Ut Ob- Et 16 Spontaneous Abortion

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| By Obgynume
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Obgynume
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Quizzes Created: 8 | Total Attempts: 13,471
Questions: 5 | Attempts: 1,399

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Ut Ob- Et 16 Spontaneous Abortion - Quiz

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Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    What are the two most important risk factors for the development of hydatidiform moles?

    • A.

      History of previous GTD/Extremes of maternal age

    • B.

      Extremes of paternal age/Smoking

    • C.

      History of previous GTD/Vitamin A deficiency

    • D.

      Maternal blood type AB/A/B/Nulliparity

    Correct Answer
    A. History of previous GTD/Extremes of maternal age
    Explanation
    The two most important risk factors for the development of hydatidiform moles are a history of previous GTD (gestational trophoblastic disease) and extremes of maternal age. A history of previous GTD indicates a higher risk for developing hydatidiform moles, as there may be underlying genetic or hormonal factors that increase the risk. Extremes of maternal age, both young and advanced maternal age, are also associated with an increased risk of developing hydatidiform moles. These risk factors suggest that certain genetic and hormonal conditions, as well as age-related factors, play a significant role in the development of hydatidiform moles.

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  • 2. 

    All of the following are malignant EXCEPT:

    • A.

      Persistent gestational trophoblastic neoplasia

    • B.

      Choriocarcinoma

    • C.

      Hydatidiform mole

    • D.

      Placental site trophoblastic tumor

    Correct Answer
    C. Hydatidiform mole
    Explanation
    Hydatidiform mole is a benign condition characterized by abnormal growth of trophoblastic cells in the placenta. It is not considered malignant because it does not invade the surrounding tissues or metastasize to other parts of the body. On the other hand, persistent gestational trophoblastic neoplasia, choriocarcinoma, and placental site trophoblastic tumor are all malignant conditions that can invade local tissues and spread to distant sites.

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  • 3. 

    What is the treatment for a hydatidiform molar pregnancy?

    • A.

      Misoprostol induction

    • B.

      Expectant management

    • C.

      D & E

    • D.

      Oxytocin induction

    Correct Answer
    C. D & E
    Explanation
    The treatment for a hydatidiform molar pregnancy is D & E, which stands for dilation and evacuation. This procedure involves dilating the cervix and removing the molar tissue from the uterus using suction and surgical instruments. D & E is the preferred treatment for hydatidiform molar pregnancies as it ensures complete removal of the abnormal tissue and reduces the risk of complications such as persistent trophoblastic disease or choriocarcinoma. Misoprostol induction, expectant management, and oxytocin induction are not recommended for the treatment of hydatidiform molar pregnancies.

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  • 4. 

    What is the most common karyotype of a complete mole?

    • A.

      69, XXX

    • B.

      46, XY

    • C.

      69, XXY

    • D.

      46, XX

    • E.

      69, XYY

    Correct Answer
    D. 46, XX
    Explanation
    The most common karyotype of a complete mole is 46, XX. This means that the individual has 46 total chromosomes, with two sex chromosomes being X and the rest being autosomes. This karyotype is typical for females. A complete mole is a type of gestational trophoblastic disease, where abnormal cells grow in the uterus after fertilization.

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  • 5. 

    Which of the following arecontraindicated in the treatment of a molar pregnancy?

    • A.

      Misoprostol induction

    • B.

      D & E

    • C.

      Oxytocin induction

    • D.

      Blood transfusion

    • E.

      A & C

    Correct Answer
    E. A & C
    Explanation
    Misoprostol induction and oxytocin induction are contraindicated in the treatment of a molar pregnancy. Misoprostol is a medication used to induce labor, but it can cause excessive bleeding in cases of molar pregnancy. Oxytocin, another medication used to induce labor, can also increase the risk of hemorrhage in molar pregnancies. Therefore, both A (Misoprostol induction) and C (oxytocin induction) are contraindicated in the treatment of a molar pregnancy. Blood transfusion, on the other hand, may be necessary in cases of severe bleeding and is not contraindicated. D & E, which stands for dilation and evacuation, is a surgical procedure that may be performed to remove the molar pregnancy.

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  • Current Version
  • Mar 21, 2023
    Quiz Edited by
    ProProfs Editorial Team
  • Aug 17, 2012
    Quiz Created by
    Obgynume
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