Xray-grids, Filters, And Radiation Interactions

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| By Ryan Emerson
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Ryan Emerson
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Quizzes Created: 6 | Total Attempts: 29,291
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Xray-grids, Filters, And Radiation Interactions - Quiz


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What would the grid ratio be with a height of 4cm and a width of .25cm?

    • A.

      16:1

    • B.

      12:1

    • C.

      8:1

    • D.

      5:1

    Correct Answer
    A. 16:1
    Explanation
    The grid ratio is determined by dividing the height of the grid by the width of the grid. In this case, the height is 4cm and the width is 0.25cm. Dividing 4 by 0.25 gives us 16, so the grid ratio is 16:1.

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  • 2. 

    The lead strips in a grid are made of

    • A.

      Lead

    • B.

      Aluminum

    • C.

      Plastic fibers

    • D.

      Aluminum and plastic

    Correct Answer
    A. Lead
    Explanation
    ask Adrian

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  • 3. 

    The grid is coated with....

    • A.

      Aluminum

    • B.

      Titanium

    • C.

      Lead

    • D.

      Plastic

    Correct Answer
    A. Aluminum
    Explanation
    purple essentials pg 112

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  • 4. 

    Grid frequency is the...

    • A.

      Number of grid lines per inch

    • B.

      Number of grid lines per centimeter

    • C.

      Number of interspaces

    • D.

      Number of lead strips

    Correct Answer
    A. Number of grid lines per inch
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "number of grid lines per inch". Grid frequency refers to the number of grid lines present in a given area, specifically per inch. It is a measure of the density or spacing of the grid lines on a grid. The higher the grid frequency, the closer the grid lines are to each other, resulting in a finer grid pattern.

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  • 5. 

    Why are linear grids more used in clinical applications?

    • A.

      Better for tube angling

    • B.

      Can handle more kvp

    • C.

      Has more lead strips

    • D.

      Has thicker lead strips

    Correct Answer
    A. Better for tube angling
    Explanation
    principles pg262

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  • 6. 

    Inherent filtration is any filtration.....

    • A.

      Inside the tube and housing

    • B.

      Inside collimator

    • C.

      Outside the collimator

    • D.

      Inside tube housing and collimator

    Correct Answer
    A. Inside the tube and housing
    Explanation
    Inherent filtration refers to the filtration that occurs naturally within the X-ray tube and housing. This means that as the X-ray beam passes through the tube and housing, some of the lower energy X-rays are absorbed, resulting in a beam with higher energy. This filtration helps to reduce patient dose and improve image quality by removing unnecessary low-energy X-rays. Therefore, the correct answer is inside the tube and housing.

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  • 7. 

    Added filtration occurs where?

    • A.

      Outside the tube housing

    • B.

      Inside tube housing

    • C.

      Inside the bucky only

    • D.

      Inside the collimator only

    Correct Answer
    A. Outside the tube housing
    Explanation
    Added filtration occurs outside the tube housing. This refers to the process of filtering out low-energy x-ray photons from the x-ray beam. It is done by placing filters, such as aluminum or copper, in the path of the x-ray beam before it reaches the patient. These filters absorb the low-energy photons, reducing patient dose and improving image quality. This type of filtration is typically added to the x-ray tube housing, rather than being built-in or occurring within other components of the x-ray system.

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  • 8. 

    Compensation filters include which of the following (check all that apply)

    • A.

      Wedge

    • B.

      Trough

    • C.

      K-edge

    • D.

      Thoraeus

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Wedge
    B. Trough
    Explanation
    Compensation filters are used in various imaging techniques to adjust for artifacts or distortions in the image. A wedge filter is commonly used to compensate for variations in X-ray beam intensity across the image, ensuring a more uniform exposure. On the other hand, a trough filter is used to compensate for variations in X-ray beam intensity along the length of the image, resulting in a more consistent image density. Therefore, both wedge and trough filters are examples of compensation filters. The other options, k-edge and thoraeus, are not commonly associated with compensation filters and are therefore not correct.

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  • 9. 

    Filtration is also sometimes called what?

    • A.

      Hardening of the beam

    • B.

      Diverging of the beam

    • C.

      Softening of the beam

    • D.

      Strengthening of the beam

    Correct Answer
    A. Hardening of the beam
    Explanation
    Filtration refers to the process of selectively removing certain wavelengths or energies from a beam of radiation. This process is commonly used in medical imaging to reduce the amount of scattered radiation and improve image quality. "Hardening of the beam" is a term sometimes used to describe this process, as it implies that the beam becomes more focused and concentrated after filtration.

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  • 10. 

    Which type of interaction involves no energy transfer?

    • A.

      Coherent

    • B.

      Compton

    • C.

      Bremsstrahlung

    • D.

      Photoelectric

    Correct Answer
    A. Coherent
    Explanation
    Coherent interaction involves no energy transfer. In this type of interaction, the incident photon interacts with an atom or molecule without transferring any energy. Instead, it causes the atom or molecule to vibrate or rotate, resulting in the emission of a photon with the same energy and frequency as the incident photon. This interaction is characterized by the absence of energy loss or gain, making it the only option among the given choices that involves no energy transfer.

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  • 11. 

    What interaction involves a incident electron interacting with an inner shell electron?

    • A.

      Photoelectric

    • B.

      Bremsstrahlung

    • C.

      Characteristic

    • D.

      Compton

    Correct Answer
    C. Characteristic
    Explanation
    The interaction that involves an incident electron interacting with an inner shell electron is called a characteristic interaction. In this type of interaction, the incident electron collides with an electron in an inner shell of an atom, causing the inner shell electron to be ejected from the atom. This interaction is characteristic because it produces characteristic X-rays, which are unique to the atom and can be used to identify the element present.

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  • 12. 

    In a characteristic interaction, which electron movement will be diagnostically relevant?

    • A.

      drop into K shell

    • B.

      Drop into L shell

    • C.

      Drop into M shell

    • D.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    A. drop into K shell
    Explanation
    pg133

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Our quizzes are rigorously reviewed, monitored and continuously updated by our expert board to maintain accuracy, relevance, and timeliness.

  • Current Version
  • May 13, 2024
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Sep 26, 2017
    Quiz Created by
    Ryan Emerson
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