A World History Quiz On The Ancient Asian Civilizations!

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| By Rkleine74
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Rkleine74
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A World History Quiz On The Ancient Asian Civilizations! - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    In Hinduism, the religious and moral duties of an individual make up his/her:

    • A.

      Karma

    • B.

      Dharma

    • C.

      Moksha

    • D.

      Atman

    Correct Answer
    B. Dharma
    Explanation
    Dharma refers to the religious and moral duties of an individual in Hinduism. It encompasses the responsibilities and obligations that one must fulfill in order to lead a righteous and fulfilling life. Dharma guides individuals in their actions, behavior, and decision-making, ensuring that they follow the path of righteousness and maintain harmony in society. It is an essential concept in Hinduism, emphasizing the importance of fulfilling one's duties and obligations to attain spiritual growth and ultimately, liberation.

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  • 2. 

    Which of the following is one of Buddhism's Four Noble Truths?

    • A.

      People should respect their elders.

    • B.

      Nirvana can be reached through self-denial.

    • C.

      All of life is suffering, pain, and sorrow.

    • D.

      Superior men understand righteousness.

    Correct Answer
    C. All of life is suffering, pain, and sorrow.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "All of life is suffering, pain, and sorrow." This statement reflects the first noble truth in Buddhism, which states that life is characterized by suffering. Buddhism teaches that suffering is an inherent part of existence and that it arises from desires and attachments. The goal of Buddhism is to overcome suffering by attaining enlightenment and reaching a state of liberation known as Nirvana. This answer aligns with the core teachings of Buddhism and the concept of the Four Noble Truths.

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  • 3. 

    This Maurya emperor converted to Buddhism and vowed to rule by moral example:

    • A.

      Ravana

    • B.

      Rama

    • C.

      Chandragupta

    • D.

      Asoka

    Correct Answer
    D. Asoka
    Explanation
    Asoka, the Maurya emperor, converted to Buddhism and made a vow to rule by moral example. This conversion to Buddhism marked a significant turning point in his life and reign. Asoka's commitment to Buddhism led him to adopt policies of non-violence, tolerance, and social welfare, as he sought to spread the teachings of Buddhism throughout his empire. He is known for his rock edicts, which promoted ethical conduct and emphasized the importance of religious tolerance. Asoka's conversion and his subsequent efforts to rule with moral principles had a lasting impact on the spread and development of Buddhism in ancient India.

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  • 4. 

    According to the Mandate of Heaven developed during the Zhou dynasty:

    • A.

      The gods would withdraw their support for a weak or corrupt ruler.

    • B.

      A ruler was divine and should never be overthrown.

    • C.

      Society should not be divided into social classes.

    • D.

      Feudalism is an unfair form of government.

    Correct Answer
    A. The gods would withdraw their support for a weak or corrupt ruler.
    Explanation
    According to the Mandate of Heaven developed during the Zhou dynasty, the gods would withdraw their support for a weak or corrupt ruler. This means that if a ruler was deemed unfit or unjust, the gods would no longer bless or protect them, leading to their downfall. This concept justified the overthrow of rulers who were seen as incompetent or tyrannical, as it was believed that their loss of divine support was a sign that they had lost the right to rule. This idea helped maintain the idea of a just and stable government, as it allowed for the removal of ineffective leaders.

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  • 5. 

    What physical barrier helped to separate ancient China from Southeast Asia?

    • A.

      Thick rainforests

    • B.

      Vast deserts

    • C.

      Huge mountains

    • D.

      The Yellow Sea

    Correct Answer
    A. Thick rainforests
    Explanation
    The physical barrier that helped to separate ancient China from Southeast Asia was thick rainforests. These dense forests acted as a natural barrier, making it difficult for people and goods to pass through. The thick vegetation and challenging terrain made travel and communication between the two regions extremely challenging, resulting in limited interaction and cultural exchange.

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  • 6. 

    Archaeologists believe the people of the Indus civilization:

    • A.

      Were nomadic herders.

    • B.

      Worshipped only one god.

    • C.

      Did not have a writing system.

    • D.

      Lived in carefully planned cities.

    Correct Answer
    D. Lived in carefully planned cities.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is that the people of the Indus civilization lived in carefully planned cities. This is supported by archaeological evidence such as the layout of the cities, which were organized in a grid pattern with well-planned streets, drainage systems, and public buildings. The cities also had sophisticated water management systems, indicating a high level of urban planning and organization.

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  • 7. 

    The philosophy of Daoism is concerned with:

    • A.

      Achieving nirvana

    • B.

      Ensuring good government

    • C.

      Living in harmony with nature

    • D.

      Accepting the Five Basic Duties

    Correct Answer
    C. Living in harmony with nature
    Explanation
    The philosophy of Daoism emphasizes living in harmony with nature. Daoists believe that the natural world is governed by a universal force called the Dao, and by aligning oneself with this force, one can achieve balance and harmony in life. Daoists seek to live in accordance with the rhythms of nature, embracing simplicity and spontaneity, and avoiding excessive striving or attachment to material possessions. By doing so, they aim to achieve a sense of inner peace and fulfillment.

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  • 8. 

    Ancient Aryans measured their wealth in:

    • A.

      Gold and silver

    • B.

      Cows and bulls

    • C.

      Bronze and copper

    • D.

      Tools and weapons

    Correct Answer
    B. Cows and bulls
    Explanation
    Ancient Aryans measured their wealth in cows and bulls. This is because cattle were highly valued in their society and played a crucial role in their economy. Owning a large number of cows and bulls represented wealth and prosperity, as these animals provided milk, meat, and were used for agricultural purposes. Additionally, cows and bulls were also seen as a symbol of power and status in Aryan society.

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  • 9. 

    Why did Shi Huangdi order the construction of the Great Wall of China?

    • A.

      To keep peasants from escaping.

    • B.

      To establish the borders of China.

    • C.

      To protect his system of feudalism.

    • D.

      To discourage invasion from the north.

    Correct Answer
    D. To discourage invasion from the north.
    Explanation
    Shi Huangdi ordered the construction of the Great Wall of China to discourage invasion from the north. This is because during his reign, the northern nomadic tribes posed a constant threat to the stability and security of China. By building the Great Wall, Shi Huangdi aimed to create a formidable barrier that would deter these invasions and protect his empire. The wall served as a defensive structure, providing a physical obstacle that made it difficult for the nomadic tribes to penetrate into Chinese territory.

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  • 10. 

    Hindus believe that the ultimate goal of existence is:

    • A.

      Achieving the meditative state of Jainism.

    • B.

      Achieving moksha, or union with brahman.

    • C.

      Practicing ahimsa, or non-violence.

    • D.

      Following dharma, or life's duties.

    Correct Answer
    B. Achieving moksha, or union with brahman.
    Explanation
    Hindus believe that the ultimate goal of existence is achieving moksha, or union with brahman. Moksha is the liberation from the cycle of birth, death, and rebirth, and it is considered the highest state of spiritual attainment. Hindus believe that through various spiritual practices, such as meditation, self-discipline, and devotion, one can attain moksha and merge with the divine. This goal of achieving union with brahman is central to Hindu philosophy and is seen as the ultimate purpose of human life.

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