Unit 9 Age Of Jackson Quiz

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Andrew Jackson Quizzes & Trivia

The Age of Jackson is considered a triumph of historical scholarship, analysis and interpretation, and was written by the author Arthur Schlesinger Jr. And published in 1945. How much do you remember about the book?


Questions and Answers
  • 1. 

    In the first half of the 19th century, Cherokee efforts to retain their tribal lands in Georgia received direct support from

    • A.

      Congress

    • B.

      The President

    • C.

      Henry Clay

    • D.

      The United States Supreme Court.

    • E.

      The Senate

    Correct Answer
    D. The United States Supreme Court.
    Explanation
    In the first half of the 19th century, the Cherokee tribe in Georgia sought to maintain ownership of their tribal lands. Among the options listed, the United States Supreme Court is the most likely source of direct support for the Cherokee. The Supreme Court has the power to interpret the law and settle disputes, and during this time period, it issued several significant rulings in favor of Native American tribes, including the Cherokee. These rulings recognized tribal sovereignty and the rights of tribes to their land. Therefore, it is plausible that the United States Supreme Court provided direct support to the Cherokee in their efforts to retain their tribal lands in Georgia.

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  • 2. 

    According to Alexis de Tocqueville in Democracy in America, American individualism arose as a result of

    • A.

      The absence of an aristocracy

    • B.

      A democracy

    • C.

      The emergence of various political parties

    • D.

      The Panic of 1827

    Correct Answer
    A. The absence of an aristocracy
    Explanation
    According to Alexis de Tocqueville in Democracy in America, American individualism arose as a result of the absence of an aristocracy. In a society without a hereditary nobility, individuals were not bound by rigid social hierarchies or obligations to a ruling class. This absence allowed for greater social mobility and the opportunity for individuals to pursue their own interests and ambitions. Without the constraints of an aristocracy, Americans were able to embrace a sense of independence and self-reliance, leading to the development of a strong individualistic culture in the United States.

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  • 3. 

    Which of the following resulted from the policies of the Andrew Jackson administration?

    • A.

      The Second Bank of the United States

    • B.

      Nullification

    • C.

      The number of banks, each issuing its own paper currency, increased

    • D.

      Direct subsidies

    • E.

      The Trail of Tears

    Correct Answer
    C. The number of banks, each issuing its own paper currency, increased
    Explanation
    During the Andrew Jackson administration, the policies implemented led to an increase in the number of banks, with each bank having the authority to issue its own paper currency. Jackson was strongly opposed to the Second Bank of the United States and worked towards its dismantling. As a result, the banking system became more decentralized, leading to a proliferation of state-chartered banks that issued their own currency. This policy contributed to an expansion of credit and speculation, which eventually led to the financial crisis known as the Panic of 1837.

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  • 4. 

    An important consequence of the “tariff of abominations” is that it led to the

    • A.

      Panic of 1827

    • B.

      Manifest Destiny

    • C.

      Riots in NYC and SC

    • D.

      Civil Rights Movement

    • E.

      Enunciation of the doctrine of nullification

    Correct Answer
    E. Enunciation of the doctrine of nullification
    Explanation
    The "tariff of abominations" refers to the high tariffs imposed by the United States government in 1828. These tariffs were particularly disliked by the southern states, as they heavily impacted their economy and favored the industrialized northern states. As a result, the doctrine of nullification was enunciated, which argued that individual states had the right to nullify or reject federal laws that they deemed unconstitutional. This doctrine was put forward by South Carolina, and it ultimately led to a major political crisis and the potential threat of secession, as it challenged the authority of the federal government.

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  • 5. 

    Andrew Jackson supported all of the following EXCEPT

    • A.

      The common man

    • B.

      The right of nullification

    • C.

      Slavery

    • D.

      The spoils system

    • E.

      The Trail of Tears

    Correct Answer
    B. The right of nullification
    Explanation
    Andrew Jackson supported the common man, the spoils system, slavery, and the Trail of Tears. However, he did not support the right of nullification. Nullification was the belief that states had the right to reject or nullify federal laws they deemed unconstitutional. Jackson strongly opposed this idea and believed in a strong central government. He even threatened to use force against South Carolina when they attempted to nullify the federal tariffs.

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  • 6. 

    In the early 1830s, the majority of workers in the Massachusetts textile mills were

    • A.

      Irish immigrants

    • B.

      Ex-slaves

    • C.

      Eastern merchants

    • D.

      Young, unmarried women from rural New England

    • E.

      Underage children

    Correct Answer
    D. Young, unmarried women from rural New England
    Explanation
    During the early 1830s, the Massachusetts textile mills had a workforce primarily composed of young, unmarried women from rural New England. This can be attributed to several factors. Firstly, the mills offered job opportunities for women who were seeking employment outside of traditional domestic roles. Additionally, the mills were located in rural areas where young women had limited options for work. The mills also preferred to hire young, unmarried women as they were considered more easily exploitable due to their lack of experience and societal dependence.

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  • 7. 

    Which of the following supplied the largest number of immigrants to the United States during the 1st half of the 19th century?

    • A.

      England

    • B.

      Germany

    • C.

      France

    • D.

      The Netherlands

    • E.

      Ireland

    Correct Answer
    E. Ireland
    Explanation
    During the first half of the 19th century, Ireland supplied the largest number of immigrants to the United States. This is because Ireland experienced a devastating famine known as the Great Famine or the Irish Potato Famine during this time. The famine led to widespread poverty, starvation, and death, causing many Irish people to seek better opportunities and escape the dire conditions in their homeland by emigrating to the United States in large numbers.

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  • 8. 

    Jacksonian Democracy was distinguished by the belief that

    • A.

      Political participation by the common man should be increased

    • B.

      Aristocracy should continue

    • C.

      There should be political parties

    • D.

      The Second Bank of the United States should be abolished

    • E.

      Slavery shoulf increase

    Correct Answer
    A. Political participation by the common man should be increased
    Explanation
    Jacksonian Democracy was a political movement in the United States during the 19th century that aimed to increase the involvement of the common man in politics. It was characterized by the belief that political power should not be limited to the wealthy elite, but should be extended to all citizens. This led to the expansion of voting rights and the elimination of property qualifications for voting. Jacksonian Democrats believed that the government should be more responsive to the needs and interests of the common people, and that they should have a greater say in the political process.

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  • 9. 

    The immediate effect of Andrew Jackson’s attack on the second Bank of the United States in 1834 was

    • A.

      The "tariff of abominations"

    • B.

      An expansion of credit and speculation.

    • C.

      The number of smaller banks, each issuing its own paper currency, increased.

    • D.

      Political participation by the common man

    • E.

      An increase in workers in textile mills

    Correct Answer
    B. An expansion of credit and speculation.
    Explanation
    Andrew Jackson's attack on the second Bank of the United States in 1834 had an immediate effect of causing an expansion of credit and speculation. By dismantling the central bank, Jackson allowed for the proliferation of smaller banks, each issuing its own paper currency. This led to an increase in credit availability and speculative investments, as these smaller banks were more lenient in lending practices. This expansion of credit and speculation had both positive and negative consequences for the economy, contributing to economic growth but also increasing the risk of financial instability.

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  • 10. 

    The Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions, the Hartford Convention, and the South Carolina Exposition and Protest were similar in that all involved a defense

    • A.

      Of national unity

    • B.

      Of slavery

    • C.

      Of the central government

    • D.

      Of states’ rights

    • E.

      Of the Second Bank of the United States

    Correct Answer
    D. Of states’ rights
    Explanation
    The Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions, the Hartford Convention, and the South Carolina Exposition and Protest were all similar in that they all involved a defense of states' rights. These events were responses to perceived encroachments on state sovereignty by the federal government. The Kentucky and Virginia Resolutions were issued in response to the Alien and Sedition Acts, asserting that states had the right to nullify unconstitutional federal laws. The Hartford Convention was a meeting of New England states to discuss grievances against the federal government during the War of 1812. The South Carolina Exposition and Protest was a response to the Tariff of 1828, arguing that states had the right to nullify federal laws they deemed unconstitutional.

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  • 11. 

    Daniel Webster’s address to the senate in 1830 in reply to Senator Hayne is best remembered for its

    • A.

      Defense of the principle of national union.

    • B.

      Defense of states' rights

    • C.

      Enunciation of the doctrine of nullification

    • D.

      Defense of slavery

    • E.

      Suspicion of the federal government

    Correct Answer
    A. Defense of the principle of national union.
    Explanation
    In his address to the Senate in 1830, Daniel Webster defended the principle of national union. This means that he argued in favor of maintaining the unity and cohesion of the United States as a whole, rather than giving more power and autonomy to individual states. Webster believed that a strong and united federal government was necessary for the success and stability of the country. His speech emphasized the importance of preserving the Union and preventing any threats to its integrity.

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  • 12. 

    John Quincy Adams, elected to the House, was charged by his political opponents with having struck a “corrupt bargain” when he appointed _______ to the position of                       .

    • A.

      Martin Van Buren....Vice President

    • B.

      Henry Clay....Secretary of State

    • C.

      William Henry Harrison...President

    • D.

      Millard Fillmore...Treasurer

    • E.

      Rutherford B. Hayes...House of Reps

    Correct Answer
    B. Henry Clay....Secretary of State
    Explanation
    John Quincy Adams, elected to the House, was charged by his political opponents with having struck a "corrupt bargain" when he appointed Henry Clay to the position of Secretary of State.

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  • 13. 

    Andrew Jackson’s political philosophy was based on his

    • A.

      Suspicion of the federal government.

    • B.

      Support of slavery.

    • C.

      Ideal that political participation by the common man should be increased.

    • D.

      Hatred of the Second Bank of the United States

    • E.

      Support of democracy

    Correct Answer
    A. Suspicion of the federal government.
    Explanation
    Andrew Jackson's political philosophy was based on his suspicion of the federal government. This can be seen in his strong belief in states' rights and his opposition to a strong central government. Jackson believed that the federal government had too much power and that it often acted in ways that were detrimental to the rights and freedoms of the individual states and their citizens. He advocated for limited government intervention and believed that power should be decentralized, with more authority given to the states. This suspicion of the federal government was a central aspect of Jackson's political ideology.

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  • 14. 

    Andrew Jackson’s inauguration symbolized the

    • A.

      Fall of aristocracy.

    • B.

      The removal of Native Americans.

    • C.

      Newly won ascendancy of the masses.

    • D.

      Rise of slavery.

    • E.

      Abolition of the "tariff of abominations"

    Correct Answer
    C. Newly won ascendancy of the masses.
    Explanation
    Andrew Jackson's inauguration symbolized the newly won ascendancy of the masses. This is because Jackson was the first president who came from a non-elite background, representing a shift in power from the aristocracy to the common people. His inauguration marked a turning point in American politics, signaling a greater emphasis on the interests and influence of the general population.

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  • 15. 

    The purpose behind the spoils system was to

    • A.

      Reward political supporters with public office.

    • B.

      Corrupt the system.

    • C.

      Remove Jackson from office.

    • D.

      Win the war with England.

    • E.

      Remove Henry Clay from office.

    Correct Answer
    A. Reward political supporters with public office.
    Explanation
    The spoils system was a practice in which political supporters were given government positions as a reward for their loyalty and support. This system was used to strengthen the political power of the ruling party and ensure their continued support by providing them with opportunities and benefits. It was a way for politicians to maintain their influence and control over the government by appointing their supporters to key positions. This system was commonly used during the presidency of Andrew Jackson, who believed in the importance of rewarding his loyal followers with government jobs.

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  • 16. 

    The spoils system under Andrew Jackson resulted in the

    • A.

      The abolition of slavery.

    • B.

      The removal of Jackson from office.

    • C.

      Reward of political supporters with public office

    • D.

      The newly won ascendancy of the masses

    • E.

      The appointment of many corrupt and incompetent officials.

    Correct Answer
    E. The appointment of many corrupt and incompetent officials.
    Explanation
    During Andrew Jackson's presidency, the spoils system was implemented, which involved rewarding political supporters with public office. This meant that many individuals who may not have been qualified or competent for the positions were appointed to government roles. As a result, corruption and incompetence became prevalent among the officials appointed through the spoils system. This answer choice accurately reflects the negative consequences of the spoils system, highlighting the appointment of corrupt and incompetent officials.

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  • 17. 

    Andrew Jackson’s Native American policy was one of

    • A.

      Respect.

    • B.

      Removal.

    • C.

      Compromise.

    • D.

      Business.

    • E.

      Murder.

    Correct Answer
    B. Removal.
    Explanation
    Andrew Jackson's Native American policy was characterized by the forced removal of Native American tribes from their ancestral lands in the southeastern United States. This policy, known as the Indian Removal Act of 1830, resulted in the displacement and suffering of thousands of Native Americans, most notably the Cherokee Nation during the Trail of Tears. Jackson believed that Native Americans should be relocated to lands west of the Mississippi River in order to make room for white settlement and to facilitate economic development. This policy was controversial and deeply unjust, leading to the loss of Native American lives and the destruction of their communities.

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  • 18. 

    Which of the following was NOT true of Worcester v. Georgia?

    • A.

      The Court sided with Georgia.

    • B.

      The Court sided with Worcester.

    • C.

      The Court sided with the Indians.

    • D.

      The President did not side with the Court.

    • E.

      The President sided with Georgia.

    Correct Answer
    A. The Court sided with Georgia.
    Explanation
    In the case of Worcester v. Georgia, the Court did not side with Georgia. Instead, the Court sided with Worcester, who was a missionary working with the Cherokee Nation. The Court ruled that the state of Georgia did not have the authority to regulate the Cherokee Nation or its territory. This decision affirmed the sovereignty of Native American tribes and their right to self-governance. Therefore, the statement "the Court sided with Georgia" is not true.

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  • 19. 

    The infamous Trail of Tears ended in Indian Territory, now

    • A.

      Alabama

    • B.

      Ohio

    • C.

      Mississippi

    • D.

      Illinois

    • E.

      Oklahoma

    Correct Answer
    E. Oklahoma
    Explanation
    The infamous Trail of Tears was a forced relocation of Native American tribes from their ancestral lands in the southeastern United States to Indian Territory, which is now present-day Oklahoma. The tribes, including the Cherokee, Creek, Choctaw, Chickasaw, and Seminole, were forcibly removed from their homes and made to march thousands of miles to the designated territory. Thousands of Native Americans died during this brutal journey, hence the name "Trail of Tears." Oklahoma became the final destination for these tribes, where they were resettled and forced to adapt to a new way of life.

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  • 20. 

    While in existence, the Second Bank of the United States

    • A.

      Was a depository for foreign funds.

    • B.

      Created debt.

    • C.

      Was the depository of federal funds.

    • D.

      Caused overspeculation.

    • E.

      Led to the Panic of 1827

    Correct Answer
    C. Was the depository of federal funds.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "was the depository of federal funds." This means that the Second Bank of the United States was responsible for holding and managing the funds of the federal government. It served as a central bank, providing a safe place for the government to deposit its funds and facilitating financial transactions on behalf of the government.

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  • 21. 

    Andrew Jackson’s veto of the recharter bill for the Second Bank of the United States was

    • A.

      A display of tension between the President and Congress.

    • B.

      The cause of the nullification crisis.

    • C.

      A display of federal authority.

    • D.

      A major expansion of executive power.

    • E.

      Caused Congress to override.

    Correct Answer
    D. A major expansion of executive power.
    Explanation
    Andrew Jackson's veto of the recharter bill for the Second Bank of the United States was a major expansion of executive power. This action demonstrated that the President had the authority to override the decisions of Congress and assert his own agenda. By vetoing the bill, Jackson effectively strengthened the power of the executive branch and set a precedent for future presidents to exert their influence over legislation. This move also highlighted the growing tension between the President and Congress, as Jackson's veto was seen as a challenge to the authority of the legislative branch.

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  • 22. 

    The Panic of 1827 was caused by all of the following except

    • A.

      Overspeculation

    • B.

      Debt

    • C.

      Paper currency

    • D.

      Ur mom

    • E.

      Taking the country off the gold standard

    Correct Answer
    E. Taking the country off the gold standard
    Explanation
    The Panic of 1827 was not caused by taking the country off the gold standard. The panic was primarily caused by overspeculation, debt, and the use of paper currency. Taking the country off the gold standard refers to a monetary policy change that allows the currency to no longer be backed by gold. While this policy change can have economic implications, it was not a direct cause of the Panic of 1827.

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  • 23. 

    The Nullification Crisis of 1832-33 erupted over

    • A.

      Overspeculation

    • B.

      Taking the country off the gold standard.

    • C.

      Tariff policy

    • D.

      Increased executive authority

    • E.

      The spoils system

    Correct Answer
    C. Tariff policy
    Explanation
    The Nullification Crisis of 1832-33 erupted over the tariff policy. This crisis was sparked by the passage of the Tariff of 1828, also known as the Tariff of Abominations, which imposed high import duties on goods, particularly in the Southern states. The Southern states, primarily agrarian and reliant on imported goods, felt that this tariff disproportionately burdened them and favored the industrialized Northern states. South Carolina, led by John C. Calhoun, declared that the tariff was unconstitutional and therefore null and void within its borders. This led to a confrontation between the federal government and South Carolina, highlighting the ongoing tension between states' rights and federal authority.

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  • 24. 

    The Force Act of 1833 provided that

    • A.

      The President could use military force to collect federal tariff duties.

    • B.

      Congress could use military force to collect federal tariff duties.

    • C.

      There would be martial law in all states to collect federal tariff duties.

    • D.

      The President would not collect taxes anymore.

    • E.

      The United Staes would send an army to the Mexican border.

    Correct Answer
    A. The President could use military force to collect federal tariff duties.
    Explanation
    The correct answer is that the Force Act of 1833 provided that the President could use military force to collect federal tariff duties. This act was passed in response to the nullification crisis, where South Carolina attempted to nullify federal tariff laws. The Force Act empowered the President to enforce these laws by using the military if necessary, in order to ensure that federal tariff duties were collected. This was seen as a way to assert federal authority and maintain the integrity of the Union.

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  • 25. 

    Which of the following was a result of the Tariff of Abominations?

    • A.

      The South Carolina Exposition

    • B.

      The Webster-Hayne debate

    • C.

      The 1832 Tariff

    • D.

      Calhoun’s resignation

    • E.

      All of the above

    Correct Answer
    E. All of the above
    Explanation
    The Tariff of Abominations, which was enacted in 1828, resulted in several significant outcomes. The South Carolina Exposition was a document written by John C. Calhoun, which argued that states had the right to nullify federal laws they deemed unconstitutional. The Webster-Hayne debate was a famous Senate debate between Daniel Webster and Robert Hayne that centered around the issue of states' rights and nullification. The 1832 Tariff was a revised version of the Tariff of Abominations, which slightly reduced the tariff rates. Calhoun's resignation refers to his resignation as Vice President in 1832 due to his disagreement with President Andrew Jackson's handling of the nullification crisis. Therefore, all of the given options were indeed results of the Tariff of Abominations.

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  • 26. 

    Who is most responsible for the 1833 Compromise Tariff?

    • A.

      Henry Clay

    • B.

      Andrew Jackson

    • C.

      Daniel Webster

    • D.

      Noah Webster

    • E.

      Jefferson Davis

    Correct Answer
    A. Henry Clay
    Explanation
    Henry Clay is most responsible for the 1833 Compromise Tariff. He was a prominent American politician and played a crucial role in the development and passage of the Compromise Tariff. As a senator, Clay advocated for a compromise between the supporters and opponents of the tariff, ultimately leading to the passage of the legislation. His efforts in negotiating and finding a middle ground between conflicting interests were instrumental in resolving the tariff dispute and preventing a potential crisis.

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  • 27. 

    The Whig Party was formed in 1834 by Clay and Webster in opposition to

    • A.

      The Democratic-Republicans

    • B.

      The Jeffersonian-Republicans

    • C.

      The Radical Republicans

    • D.

      Abolitionists

    • E.

      "King Andrew"

    Correct Answer
    E. "King Andrew"
    Explanation
    The correct answer is "King Andrew". The Whig Party was formed in 1834 by Henry Clay and Daniel Webster in opposition to President Andrew Jackson, who they believed was abusing his power and acting like a monarch. They nicknamed him "King Andrew" to criticize his strong executive authority and his use of the veto power. The Whig Party sought to limit the power of the presidency and promote a more balanced government.

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  • 28. 

    While Jackson’s first VP was                      , his second VP was                      .

    • A.

      Van Buren...Calhoun.

    • B.

      Calhoun...Van Buren.

    • C.

      Clay...Van Buren.

    • D.

      Webster...Clay.

    • E.

      Van Buren...Clay.

    Correct Answer
    B. Calhoun...Van Buren.
    Explanation
    The given answer, "Calhoun...Van Buren," is the correct answer because it matches the order of the vice presidents mentioned in the question. The question states that Jackson's first vice president was left blank, and his second vice president was also left blank. The correct order of the vice presidents is Calhoun first and Van Buren second.

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  • 29. 

    The “tippacanoe” in the 1840 Whig campaign slogan was

    • A.

      William Henry Harrison

    • B.

      Zachary Taylor

    • C.

      Abraham Lincoln

    • D.

      George McClellan

    • E.

      Ulysses S. Grant

    Correct Answer
    A. William Henry Harrison
    Explanation
    The correct answer is William Henry Harrison. The 1840 Whig campaign slogan "tippacanoe" refers to Harrison's nickname "Old Tippecanoe," which he earned for his victory at the Battle of Tippecanoe during the War of 1812. Harrison was a popular choice for the Whig party and went on to win the presidency in 1840.

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