Psychology Trivia Questions And Answers

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| By Coreywalters
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Coreywalters
Community Contributor
Quizzes Created: 2 | Total Attempts: 20,340
Questions: 20 | Viewed: 20,191

1.

Sleep and meditation are examples of

Answer: Altered states of consciousness
Explanation:
Sleep and meditation are both examples of altered states of consciousness. During sleep, our awareness and perception of the external world are reduced, and our brain activity and physiological functions undergo changes. Similarly, during meditation, individuals intentionally alter their state of consciousness by focusing their attention and achieving a state of deep relaxation and heightened awareness. Both sleep and meditation involve a shift in consciousness from the normal waking state, making them examples of altered states of consciousness.
2.

Biofeedback has been used to successfully treat

Answer: High blood pressure
Explanation:
Biofeedback is a technique that helps individuals gain control over certain bodily functions. It involves monitoring and providing feedback about physiological processes such as heart rate, blood pressure, and muscle tension. High blood pressure, also known as hypertension, is a condition that can be effectively managed through biofeedback. By learning to control their physiological responses, individuals can lower their blood pressure levels and reduce the risk of cardiovascular problems. Cancer and eating disorders are complex conditions that require multidisciplinary approaches for treatment, and while biofeedback may be used as a complementary therapy, it is not the primary treatment for these conditions.
3.

Slurred speech, blurred vision, and impaired judgment are the results of

Answer: Alcohol
Explanation:
Alcohol is the correct answer because it is a central nervous system depressant that affects the brain and impairs cognitive function. Slurred speech, blurred vision, and impaired judgment are common symptoms of alcohol intoxication. Nicotine, amphetamines, and cocaine do not typically cause these specific symptoms.
4.

Morphine and heroin are addictive depressants known as

Answer: Narcotics
Explanation:
Morphine and heroin are addictive depressants that belong to the category of narcotics. Narcotics are substances that are derived from or related to opium and have strong pain-relieving properties. They work by binding to specific receptors in the brain and spinal cord, resulting in pain relief and a sense of euphoria. However, prolonged use of narcotics can lead to physical and psychological dependence, making them highly addictive.
5.

Amphetamines have been used to

Answer: Help people stay awake
Explanation:
Amphetamines are stimulant drugs that can increase alertness and wakefulness. They stimulate the central nervous system, increasing the release of certain neurotransmitters in the brain, such as dopamine and norepinephrine. This increased activity can help people stay awake and alert, making them useful in treating conditions like narcolepsy or excessive daytime sleepiness. Amphetamines are not used to cure addiction to morphine, deaden pain, or slow the activity of the nervous system.
6.

Marijuana is an example of a

Answer: Hallucinogen
Explanation:
Marijuana is classified as a hallucinogen because it contains a psychoactive compound called THC (tetrahydrocannabinol) that alters perception, cognition, and mood. When consumed, THC binds to specific receptors in the brain, leading to hallucinations, changes in sensory perception, and an altered state of consciousness. This classification is supported by scientific research and its effects on the brain and behavior.
7.

Some people who have taken LSD suffer from long-term side effects that include

Answer: Memory loss
Explanation:
People who have used LSD can experience long-term changes in perception, commonly referred to as hallucinogen persisting perception disorder (HPPD), where they have flashbacks and visual disturbances. Cognitive effects such as memory loss can also occur, although this is less common and typically associated with broader or more intense use. LSD is not specifically linked to causing heart problems or high blood pressure directly as long-term side effects. Instead, its effects are more prominently neurological and psychological.
8.

Maintenance programs help people addicted to drugs by all of the following except

Answer: Removing all drugs from the addict
Explanation:
Maintenance programs help people addicted to drugs by all of the following except removing all drugs from the addict. Maintenance programs typically involve providing controlled amounts of a less addictive drug, such as methadone or buprenorphine, to reduce withdrawal symptoms and cravings. This helps the individual gradually reduce their dependence on the drug without experiencing severe withdrawal symptoms. Additionally, maintenance programs may also involve reducing the amount of narcotics the addict takes and providing moral support during group talks to address the psychological and emotional aspects of addiction. However, removing all drugs from the addict is not a typical approach in maintenance programs.
9.

At which level of consciousness do basic biological functions, such as breathing, occur?

Answer: Nonconscious
Explanation:
Basic biological functions, such as breathing, occur at the level of nonconsciousness. Nonconsciousness refers to the state in which these functions are performed automatically, without any conscious effort or awareness. Breathing is regulated by the autonomic nervous system, which operates independently from conscious control. Therefore, it is considered a nonconscious process.
10.

Which state is the lightest stage of sleep?

Answer: Stage 1
Explanation:
Stage 1 is the lightest stage of sleep. During this stage, the brain produces alpha and theta waves, and the person can be easily awakened. It is a transitional stage between wakefulness and sleep, and it usually lasts for a few minutes. In this stage, the person may experience muscle twitches or sudden jerks. The heart rate and breathing rate start to slow down, and the body prepares to enter deeper stages of sleep.
11.

Alcohol, heroin, and codeine are classified as which of the following?

Answer: Depressants
Explanation:
Alcohol, heroin, and codeine are classified as depressants because they slow down the central nervous system, resulting in decreased brain activity and a calming effect on the body. These substances can cause sedation, relaxation, and a decrease in physical and mental functions. They can also lead to drowsiness, impaired coordination, and slowed breathing.
12.

Using marijuana can result in one of the following. Which is the correct option?

Answer: Hallucinations
Explanation:
Using marijuana can result in hallucinations, which are sensory experiences that seem real but are not actually happening. Hallucinations can involve seeing, hearing, smelling, or feeling things that are not present. This can occur due to the psychoactive properties of marijuana, specifically the compound THC, which can affect perception and alter sensory experiences. Hallucinations are a potential side effect of marijuana use, especially at higher doses or in individuals who are more sensitive to its effects. Weight loss, flashbacks, and delusions are not commonly associated with marijuana use.
13.

The treatment for drug abuse that involves the removal of poisonous substances from the body is

Answer: Detoxification
Explanation:
Detoxification is the correct answer because it refers to the process of removing toxic substances, such as drugs, from the body. This treatment aims to cleanse the body of these harmful substances and help individuals overcome drug abuse. Detoxification can be done in various ways, including medical supervision, medication, and therapy, depending on the severity of the addiction. It is an essential step in the overall treatment process for drug abuse and plays a crucial role in preparing individuals for further rehabilitation and recovery.
14.

A type of altered consciousness in which people become highly suggestible is called.

Answer: Hypnosis
Explanation:
Hypnosis is the correct answer because it is a type of altered consciousness where individuals become highly suggestible. During hypnosis, a person enters a trance-like state, allowing them to be more open to suggestions and influences. This altered state of consciousness can be induced by a trained professional, and it is often used for therapeutic purposes, such as treating phobias, addiction, or anxiety.
15.

Sigmund Freud believed that dreams.

Answer: Are clues to the unconscious
Explanation:
Sigmund Freud believed that dreams are clues to the unconscious. According to Freud, dreams are a manifestation of repressed desires, fears, and unresolved conflicts that are hidden in the unconscious mind. He believed that by analyzing and interpreting dreams, one can gain insight into their innermost thoughts and emotions. Freud viewed dreams as a way for the unconscious mind to communicate with the conscious mind, providing valuable information about one's psychological state.
16.

The most potent hallucinogenic drug is

Answer: LSD
Explanation:
LSD is considered the most potent hallucinogenic drug due to its high potency and ability to induce intense hallucinations and altered states of consciousness. It is synthesized from lysergic acid and has a powerful effect on the serotonin receptors in the brain, leading to profound sensory distortions, hallucinations, and changes in perception and mood. Its potency is often attributed to its ability to produce long-lasting effects even in small doses, making it a highly potent hallucinogen.
17.

Adults spend about _______ of their time asleep in non-REM sleep.

Answer: 75 percent
Explanation:
Adults spend about 75 percent of their time asleep in non-REM sleep. Non-REM sleep is a phase of sleep that consists of four stages, each with different characteristics. This phase is characterized by deep, restorative sleep, during which the body repairs and regenerates tissues, strengthens the immune system, and consolidates memories. On the other hand, REM sleep is the phase associated with dreaming. While REM sleep is essential for cognitive functions and emotional well-being, non-REM sleep is responsible for physical restoration and recovery. Therefore, it is expected that adults spend a significant portion of their sleep time in non-REM sleep, specifically around 75 percent.
18.

What is the best way to describe the relationship between a hypnotist and a participant?

Answer: One of mutual participation
Explanation:
The relationship between a hypnotist and a participant is best described as one of mutual participation. This implies that both the hypnotist and the participant are actively involved in the hypnotic process. Unlike the option stating that the hypnotist has total control or that there is mutual distrust, the concept of mutual participation suggests a collaborative and cooperative dynamic between the two parties. In this type of relationship, the participant willingly engages with the hypnotist and actively contributes to the hypnotic experience.
19.

Using hypnosis to help cure an addiction uses

Answer: A posthypnotic suggestion
Explanation:
Using hypnosis to help cure an addiction often involves the use of a posthypnotic suggestion. This is a suggestion given during the hypnotic state that is intended to influence behavior or mindset after the hypnosis session has ended. In the context of addiction treatment, a posthypnotic suggestion could be used to reinforce positive behaviors, reduce cravings, or promote a healthier mindset towards the addiction. By utilizing posthypnotic suggestions, individuals undergoing hypnosis for addiction treatment may be better able to overcome their addiction and maintain long-term recovery.
20.

The approach to meditation that focuses on using a mantra is called:

Answer: Transcendental
Explanation:
Transcendental meditation is a specific approach to meditation that involves the use of a mantra. In this practice, individuals repeat a specific word or phrase silently to themselves in order to achieve a state of deep relaxation and heightened awareness. This technique is distinct from mindfulness meditation, which involves focusing on the present moment without judgment, as well as breath and relaxation techniques, which may involve different methods for achieving a state of calm and relaxation.
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