busur" and "Panah" is that the first item is a tool or weapon used to launch or shoot the second item. Similarly, the relationship between "Senapan" and "Peluru" is that the first item is a tool or weapon used to launch or shoot the second item. Therefore, the correct answer is "Peluru" because it is the item that is launched or shot using a "Senapan".
10.
Ayah - Anak = Pohon - ....
Correct Answer
B. Tunas
Explanation
The relationship between "ayah" and "anak" is that of a parent and child. Similarly, the relationship between "pohon" and "tunas" is that of a plant and its shoot or bud. Both pairs represent a hierarchical relationship where one entity is a part or extension of the other. Therefore, the correct answer is "tunas".
11.
Es - Dingin = Gula - ....
Correct Answer
D. Manis
Explanation
The equation "Es - Dingin = Gula - Manis" suggests that "Es" (ice) minus "Dingin" (cold) is equal to "Gula" (sugar) minus "Manis" (sweet). This equation implies that when ice is not cold, it is not sweet. Therefore, the correct answer is "Manis."
12.
Pintar - Belajar = Bodoh - ....
Correct Answer
D. Malas
Explanation
The word "pintar" means "smart" or "intelligent" in Indonesian, while "belajar" means "to study" or "to learn". The equation "Pintar - Belajar = Bodoh - Malas" suggests that if someone is smart but does not study or learn, they become foolish or ignorant due to laziness. Therefore, the missing word in the equation is "Malas", which means "lazy" in Indonesian.
13.
Terbang - Burung = Jalan - ....
Correct Answer
B. Lebah
Explanation
The equation "Terbang - Burung = Jalan - Lebah" suggests that just as "terbang" (which means "to fly") is a characteristic or action associated with "burung" (which means "bird"), "jalan" (which means "to walk") is a characteristic or action associated with "lebah" (which means "bee"). Therefore, the correct answer is "Lebah".
14.
Mobil - Roda = Rumah - ....
Correct Answer
A. Pondasi
Explanation
The relationship between "Mobil" and "Roda" is that the wheels are an essential component of a car. Similarly, the relationship between "Rumah" and "Pondasi" is that the foundation is an essential component of a house. The other options, "Tanah," "Jendela," and "Atap," do not have a similar essential relationship.
15.
Bulan - Bumi = Yupiter - ...
Correct Answer
C. Matahari
Explanation
The equation "Bulan - Bumi = Yupiter - Matahari" suggests a relationship between the moon and the Earth, and another relationship between Jupiter and the Sun. Since the moon orbits around the Earth and Jupiter orbits around the Sun, the missing term in the equation should be the celestial body that orbits around the Sun. Therefore, the correct answer is Matahari, which means Sun in Indonesian.
16.
Ekspor - Pergi = Impor - ....
Correct Answer
C. Masuk
Explanation
The equation "Ekspor - Pergi = Impor - Masuk" suggests that the word "Masuk" is the missing term. The equation is comparing the concepts of export and import, and "Masuk" is the opposite of "Pergi" in this context. "Masuk" means "enter" or "in," which is the opposite of "Pergi" meaning "go" or "out." Therefore, the correct answer is "Masuk."
17.
Mobil - Bensin = Perahu - ....
Correct Answer
B. Angin
Explanation
The equation "Mobil - Bensin = Perahu - Angin" suggests that just as a car needs gasoline to move, a boat needs wind to move. The word "Angin" in the given options refers to wind, which is the missing element in the equation. Therefore, the correct answer is "Angin".
18.
Mikroskop - Mikroba = Teleskop - ....
Correct Answer
D. Bintang
Explanation
The relationship between "Mikroskop" (microscope) and "Mikroba" (microbe) is that a microscope is used to observe microorganisms. Similarly, the relationship between "Teleskop" (telescope) and "Bintang" (star) is that a telescope is used to observe stars. Therefore, the correct answer is "Bintang."