Wilderness First Aid, Pre-test

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Wilderness First Aid, Pre-test - Quiz

A review of skills needed for the wilderness


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    The most common cause of injury is

    • A.

      Falls

    • B.

      Plant poison poisoning

    • C.

      Gun shot wounds

    • D.

      Animal bites

    Correct Answer
    A. Falls
    Explanation
    Falls are the most common cause of injury because they can happen to anyone, regardless of age or physical condition. Whether it is a slip on a wet floor, a trip on uneven ground, or a fall from a height, falls can result in various injuries ranging from minor bruises to more severe fractures or head injuries. Additionally, falls are particularly common among older adults, who may have reduced balance and mobility, making them more susceptible to falls and their associated injuries.

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  • 2. 

    Survival.  List in order of importance: Food, Water, Shelter

    • A.

      Water, shelter, food

    • B.

      Food, shelter, food

    • C.

      Shelter, water, food

    Correct Answer
    C. Shelter, water, food
    Explanation
    The correct answer is Shelter, water, food. This order of importance is based on the hierarchy of human needs. Shelter is prioritized first because it provides protection and security from the elements and potential dangers. Water is essential for hydration and maintaining bodily functions, making it the next priority. Food, although important for sustenance, is ranked last as humans can survive without it for a longer period compared to the other two necessities.

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  • 3. 

    In snow bound conditions, one should eat as much snow as possible to quench thirst

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    Eating snow to quench thirst in snow-bound conditions is not recommended because it can lower body temperature and lead to hypothermia. Snow must be melted and then consumed to prevent this risk.

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  • 4. 

    The Brown Recluse spider is commonly found in a dark and damp environment

    • A.

      True

    • B.

      False

    Correct Answer
    B. False
    Explanation
    The given statement is false. The Brown Recluse spider is not commonly found in a dark and damp environment. In fact, they prefer dry and warm areas such as closets, attics, and basements. They are known to hide in dark corners and crevices, but they do not necessarily require a damp environment to thrive. Therefore, the correct answer is false.

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  • 5. 

    If a victim of avalance has a ______ chest, CPR does not have to be initiated

    Correct Answer
    rigid
    Explanation
    If a victim of avalanche has a rigid chest, CPR does not have to be initiated because a rigid chest suggests that the person's heart is still pumping and they have a pulse. In this case, CPR is not necessary as the person's circulatory system is still functioning.

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  • 6. 

    Red or purplish color in the face can indicate, high fever, high blood pressure or ____ _____ _____

    Correct Answer
    carbon monoxide poisoning
    Explanation
    Red or purplish color in the face can indicate high fever, high blood pressure, or carbon monoxide poisoning. Carbon monoxide is a poisonous gas that can be emitted from faulty heating systems or appliances, leading to symptoms such as headache, dizziness, and a flushed complexion. This color change in the face is a result of the body's response to the lack of oxygen caused by carbon monoxide poisoning. It is important to seek immediate medical attention if carbon monoxide poisoning is suspected, as it can be life-threatening.

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  • 7. 

    A person breathing in such a manner to cause their shoulders to heave rapidly may be ______

    Correct Answer
    hyperventilating
    Explanation
    A person breathing in such a manner to cause their shoulders to heave rapidly may be hyperventilating. Hyperventilation is a condition in which a person breathes excessively and rapidly, leading to an imbalance of oxygen and carbon dioxide levels in the body. This can be caused by anxiety, panic attacks, or certain medical conditions. Hyperventilation can result in symptoms such as dizziness, shortness of breath, and tingling in the extremities. The rapid heaving of the shoulders is a common sign of hyperventilation as the person tries to take in more air.

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  • 8. 

    Paralysis of joint refers to what type of injury?

    • A.

      Broken bone

    • B.

      Sprain

    • C.

      Dislocation

    Correct Answer
    C. Dislocation
    Explanation
    Paralysis of a joint refers to dislocation. Dislocation occurs when the bones that form a joint are forced out of their normal position. This can result in the joint becoming immobile or paralyzed. In contrast, a broken bone refers to a fracture in the bone, while a sprain refers to the stretching or tearing of ligaments.

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  • 9. 

    When examining a person's injured arm, which acronym should be followed?

    • A.

      DOT

    • B.

      RICE

    • C.

      SAMPLE

    Correct Answer
    A. DOT
    Explanation
    When examining a person's injured arm, the acronym DOT should be followed. DOT stands for Deformity, Open wounds, and Tenderness. This acronym helps guide the examination process by reminding the examiner to assess for any deformities, open wounds, and tenderness in the injured arm. By following this acronym, the examiner can systematically evaluate the arm for any visible abnormalities or signs of injury.

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  • 10. 

    When splinting an extremity, check for three things; ____ , _____ , _____

    Correct Answer
    Pulse, Motion, Sensation
    Explanation
    When splinting an extremity, it is important to check for three things: pulse, motion, and sensation. Checking for pulse ensures that there is adequate blood flow to the extremity, which is crucial for proper healing and preventing complications. Assessing motion helps determine if there are any fractures or joint dislocations that may be present. Sensation evaluation is essential to ensure that the nerves are intact and functioning properly. By checking for these three things, healthcare providers can ensure the safety and well-being of the patient during the splinting process.

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  • 11. 

    Brain Attack or stroke is checked by what three examinations?

    • A.

      Smile and stick tongue out

    • B.

      Hold arms outstretched in front and point

    • C.

      Recite a poem

    Correct Answer(s)
    A. Smile and stick tongue out
    B. Hold arms outstretched in front and point
    C. Recite a poem
    Explanation
    These three examinations are used to check for signs of a brain attack or stroke. The first examination, smiling and sticking the tongue out, helps assess facial symmetry and muscle control. The second examination, holding arms outstretched in front and pointing, tests for any weakness or loss of coordination in the arms. The third examination, reciting a poem, evaluates speech and language abilities. These examinations are important in detecting potential signs of a brain attack or stroke and can help in determining the appropriate course of action for treatment.

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  • 12. 

    The acronym RICES refers to

  • 13. 

    What medical conditions could hypeventilation mimick?

  • 14. 

    What is the "Position of Recovery"?  And when is it used?

  • 15. 

    What are the symptoms of heat exhaustion and if not treated what medical condition can this lead to?

  • 16. 

    What is meant by ALOC?

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